• Title, Summary, Keyword: Acute malocclusion

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Acute Malocclusion and Temporomandibular Disorders (급성 부정교합과 턱관절장애)

  • Byun, Jin-Seok;Lee, Kyung-Eun;Suh, Bong-Jik
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2007
  • If patients complain about sudden ill-fitting occlusal sensation(acute malocclusion), a dentist has to consider many possible causes about that. Acute malocclusion is characterized its sudden onset and mainly can be caused by teeth and its related structure problem. But we always keep on mind that acute malocclusion also can be caused by temporomandibular disorders In this 3 cases of acute malocclusion, evaluating by patient history, clinical and radiographic findings, we diagnosed them as 1. Lateral pterygoid muscle spasm, 2.. Retrodiscitis, 3. Osteoarthritis. Through this non-odontogenic acute malocclusion cases, we emphasize the key of diagnosis is on comprehensive and careful patient history taking and clinical examination.

Acute Malocclusion Caused by Articular Disc Perforation: A Case Report

  • Nam, Hyun;Shim, Young-Joo;Kang, Jin-Kyu
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.142-146
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    • 2018
  • Patients with temporomandibular disorder often present with acute occlusal change and properly managed with conservative treatment. If such change is caused by unusual etiology, differential diagnosis may be challenged. This article describes the diagnosis of a patient exhibiting pain and acute posterior open bite on the ipsilateral side after chewing hard food. After initial conservative treatment failed to resolve the complaint, magnetic resonance imaging was ordered and confirmed partial perforation of articular disc. Disc perforation itself is usually chronic in nature, but sudden macrotrauma may also cause the disorder. However, occlusal discrepancy caused by disc perforation is rare and seldom reported. We present a case of acute malocclusion caused by disc perforation with a review of related literature.

Correction of Angle Class II division 1 malocclusion with a mandibular protraction appliances and multiloop edgewise archwire technique

  • Freitas, Benedito;Freitas, Heloiza;dos Santos, Pedro Cesar F.;Janson, Guilherme
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.268-277
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    • 2014
  • A Brazilian girl aged 14 years and 9 months presented with a chief complaint of protrusive teeth. She had a convex facial profile, extreme overjet, deep bite, lack of passive lip seal, acute nasolabial angle, and retrognathic mandible. Intraorally, she showed maxillary diastemas, slight mandibular incisor crowding, a small maxillary arch, 13-mm overjet, and 4-mm overbite. After the diagnosis of severe Angle Class II division 1 malocclusion, a mandibular protraction appliance was placed to correct the Class II relationships and multiloop edgewise archwires were used for finishing. Follow-up examinations revealed an improved facial profile, normal overjet and overbite, and good intercuspation. The patient was satisfied with her occlusion, smile, and facial appearance. The excellent results suggest that orthodontic camouflage by using a mandibular protraction appliance in combination with the multiloop edgewise archwire technique is an effective option for correcting Class II malocclusions in patients who refuse orthognathic surgery.

THE CLINICAL STUDY OF MANDIBULAR FRACTURE

  • Lee, Dong-Keun;Yim, Chang-Joon
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 1989
  • This is a retrospective study on 219 patients with mandibular fracture. The patients were treated in the Dept. of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery of WON KWANG UNIV. HOSPITAL from Aug. 1, 1984 to Sept. 30. 1988. The results were as follows. 1. The mandibular fractures occured most frequently in the twenties(35%) and male were predominant (74.7%) than females. 2. The most frequent etiologic factor was traffic accident(34.3%). 3. The most common location of fracture was symphysis(37.1%). And angle(27.6%), condyle(25.7%), ramus(1.6%) were next in order of frequency. 4. In mandible fracture, they have an average 1.8 fracture line. 5. The use of plate & screw system were more increased in the comparison of each year. 6. Intermaxillary fixation period was more reduced from the concept of 6 weeks fixation, due to the use of Plate & screw system. 7. Postoperative acute wound infection was developed 9.6% in 219 mandibular fracture patients. The compression osteosynthesis was most common cause of acute wound infection than any other treatment method. 8. Postoperative malocclusion was developed 4% in 219 mandibular fracture. And the compression osteosynthesis was most common cause of malocclusion. 9. Acute wound infection was detailed by the approach method. The Intraoral & extraoral combination method was most common cause on acute infection and intraoral, extraoral approach method was next in order of frequency. 10. Normal mouth opening process was proportioned to IMF period. The short IMF period have a fast normal mouth opening process.

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A Comparative Study on Chewing Movement in Normal Occlusion and Skeletal Class III Malocclusion (정상교합자와 골격성 III급 부정교합자의 저작운동형태의 비교)

  • SUNG, Kee-Hyuk;SUNG, Jae-Hyun
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.801-813
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    • 1997
  • A comparative study was made on the chewing movements of normal occlusion and skeletal class m malocclusion. Thirty normal occlusion subjects and twenty skeletal class III malocclusion patients were given chewing gums for the study : using BioPAK system, the chewing movement on the frontal plane was recorded and analyzed. With a typical chewing path chosen representing each subject, chewing width, opening distance, opening and closing angles, maximum opening and closing velocities were observed. Seven characteristic patterns were classified based on the types of chewing paths. The followings are the results : 1. Compared with the normal occlusion group, the skeletal class III malocclusion group showed more varied and vertical chewing patterns. 2. In comparision of chewing widths, skeletal class m malocclusion group showed narrower path than the normal occlusion group(p<0.01). 3. In opening distance, skeletal class III malocclusion group appeared shorter than the normal occlusion group without statistical significance(p>0.05). 4. In opening and closing angles, skeletal class III malocclusion group showed more acute angles than the normal occlusion group(p<0.01). 5. In maximum opening and closing velocities, skeletal class III malocclusion group was slower than the normal occlusion group but with no statistical significance(P>0.05). 6. In the classification of chewing movement pattern, the normal occlusion group had Type II as the highest rate at 73.4% ; in skeletal class III malocclusion group, the highest rate was Type III at 35.0%, followed by Type II at 30.0% 7. In the classification of chewing movement pattern, Type IV(chopping type)of skeletal class III malocclusion group showed a higher rate with 25.0% over 3.3% of normal occlusion group.

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Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint: a case report

  • Yang, Sung-Won;Cho, Jin-Yong;Kim, Hyeon-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.227-230
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    • 2016
  • Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare disease. The most common symptoms of this disease are acute malocclusion, limited mouth opening, swelling, and tenderness of affected TMJ. These symptoms are often confused with internal derangement of the articular disc, rheumatoid arthritis, retrodiscitis, or osteoarthritis. Therefore, differential diagnosis by image examination is required. Usually, antimicrobial treatment and surgical drainage by needle aspiration, arthroscopy, or arthrotomy are effective treatment approaches. In this study, a patient who was diagnosed with septic arthritis was treated with arthrocentesis and antibiotics without significant complications. We present a case report with a review of the literature.

An Epidemiologic Study of Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders in Korean College Students (경기도 지역 대학생의 측두하악장애증상에 관한 역학적 연구)

  • Park, Hye-Sook
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.91-104
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    • 2007
  • An epidemiologic investigation was carried out to determine the prevalence of symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in college students that aged 19-31 years. 460 students were investigated with a questionnaire from September to December 2006. The obtained results were as follows : 1. The prevalence of symptoms of temporomandibular disorders was 80.6%. 2. The most frequently complained symptom was headache and joint sound was the next one without distinct difference between men and women. 3. While the rate of occurrence of symptom of acute malocclusion decreased with age in men, that of TMJ pain during chewing or speech increased with age in women. 4. Symptoms including TMJ pain during mouth opening, chewing or speech, TMJ fatigue and acute malocclusion occurred significantly more frequently in women than in men. Contributing factors including resting cheeks on hands, stressful state, gum chewing, insomnia and clenching occurred significantly more frequently in women than in men. 5. There was a highly significant relationship between symptoms and contributing factors including resting cheeks on hands, stressful state, unilateral chewing, insomnia and clenching. 6. There was a highly significant relationship between symptoms and general personality.

Changes of lip morphology following mandibular setback surgery using 3D cone-beam computed tomography images

  • Paek, Seung Jae;Yoo, Ji Yong;Lee, Jang Won;Park, Won-Jong;Chee, Young Deok;Choi, Moon Gi;Choi, Eun Joo;Kwon, Kyung-Hwan
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.38
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    • pp.38.1-38.10
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    • 2016
  • Background: The aims of this study are to evaluate the lip morphology and change of lip commissure after mandibular setback surgery (MSS) for class III patients and analyze association between the amount of mandibular setback and change of lip morphology. Methods: The samples consisted of 14 class III patients treated with MSS using bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy. Lateral cephalogram and cone-beam CT were taken before and about 6 months after MSS. Changes in landmarks and variables were measured with 3D software program $Ondemand^{TM}$. Paired and independent t tests were performed for statistical analysis. Results: Landmarks in the mouth corner (cheilion, Ch) moved backward and downward (p < .005, p < .01). However, cheilion width was not statistically significantly changed. Landmark in labrale superius (Ls) was not altered significantly. Upper lip prominence angle (ChRt-Ls-$ChLt^{\circ}$) became acute. Landmarks in stomion (Stm), labrale inferius (Li) moved backward (p < .005, p < .001). Lower lip prominence angle (ChRt-Li-$ChLt^{\circ}$) became obtuse (p < .001). Height of the upper and lower lips was not altered significantly. Length of the upper lip vermilion was increased (p =< 0.01), and length of the lower lip vermilion was decreased (p < .05). Lip area on frontal view was not statistically significantly changed, but the upper lip area on lateral view was increased and change of the lower lip area decreased (p > .05, p < .005). On lateral view, upper lip prominent point (UP) moved downward and stomion moved backward and upward and the angle of Ls-UP-Stm ($^{\circ}$) was decreased. Lower lip prominent point (LP) moved backward and downward, and the angle of Stm-LP-Li ($^{\circ}$) was increased. Li moved backward. Finally, landmarks in the lower incisor tip (L1) moved backward and upward, but stomion moved downward. After surgery, lower incisor tip (L1) was positioned more superiorly than stomion (p < .05). There were significant associations between horizontal soft tissue and corresponding hard tissue. The posterior movement of L1 was related to statistically significantly about backward and downward movement of cheilion. Conclusions: The lip morphology of patients with dento-skeletal class III malocclusion shows a significant improvement after orthognathic surgery. Three-dimensional lip morphology changes in class III patients after MSS exhibited that cheilion moved backward and downward, upper lip projection angle became acute, lower lip projection angle became obtuse, change of upper lip area on lateral view was increased, change of lower lip area decreased, and morphology of lower lip was protruding. L1 was concerned with the lip tissue change in statistically significant way.