• Title/Summary/Keyword: Adaptation

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Motion Adaptation Control of 3-D Human Character (3차원 캐릭터의 동작적응 제어 기법)

  • 김상수;국태용
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2000.10a
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    • pp.383-383
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, a motion adaptation control is applied for animation of 3-D human character. The method includes parameterization of joint motion data, motion adaptation based on body ratio of character, dynamic adaptation using genetic algorithm, etc. The feasibility of motion adaptation technique is verified by applying to motion control and adaptation of a 3-D human character.

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Effect of part-time employment experience on adaptation to university life in dental hygiene students (일부 치위생과 학생의 아르바이트 경험이 대학생활적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Seon-Haeng
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1033-1041
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to find out the effect of part-time employment experience on adaptation to university life in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 288 dental hygiene students in Seoul and Gyeonggido from September to October, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(5 items), part-time employment experience(6 items), and adaptation to university life(53 items). The instrument for adaptation to university life was adapted from Baker and Sirky and modified by Kwon. Likert 5 point scale adaptation included personal emotion adaptation, academic adaptation, social adaptation, and university environment adaptation. Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ was 0.80 in the study. Results: The adaptation to university life was 3.0 points. The higher the economic level was, the higher the personal emotional adaptation(p<0.001) and academic adaptation were(p<0.05). The adaptation to university life was positively influenced by tuition support by parents and part-time employment(p<0.05). The part-time employment was significantly helpful to future job selection, social adaptation, and university environment adaptation(p<0.001). Economic stability and advantage of future job selection had a positive influence on the adaptation to university life. So the adaptation to university life was proportional to younger age, economic stability, and advantage to future job selection. Conclusions: It is very important to give a positive motivation and stimulation, and a careful counseling to the students in part-time employment. In order to encourage the part-time employed students, major-related part-time job opening must be given.

L1-norm Regularization for State Vector Adaptation of Subspace Gaussian Mixture Model (L1-norm regularization을 통한 SGMM의 state vector 적응)

  • Goo, Jahyun;Kim, Younggwan;Kim, Hoirin
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.131-138
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we propose L1-norm regularization for state vector adaptation of subspace Gaussian mixture model (SGMM). When you design a speaker adaptation system with GMM-HMM acoustic model, MAP is the most typical technique to be considered. However, in MAP adaptation procedure, large number of parameters should be updated simultaneously. We can adopt sparse adaptation such as L1-norm regularization or sparse MAP to cope with that, but the performance of sparse adaptation is not good as MAP adaptation. However, SGMM does not suffer a lot from sparse adaptation as GMM-HMM because each Gaussian mean vector in SGMM is defined as a weighted sum of basis vectors, which is much robust to the fluctuation of parameters. Since there are only a few adaptation techniques appropriate for SGMM, our proposed method could be powerful especially when the number of adaptation data is limited. Experimental results show that error reduction rate of the proposed method is better than the result of MAP adaptation of SGMM, even with small adaptation data.

The Present Status and Issues of Local Government Adaptation Plans for Climate Change: Focusing on the Health Sector (지자체 기후변화 적응대책의 현황과 과제 : 건강분야를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jaehyung
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.111-121
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: In this study, an analysis was performed on local government adaptation plans for climate change focusing on the health sector. The limitations of past study results have been summarized and new research subjects for preparing for the advanced second period (2018-2022) of the local government adaptation plan for climate change have been suggested. Methods: First, a review of the literature related to vulnerability assessment and adaptation plans was performed. Next, a comparison among the 16 metropolitan governments' vulnerability assessment results and adaptation plans was made. Lastly, a classification of the adaptation policy and budgets to compare with their real budget amounts was performed. Results: The results show that there is a categorizing discrepancy between vulnerability assessment and adaptation policy. In addition, their adaptation budget amounts turned out to be too large in comparison with the actual budget amounts. Conclusion: The first period (2013-2017) local government adaptation plans for climate change had some limitations. This is because there was a rapid driving force for establishing adaptation plans under the green growth strategy in Korea. Now, we are confronting a risk of adaptation to climate change. By expanding this approach, the government would be able to set up a detailed policy to improve the plans during the second period.

신생산기술 실행과정상에 조직 적응노력의 효과성 분석

  • 이상곤;이진주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • 1994.04a
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    • pp.627-632
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    • 1994
  • This study suggests the contingency framework understanding the implementation of NIMT and conducts empirical analysis using survey data. The main objectives of the thesis are as follows : (1) analyzing the relationship between adaptation requirements and organizational adaptation efforts. (2) analyzing the relationship between organizational adaptation efforts and implementation performance, and the moderating effect of the adaptation requirements. (3) analyzing the relationship between organizational adaptation efforts and organization characteristics(organization size, technical capability, top management support). A field study was undertaken to test the hypothesized relationships among adaptation efforts, adaptations requirements, organization characteristics, implementation performance. Data were collected from 52 NMT implementation projects of 45 machine tool, metal component firms. The emprical relflts indicated that adaptation requirrnents, organization characteristics were significantly related to organizational adaptation efforts and adaptation efforts can significantly improve implementation perfomance, but the moderating effect of adaptation requirements on adaptation efforts and implementation performance was not supported.

Impact on department adaptation of field practice adaptation, college adaptation, and awareness of death of nursing students (간호대학생의 현장실습적응, 대학적응, 죽음에 대한 인식이 학과적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Je, Nam Joo;Park, Meera
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.300-312
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to identify the impact on department adaptation of field practice adaptation, college adaptation, and awareness of death of nursing students, as well as to establish basic data for adaptation of the major, adaptation to field practice, and measures to raise awareness of death. The subjects of this study were 252 Junior and Senior nursing students living in C, J city. Data were collected after approval from the IRB of C University on April 30, 2018 and analyzed by the mean values, percentages, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression using IBM SPSS 21.0. The subjects' field practice adaptation was 3.58, college adaptation was 3.33, awareness of death was 3.15 and department adaptation was 3.38. There were significant correlations between department adaptation and field practice adaptation (r=0.56, p<0.001), negative of death (r=-0.15, p=0.016), respect for life (r=0.33, p<0.001) of nursing students, field practice adaptation and college adaptation (r=0.48, p<0.001) and respect for life (r=0.16, p=0.009) of nursing students and between college adaptation and respect for life (r=0.32, p<0.001) of nursing students. The factors that have effect on the department adaptation of the subjects; As a factor influencing the department adaptation, department adaptation, field practice adaptation, and respect for life were explained by 67.5% (F=171.67, p<0.001). Therefore, a positive attitude toward death and a curriculum related to change in perception must be provided to undergraduates to change the attitude toward death. It is also suggested that research regarding nursing department adaptation effects be conducted after implementing the program to improve respect for life.

The Comparative Study of Perception of the Public and Stakeholder to Climate Change Adaptation (일반국민 및 이해관계자의 기후변화 적응 인식 비교 연구)

  • Jeong, Yunji;Ha, Jongsik
    • Journal of Climate Change Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2015
  • The way to respond to climate change is divided into mitigation and adaptation. So far, the response of climate change has been focused on mitigation. The perception of response of climate change also has been focused on mitigation. However, climate change mitigation and adaptation should be highlighted in a comparable concept as a response to climate change. On the other hand, perception of the public on climate change affects the support or opposition of the general public about climate change-related policies. The purpose of this study is to assess awareness of the general public and stakeholders on the subject of climate change adaptation and to present a basis for a future national climate change adaptation policy. Questionnaire on awareness of climate change adaptation were composed of the climate change and climate change response (mitigation, adaptation) understanding and importance, the seriousness of climate change-related adverse climate event, the need for climate change adaptation measures, the degree of implementation, and the level of government effort for climate change response. Climate change adaptation-related awareness survey was conducted for the general public 1,011 people and stakeholders 101 people by telephone interviews. In this study, the perception survey has a difference in aspect of the contents and methodology. And We were able to present the three characteristics of the general public and stakeholders aware of the subject of climate change adaptation. First, the relative importance of climate change adaptation was relatively low. Second level of awareness about climate change response of the public was significantly lower than the stakeholders. Finally, the need to prepare the implementation of the sectoral level, the first adaptation measures was relatively low.

Indigenous Thai Beef Cattle Breeding Scheme Incorporating Indirect Measures of Adaptation: Sensitivity to Changes in Heritabilities of and Genetic Correlations between Adaptation Traits

  • Kahi, A.K.;Graser, H.U.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.1039-1046
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    • 2004
  • A model Indigenous Thai beef cattle breeding structure consisting of nucleus, multiplier and commercial units was used to evaluate the effect of changes in heritabilities of and genetic correlations between adaptation traits on genetic gain and profitability. A breeding objective that incorporated adaptation was considered. Two scenarios for improving both the production and the adaptation of animals where also compared in terms of their genetic and economic efficiency. A base scenario was modelled where selection is for production traits and adaptation is assumed to be under the forces of natural selection. The second scenario (+Adaptation) included all the information available for base scenario with the addition of indirect measures of adaptation. These measures included tick count (TICK), faecal egg count (FEC) and rectal temperature (RECT). Therefore, the main difference between these scenarios was seen in the records available for use as selection criteria and hence the level of investments. Additional genetic gain and profitability was generated through incorporating indirect measures of adaptation as criteria measured in the breeding program. Unsurprisingly, the results were sensitive to the changes in heritabilities and genetic correlations between adaptation traits. However, there were more changes in the genetic gain and profitability of the breeding program when the genetic correlations of adaptation and its indirect measures were varied than when the correlations between these measures were. The changes in the magnitudes of the genetic gain and profit per cow stresses the importance of using reliable estimates of these traits in any breeding program.

A Conceptual Approach to Evaluating the Reliability of a Climate Change Adaptation System

  • Park, ChangKeun;Cho, Dongin
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.36-55
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    • 2020
  • Climate change is one of the most discussed issues in international for a today. Evaluating the effect of climate change at a regional level and setting up an appropriate policy to address the issues associated with climate change require a proper evaluation process on the climate change and adaptation projects already implemented. Although various evaluation approaches to climate change adaptation programs have been proposed, it is rare to find a proper systematic approach to evaluating the reliability of those climate change adaptation programs. In the current situation regarding the system to evaluate climate change adaptation programs, the purpose of this study is to suggest a theoretical and standardized evaluation system on the reliability of climate change adaptation schemes. The new approach suggested in this paper will be appropriate when requiring a confidence level for adaptation programs that are specially localized and categorized. Using various quantitative and qualitative evaluation methods with the inherent reality mechanism, we provide a conceptual framework to measure the reliability of climate change adaptation programs with a flexible adjustment process. With the proposed framework, it is possible to provide the level of confidence on the results collected from the evaluation systems and construct a standardized, system-wide assessment procedure toward climate change adaptation policies. By applying this approach based on scientific evidence on the reliability of climate change adaptation policies, appropriate and efficient climate change adaptation programs will be properly designed for and implemented in Korea.

UNDP's Adaptation Policy Framework for Climate Change (국제연합개발계획의 기후변화 적응 정책 체계 소개)

  • Shm, Im-Chul;Lee, Eun-Jeong;Kwon, Won-Tae;Lim, Jaekyu
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2005
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) introduced the Adaptation Policy Framework (APF) to support the developing countries in order to help to make adaptation policy and strategy to climate change. This study provides the summary of the APF and will help for preparing policy regarding the impact of climate change and its adaptation. APF consists of five basic and two cross-cutting steps. Five basic steps are made of (a) defining project scope and design, (b) assessing current vulnerability and adaptation, (c) assessing future climate-related risks, (d) developing an adaptation strategy, and (e) continuing the adaptation process. Cross-cutting steps consist of engaging stakeholder and enhancing adaptive capacity. The project scope and design process includes four major tasks: scope the project and define its objectives, establish the project team, review and synthesize existing information on vulnerability and adaptation, and design the APF project. The main purpose of assessing current vulnerability and adaptation is to understand the characteristics of current climate-related vulnerability in priority systems and the scope of adaptive responses. Future climate-related risks are assessed in order to characterize future climate-related risks, so that adaptation policies and measures can be designed to reduce the system's exposure to future climate hazard. In developing an adaptation strategy, all of the preceding APF-related work is synthesized into a well-considered strategy that can direct real adaptation action. Continuing the adaptation process is in order to implement and sustain the APF-strategy, polices, and measure. The purpose of involvement of stakeholders is to communicate between individuals and groups about projects. Finally, enhancing adaptive capacity provides guidance on how adaptive capacity can be assessed and enhanced.