• Title, Summary, Keyword: Address translation

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Evaluation criterion for different methods of multiple-attribute group decision making with interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy information

  • Qiu, Junda;Li, Lei
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.3128-3149
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    • 2018
  • A number of effective methods for multiple-attribute group decision making (MAGDM) with interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy numbers (IVIFNs) have been proposed in recent years. However, the different methods frequently yield different, even sometimes contradictory, results for the same problem. In this paper a novel criterion to determine the advantages and disadvantages of different methods is proposed. First, the decision-making process is divided into three parts: translation of experts' preferences, aggregation of experts' opinions, and comparison of the alternatives. Experts' preferences aggregation is considered the core step, and the quality of the collective matrix is considered the most important evaluation index for the aggregation methods. Then, methods to calculate the similarity measure, correlation, correlation coefficient, and energy of the intuitionistic fuzzy matrices are proposed, which are employed to evaluate the collective matrix. Thus, the optimal method can be selected by comparing the collective matrices when all the methods yield different results. Finally, a novel approach for aggregating experts' preferences with IVIFN is presented. In this approach, experts' preferences are mapped as points into two-dimensional planes, with the plant growth simulation algorithm (PGSA) being employed to calculate the optimal rally points, which are inversely mapped to IVIFNs to establish the collective matrix. In the study, four different methods are used to address one example problem to illustrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Design and Implementation of MPOA using SDL (SDL을 이용한 MPOA 설계 및 구현)

  • Lim, Ji-Young;Kim, Hee-Jung;Lim, Soo-Jung;Chae, Ki-Joon;Lee, Mee-Jung;Choi, Kil-Young;Kang, Hun
    • Journal of KIISE:Computing Practices and Letters
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.643-656
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    • 2000
  • MPOA proposed and standardized by the ATM Forum is a protocol tllat provides effective bridging and routing for ATM networks in a diverse network environment. Its plimary goal is to transfer unicast data effectively among the subnets. In this paper, MPOA components are implemented using the SDL(Specification and Description Language) which the ITU has standardized for the development of communication systems. In addition, MPOA procedures for various operations such as address translation for packets from upper layers, Ingress/Egress cache management and shortcut configuration, are examined with tlle help of the SDT(SDL Design Too]) simulator.

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Block Unit Mapping Technique of NAND Flash Memory Using Variable Offset

  • Lee, Seung-Woo;Ryu, Kwan-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we propose a block mapping technique applicable to NAND flash memory. In order to use the NAND flash memory with the operating system and the file system developed on the basis of the hard disk which is mainly used in the general PC field, it is necessary to use the system software known as the FTL (Flash Translation Layer). FTL overcomes the disadvantage of not being able to overwrite data by using the address mapping table and solves the additional features caused by the physical structure of NAND flash memory. In this paper, we propose a new mapping method based on the block mapping method for efficient use of the NAND flash memory. In the case of the proposed technique, the data modification operation is processed by using a blank page in the existing block without using an additional block for the data modification operation, thereby minimizing the block unit deletion operation in the merging operation. Also, the frequency of occurrence of the sequential write request and random write request Accordingly, by optimally adjusting the ratio of pages for recording data in a block and pages for recording data requested for modification, it is possible to optimize sequential writing and random writing by maximizing the utilization of pages in a block.

Hot Data Identification For Flash Based Storage Systems Considering Continuous Write Operation

  • Lee, Seung-Woo;Ryu, Kwan-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2017
  • Recently, NAND flash memory, which is used as a storage medium, is replacing HDD (Hard Disk Drive) at a high speed due to various advantages such as fast access speed, low power, and easy portability. In order to apply NAND flash memory to a computer system, a Flash Translation Layer (FTL) is indispensably required. FTL provides a number of features such as address mapping, garbage collection, wear leveling, and hot data identification. In particular, hot data identification is an algorithm that identifies specific pages where data updates frequently occur. Hot data identification helps to improve overall performance by identifying and managing hot data separately. MHF (Multi hash framework) technique, known as hot data identification technique, records the number of write operations in memory. The recorded value is evaluated and judged as hot data. However, the method of counting the number of times in a write request is not enough to judge a page as a hot data page. In this paper, we propose hot data identification which considers not only the number of write requests but also the persistence of write requests.

Performance Improvement of Operand Fetching with the Operand Reference Prediction Cache(ORPC) (오퍼랜드 참조 예측 캐쉬(ORPC)를 활용한 오퍼랜드 페치의 성능 개선)

  • Kim, Heung-Jun;Cho, Kyung-San
    • The Transactions of the Korea Information Processing Society
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.1652-1659
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    • 1998
  • To provide performance gains by reducing the operand referencing latency and data cache bandwidth requirements, we present an operand reference prediction cache (ORPC) which predicts operand value and address translation during the instruction fetch stage. The prediction is verified in the early stage, and thus it minimizes the performance penalty caused by the misprediction. Through the trace-driven simulation of six benchmark programs, the performance improvement by proposed three aRPC stmctures (OfiPC1, OfiPC2. ORPC3)is analysed and validated.

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A study on about a Exclusive Firewall for operation the efficient network security (효율적인 네트워크 보안운영을 위한 Exclusive Firewall 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Jeong-Hoon;Jeon, Sang-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2007
  • Firewall system is a security system for protect the network and is needed for constructing the trusted network. However, these firewall systems deteriorate the performance of whole network in about 60% because of Inefficiency policy establishment and unnecessary traffic occurrence. Therefore, there is a strong needs to establish the network performance elevation, efficient operation and reassignment of the firewall system. In this dissertation, we will analyze how each functionalities of the firewall system affect to the network performance via using a simulation result according to functionality of the firewall system and propose a exclusive firewall system for the efficient network operation.

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Maximizing Bandwidth Utilization by SSID Hiding in a Clustering based Wireless Router (클러스터링 기반의 무선 공유기에서 SSID Hiding을 이용한 대역폭 이용률 극대화)

  • Yoon, Young-Hyo;Kim, Myung-Won;Kwak, Hu-Keun;Kwon, Hui-Ung;Ko, Joong-Sik;Kim, Yu-Min;Chung, Kyu-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 2007
  • 무선 공유기란 사설 IP 여러 개를 생성하는 NAT(Network Address Translation) 기능을 사용하여 회선 하나를 여러 사용자가 무선을 통해 공유할 수 있는 장치이다. 사용자가 무선 공유기를 사용할 때 2가지 문제점을 가진다. 첫째는 사용자가 무선 공유기를 사용하려는 시점에 여러 개의 무선 공유기가 존재한다면, 어떤 공유기를 사용하여야 하는 가에 문제이다. 두 번째는 첫 번째 과정을 통해 선택된 무선 공유기가 무선 공유기 중에서 최대의 대역폭을 보장해주는가에 대한 문제이다. 이에 본 논문에서는 SSID Hiding을 이용한 무선 공유기의 성능 향상 기법을 제안한다. 제안된 기법은 여러 개의 무선 공유기가 존재하면 이중에 가장 좋은 성능을 가지는 공유기만을 사용자에게 보이게 함으로써 기존 무선 공유기가 가지는 2개의 문제를 해결한다. 실험을 통해 제안된 방법이 기존 방법에 비해 성능이 향상되었음을 확인하였다.

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Maximizing Utilization of Bandwidth using Multiple SSID in Multiple Wireless Routers Environments (다중 무선 공유기 환경에서 Multiple SSID를 이용한 대역폭 이용률 극대화)

  • Kwak, Hu-Keun;Yoon, Young-Hyo;Chung, Kyu-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.154-155
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    • 2007
  • 무선 공유기란 NAT(Network Address Translation) 기능을 사용하여 여러 무선 사용자가 인터넷회선 하나를 공유할 수 있게 해주는 장치이다. 여러 개의 무선 공유기를 여러 사용자가 공유하여 사용하는 학교 또는 소규모 사무실 환경에서 사용자들은 무선 공유기들을 임의대로 선택하여 사용할 수 있어서 특정 무선 공유기에 사용자들이 몰리는 현상이 발생할 수 있다. 이러한 경우 무선공유기와 사용자들 사이에 부하 불균형의 문제가 발생한다. 그로 인하여 생기는 문제점중 하나는 사용자가 몰리는 무선 공유기에 속하는 사용자들의 경우 서비스가 원활하지 않다는 점이다. 또 다른 문제점은 무선 공유기 전체 자원 이용률이 낮다는 점이다. 이 문제들을 해결하는 방법으로 본 논문에서는 Multiple SSID를 이용하여 무선 공유기의 대역폭 이용률을 극대화하는 부하 공유 기법을 제안한다. 제안된 기법에서는 주기적으로 각 무선 공유기들의 사용 가능한 대역폭 정보를 Multiple SSID를 이용하여 사용자에게 보여준다. 새로운 사용자는 최대 사용가능한 대역폭을 가진 무선 공유기를 선택한다. 이 방법은 사용자와 라우터들 사이에서 대역폭 활용관점에서 좋은 부하 분산을 가능하게 해준다. 제안한 방법을 ASUS WL 500G 무선 공유기를 이용하여 구현하였으며 실험을 수행하였다. 실험을 통해 제안된 방법이 기존 방법에 비해 대역폭 이용률이 향상되었음을 확인하였다.

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Effect of Low Doses of Genistein and Equol on Protein Expression Profile in MCF-7 Cells

  • Kim, Jang-Hoon;Lim, Hyun-Ae;Lee, Jeong-Soon;Sung, Mi-Kyung;Kim, Young-Kyoon;Yu, Ri-Na;Kim, Jong-Sang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.854-859
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    • 2005
  • Although action modes of equol and genistein have been extensively studied, their precise roles in tumor cells remain elusive. To address possible effects of these compounds on protein expression in mammary tumor cells, proteins modulated in MCF-7 mammary tumor cells when incubated in absence and presence of 10 uM equol or genistein were identified through 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis, MALDI-TOF MS/MS, and NCBInr database search using Mascot software. Most proteins differentially expressed in MCF-7 cells after treatment with 10 uM genistein or equol were identified as being the same. Exposure to both compounds caused decreased cellular expression of RNA-binding protein regulatory subunit and oncogene DJ1 tubulin beta-1 chain, and increased expression of heterogeneous ribonucleoproteins F and L, KH-type splicing regulatory protein, and translation elongation factor EF-Tu precursor. Genistein and equol at dose used in this study showed common action mechanism.

A Design and Implementation of the Management Sever for the Gateway Supporting Home Networking Using the UML (UML을 이용한 흠 네트워킹 지원 게이트웨이 관리 서버 설계 및 구현)

  • 권진혁;민병조;강명석;남의석;김학배
    • Journal of the Korea Computer Industry Society
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.393-404
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    • 2004
  • Recently, public home have used a more than two computer connected with network, and several home appliances using independently with internet or network are developing to be related closely with the network. Therefore, the home utilized for a simple terminal of the global network in the past is being expanded to another part of the sub network. For a variety of connecting home-area protocols with the existing existing network, we require a new Residential Gateway(RG) that does not only make the home-area network operating in the sub network but also connects to the external network. In this paper, RG has intrinsic limits against flexible service due to IP address assignment and hardware capacity. In order to solve this problem in the RG, we propose a Management Server(MS). The MS that offers the integrated managements and control services for a variety of devices connected the RG in the home-area. It can not only solve the dynamic IP address assigning problem but also assigns private IP addresses to the home network devices through the Network Address Translation(NAT). It also provides somewhat useful functions for the home network and the RG for other additional services. <중략> The MS is using a SNMP protocol for managing the RG in the domain, a polling method of the MS and the RG compose a sequence polling method, a polling method using a multi-process and a multi-thread. In this paper, we introduce a problem with polling method separately, show a polling method between the MS and the RG using a multi-thread.

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