• Title, Summary, Keyword: Adhesion

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The Effect of Lip Adhesion in Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip (일측성 완전구순열에서 구순접합술의 효과)

  • Ryu Sun-Youl;Kim Tae-Hee;Hwang Ung;Kook Min-Suk;Kim Sun-Kook;Han Chang-Hun
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2004
  • In the recent time, early correction of the congenital anomalies has become the focus of contemporary cleft lip care, The reason of that is mostly psychologic factor of children are respected, Although the propound object of lip adhesion is not esthetic improvement, that able to satisfy sufficiently parents of cleft children, In the unilateral or bilateral clefts, a preliminary lip adhesion has been advocated as a mean of narrowing the cleft at an early phase, of improving the nasal contour, of molding the alveolar arch, and of easing and improving the result of a definitive lip repair. The present study was earned out to investigate the effect of lip adhesion. We performed the Millard's high-half underminded adhesion and Seibert's lip adhesion followed by modified Millard's cheiloplasty for five infants had unilateral complete cleft lip. The lip adhesion reduced the actual deformity by molding the maxillary alveolar segments into better relationship and allows a easy cheiloplasty so that led to more perfect final lip result, Both Millard's high-half underminded adhesion and Seibert's lip adhesion were available methods to adhere a wide cleft lip, Especially, Seibert's lip adhesion had more advantages such as enhancement of the force of adhesion, correction of the deviated columella and acquirement of the esthetic upper lip continuity. These results suggest that the lip adhesion followed by cheiloplasty for wide unilateral complete cleft lip patients provide more favorable final result by molding the maxillary alveolar segments into better relationship.

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Synthesis of Adhesion Promoters with Improved Compatibility and Properties of UV-Curable Adhesives Containing Adhesion Promoters (상용성이 개선된 접착 증진제의 합성 및 이를 함유한 자외선 경화형 접착제의 특성분석)

  • Park, Jung-Hyun;Won, Jonh-Woo;Kim, Ju-Yeol;Yoon, Yoo-Jung;Kwon, Oh-Hyeong;Hwang, Jin-Sang
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2018
  • In this study, adhesion promoters with acrylate and carboxylic acid moiety were synthesized from malenized polybutadiene and 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate for producing adhesive film with low water absorption and high adhesion. The surface properties, adhesion strength, mechanical properties and water absorption of adhesive films were characterized according to the amount of acrylate and carboxylic acid in the synthesized adhesion promoters. As the carboxylic acid in the adhesion promoters increased, the adhesion strength showed a tendency to increase and the mechanical properties also improved compared to the commercial adhesion promoter. The compatibility of adhesion promoters improved remarkably due to the presence of polybutadiene (hydrophobic nature), maleic anhydride (hydrophilic nature) and carboxylic acid (hydrophilic nature).

Development of the Large-area Au/Pd Transfer-printing Process Applying Both the Anti-Adhesion and Adhesion Layers (접착방지막과 접착막을 동시에 적용한 대면적 Au/Pd 트랜스퍼 프린팅 공정 개발)

  • Cha, Nam-Goo
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.437-442
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    • 2009
  • This paper describes an improved strategy for controlling the adhesion force using both the antiadhesion and adhesion layers for a successful large-area transfer process. An MPTMS (3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane) monolayer as an adhesion layer for Au/Pd thin films was deposited on Si substrates by vapor self assembly monolayer (VSAM) method. Contact angle, surface energy, film thickness, friction force, and roughness were considered for finding the optimized conditions. The sputtered Au/Pd ($\sim$17 nm) layer on the PDMS stamp without the anti-adhesion layer showed poor transfer results due to the high adhesion between sputtered Au/Pd and PDMS. In order to reduce the adhesion between Au/Pd and PDMS, an anti-adhesion monolayer was coated on the PDMS stamp using FOTS (perfluorooctyltrichlorosilane) after $O_2$ plasma treatment. The transfer process with the anti-adhesion layer gave good transfer results over a large area (20 mm $\times$ 20 mm) without pattern loss or distortion. To investigate the applied pressure effect, the PDMS stamp was sandwiched after 90$^{\circ}$ rotation on the MPTMS-coated patterned Si substrate with 1-${\mu}m$ depth. The sputtered Au/Pd was transferred onto the contact area, making square metal patterns on the top of the patterned Si structures. Applying low pressure helped to remove voids and to make conformal contact; however, high pressure yielded irregular transfer results due to PDMS stamp deformation. One of key parameters to success of this transfer process is the controllability of the adhesion force between the stamp and the target substrate. This technique offers high reliability during the transfer process, which suggests a potential building method for future functional structures.

Characteristics Correlations Between Fiber-Reinforced and Interfacial Adhesion in Carbon fiber reinforced Cement composite Prepared by Slurry Method. (슬러리법에 의한 탄소섬유보강 시멘트복합체의 제조에서 보강섬유와 계면결착제와의 상관특성)

  • Choi, Eung-Kyoo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.131-138
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    • 2002
  • The objective of the study is to examine the characteristic correlations between reinforcing carbon fiber and interfacial adhesion agent since the interfacial adhesion strength between reinforcing carbon fiber and matrices is believed to be an essential element influencing the physical properties in carbon fiber reinforced cement composite using slurry method. The integrity of interfacial adhesion between reinforcing fiber and cement not only affects the quality of fiber reinforced cement composite but also influences to a large degree the physical properties of the cement composite when producing carbon fiber reinforced cement composite using slurry method. Having analyzed the physical properties 1.e., water content, tensile strength, flexural strength and flexural toughness of carbon fiber reinforced cement composite specimens, C-PAM(cation polyacrylamide) was determined to be an optimum interfacial adhesion agent. The study has also demonstrated that interfacial adhesion strength varies largely on the content and type of the reinforcing fiber. Judging from magnified view of the tensile shear cross-section using VMS(video microscope system), interfacial adhesion strength between reinforcing fiber and matrices is affected by the type of interfacial adhesion agent. According to the result of the experiments, C-PAM was determined to be an ideal interfacial adhesion agent when using carbon fiber in producing carbon fiber reinforced cement composite with the optimum content of carbon fiber being established.

Fabrication and application of post surgical anti-adhesion barrier using bio-compatible materials (생체 적합성 재료를 이용한 수술후 유착 방지막의 제작과 응용)

  • Park S.H.;Kim H.C.;Yang D.Y.;Kim T.K.;Park T.K.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.203-204
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    • 2006
  • Studies on some biodegradable polymers and other materials such as hydrogels have shown the promising potential for a variety of surgical applications. Postoperative adhesion caused by the natural consequence of surgical wound healing results in problems of the repeated surgery. Recently, scientists have developed absorbable anti-adhesion barriers that can protect a tissue from adhesion in case they are in use; however, they are dissolved when no longer needed. Although these approaches have been attempted to fulfill the criteria for adhesion prevention, none can perfectly prevent adhesions in all situations. Overall of this work, a new method to fabricate an anti-adhesion membrane using biodegradable polymer and hydrogel has been developed. The ideal barrier for preventing postoperative adhesion would have the following properties; it should be (i) resorbable (ii) non-reactive (iii) easy to apply (iv) capable of being fixed in position. In order to fulfill these properties, we adopted solid freeform fabrication method combined with surface modification which includes the hydrogel coating, therefore, inner or outer structure can be controlled and the property of anti adhesion can be improved.

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Study on Adhesion of DLC Films with Interlayer (중간층을 이용한 DLC 박막의 밀착력에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Gang-Sam;Cho, Yong-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.127-131
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    • 2010
  • Adhesion of DLC film is very significant property that exhibits wear resistance, chemical inertness and high hardness when being deposited to metal substrate. This study was considered that change adhesion of DLC film produced by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition can be presented through inserting interlayer (Cr, Si-C:H). The thickness of interlayer was result of changing adhesion and residual stress. It was showed that the maximum 12 N of adhesion is on DLC film of Cr interlayer, and that a tendency is to be increased residual stress depend on the thickness. DLC film of Si-C:H interlayer represented 16 N of adhesion at $1{\mu}m$, whereas adhesion is decreased when the thickness is increased. For the interlayer at multi-layer, it was the best that adhesion of Cr/Si-C:H/DLC film was 33 N. Si-C:H interlayer at DLC film controled adhesion of the whole film. It was relaxed the internal stress of DLC film produced by inserting Cr, Si-C:H interlayer.

Cell-cell Adhesion of Jurkat T Cells Induced by CD29 and CD98 Activation and its Application (CD29 및 CD98 활성 매개에 의한 Jurkat T 세포의 유착과 그 활용)

  • Kim, Byung-Hun;Cho, Jae-Youl
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2009
  • Cell-cell adhesion managed by various adhesion molecules plays an important role in regulating functional activation of cells. This event mediates attachment of inflammatory cells to endothelial cells, interaction of antigen-presenting cells with T cells and metastatic adherence of cancer cells to epithelial tissue cells. Therefore, this cellular response is considered as one of therapeutic target to treat various cancers and inflammatory diseases. To develop proper model for evaluation of functional activation of adhesion molecules, the ability of U937 and Jurkat T cells responsive to various adhesion inducers such as phorbal-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), staurosporin and monoclonal antibodies to CD29, CD43 and CD98 was investigated using quantitative cell-cell adhesion assay. U937 cells made more cell-cell clusters by the treatment of antibodies to CD29 and CD43 than Jurkat T cells, while Jurkat T cells exhibited increased cell-cell adhesion ability in CD98 antibody treatment. In agreement, the surface levels of CD29 and CD98 were highly observed in U937 and Jurkat T cells, respectively. Therefore, our data suggest that Jurkat T and U937 cells can be used for model system to evaluate functional activation of adhesion molecules such as CD29 and CD98.

Regulatory Role of CD29 $({\beta}1-integrins)$ in Monocytic Cell Functions (단핵구 기능 수행에서의 $CD29({\beta}1-integrins)$ 조절 역할)

  • Kim, Byung-Hun;Cho, Jae-Youl
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.48-55
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    • 2008
  • CD29 $({\beta}1-integrins)$ is one of major adhesion molecules involved in regulating cell adhesion, migration and morphological changes. In this study, we investigated the regulatory role of CD29 in monocytic functions using monocytic cell line U937 cells. CD29 was found to be one of highly expressed membrane proteins in U937 cells, according to flow cytometric analysis. The activation of CD29 by agonistic antibody MEM101A and extracellular matrix protein (ECM) fibronectin strongly induced cell-cell and cell-fibronectin adhesions. However, blocking antibodies to CD98 and CD147 showed different inhibitory features in these two adhesion events. Furthermore, U0126, an ERK inhibitor, only blocked cell-cell adhesion but not cell-fibronectin adhesion, indicating that cell-cell or cell-fibronectin adhesion events may be regulated by different molecular mechanisms. Meanwhile, CD29 activation also enhanced ROS generation but not phagocytic ability, and similarly radical scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine strongly blocked CD29-mediated cell-cell adhesion, implying that ROS may play a critical role in up-regulating cell-cell adhesion. Therefore, our data suggest that the activation of CD29 may be critically involved in regulating monocytic cell-mediated cell-cell adhesion and ROS generation.

Wheel-Railway Adhesion Characteristics Experiment Machine on Traction System (견인시스템에 대한 점착특성 시험장치)

  • 이사영;오봉환;이복구;김봉희;전지용;김길동;박현준
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.130-133
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    • 1999
  • It is one of the most effective methods for improving the performance of electric railway vehicles to make better the wheel-railway adhesion characteristics. The purpose of this paper is to develop the equivalent reduction machine to experiment on the adhesion system. The experiment system makes it possible to change the wheel-rail adhesion force with various adhesion parameters, and therewith to test the adhesion control system with the reduction machine in a laboratory.

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Inhibition of Leukocyte Adhesion by Developmental Endothelial Locus-1 (Del-1)

  • Choi, Eun-Young
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.153-157
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    • 2009
  • The leukocyte adhesion to endothelium is pivotal in leukocyte recruitment which takes place during inflammatory, autoimmune and infectious conditions. The interaction between leukocytes and endothelium requires an array of adhesion molecules expressed on leukocytes and endothelial cells, thereby promoting leukocyte recruitment into sites of inflammation and tissue injury. Intervention with the adhesion molecules provides a platform for development of anti-inflammatory therapeutics. This review will focus on developmental endothelial locus-1 (Del-1), an endogenous inhibitor of leukocyte adhesion.