• Title, Summary, Keyword: Adolescent

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Socialization and Envirommental Factors of Adolescents According to the Gender (청소년의 성별로 본 사회화와 생활환경)

  • 정영숙;김영희;박경옥;이희숙;채정현;이종섭
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.9
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    • pp.103-127
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    • 1999
  • The effects of environmental factors on adolescent’s socialization were examined according to the gender. Data were drawn from 1,412 adolescents. A hypothesized model was tested for male and female students separately by the links among housing, family conflicts, parent-adolescent relationship, family stress, peer relations, mass media, school atmosphere, consumption, consumer socialization, and adolescent’s socialization. There was no difference between male and female students in the predictability of the effects of environmental factors on internal and external socialization. For male students, the internal socialization was directly related to mass media, consumer socialization, peer relations, family stress, mother-adolescent relations, and school atmosphere. The external socialization was directly related to mass media, school atmosphere, consumer socialization, father-adolescent relations, housing, and mother-adolescent relations. For female students, the internal socialization was directly related to mass media, peer relations, father-adolescent relations, and consumer socialization. The external socialization was directly related to mass media, followed by consumer socialization, mother-adolescent relations, school atmosphere, housing, and peer relations. The findings are consistent with a growing body of literature showing that the environmental factors are related to male & female adolescent’s socialization.

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The Relationships between Maternal Meta-Emotion Philosophy, Adolescent's Psychological Adjustment and Depression : The Moderating Effects of Mother-Adolescent Communication Time (어머니 상위정서양육방식과 청소년 자녀의 심리적 적응 및 우울감의 관계 : 모-자녀 대화시간의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Nahm, Eun Young;Park, So Eun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.153-170
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effects of mother-adolescent communication time on the relationship between maternal meta-emotion philosophy, adolescent psychological adjustment and depression. The participants for this study comprised 181 first and second grade high school students and their mothers, residing in Seoul. The results of the analyses indicated that, (a) maternal disapproving is negatively correlated to adolescents' positive world views, and that maternal laissez-faire is also negatively correlated to adolescents' emotional responsiveness. However, a positive correlation is revealed between maternal emotion-coaching and adolescents' positive self-esteem. (b) It is evident that adolescents' emotional responsiveness is influenced by maternal laissez-faire, and that adolescents' positive self-esteem is influenced by emotion-coaching. It also indicated that mother-adolescent communication time is influenced by dismissing as well as laissez-faire meta-emotion philosophy. (c) It revealed that mother-adolescent communication time, in part, has a meaningful moderating effect on the relationship between meta-emotion philosophy and adolescent depression. Therefore, the present study indicates that even if maternal disapproving, laissez-faire, or dismissing is practiced, adolescent depression levels decrease as mother-adolescent time lengthens.

Comparison of the Personality and Its Impact Variables between Multicultural and Non-multicultural Household Adolescent in Rural (농촌의 다문화와 비 다문화 가구 청소년의 인성과 영향 변인 비교)

  • Yang, Soon-Mi;Jung, Min-Ja;Oh, Yoon-ja
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.365-383
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed at identifying a differences of the factors affecting personality of multicultural and non-multicultural household adolescent in rural area. The major findings that were drawn from this study were as follows. Frist, the level of personality perceived by non-multicultural household adolescent was higher than it of the multicultural household adolescent significantly. Second, the regression analysis showed that the factors affecting personality was different between multicultural and non-multicultural household adolescent in rural area. The scholastic performance(${\beta}=.23$), namely, affected most significantly the personality perceived by adolescent of multicultural household, and the immersing time in internet game per one day(${\beta}=-.27$), on the other hand, affected most significantly the personality perceived by adolescent of non-muticultural household. In conclusion, based on results of this study, several plans improving the personality of the rural multicultural and non-multicultural household adolescent were suggested.

Effect of Parental-adolescent Communication on Academic Stress and Peer Relationship Perceived by High School Students (부모자녀 의사소통이 고등학생의 학업스트레스와 교우관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yu Jeong;Lee, Eun Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.326-333
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parent-adolescent communication on academic stress and peer relationship perceived by high school students. Method: A total of 154 students were recruited from a high school in C city. Data were collected by means of self-reported questionnaires from September 1 to 18, 2015 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS 20.0. Results: Positive correlations were found between father-adolescent communication and peer relationship(r=.35, p<.001), and between mother-adolescent communication and peer relationship(r=.22, p=.006). Negative correlations were found between father-adolescent communication and academic stress (r=-.23, p=.004), and between mother-adolescent communication and academic stress(r=-.17, p=.039). Conclusion: These results suggest that identifying the effects of father-adolescent communication and parent-adolescent communication programs on academic stress and peer relationship is required.

Early Preterm Infant Feeding Behaviors in Adolescent and Adult Mothers

  • Kanhadilok, Supannee;Brown, Lisa
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.51-72
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    • 2016
  • Background: Adolescent mothers may find the transition to motherhood to be overwhelming when compared to adult mothers. The adaptiveness of mother and infant feeding behaviors may greatly influence the quality of adolescent mothers' feeding interactions when compared to adult mothers. Purpose: To examine the adaptiveness of early maternal and infant feeding behavior between adolescent mothers and adult mothers. Method: In this secondary analysis, six adolescent mothers (< 20 years old) and six adult mothers were videotaped while feeding. The mothers were observed 3 times: when the infants were in the hospital, 1 month old, and 4 months old. The videotapes were coded using four scales of the Parent-Child Early Relational Assessment (PCERA). The two maternal scales were Positive Affective Involvement and Sensitivity/Responsiveness (PAISR) and Regulation of Affect and Behavior (RAB). The two infant scales were Infant Positive Affect, Communication, and Social Skills (IPACS) and Infant Regulation of Affect and Behavior (IRAB). The dyads were videotaped just before hospital discharge and at one and four months corrected age. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to examine the difference in the PCERA between the two groups. Results: Adolescent mothers had a significantly lower score on the PAISR before hospital discharge (p-value 0.005) and at one month corrected age (p-value 0.008) than adult mothers. Adolescent mothers also had a significantly lower score on the RAB before hospital discharge, 1 and 4 months corrected age than adult mothers. There were no significant differences in IPACS and IRAB of infants of adolescent and adult mothers. Conclusion: Clinicians need to be aware of the differences in sensitivity that occur.

Current Challenges and Future Opportunities for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Japan

  • Tateno, Masaru;Inagaki, Takahiko;Saito, Takuya;Guerrero, Anthony P.S.;Skokauskas, Norbert
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.525-531
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    • 2017
  • Japan has been facing a serious shortfall of child and adolescent psychiatric workforce relative to increasing service needs. Likely because of a combination of limited workforce supply and limited trust or perception of effectiveness, mental health services are under-utilized by the educational and child welfare systems. Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) has not been a formally established specialty in Japan. The lack of basic structure in the specialty most likely contributes to a lack of training facilities, limited exposure to and interest in the specialty, and hence an inadequate workforce. To date, there exists no standardized training program for CAP in Japan and each training hospital determines its own teaching curriculum and training content. Clinical experience in CAP varies greatly among hospitals. To solve current problems in child and adolescent psychiatry in Japan, we advocate for the development and establishment of a more standardized child and adolescent psychiatry training system that is akin to what exists in the US and that teaches and evaluates according to specific competencies. Through standardizing care and education and ultimately improving workforce, the quality of mental health services can be raised. The tragic and costly consequences of unidentified and untreated mental illness in youth can be avoided by taking timely evidence based actions in partnership with others.

Associations between Use of Single-Parent Facility Programs and Public Support Programs and the Mental Health for Adolescent Single-Parent (청소년 한부모의 입소시설 프로그램 및 한부모가족 정책사업 수혜경험과 정신건강과의 관련성 탐색)

  • Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.93-112
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    • 2017
  • The adolescent birth rate has doubled in the recent decade. As a result, the Korean government has implemented support for adolescent single-parent families by expanding the scope of coverage of the Single-parent Family Support Act in 2010. In order to understand whether experiences of facility entry programs and the Single-parent Family Support Act for adolescent single-parents were helpful or not, this study verified the relationship to mental health. This study utilized a part of the National Youth Policy Institute's 'Research on the Actual Condition of the Adolescent Pregnancy, Birth and Rearing Children.' Participants of the study were 218 adolescent single-parents at the age of 24 and younger. This study used the research methods of descriptive statistical analysis, ${\chi}^2$test, t-test, and one-way analysis of variance. The findings and discussion of this study are as below: Firstly, the depression level of adolescent single-parents who had been raised by grandparents was higher than other family types to a meaningful standard and adolescent single-parent's cognition of the original family's economic level was related to self-esteem and parenting efficacy. Secondly, the practical single-parent family support policy for adolescent single-parent's pregnancy, birth and rearing children has shown a higher reception rate, and medical service of facility entry programs has a higher satisfaction level. However, some of the facility entry programs and the Single-parent Family Support Act have a low reception rate and it should be considered whether to maintain them or not.Lastly, parts of facility entry programs and the Single-parent Family Support Act for adolescent single-parents have increased self-esteem and parenting efficacy and reduced parenting stress and depression's levels.

The relationships of the adolescent with parents and grandparents and their effects on the adolescent's ego identity (부모 및 조모와의 관계가 청소년의 자아정체감에 미치는 영향 -동거와 비동거 가족의 비교-)

  • 백문화
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.219-236
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of the study are to investigate the effects of the bond between grandmother and grandchild and the degree of cohesion between child in adolescence and their parents on adolescent's ego identity. The major findings are as follows. First, a level of adolesent's ego identity is moderate on the whole. Not only the degree of the cohesion between children in adolescence and parent is high, but also the bond between children in adolescence and grandmother is high. Second, adolescent's ego identity is associated with cohesion with their parent. The research also shows that adolescent's ego identity is influenced by the relationship between grandchild and grandmother. Finally, the important factors on ego identity of the adolescent who are living with their grandmothers are the degree of the cohesion with father, grandmother-parent relationships, the degree of the cohesion with mother, and occupational status of mother. Those who are not living with grandmothers, the degree of the cohesion with their mothers and the bonds with grandmothers have significant influences on adolescent's ego identity.

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A Study on Parent-Adolescent Cohesion and the Influences of Family Structure Variables on It (고등학생자녀와 부모간의 응집성 및 이에 대한 가족구조변인의 영향)

  • 김순옥
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.143-156
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    • 1990
  • The purposes of this study are to secure the desirable parent-adolescent cohesion, to find out the real parent-adolescent cohesion and to investigate the influences of family structure variables on the parent-adolescent cohesion. The data are obtained from a sample of 364 high school students in Seoul by using questionaires. X2-test, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe-test, Kruskal-Wallis test and difference of percentages with cross tabulation are used for data analysis. The major findings are as follows : 1) The high parent-adolescent cohesion is found to be desirable. 2) The mother-adolescent cohesion is higher than that of the father-adolescent. 3) The father-son cohesion is influenced by siblings existence, while the mother-son cohesion is influenced by siblings existence and birth order. The father-daughter cohesion is influenced by birth order and difference of age between mother and daughter. However the mother-daughter cohesion is influenced by the presence of the arents and difference of age between mother and daughter. 4) The results discribed in 3) are changed considerably by controlling the open-communication variable.

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Agreement between Parent and Adolescent Reports on Parenting Behaviors (양육행동에 대한 부모와 청소년의 보고 비교)

  • Lim, Jung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of the study was to examine the agreement between parent and adolescent reports on parenting behaviors. The participants were 196 father-mother-adolescent triads. Results indicated that there were significant differences in reports of parenting behaviors between parents and adolescents. Generally, parents reported higher respect, disciplines and attention than their adolescents did. However, there were low to high agreements between parental report and adolescent report on parenting behaviors. The degree of those agreements varied by adolescent's developmental stage, birth order and mother's education. The findings suggested that differences in agreements between parent and adolescent reports on parenting behaviors might not be random and the agreements should be addressed in terms of specific sample characteristics.