• Title/Summary/Keyword: Adolescents

Search Result 3,977, Processing Time 0.209 seconds

Comparison study on the oral health behaviors of multicultural family adolescents and native family adolescents in Korea (한국 다문화청소년과 일반청소년간의 구강건강행태 비교)

  • Bae, Jin-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
    • /
    • v.31 no.5
    • /
    • pp.71-79
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health behaviors of multicultural family adolescents and native family adolescents to use as the basis for the oral health care. Methods: The data included a subset of the Korean Youth Health Behavior Online Survey, self-administered, targeting 72,435 middle school and high school students in 2013. The questionnaire was composed of respondents characteristics, oral eating behavior, drinking, smoking, oral health behavior, oral symptoms. Results: 1. 35.7% of the multicultural adolescents were bad economic level and 26.5% of the multicultural adolescents perceived their oral health status to be poorer than native adolescents. 2. 51.1% of multicultural adolescents was 5 times more likely to intake milk and 15.5% of multicultural adolescents cookie intake was higher than native adolescent. 3. 29.9% of multicultural adolescents always brushed their teeth more in a week than native adolescents. 4. Bleeding gums and oral odor symptoms in multicultural adolescents were 24.6%, 28.0% higher than native adolescents. Conclusions: This finding suggests that the multicultural adolescent need health education including oral health food habit, oral health care, early dental visit for prevention, early treatment.

Ego-resilience and Stress Coping Styles of Male and Female Adolescents (남녀청소년의 자아탄력성과 스트레스 대처방식)

  • Park, Yeon-Seong;Hyun, Eun-Min
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.221-234
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study focused on the relationship between ego- resilience and stress coping styles of male and female adolescents. The study also tried to identify differences in stress coping styles based on sexual differences and the level of ego- resilience in adolescents. Ego-resilience showed a positive correlation to problem-focused and social support seeking coping styles and a negative correlation to emotion-focused coping style for both male and female adolescents. Canonical Correlation analysis revealed that self-confidence among four sub-domains of ego-resilience made the most outstanding contributions in predicting stress coping styles of female adolescents. The self-confident female adolescents tended to use the problem-focused coping style. For male adolescents, the optimistic attitude among four sub-domains of ego-resilience was the most significant factor in predicting emotion-focused coping style. Female adolescents tended to use more varied coping strategies than male adolescents in stressful situations. The group of adolescents who had a higher level of ego-resilience reported more problem-focused and social support- seeking coping styles in stressful situations. Conversely the group of adolescents with lower level of ego-resilience tended to use emotion-focused coping strategy. The results of this study have important implications for theory, research, and practice. Development of ego-resilience in adolescents based on sexual differences was an important task for their effective coping strategies.

Marital Conflict, Parenting Behavior, and Parental Monitoring Related to Adjustment of Adolescents (부부갈등, 부모의 양육행동, 부모의 감독과 청소년의 적응 간 관련성)

  • Lee, Hyong-Sil
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.21 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1083-1094
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the gender difference in adolescent's problem behavior and depression, and to analyze the effects of marital conflict, parenting behavior, parent's monitoring on adolescents' problem behavior and depression. Data obtained from 453 students in middle school was used for final analysis. This study found that female adolescents showed higher level of depression than male adolescents. Male adolescents reported higher level of marital conflict than female adolescents. On the other hand, female adolescents showed more mother's monitoring than male adolescents. Path analysis revealed that parenting behavior and parent's monitoring were negatively influenced by marital conflict. Adolescents' depression was negatively influenced by parenting behavior, but problem behavior was not influenced by parenting behavior. Father's monitoring had an impact on problem behavior of male and female adolescents. Depression was influenced directly by marital conflict, but problem behaviors were not directly influenced by marital conflict.

A Study on the Female Adolescents′ Dissatisfaction Factors and Preferred Images of Underwear -Focused on 13-18 Aged Female Adolescents in Busan- (청소년기 여학생의 내의 상품에 관한 불만족 요인과 선호이미지 연구- 부산시내 중고생을 중심으로-)

  • Choi Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
    • /
    • v.54 no.7
    • /
    • pp.107-120
    • /
    • 2004
  • In this study. with the discovery of adolescents' dissatisfaction factors and preferred images of underwear, the Potentiality of adolescents' underwear market was illuminated. For the purpose of this study, focused group interviews were performed to develop a questionnaires. And data was collected from 309 adolescents female consumer in the age of 13-18 living in busan. The fellowing are the results from the study. First. the female adolescents' dissatisfaction with underwear was analyzed into seven factors. such as buying decision, deformation after laundring, feeling from putting on, price/product variety, the lack of effective design considering body shape, inconvenience for activity and aesthetics. And degree of dissatisfaction was significant different among groups classified by consumer's level of product involvement and consumer's age. Second, the female adolescents' preferred images of underwear are gorgeous/elegant, simple/plain, pure & innocent/modest. active and lovely. From these results, it can be concluded that adolescents' desires of underwear product are different from adults'. Managerial Implications are provided for adolescents' underwear market.

The Effects of Self-concept, Attachment, and Relationship with Teacher and Peer on Korean, Korean-Chinese and Chinese Adolescents' Aggression (자아개념, 애착, 교사 및 또래 관계가 청소년의 공격성에 미치는 영향: 한국, 조선족 및 한족 청소년을 중심으로)

  • Park Min-Jung;Park Choi Hye-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.79-89
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the differences of aggression and its predictors among Korean, Korean-Chinese and Chinese adolescents. The subjects were 529(176 Korean, 168 Korean-Chinese, 185 Chinese) 9th graders from Yanji in China and Korea. Data on aggression, self-concept, attachment to mother, relationship with teachers, and victimization from peers were collected with questionnaires and analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression. The results showed that Korean adolescents reported the highest and Chinese adolescents the lowest on aggression. There were gender differences in proactive aggression among Chinese adolescents, and on reactive aggression among Korean adolescents. Among Korean adolescents, no gender difference was revealed. The influences of self-concept, attachment to mother, relationship with teachers, and victimization from peers differed among the groups: While attachment to mother was a significant predictor for Chinese adolescents' aggression, relationship with teachers was a significant predictor for that of Korean-Chinese adolescents', and victimization from peer was a significant predictor for that of Korean adolescents'. The differential influence of race and culture to adolescents' aggression was discussed.

The Relationship between Parents' and Adolescents' Optimism : The Mediating Effects of Parents' Achievement Parenting behavior (부모의 낙관성과 청소년의 낙관성 간의 관계에 대한 부모의 성취적 양육행동의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Sun Hwa;Kim, Hee Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.51-68
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of achievement parenting behavior on the relationship between parents' and adolescents' optimism. The subjects of the study were 514 adolescents who were selected from the first and second grades of middle schools in Busan as well as their parents. The results indicated that parents' achievement parenting behavior had mediating effects on the relationship between parents' and adolescents' optimism. In boy adolescents, parents' achievement parenting behavior had partially mediating effects on the relationship between parents' and boy adolescents' optimism. In girl adolescents, fathers' achievement behavior had complete mediating effects on the relationship between fathers' and girl adolescents' optimism. Moreover, it was observed that mothers' achievement parenting behavior had partially mediating effects on the relationship between mothers' and girl adolescents' optimism.

The relations between parenting, self-esteem, materialism in adolescents (부모 양육태도 및 청소년 자아존중감과 물질주의 가치관간의 관계)

  • 김유연;박성연
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1-13
    • /
    • 2001
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting adolescents materialism and the relations between parenting, materialism and self-esteem in adolescents. The subjects were 439 first-grade high school students in Kang-nam area located in Seoul. The main results were as follows; (1) Material value was not significantly different according to gender, SES and parents education; (2) Adolescents whose parents are permissive or inconsistent have higher material value. On the other hand, adolescents whose parents are affectionate have relatively lower material value. And adolescents who communicate openly with their parents also have lower material value; (3) Lower material value was found for the adolescents whose self-esteem was high; (4) The mediating role of self-esteem was found: Adolescents self-esteem mediate the relations between parenting, parent-child communication style and material value of adolescents.

  • PDF

Family System and Male Adolescents' Loneliness (가족체계와 남자 청소년의 외로움)

  • An, Soon-Ok;Kim, Yeong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.43 no.12
    • /
    • pp.165-182
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of family system on male adolescents' loneliness. From the research results significantly different factors of family system, consisting of family differentiation, family flexibility, boundary between parents and male adolescents, conflict resolved in parents, and male adolescents' cohesion with mother and father, explained each aspect of male adolescents' loneliness including lack of intimacy, social relationship network, and belonging according to their school types. The boundary between parents and male adolescents was a critical factor explaining the lack of intimacy of male adolescents in a juvenile detention center, and family flexibility was a congruous factor having an impact on the lack of belonging of male adolescents both in the juvenile detention center and public schools.

Teasing from Parents and Siblings about Appearance Affecting Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem of Middle School Students

  • Yoh, Eunah
    • Fashion, Industry and Education
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.17-29
    • /
    • 2018
  • In this study, it is explored whether teasing from parents and siblings about appearance of children affects body satisfaction and self-esteem of middle school students. A total of 594 adolescents participated in the survey and the causal model was tested with the data. In results, parents' and siblings' teasing was significantly correlated. Parents' and siblings' teasing significantly affected body satisfaction that showed a significant impact on self-esteem. In the mean comparison by gender, female adolescents suffered more from parents' as well as siblings' teasing on appearance than did male adolescents. Female adolescents indicated lower body satisfaction than male adolescents whereas no gender difference was found in self-esteem. In the multiple-model comparison, both the parents' and siblings' teasing about appearance affected body satisfaction of female adolescents while only siblings' teasing affected body satisfaction of male adolescents. The results indicate that female adolescents are more likely to be exposed to parents' and siblings' teasing about appearance at home than male adolescents, resulting in negative body satisfaction that is influencing self-esteem. The finding could be used as a basis for family education, calling for an attention to this issue.

Internet Addiction, Social Support and Psychological Factors in Adolescents (청소년의 인터넷중독과 사회적 지지 및 심리적 영향요인)

  • Chung Hae-Kyung;Kim Kyung-Hee
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.10 no.4
    • /
    • pp.406-412
    • /
    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the level of Internet addiction among adolescents, and to examine factors affecting Internet addiction in adolescents. Method: The participants in were 475 high school students. Data were analyzed using multiple regression analysis to examine the factors affecting Internet addiction in adolescents. Result: The overall Internet addiction scale score was 63.83(±20.48). The differences of Internet addiction according to student characteristics were found to be significant for sex and grade. The level of Internet addiction was positively related to the level of impulsiveness and depression. The level of Internet addiction was negatively related to the level of social support. Factors such as impulsiveness and social support were examined as significant factors predicting Internet addiction in adolescents. Conclusion: Based upon these findings, factors affecting Internet addiction in adolescents include impulsiveness and social support. The findings provide further justification for interventions targeting key factors that influence Internet addiction in adolescents in addition to providing adolescents with necessary communication, negotiation and other life skills.

  • PDF