• Title, Summary, Keyword: Affective Variables

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Affective Design for the Frame Size and Shape of Wide LCD Monitors (Wide LCD 모니터의 프레임 형태에 따른 감성 선호도 연구)

  • Lee, Han-Na;Jung, Eui-S.;Choe, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 2009
  • With increasing needs for affective design, it became an essential part in a product development process to look up quantitative ergonomic data that reflects customers' preferences on design factors in various products. This study looked at wide LCD monitors and analyzed customers' affective preferences regarding monitor's bezel frame size and shape. The monitor's bezel frame depth, size and ratio were selected as independent variables among many design parameters. As dependent variables, customer's subjective preferences were measured. A statistical analysis revealed that monitor's bezel frame depth, size and ratio had significant effects on customer's preferences. Also, it was possible to find a different tendency on affective variables and their levels for 19" and 24" wide LCD monitors. In general, experiments revealed that customers reacted more sensitively in 24" wide LCD monitors to all variables. In 19" wide LCD monitors, only the lower frame bezel size had a significant effect, otherwise, lower, upper and side frame bezels appeared to be effective variables in 24" monitors. In order to reflect customer's affective preferences to new design of wide LCD monitors, this study is expected to provide quantitative ergonomic data and guidelines for the design of wide LCD monitor's bezel frame depth and size.

A comparison between affective prosodic characteristics observed in children with cochlear implant and normal hearing (인공와우 이식 아동과 정상 청력 아동의 정서적 운율 특성 비교)

  • Oh, Yeong Geon;Seong, Cheoljae
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.67-78
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the affective prosodic characteristics observed from the children with cochlear implant (CI, hereafter) and normal hearing (NH, hereafter) along with listener's perception on them. Speech samples were acquired from 15 normal and 15 CI children. 8 SLPs(Speech Language Pathologists) perceptually evaluated affective types using Praat's ExperimentMFC. When it comes to the acoustic results, there were statistically meaningful differences between 2 groups in affective types [joy (discriminated by intensity deviation), anger (by intensity-related variables dominantly and duration-related variables partly), and sadness (by all aspects of prosodic variables)]. CI's data are much more louder when expressing joy, louder and slower when expressing anger, and higher, louder, and slower when it comes to sadness than those of NH. The listeners showed much higher correlation when evaluating normal children than CI group(p<.001). Chi-square results revealed that listeners did not show coherence at CI's utterance, but did at those of NH's (CI(p<.01), normal(p=.48)). When CI utterances were discriminated into 3 emotional types by DA(Discriminant Analysis) using 8 acoustic variables, speed related variables such as articulation rate took primary role.

A Study on the affective variables of gifted students in mathematics (수학영재의 수학교과에 대한 정의적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Soon-Ja;Kim, Yong-Gu;Jung, In-Chul;Lim, Gen-Kwang
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.41-55
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    • 2006
  • Although gifted students are well ready in the perspective of intelligence, in order to make their learning highly effective, it is necessary to revitalize their intellectual abilities and progress it into proactive learning behaviour It is requisite to stress on the affective variables for achieving this. This study examined and analyzed affective variables for the subject mathematics on self-concept toward mathematics, attitude, interest, mathematical anxiety, and learning habits.

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A study on affective variables and the role of teacher in the foreign language learning (외국어 학습에 있어서의 정의적 요인과 교사의 역할)

  • Jung, Mi-Young
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • no.1
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    • pp.129-157
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    • 1995
  • I made a careful study of affective variables in foreign language learning Affective variables have not been adequately investigated in the study of second language acquisition. Egoism and inhibition are two egocentric factors which play important roles in foreign language learning. Three sociocultural variables. cultural factors, introversion / extroversion, and aggression may be keys to understanding the social nature of second language learning. And the emerging of cognition and affect in "cognitive styles", which vary within and among individuals, might account for varying degree of success in learning a second language. In the process of learning English. the students new to foreign language come to face the language barrier. though they express the deep interest and feel excited at the beginning stage. Of course, the several reasons can explain this fact. but more specially they can be explained in terms of such personal affective factors as age, aptitude, personality, and first of all, motivation. Also the socicultural factors between language and culture can be considered to the learner's aptitude toward the language. Affective factors of students are involved in personality. and personality and affective factors affect English learning. Affective variables of students affect the will to take part in English learning, and the rate of participation in English learning affect the fluency. If students feel inconvenience in English class, it is rarely that they run a risk. Students who do not run a risk in English class are short of spontaneous participation Consequently, it may have negative influence on the accuracy and the fluency of English. Therefore, teachers must be more influential in motivating students and specially attentive so that the students may not make the negative and inhibitive language learning attitude.

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Prediction of Pain Expression Using the Extended Gate Control Theory of Pain and Fishbein′s Model (관문통제동통이론과 FISHBEIN의 모델을 이용한 동통표현 예견에 대한 연구)

  • 이은옥
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 1983
  • The purposes of this study were to(a) develop theoretical modifications of the extended gate control theory of pain using Fishbein's model and(b) test the efficacy of these modifications. Attitude, social subjective norm, personal subjective norm, habit and state anxiety were operationalized to represent internal stimuli for the cognitive-evaluative and motivational-affective dimensions of the theory. Pain expression was operationalized as sensory and affective responses to pain, and pain endurance. Sixty-two female nurses from 20 to 50 years of age participated. A semantic differential scale measured attitude and motivations to comply; a Likerty-type scale measured personal and social norms and habit. Spielberger's STAI measured state anxiety, Pain was produced using a modified submaximum effort tourniquet technique. Pair expression was measured using ratio scales of sensory intensity and unpleasantness developed by Gracely and his associates. Pain endurance was measured by subtracting time of pain threshold from pain tolerance. The first hypothesis examining whether pain endurance would be more significantly related to the affective response than to the sensory response was net rejected. Four remaining hypotheses, testing the ability of the five variables to predict the sensory and affective responses were not rejected. However, the habit of pain expression and the attitude toward pain expression contributed to the prediction of both sensory and affective responses to pain. The interaction between the cognitive-evaluative and the sensory-discriminative dimensions and the interaction between the cognitive-evaluative and motivational-affective dimensions were partially supported by the data from these two variables. The interaction between the motivational-affective and the sensory-discriminative dimensions was also supported by the relationship of sensory to affective responses. The variables which did not significantly predict pain expression appeared to have potential for prediction. Revision and testing of the tools for better reliability, validity, and clinical usuability are needed. The study contributed to theory building. The identification of variables which pre-dict pain behavior must occur before effective nursing interventions can be developed.

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A Study on the Relationships between Complex and Preference by Perceptual-cognitive and Affective Judgement - Focused on the Commercial Interior Design - (지각적-인지적 판단과 감정적 판단에 따른 복잡성과 선호도의 관계 - 상업공간의 실내디자인을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi Eun-Hee;Kwon Young-Gull
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.173-183
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    • 2006
  • Design is inseparably related to aesthetics. In spite of that, it is difficult to explain the precise aesthetic variables that affect the aesthetic value of space or environment. Therefore, this study intended to find the relationships between aesthetic variables by perceptual and affective judgement for space design with focus on complexity and preference variables. The research found low level of 'arousing' as well as high levels of affective dimension variables 'pleasant' and 'relaxing' evoked high preference. High preference also appeared in space design cases with high unity, order, and clarity with low contrast and complexity, which are variables of perceptual dimension. Complexity, one variables of preference by Kaplan, is in an inverse proportion to space preference. Thus, space design with high complexity has high level of 'exciting' and 'arousing' affective responses and relatively low level of 'relaxing' response. Additionally, it was confirmed that the most importantly influential factor on complexity was diverse components rather than visual richness and ornamentation.

Analysis of the current situation of Affective Characteristics of Korean Students Based on the Results of PISA and TIMSS (PISA와 TIMSS 결과에 나타난 우리나라 학생의 정의적 성취 실태 분석 - 수학 교과를 중심으로 -)

  • Choe, Seung-Hyun;Park, Sangwook;Hwang, Hye Jeang
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.23-43
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to develop strategies for improving the affective characteristics of Korean students based on results from international achievement tests. In pursuing the goal, different research methods are employed including a) analysis of the theories and literature regarding the affective domains included in PISA and TIMSS studies; b) analysis of the current situation and needs of Korean students with respect to the affective factors based on PISA and TIMSS results; c) case studies of best practices in relation to students' affective domains in Korea and abroad; and d) development of strategies for improving and supporting Korean students' affective characteristics. Especially, this paper describes meta-analyses of the results from the previous PISA and TIMSS studies. Afterwards, it reports statistical analyses results on the relationship between students' affective achievements and educational context variables. Data from TIMSS 2011, TIMSS 2007, PISA 2006, and PISA 2003 are used for the analyses, and contextual variables are selected through rigorous statistical analyses including frequency and correlation, and expert consultation. The effects of educational contextual variables on students' affective achievement in mathematics and science are analyzed through Hierarchical Linear Model.

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Structural Analysis among Science Achievement, Science Process Skills and Affective Perception toward Science of High School Students. (고등학생들의 과학에 대한 정의적 언식과 과학 탐구능력 및 과학 학습성취도의 구조분석)

  • Lee, Jae-Chon;Kim, Beorn-Ki
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.249-259
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze relationships among science achievement, science process skills and affective perception of high school students. The affective perception was included attitude toward science and science anxiety in the study. The instruments were developed HARS and SAMS for this study. The subject was sampled 1,115 students by stratified cluster sampling method. The major findings of this study were as follows: The tendency to affective perception was investigated according to students variables. Atittude toward science was showed a negative perception on female than male, in rural area than city. Science anxiety was percepted highly on female than male, in rural area than city. Attitude toward science showed positive relations to science process skills, science achievement, but which showed negative relation to science anxiety. Science anxiety showed negative relations among science process skills, science achievement and attitude toward science. Structural relationships among affective perception, science process skills and science achievement were analyzed by effect size through the path analysis on the independent and dependent variables. By the results, it was indicated that there have significant direct effect not only affective perception influence on science achievement but also on science process skills in hypothesized model. Prediction of science achievement and science process skills were clarified to characteristics of the affective perception.Therefore, understanding about affective perception will be helpful to make the strategy of science teaching

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The Analysis of Learner탐s Variables Affecting on Scientific Reasoning and Science Process Skills (과학 추론능력과 과학 탐구능력에 영향을 미치는 학습자 변인 분석$^{1)}$ )

  • 김영신;정완호;이진희
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the learner's variables affecting on scientific thinking and scientific process skills. To study this purpose, through the procedure study, the learner's variables were divided into cognitive variable, ego variable, and affective variable, then the questionaire survey through the reconstruction of standardization instrument was made over 120 elementary school fifth grade student in Seoul, Anyang, and Pajoo. The results of this study were as follows: 1) The learner's variables affecting on scientific thinking were cognitive variable and for female students, also affect affective variable. The subordinated catagories of statistically significant degree of explanation were achievement motivation, cognitive level, and cognitive style and another statistically significant correlation were meta-cognition, self regulated learning, self efficacy, and muliple intelligence. 2) The learner's variables affecting on science process skills were cognitive variable and affective variable. And the subordinated catagories of statistically significant degree of explanation were achievement motivation, and cognitive level. And another statistically significant correlation were meta-cognition, self regulated loaming, self efficacy, multiple intelligence, and attribution.

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Causal Relationships of Purchase Intentions and Affective Responses on Apparel Advertising (의류광고에 대한 소비자 감정요인과 구매의도와의 관계연구)

  • 양수미
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.29
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    • pp.39-52
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    • 1996
  • The purpose. of this study were to identify the types of consumer affective responses to investigate the attitude formation process on the apparel advertising and to identify the differences among related variables according to the sensation seeking and the brand famili-arity. The result of this study were as follows: 1. The consumer affective responses on ap-parel dvertising was composed of six dimensions; Upbeat feeling Negative feeling Warm feeling Sensual feeling Emotional feel-ing and Uninvolved feeling. 2. The related variables to consumer responses on apparel advertising were signifi-cant differences according to the sensation seeking and the brand familiarity. 3. The main causal course on the apparel ad-vertising was the consumer affective responselongrightarrowthe advertising attitudelongrightarrowthe brand evalu-ationlongrightarrowthe brand attitudelongrightarrowthe purchase in-tention. Also there were differences in atti-tude formation process according to the con-sumer affective respeonses.

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