• 제목/요약/키워드: Agricultural reservoir

검색결과 233건 처리시간 0.103초

농업용 저수지 수질모델 (ARSIM-rev) 개발 및 적용 (Development and Application of Agricultural Reservoir Water Quality Simulation Model (ARSIM-rev))

  • 함종화;김동환;김형중;김미옥
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.65-76
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    • 2012
  • Agricultural reservoir water quality simulation model (ARSIM-rev) was developed in this study for water quality simulation of a small and shallow agricultural reservoir with limited observed water quality data. Developed ARSIM-rev is a zero-dimensional water quality model because of little spatial differences in water quality between stations in a small and shallow agricultural reservoir. ARSIM-rev used same water quality reaction equations with WASP except for several equations, and daily based input parameters such as settling rate, release rate from sediment, and light extinction coefficient changed yearly based input parameters in ARSIM-rev. A number of pre- and post-processors were developed such as auto calibration and scenario analysis for ARSIM-rev. CE-QUAL-W2, WASP, and developed ARSIM-rev were applied to Mansu agricultural reservoir to evaluate model performance, and ARSIM-rev demonstrated similar model performance with CE-QUAL-W2 and WASP when low number of observed data was used for agricultural reservoir water quality simulation. Overall, developed ARSIM-rev was feasible for water quality simulation in a small and shallow agricultural reservoir with limited observed water quality data, and it can simulate agricultural reservoir water quality precisely enough like common water quality model such as CE-QUAL-W2 and WASP within a limited time.

농업용 저수지 공급량과 수요량의 확률분포 및 신뢰성 해석 기법을 활용한 물 공급 취약성 평가 (Vulnerability Assessment of Water Supply in Agricultural Reservoir Utilizing Probability Distribution and Reliability Analysis Methods)

  • 남원호;김태곤;최진용;이정재
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2012
  • The change of rainfall pattern and hydrologic factors due to climate change increases the occurrence probability of agricultural reservoir water shortage. Water supply assessment of reservoir is usually performed current reservoir level compared to historical water levels or the simulation of reservoir operation based on the water budget analysis. Since each reservoir has the native property for watershed, irrigation district and irrigation water requirement, it is necessary to improve the assessment methods of agricultural reservoir water capability about water resources system. This study proposed a practical methods that water supply vulnerability assessment for an agricultural reservoir based on a concept of probabilistic reliability. The vulnerability assessment of water supply is calculated from probability distribution of water demand condition and water supply condition that influences on water resources management and reservoir operations. The water supply vulnerability indices are estimated to evaluate the performance of water supply on agricultural reservoir system, and thus it is recommended a more objective method to evaluate water supply reliability.

농업용수의 잔여 공급계획량 및 수요예측량에 의한 관개 취약시기 산정 (Estimating Vulnerable Duration for Irrigation with Agricultural Water Supply and Demand during Residual Periods)

  • 남원호;김태곤;최진용;이정재
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 2012
  • For optimal reservoir operation and management, there are essential elements including water supply in agricultural reservoir and demand in irrigation district. To estimate agricultural water demand and supply, many factors such as weather, crops, soil, growing conditions cultivation method and the watershed/irrigation area should be considered, however, there are occurred water supply impossible duration under the influence of the variability and uncertainty of meteorological and hydrological phenomenon. Focusing on agricultural reservoir, amount and tendency of agricultural water supply and demand shows seasonally/regionally different patterns. Through the analysis of deviation and changes in the timing of the two elements, duration in excess of water supply can be identified quantitatively. Here, we introduce an approach to assessment of irrigation vulnerable duration for effective management of agricultural reservoir using time dependent change analysis of residual water supply and irrigation water requirements. Irrigation vulnerable duration has been determined through the comparison of water supply in agricultural reservoir and demand in irrigation district based on the water budget analysis, therefore can be used as an improved and basis data for the effective and intensive water management.

지진 모형시험을 통한 농업용 저수지 거동 평가 (Evaluation of Agricultural Reservoir Behavior by Seismic Shaking Table Test)

  • 임성윤;송창섭;김명환
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2015
  • Embankment of agricultural reservoir started by four major rivers project. Most agricultural reservoirs must insure the agricultural water, they need must be ensured stability of embankment. Recently, there is a growing interest in seismic stability of structure by earthquake. Results of evaluation of the structural stability through seismic vibration test and numerical analysis, maximum displacement and the maximum acceleration is a similar trends. Appeared by increasing occurrence of the value of the displacement and acceleration of the structure with the result long period wave type in accordance with the seismic wave in the case of seismic waves, which shows the results of similar tendency as long period wave type consists of waveform seismic acceleration. Model test and numerical analysis results with in order to increase embankment agricultural reservoir, the displacement was found to ensure it is displayed within one percentage structural stability of the embankment.

3차원 수치해석을 통한 복합하중이 작용하는 농업용저수지의 거동 분석 (Analysis of Behavior of Agricultural Reservoir with Combined Load by 3-D Numerical Analysis)

  • 송창섭;우제근;안광국;김명환
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.60 no.1
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2018
  • The object of this paper was to analyze combined load acting on agricultural reservoir. This study was carried out to 3-D numerical modeling for displacement characteristic and seismic acceleration characteristic. The results of study were analyzed and summarized as follow. It was found that the displacement caused by combined load acting on railway and agricultural reservoir did not reflect the effect of load and the seismic wave consistently. The ground accelerations that occur in railway and dam were amplified because 3-D numerical analysis program interprets ground as an elastic body. Actual ground shows characteristics of elasticity and plasticity, so measured values will show different tendency. As a result of analyzing displacement characteristics, it is considered to be related to stiffness. The Ofunato seismic wave, the displacement (77.1 mm) of the body satisfied the allowable displacement (220 mm), but The Hachinohe seismic wave (282.8 mm) did not. It is considered that displacement caused by combined load is affected not only by acceleration but also by characteristics of materials.

랜드마크를 고려한 농업용저수지 최적정비모델의 개선 (Improvement to Optimum Equipment Model of Agricultural Reservoir Considering Land Mark)

  • 김종봉;박소연;정남수;이희망
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.62 no.3
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2020
  • Recently, the Yedang reservoir needs reflecting the demands of the public and administration, including change of reservoir status and paradigm shift of users, as well as planning programs to activate the area as a special health zone for tourism, leisure, recreation and experience at the local government level. Previous Optimum Equipment model (OEM) preferentially considers the creation of waterfront. This study shows the operation model for readjustment of water supply facilities according to the limit of the level of the beneficiaries. Results show the renovation cycle of Yedang tourist resort and the suspension bridge through developed model simulation. In addition to securing quantity for the supply of agricultural water and the function of water protection, the multi-function of the agricultural reservoir shall be re-evaluated to enhance the diverse availability of the agricultural reservoir. The county office should also boost various availability at various levels to revitalize the local economy, such as producing pleasant and safe places and offering safe food for people.

연약지반상에 축조된 농업용저수지의 과잉공극수압 예측과 압밀계수의 비교 (Comparison of Coefficient of Consolidation and Prediction of Excess Pore Water Pressure of Agricultural Reservoir under Embankment on Soft Ground)

  • 이달원;김은호
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to comparison of coefficient of consolidation and the prediction of excess pore water pressure in agricultural reservoir on soft clay ground. For the purpose of verification of the proposed equation, laboratory model tests and field tests were performed and excess pore water pressure was compared to those predicted with the Terzaghi's method. The predicted excess pore water pressure according to ponding was very applicable to practice because it was close to the observed data. Also, for the comparison of coefficient of consolidation, the oedometer, constant rate of strain (CRS), and Rowe cell tests were performed. The coefficient of consolidation at the Rowe cell and CRS tests showed a greate increase than in the oedometer test. The ratio of the vertical and horizontal coefficient of consolidation showed a large difference according to various tests method and mixing ratio. Therefore, it is recommended that careful attention should be paid to predicting the required consolidation period in agricultural reservoir.

필 댐의 특성을 고려한 농업용 저수지 정밀안전진단체계 개선 연구 (A Study on the Safety Inspection System Improvement of Agricultural Reservoir Considering Fill-Dam Characteristics)

  • 이창범;정남수;박승기;전상옥
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2016
  • In 2008, 17, 596 dams and reservoirs are scattered across South Korea, and 17, 505 of them (99.5 %) are used for agriculture and 99.3 % are fill dam types. This study aimed to review literature related to the precise safety diagnosis system for agricultural reservoirs established by Korea Rural Community Corporation (KRCC) and analyze problems of its evaluation method. And then, it proposed ways to improve the system including a modified diagnosis system, which was applied to pilot districts in order to verify the utility. For assessment model development of agricultural reservoir, we reviewed status of precision safety inspections systems of agricultural reservoir. There are many problems such as assess agricultural reservoir not by sheet which used in fill dam but by block which used in concrete dam construction and diversion tunnel which main element in reservoir levee is treated as water intake facility. For considering diversion tunnel in reservoir levee, previous precision safety inspection systems which summed in separated phenomenon, separated element, separated site, separated facility was change to new systems which summed in site, phenomenon, element, and facility. Compared results of previous inspection system calculated total assessment index (Ec) with new system calculated total assessment index (Ec) are not show statistical difference.

현장계측에 의한 농업용저수지 제체의 안정관리기법 (Stability Evaluation Methods of Agricultural Reservoir by Field Monitoring)

  • 이달원;오범환
    • 농업과학연구
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.164-174
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 연약지반상에 축조되는 농업용 저수지의 합리적인 안정관리의 기준을 수립하기 위하여 현장계측결과를 기초로 시공중 또는 완공후에 측방유동 등으로 인하여 국부적인 전단파괴 가능성을 현장계측치로부터 비교분석하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 한계평형법에 의해 안전율을 비교하면 Spencer방법과 간이 Bishop방법은 거의 유사하게 나타났고, 간이 Janbu 방법은 약간 작게 나타났다. Spencer방법은 흙의 활동부분에 대해 힘과 모멘트 두 평형방정식을 만족시키는 해석방법이므로 저수지의 안정성을 해석하는데는 합리적이라 판단된다. 2. 수평변위는 물리적 성질의 변곡점이 형성되는 부분에서 급증하였고, 성토의 안정관리는 각 토층의 경계부분에서 가장 불안정한 상태로 나타나므로 분석시 가장 우선적으로 검토하여야 한다. 3. 수평변위속도에 의한 안정성 평가방법은 파괴 가능성을 미리 예측하는데 상당히 효율적인 방법이라고 판단되고, 전단파괴 가능성이 높은 무처리 지반에서의 안전율의 기준은 처리지반보다도 신중하게 선정하여야 할 것으로 판단된다. 4. 점증하중에 의한 시공중 안정성을 계측자료를 이용하여 분석한 결과, 파괴기준선에 접근하여 위험가능성이 있는 부분도 있었으나 성토체는 안정한 것으로 확인되어 안정관리상 파괴기준선으로 안정성을 평가하는 것보다는 곡선의 기울기로 판단하는 것이 합리적이다.

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기후변화를 고려한 농업용 저수지 여유고 평가에 관한 연구 (A study on freeboard assessment of agricultural reservoirs considering climate change)

  • 최지혁;문영일
    • 한국수자원학회논문집
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.371-381
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    • 2018
  • 국내 농업용 저수지 댐 시설물은 노후화 및 기후변화로 인한 여름철 강우량 증가로 인해 수자원관리에 대한 어려움뿐만 아니라 댐 월류에 따른 피해위험이 높을 것으로 전망된다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 기후변화를 고려한 농업용 저수지 수문학적 안전성을 평가하기 위해 농업용 저수지 1종 댐 시설물을 대상유역으로 선정하였으며, 유역별 확률강우량, 기존에 제시된 Present PMP, 기상청 기후변화시나리오에 따른 Future PMP를 산정하였다. 또한, 기후변화에 따라 증가하는 강우량을 정량적으로 분석하고, 홍수량산정 및 저수지홍수추적을 실시하여 강우시나리오에 따른 농업용 저수지의 여유고를 분석하였다. 기후변화를 고려한 Future PMP를 이용하여 농업용 저수지 댐 시설물의 수문학적 안전성을 평가한 결과, 고삼, 금광, 미호, 청천저수지는 설계홍수위 이상의 최고수위가 발생함에 따라 월류위험에 취약할 것으로 분석되었다.