• Title/Summary/Keyword: Agricultural statistics

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Construction of Integrated Agricultural Statistical System Architecture for Effective Policy (농업정책 실효성 증대를 위한 농업통계시스템 아키텍처 구축)

  • Lee, Min-Soo;Chae, Young-Chan;Hong, Hee-Yeon;Kim, Sang-Ho;Kim, Jeong-Seop
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.75-91
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    • 2005
  • This study designs an integrated data architecture to systematically manage the agricultural statistics database. Managing the agricultural statistics is important since it provides data for policies and decision making for agribusinesses. Ministry of Agriculture and the National Statistical Office collect the basic agricultural statistic data which provides the basis of logical decision making and agricultural policies. However, the agricultural statistic data has not well been used. The data has not been consistently collected nor managed. The raw data has not been organized nor processed to meet various demands. The needs has been arisen for a consistent agricultural statistics system to increase the relevance, accessibility, and efficiency of data for various users. There are massive amount of data accumulated over a long time period. Introducing the new system and reorganizing the data will bear large risks. A systematic method is required to reduce the risks in planing, building, and maintaining the database without hindering administration. This study provides a design of the agricultural statistics system architecture based on the user requirement analysis (URA) and similar systems abroad. We have also build a prototype to check the implementability of the system design.

Food and Agriculture Statistics of the UN-FAO

  • Kim, Joo-Hwan
    • Communications for Statistical Applications and Methods
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2003
  • Quality in agriculture statistics at the international level is very important to all countries in the world. We investigate international organizations which produce worldwide agricultural statistics. The UN-FAO is one of the most important organization in agricultural statistics fields. We first introduce the Statistics division in FAO and present some considerations like production, reliability, quality of the agriculture data from my own experience as a consultant in FAO and Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry in Korea.

Influence of Weather Factors on the Incidence of the Mulberry Aleyrodid, Dialeuropora decempuncta (Quaintance and Baker) and Their Relation to Yield Loss

  • Bandyopadhyay U. K.;Santhakumar M. V.;Sahu P. K.;Saratchandra B.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.129-133
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    • 2005
  • The seasonal occurrence and influence of abiotic factors viz., maximum and minimum temperature, maximum and minimum humidity and rainfall on population fluctuation of aleyrodid, Dialeuropora decempuncta on a evolved mulberry (Morus alba L.) variety known to be susceptible to aleyrodid infestation was assessed during the period from 1999 - 2001 in twenty-five villages under nine blocks of Malda district of West Bengal. The results indicate that the aleyrodid population is practically very low or absent during January to June and thereafter increases gradually. The increase in population of various stages of aleyrodid is significantly correlated with increase in previous 7 days of average maximum relative humidity.

EFFECT OF EXERCISE ON MILK YIELD, MILK COMPOSITION AND BLOOD METABOLITE CONCENTRATIONS IN HEREFORD × FRIESIAN CATTLE

  • Matthewman, R.W.;Merrit, J.;Oldham, J.D.;Horgan, G.W.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.607-617
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    • 1993
  • Three experiments were carried out in which lactating Hereford ${\times}$ Friesian cattle walked up to ten kilometers a day for three periods of five days with two non-walking days between each walking period and in which the animals were fed different diets. Measurements were made of milk yield, milk constituent yields and concentrations and blood metabolite concentrations. Exercise caused significant reductions in milk yield and in the yields of lactose and milk protein. Milk fat yield was not reduced when animals were exercised. During exercise the concentrations of ${\beta}-OH$ butyrate and free fatty acids increased, whereas the concentrations of glucose, magnesium and inorganic phosphorus decreased. Diet influenced the effect of exercise on some blood metabolite concentrations.

Studies on the Seasonal Incidence of the Whitefly (Dialeuropora decempuncta Quaintance and Baker) Causing Leaf Curl on Mulberry in Relation to Abiotic Factors

  • Bandyopadhyay, U.K.;Sahu, P.K.;Raina, S.K.;Santhakumar, M.V.;Chakraborty, N.;Sen, S.K.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2000
  • A study was conducted to examine the relationship between abiotic factors and the population of white-fly (Dialeuropora decempuncta) in mulberry field. The study reveals that relationship between abiotic factors and the whitefly population is very much existent like other pests in other agricultural crops. Duration and time of distinct occurrence of whitefly in mulberry is influenced by the abiotic conditions of field. Abiotic parameters of previous month are more important in influencing the intensity of the pest than the current abiotic factors. Not all the abiotic factors are equally important but factors like minimum temperature, fluctuation in temperature during the days minimum relative humidity, fluctuation in relative humidity and rainfall are the major important lactors in influencing the intensity of the pest under consideration.

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A Study on Information Revitalization Plans of Integrated Agriculture Information System (농업 종합 정보 시스템의 제안과 활성화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Cha Jin-Man;Kang Min-Soo;Park Teoun-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.991-997
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    • 2006
  • Agriculture is usually the basis of a society, as well as the solution of dietary life. However, compared to other fields in which information-oriented system is rapidly accomplished, information system of agriculture certainly has slow growth since agriculture deals with a living thing. In addition, since government bodies related to filming have faced the difficulty of information system, they have tried establishing independent information system. The current agriculture-informationizing system can be considered as Agricultural Outlook Information System, Integrated agricultural marketing Information System and Outlook & Agricultural Statistics Information System but these systems are not effectively operated contrary to rut expectation, which$\sim\sim\sim$. Actually, there are some problems of bothinvestment duplicated and management by each independent government body, as well as Korea Rural Economic Institute-Commodity Model improper to real situation. In this paper, Agricultural Outlook Information, Integrated agricultural marketing Information, and Outlook h Agricultural Statistics Information System independently operated are integrated; Circulation Control, Technical Support, and integrated Database system are established; new integrated agricultural information system and various kinds of measures for activation of this system are suggested.

Influence of Depth of Rice Husk Litter on Broiler Performance, Litter Dampness and its Coccidial Oocyst Population During Winter

  • Mizu, M.M.R.;Chowdhury, S.D.;Karim, M.J.;Debnath, S.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.450-454
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    • 1998
  • Four groups each containing 48 seven-day-old broiler chicks were reared for 7 weeks during winter on rice husk litter spread to depths of 20, 30, 40 or 50 mm. Broiler performance was evaluated in terms of weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency and production number. Litter dampness was determined and coccidial oocyst populations were counted at different weeks of age. The depth of litter did not significantly affect live weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, liveability or production number. Variation in moisture contents of litter was observed but the coccidial oocysts count per gramme of litter was within the safety level and therefore, there was no outbreak of coccidiosis in any group. Use of rice husk litter at different depths (20 to 50 mm) did not cause any breast blisters or leg abnormalities. It was concluded that rice husk can be used as litter at depths of between 20 and 50 mm during winter to raise broilers without affecting performance characteristics and health of birds.

Analysis of Sediment Reductions Effects of VFS Systems for the General Characteristics of Uplands in Korea (우리나라 일반적인 밭경지 특성을 고려한 초생대 유사저감효과 분석)

  • Seo, Jeong-Hoon;Choi, Kyung-Sook
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.121-131
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    • 2013
  • This study focused on the sediment reduction effects of VFS (vegetative filter strip) systems for the general characteristics of uplands in Korea. General conditions of upland fields were investigated through national scales of annual agricultural statistics. 7-15 % of slope with loam soil was the dominant types of uplands, and the hydrologic soil group feature usually belong to Type B. The common sizes of uplands were bigger than 0.1 ha and less than 0.2 ha, and 86.2 % of them account for less than 1.0 ha. With this information, 0.1 ha, 0.5 ha, and 1.0 ha of uplands with various shapes and 7-15 % of slopes were considered for the VFS system simulations. 20 mm, 40 mm, and 100 mm of daily precipitation were applied. As a result, the trapping efficiencies of VFS systems were obtained 37.4~100 % for 7 % slope and 18.1~98.0 % for 15 % slope of the less than 1.0ha of uplands. As rainfall increased, sediment loads also increased with slope and slope length increase. Also as size and slope of uplands and slope length increased with VFS length decrease, the trapping efficiency decreased for the same amount of rainfall. The optimum lengths of VFS systems for the givien upland conditions were suggested based on the modelling results with condition of VFS length less than 20 % of upland areas.

The effect of the 6th industrialization in agriculture on farm and off-farm income (농업의 6차산업화가 농가 및 농업법인의 농업 및 농외소득에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jong Hoon;Hwang, Jae Hee;Lee, Seong Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.193-208
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to identify feasible policy direction of the 6th industrialization in agriculture based on the current agricultural and rural environment in Korea. To do so, this study employes a heckman selection model to correct a probable selection bias, utilizing the Korean agricultural census in 2010 and the agricultural statistics of farm enterprises in 2011. This study focuses on the differences of the farm and off-farm income determinants, according to conjoint types of the 6th industrialization such as Type 1 (primary+secondary+tertiary) vs. Type 2 (primary+secondary or primary+tertiary). The empirical results show Type 2 has much higher possibilities to earn farm and off-farm income in Korea, especially for farm enterprises. This study concludes with providing some policy implications reflecting rural and agricultural environment in Korea.