• Title, Summary, Keyword: Airspace management

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Plans for Improvement of the Airspace Structure (공역체제 개선계획)

  • Kim, Chang-Seop
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.12
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    • pp.144-177
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    • 2000
  • Our nation have several procedures and law for national airspace management, however those procedures and law not enough to manage airspace. Therefore, I have studied this paper for improving flight safety and for providing economics flight of civcil aircraft and military aircraft, also, for increasing efficiency of airspace through systematic airspace management, additionally, for improving nation defense ability and for preventation our nation damage when occuring airspace problem. Nowaday. in using airspace. two theory which freely use theory and use theory under jurisdiction is opposed by every nation in worldwide. Consequently. we can realize every nation endeavour to increase their jurisdiction airspace. However. our nation is not still prepared to cope with other nation when occuring airspace trouble. because airspace definition is not prescribed on our aviation law. Therefore. several problems which are improved in our airspace management are presented on this paper. The presented matters are as follows. First, The airspace definition is not prescribed on aviation law and responsibility limit of airspace management is ambugious. Second. problem on structure of approach control area and special airspace, Third. problem on airway system. Fourth. civil agency and military agency apply respectively different regulation in establishment of aircraft flight route, To grasp these problems, considered the airspace conception, airspace classfication. legal character of airspace. our nation airspace state and management together with other nation airspace state and management. also compared our nation airspace management with other nation airspace management. And. improvement methods to solve problems which was appeared by comparing and analysis are presented on this paper.

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A study on Risk Assessment Procedure for the Structural changes of Navigable Airspaces (공역의 구조적 변경에 따른 위험평가 절차 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hyun;Kim, W.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2012
  • 'Navigable airspace' means an airspace at and above the minimum safe flight level, including airspace or flight procedures needed for safe takeoff and landing. Airspace may be established as needed and may be abolished, and in some cases may be limited to airspace management. These are absolutely based on risk assessment. Safety is the state in which the risk of harm to persons or of property damage is reduced to, and maintained at or below, an acceptable level through a continuing process of hazard identification and risk management. 'Risk' is the assessed potential for adverse consequences resulting from a hazard and 'Risk assessment' involves consideration of both the frequency and the severity of any adverse consequence. This paper proposed 'risk assessment procedure' for the structural changes of Navigable Airspaces through literature reviews relevant to manuals on airspace management and risk management.

A Study of Determinants of Regulatory Policy of Air Traffic Management and Airspace Utility (항공교통관리와 국가공역의 규제정책 결정요인의 고찰)

  • Shin, Hyun-Sam
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.255-272
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to present the adaquate guidelines necessary in decision making processes regarding air traffic management as well as airspace management in the national airspace system. It encompasses the overall advanced air traffic management initiatives, domestic air traffic congestion and resolution method as well.

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Efficient Management for the Capacity of Incheon Airport and Gimpo Airport through Dynamic Slot Allocation (동적 슬롯 할당기법을 통한 인천공항과 김포공항 수용량 효율화방안)

  • Kim, Sang Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2017
  • Demand for air transportation in Korea keeps increasing, and the number of airport operations also grows as a result. The major two airports in Korea, Incheon International Airport and Gimpo International Airport, share the metropolitan airspace, which is crowd with air traffic. As air traffic increases in the metropolitan airspace, the demand for the airport operations would outnumber the capacities of these airports. However, there is a room to efficiently manage the shortage of the airport capacity due to the different distributions of operations in these airports. This study presents a dynamic slot allocation that allows exchanging slots according to the traffic demand. The dynamic allocation mitigates the airports' capacity problem but the airspace capacity itself should be increased in order to tackle the problem fundamentally.

Integrated Operation Concept of Terminal Control Areas for Efficient Use of Airspace (공역 효율화를 위한 접근관제구역 통합운용 개념 연구)

  • Chang, Man-Heui;Jo, Sanghoon;Lee, Eunju;Kang, Ja-Young;Yoo, Byeong-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.108-113
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    • 2014
  • Recently increase in the number of aircraft caused the air traffic congestion and flight delays. If timely action to reform the air traffic system is not taken, these may result in added economic impact. As a result, the air traffic management should be changed in an innovative manner to modernize the existing air traffic control environment. This paper reviews the trends of airspace reforms such as integration of terminal control areas and flexible use of airspace introduced by foreign countries and compares their merits and demerits in order to provide a judgement to adopt the concept in domestic airspace in the future.

A Study on Simulation-based Method for Implementation of Ground Delay Program for Jeju International Airport (시뮬레이션 기반의 지상지연 프로그램 적용방안에 관한 연구 - 제주국제공항을 사례로 -)

  • Lee, Young-Jong;Cho, Ji-Eun;Baik, Ho-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2015
  • Being a cost-efficient solution for alleviating the traffic congestion in airspace, Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM) has drawn more attentions from not only air traffic controllers but also researchers in the field of Air Traffic Management (ATM). Among other ATFM initiatives, it is believed that Ground Delay Program (GDP) could be effectively applied to reduce the congestion particularly in the relatively small airspace with dense traffic demand. This paper introduces a novel way that suggests flights to be delayed on the departing airports together with amount of the delays (in time) for those flights to be delayed. Adopting a fast-time simulation for predicting airspace delay of each flight for a given flight plan, the method is designed to iteratively and incrementally adjust the departure times in the plan towards reducing total airspace delays. Applying the method to Jeju airport with a hypothetically high demand, the paper demonstrates the airspace delay could be significantly reduced by applying GDP at Gimpo airport where more than 60% of Juju-bound flights departure. Although the simulation model needs to be calibrated and validated for the real-world application, the results clearly shows that the approach can possibly implemented as a tool for preparing the daily plan at the pre-tactical stage defined in the ICAO ATFM manual.

A Study on the Improvement of Airspace Legislation in Korea (우리나라 공역 법제의 개선방안)

  • Kim, Jong-Dae
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.61-114
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    • 2018
  • Recently airspace became a hot issue considering today's international relations. However, there was no data that could be fully explained about a legal system of korean airspace, so I looked at law and practice about korean airspace together. The nation's aviation law sector is comletely separate from those related to civil and military aircraft, at least in legal terms. The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall carry out his/her duties with various authority granted by the "Aviation Safety Act". The nation's aviation-related content is being regulated too much by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport's notice or regulation, and there are many things that are not well known about which clauses of the upper law are associated with. The notice should be clearly described only in detail on delegated matters. As for the airspace system, the airspace system is too complex for the public to understand, and there seems to be a gap between law and practice. Therefore, I think it would be good to reestablish a simple and practical airspace system. Airspace and aviation related tasks in the military need to be clearly understood by distinguishing between those entrusted by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and those inherent in the military. Regarding matters entrusted by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transpor, it is necessary to work closely with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport when preparing related work guidelines, and to clarify who should prepare the guidelines. Regarding airspace control as a military operation, policies or guidelines that are faithful to military doctrine on airspace control are needed.

A Study on the Risk Assessment Criteria to be applicable for Establishing Flight Procedure Design Process (비행절차설계과정에서 적용 가능한 위험평가기준 연구)

  • Kim, Dohyun;Kim, W.Y.;Jie, M.S.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2013
  • Risk assessment should be processed when physical circumstances of airspace such as establishment of new flight procedures or reconstruction of existing airspace are planned to change and one of the alternatives for the change have to be selected. This is an effort to find the best alternative which is able to maintain at or above the acceptable risk level. ICAO and its contracting states provide specialized guidance material for 'Safety Management System' relating to handing airspace matters. These manuals include a conceptual framework for managing safety as well as some of the systemic processes and criteria used to meet the objectives of a State's safety programme. This criteria must be established in compliance with the State's laws and regulations for air safety and for the fulfillment of the State's safety goals. This study is to carry out the risk assessment criteria through literature reviews relevant to the safety management, and to propose the results of criteria to be applicable for establishing flight procedure design process.

A Study of Allocation of Military Airspace and Range Using Goal Programming (목표계획법을 활용한 군 공역 및 사격장 할당 모형 연구)

  • Lyu, Hyun-Min;Lee, Moon-Gul
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2015
  • The territorial air that our sovereignty is being applied to is divided into several zones and areas. In order to use and manage them effectively, these zones and areas have laws, regulations and rules. The number of airspaces (MOA : Military Operation Area) and Ranges that are used in the military are limited and many airbases are being used for training. Currently the central department manages some, and the rest are independent airbases. Therefore, efficient allocation is not performed and the result occurs where airspaces and ranges are allocated unnecessarily. This is increasing the workload of staff leading to unnecessary re-work. To slove problem, this study proposed models for allocating airspaces and ranges using goal programming with multi-objective functions of minimizing the deviations of the target values.

A Study on the Airport and Airspace Management (공항 및 공역관리 제도 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byeong-Jong;Yang, Han-Mo
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.12
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    • pp.246-274
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    • 2000
  • This paper discusses the qualification criteria for international hub airport and suggests the strategies for Inchon International Airport (IIA) to be the hub airport in the East Asia. Recently, many East and Southeast Asia countries have invested on large scale international airports like Chap Lak Kok airport, Pudong airport etc.. as Korea have done on IIA. IIA to be open in 2001 will face a serious competition with these airport. Being a hub airport requires geographic proximity. sufficient volume of local traffic. uncongested infrastructure, a good accessibility to surrounding industrial centers. high quality of service to the airline. In order to promote airlines to land at IIA. Korea Government need to establish Open Sky Policy to many countries and national flag carriers of Korea need to be involved in a global alliance. Developing vicinity of IIA as free trade zone will generated more local traffic which makes IIA as more attractive candidate for airlines. The Korea airspace is one of the most restricted area in the world becuase of the national security. which limits civil aircraft maneuvers. The airspace need to be re-structured to exploit the full capacity of IIA.

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