• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aloe vera peel

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Isolation and Purification of Antimicrobial Active Substances from Aloe vera peel(II) (Aloe vera peel에서 항균활성 물질의 분리.정제(II))

  • 박정순;신용서;류일환;이갑상
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.146-151
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    • 2000
  • To evaluate anticaries and antiinflammation of Aloe vera peel, antimicrobial substances were extracted from Aloe vera peel and identified. The antimicrobial active substances of water extract were successfully purified with solvent fractionation, silica gel column chromatography, preparative thin layer chromatography and UV spectrophotometer. Two purified active substances were identified as aloe-emodin and barbaloin by Mass Spectrometer, 1H-NMR and FT-IR.

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Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from Aloe vera peel against Streptococcus mutans JC-2(I) (Aloe vera peel 추출물의 Streptococcus mutans JC-2에 대한 항균활성 (I))

  • 박정순;신용서;류일환;이갑상
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.139-145
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    • 2000
  • To separate anticaries and antiinflammation from Aloe vera peel, we investigated a inhibited effect of Streptococcus mutans JC-2 that was antibiosis, glucosyltransferase activity about aloe-emodin and barbaloin. Aloe-emodin and barbaloin had strong antibiosis activity against Streptococcus mutans JC-2, they were especially antibiosis effect to low growth and prolong lag phase at attachment concentration 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/mL. The reduction rate of a culture fluid became to lessen than the comparison group for aloe-emodin and barbaloin. The intracellular materials of Streptococcus mutans JC-2 were to leakage as much as attachment concentration addition of aloe-emodin and barbaloin but there was no significant difference membrane demage between two active substances. The activity of GTase was inhibited by aloe-emodin and barbaloin and their inhibition rate was respectively 99.8%, 98.4% at the attachment concentration 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/mL.

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Enzymological Evaluation of Oral Inflammation inhibitory activity by Aloe vera peel extract (Aloe vera peel 추출물에 의한 구강염증 저해 효과의 효소학적 평가)

  • Pack, Chung-Sun;Ryu, Il-Hwan;Lee, Kap-Sang
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.753-759
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    • 2001
  • To evaluate antiinflammation of Aloe vera peel, antiimflammation substances were extracted from Aloe vera peel and identified, and we investigated the effect of the its substance the inhibitory effect on the activity of hyaluoronidase, elastase, collagenase and prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase. The water extract from Aloe vera peel were successfully purified with solvent fractionation, silica gel column chromatography, preparative thin layer chromatography and UV spectrometer. Two purified active substances were identified as aloe-emodin and barbaloin by Mass Spectrometer, $^1H-NMR$ and FT-IR. Aloe-emodin and barbaloin. $IC_{50}$ values of aloe-emodin and barbaloin against hyaluronidase activity were 40 and $70\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Leuckocyte elastase, which is related to the destruction of various tissue, $IC_{50}$ values of them were 50 and $60\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. $IC_{50}$ values of aloe-emodin and barbaloin against collagenase activity were 40 and $60\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. and $IC_{50}$ values of aloe-emodin and barbaloin aganist the prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase, which play an important role in inflammatory reactions, were 40 and $70\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Inhibitory effects of aloe-emodin, barbaloin and aspirin against carrageenan paw edema were 74.9, 52.9 and 51.9% as inhibiton percentage, respectively, at dose of 100 mg/kg and that of indomethancin was 49.7 at dose of 10 mg/kg. Cell cytotoxicity of barbaloin against human gingival cells was lower than that of aloe-emodin. Aloe-emodin and barbaloin did not show cytotoxicity against human gingival cells at concentration of 1.0 and $5.0\;{\mu}g/mL$, However, aloe-emodin and barbaloin showed less cytotoxicity than chlorhexidine, which usually have been used as the agent of anticaries and antiinflammation. These results suggested that aloe-emodin and barbaloin from Aloe vera peel have the effect of anticaries and antiinflammation.

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