• Title, Summary, Keyword: Alopecia Areata

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A Literature Review of Alopecia Areata (油風에 關한 文獻的 考察)

  • Jang, Sung-Eun;Chae, Byung-Yoon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.84-98
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    • 1996
  • We think that we know what alopecia is. But in detail, we have nothing of alopecia areata. Many kinds of alopecia make us be confused. So, I studied the history ( name, cause, treatment etc,) of alopecia areata through the oriental and occidental medical books. As a result, the investigation of alopecia areata was led to the next conclusions 1. Synonyms of alopecia areata are Bandok(斑禿), Docbal(禿髮), Guyjidu(귀지두), Guychedu(鬼剃頭), Gyobalsun(咬髮癬). 2. Generally, the cause of alopecia areata is classified into three groups. Those are hyeolheopungjo(血虛風燥), Chichehyeoleo(氣滯血瘀), Gansinbujoc(肝腎不足). 3. The important internal uses of alopecia areata are Sineungyangjin-Dan(神應養眞丹), Soyosan plus Tonggyuhwalhyeoltang(逍遙散合通竅活血湯), Chilbomiyuom-Dan(七寶美髥丹) etc. 4. The important external uses of alopecia areata are haeaetang(海艾湯), Suncheukbackyeop(鮮側柏葉), Old ginger(老薑), Leaf of mulberry tree(桑葉) etc. 5. The kinds of Acupunture therapy are Maehwachim(梅花針), Chilsungchim(七星針), Ear acupunture(耳針) etc.

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Factors Associated with Severity of Alopecia Areata

  • You, Hye Rin;Kim, Seong-Jin
    • Annals of dermatology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.565-570
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    • 2017
  • Background: Alopecia areata is the most common cause of localized, nonscarring alopecia. Unfortunately, there are few data regarding clinical features and epidemiology of alopecia areata in Korean patients, and its clinical course and treatment response rates are unpredictable. Objective: This study strived to investigate the differences in clinical profiles according to disease severity and to determine risk factors for severe alopecia areata. Methods: A total of 1,137 patients from 2006 to 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were subdivided into two groups: mild-to-moderate and severe alopecia areata. The groups were compared on the basis of age of onset, duration, sex, family history, comorbid disorders including autoimmune diseases, nail changes, and laboratory test results. Results: Eight hundred eighty-three patients were in the mild-to-moderate alopecia areata group and 254 patients were in the severe group. Average onset age was $30.77{\pm}17.66years$ and $30.60{\pm}16.75years$ in the mild-to-moderate and severe groups, respectively. Disease duration was statistically longer in the severe group. Male sex, nail changes, and thyroid diseases were more common in the severe group. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, atopic dermatitis, and family history did not differ between groups. Of the serologic values, only alkaline phosphatase was considerably differing between groups. Male sex, presence of nail changes, and disease duration greater than one year were identified as significant risk factors for severe alopecia areata. Conclusion: This is the largest case analysis in Korean patients with alopecia areata. Clinical profiles stratified by disease severity warrant further study.

One case treated alopecia areata with herbal acupuncture (약침을 이용한 원형탈모증 치험1예)

  • Yun, Jeong-Hun;Kim, Kyong-Heon;Jang, Su-Jin;Sin, Min-Seop
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2001
  • The etiology of alopecia areata has not been fully elucidated, but autoimmune theory is further strengthened by the increased association of alopecia areata with a number of autoimmune disorders and by the increased prevalence of organ-specific autoantibodies in alopecia areata. Alopecia areata was called 'Yupung(油風)', 'Quijidu(귀지두)', 'Ballak(髮落)' etc. We experienced a patient who had been alopecia areata for ten years. He had been treated alopecia areata with herbal acupunture( mixed CF and JsD). almost entire scalp had been replaced with new termal hairs.

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The Clinical Observation on 1 Case of Alopecia Areata Following Whiplash Injury (편타성 손상 후 발생한 원형탈모증 임상치험 1례)

  • Hwang, Jong-soon;Lee, A-ram;Lim, Dae-jung;Cho, Hyun-seok;Kim, Kyung-ho;Kim, Gab-sung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.138-145
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    • 2004
  • The clinical features and therapeutic results of alopecia areata are variable and unpredictable. For example, genetic, psychic, immunologic factors are regarded as the reason of alopecia areata. For the relationship between alopecia and whiplash injury, Dr. Guun explained that whiplash injury by the traffic accident produces cervical muscle spasm, and it makes autonomic nerve change. The tropical changes accompanied with ischemic change of scalp vessels made by this mechanism cause alopecia areata. And Yesudian reported the case of scalp alopecia as the result of ischemic change following traffic accident. We have experienced a 25-year-old woman with Alopecia areata following whiplash injury by traffic accident, and who had no risk factor of it. The patient was treated by acupuncture and physical treatment. Her hair loss, cervical angle and pain were improved through acupuncture treatment. This case of alopecia areata following whiplash injury is uncommon, so we report the mechanism of it, but should collect more cases and observations.

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A Case of Alopecia areata treated with Korean Medical Treatment (다발성 원형탈모증 한방 치험 1례)

  • Kim, Ji-Soo;Park, Soo-Yeon
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.124-130
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    • 2016
  • Objective : This study is designed to investigate the effect of Korean medical therapy on Alopecia areata patients. Method : This is a case report on a female patients who has been suffering from alopecia areata. To reduce her symptoms, we provided with internal herbal medicine 2 times a day, acupuncture therapy 1-2 times a day, pharmacopuncture one time a day and needle-embedding therapy. Results : After series of treatments, the symptoms of Alopecia areata were remarkably improved. Conclusions : This study shows us that Korean medical treatment effects on alopecia areata patient.

Retrospective Study about the Effectiveness of Korean Medical Treatment on 222 Patients with Alopecia Areata (원형 탈모 환자 222명의 한의학적 치료 효과에 대한 후향적 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Woo;Lee, Jung-Hwan;Jung, Bo-Yun;Ji, Yu-Jin;Lee, Keon-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.13-28
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    • 2019
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report the effectiveness of Korean medical treatment on 222 patients with alopecia areata. Methods : The subjects of this study were 222 patients who had received Korean medical treatment among the patients who visited the Balmer's Korean Medicine Clinic from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017. The extent of the alopecia areata was measured every month to determine the improvement. We analyzed the relationship between the types of alopecia areata, the extent of hair loss, duration of illness, age at first visit, and the treatment of alopecia areata. Results : 1. There were 100 males(45.0%) and 122 females(55.0%). The mean age of patients was 35.3 years old. 2. Of the 222 patients, 142(64%) were "cured". 31(14%) showed "good", 21(9.5%) showed "fair", 28(12.6%) showed "poor" improvement. 3. According to clinical records, of the 64 patients with alopecia areata(AA), 48(75.0%) were cured. Of the 100 patients with alopecia areata multiplex(AAM), 68 patients (68.0%), 12(50.0%) out of 24 patients with ophiasis, 5(55.6%) out of 9 with alopecia semi-totalis(AST), 3(50.0%) out of 6 patients with alopecia totalis(AT), 6(31.6%) out of 19 patients with alopecia universalis(AU) were cured. 4. Patients with the wider hair loss extent and with more severe type of alopecia areata required longer treatment period to cure, and the cure rate was lowered(p<0.05). 5. The shorter duration of the disease was related to the higher cure rate(p<0.05). If the treatment was started after six months of the duration, the cure rate was lowered. Therefore, beginning treatment within six months of the onset is recommended. 6. The period until terminal hair showed was 1.5 months for AA, 1.7 months for AAM, 1.6 months for ophiasis, 1.9 months for AST, 2.3 months for AT, 3.2 months for AU. 7. The treatment period to cure was 4.9 months for AA, 7.3 months for AAM, 7.7 months for ophiasis, 6.8 months for AST, 7.7 months for AT, 16.3 months for AU. 8. The major prognostic factors were extent and type of alopecia, duration of the disease and relapse. Conclusions : We analyzed the effectiveness of Korean medical treatment through cure rate according to the prognostic factors. This study will provide useful data for the treatment of alopecia areata.

Five Cases of Severe Alopecia Areata Treated with Gagamhwajung-hwan (가감화중환으로 호전된 중증 원형탈모 치험 5례)

  • Choi, Seung-Bum;Kang, Jeong-A;Lee, Jung-Hwan
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.239-249
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report the effectiveness of Gagamhwajung-hwan in five severe alopecia areata patients. Methods : This case study was conducted for five severe alopecia areata patients who visited Korean Medicine Clinic. Herbal medicine(Gagamhwajung-hwan) was prescribed to all five patients. Improvements of patients were evaluated by photographs and SALT(Severity of alopecia tool) scale. Results : According to photographs, hair loss of each patient was completely improved. SALT scale was also decreased in all five patients. Conclusions : This study shows the possibility of using Gagamhwajung-hwan to treat severe alopecia areata.

A Case of Extensive Alopecia Areata Treated with Traditional Oriental Hair Care Products (한방모발관리 제품을 이용한 광범위한 원형 탈모증 치험1례)

  • Lee, Jung-Hwan;Kang, Yeo-Reum;Jeong, Yeon-Ho;Ahn, Taek-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.269-280
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report the effect of traditional Oriental hair care products on inhibition of extensive alopecia areata. Methods : We have experienced a 29-year-old woman with extensive alopecia areata to get worse quickly. The patient was treated by acupuncture and traditional oriental hair care products in 9 months. We used HRV(Heart Rate Variability), APG(Accelerated Photoplethysmograpy) and SALT(Severity of alopecia tool) scale for the assessment of alopecia areata and her physical condition. Results & Conclusions : Her hair loss and physical condition was completely improved.

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The Study of Life Event Stress, Coping Strategy, and Type A Behavior Pattern of Alopecia Areata Patients - Comparison with Fungal Infection Patients - (원형탈모증 환자의 생활 사건 스트레스, 대처방식, A형 행동 패턴에 관한 연구)

  • Hyun, Sang-Bae;Song, Su-Kil;Lee, Dong-Soo;Lee, Eil-Soo;Park, Kyung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : Alopecia areata has been known to be closely related to stress. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between stress and alopecia areata investigating how life events(which alopecia areata patients experience), amount of stress, coping strategy, and their personality type affect the oneset and aggravation of the disease. Methods : The subjects were 43 alopecia areata patients who visited the department of dermatology outpatients clinic, and 36 fungal infection diseases patients as the control group. They all completed Scale of Life Events, Coping Style Cheklist, Eysenck A-type Personality Inventory. The analysis of covariance with the age as covariate was carried out. Results : Compared to the control group, alopecia areata patients had significantly more stressful life events, and higher amount of stress, but there was no significant difference in coping strategy. Type A Personality is also resulted to have no significant relationship to alopecia areata. Conclusions : Alopecia areata patients had significantly higher amount of stress than the control group, and this result is consistent with the previous studies which suggest that stress contributes to the oneset of alopecia areata. The causual relationship between stress and alopecia areata should be further examined in order to be applied in clinical setting.

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A Case of Myasthenia Gravis Associated with Alopecia Areata (원형탈모증과 동반된 중증근무력증 1예)

  • Han, Gwangsu;Lee, Kyu-Yong;Lee, Young Joo
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.58-60
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    • 2005
  • Myasthenia gravis (MG) is occasionally associated with other autoimmune diseases. Alopecia areata has been reported to coincide with MG, particularly with thymoma. A 14-year-old woman was diagnosed as having MG. Seven months before diagnosed with MG, her hair and eyebrows had began to disappear and alopecia areata was diagnosed. We report this patient as a rare case of MG associated with alopecia areata without thymoma.

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