• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aluminum Foam

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A Study on the Fracture Toughness of Plasma-treated Aluminum/Aluminum Foam Composites using Nitrogen Gas (알루미늄/발포알루미늄의 질소 플라즈마 표면처리에 따른 파괴인성평가)

  • Chung, Hyup-Jae;Rhee, Kyong-Yop;Han, Beom-Suck;Ryu, Yong-Mun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.25 no.8
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2008
  • Aluminum foam material has unique properties that make them useful in applications to the automobile, construction and railroad industries. In this study, aluminum was plasma-treated using nitrogen gas to improve fracture behavior between aluminum and aluminum foam material. SLS specimens were used for fracture tests. They were performed using plasma-treated and untreated aluminum/aluminum foam specimens. It was shown that the fracture strength and the tincture toughness of aluminum/aluminum foam were improved ${\sim}86%\;and\;{\sim}250%$, respectively when the aluminum was plasma-treated using nitrogen gas.

Bending behavior of aluminum foam sandwich with 304 stainless steel face-sheet

  • Yan, Chang;Song, Xuding
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.327-335
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    • 2017
  • To gain more knowledge of aluminum foam sandwich structure and promote the engineering application, aluminum foam sandwich consisting of 7050 matrix aluminum foam core and 304 stainless steel face-sheets was studied under three-point bending by WDW-T100 electronic universal tensile testing machine in this work. Results showed that when aluminum foam core was reinforced by 304 steel face-sheets, its load carrying capacity improved dramatically. The maximum load of AFS in three-point bending increased with the foam core density or face-sheet thickness monotonically. And also when foam core was reinforced by 304 steel panels, the energy absorption ability of foam came into play effectively. There was a clear plastic platform in the load-displacement curve of AFS in three-point bending. No crack of 304 steel happened in the present tests. Two collapse modes appeared, mode A comprised plastic hinge formation at the mid-span of the sandwich beam, with shear yielding of the core. Mode B consisted of plastic hinge formation both at mid-span and at the outer supports.

Acoustic Abosrption Characteristic and Fabrication process of Foamed Aluminum (발포알루미늄의 제조공정 및 흡음특성)

  • Hur, Bo-Young;Ahn, Hyo-Jun;Jeon, Sung-Hwan;Choi, Dae-Choul;Kim, Sang-Youl;Hur, Yoon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.396-402
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    • 2000
  • Porous structures of aluminum foam have been studied. The apparent foam shape, foam hight, density, pore size, shape, and their distributions in various section areas of the experimental samples have been investigated. The sample have been cast into metallic mold, using aluminum foam prepared from a precursor based on pure Al ingot mixed with various amount of 1-2wt% increasing viscosity and foam agent materials. The process provides for flexibility in design of foam structures via relatively easy control over the amount of hydrogen evolution and the drainage processes which occur during foam formation. This is facilitated by manupulating parameters such as the foaming agent, thermal histories during solidification and mix melt viscosities. The acoustical performance of the panel made with the foamed aluminum is considerably improved; its absorption coefficient shows NRC 0.6-0.8. It has been found that the Al foam is very preferable for the compactness of the thermal system.

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Effects of Nozzle Size and Height of Aluminum Foam Heat Sink on Jet Impingement Heat Transfer (충돌제트 열전달에 발포알루미늄 방열기의 높이와 노즐의 크기가 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seo-Yeong;Baek, Jin-Uk;Gang, Byeong-Ha
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.1263-1271
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    • 2001
  • An experimental study is carried out for an aluminum foam heat sink attached to an isolated heat source to evaluate high potential of aluminum foam as a heat sink with impinging jets. The effects of the pore density and the height of the aluminum foam heat sink, the jet Reynolds number, and the nozzle diameter are delineated in comparison with a conventional pin type heat sink. It is found that the aluminum foam with small pores is inefficient for the heat transfer enhancement due to the large flow friction at the given porosity. In the parameter ranges of the present study, the change in the nozzle diameter shows no significant effects on the surface temperature of the aluminum foam heat sink at a given Reynolds number. The heat transfer enhancement is strongly dependent on the jet Reynolds number and shows a maximum value at a moderate Reynolds number.

An Experiment on Heat Dissipation from Aluminum foam Heat Sinks in an Air Multi-Jet Impingement (다중 충돌 공기제트에서 발포 알루미늄 방열기의 방열 특성 실험)

  • Lee, Myeong-Ho;Kim, Seo-Yeong;Lee, Gwan-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.1115-1122
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    • 2002
  • The present experiment investigates the effects of pore density f of aluminum foam heat sinks, the jet-to-jet spacing X and the nozzle plate-to-target surface spacing H of 3$\times$3 square impinging arrays on the averaged Nusselt number. The performance of the aluminum foam heat sinks and the rectangular plate heat sink is evaluated in terms of the enhancement factor. /equation omitted/. The multiple impinging jet with X/d=4.0 displays higher Nusselt numbers than single impinging jet for 12.0$\leq$H/d$\leq$20.0. With the variation of the jet-to-jet spacing, the aluminum foam heat sink of 10 PPI show higher Nusselt numbers than the 20 and 40 PPI aluminum foam heat sinks. Further, the 10 PPI aluminum foam heat sink demonstrates 26% higher enhancement factor than the rectangular plate heat sink in the range of 7000$\leq$Re$\leq$11000.

Measurement of effective thermal conductivity and permeability on aluminum foam metal (알루미늄 발포금속의 유효열전도도와 침투율의 측정)

  • 백진욱;강병하;김서영;현재민
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 1999
  • Effective thermal conductivities and pressure-drop-related properties of aluminum foam metals have been measured. The effects of porosity and cell size in the aluminum foam metal are investigated in detail. The porosity of the foam metal, considered in the present study, varies from 0.89 to 0.96 and the cell size from 0.65㎜ to 2.5㎜. The effective thermal conductivity is evaluated by comparing the temperature gradient of the foam metal with that of the thermal conductivity-known material. The pressure drop in the foam metal is measured by a highly precise electric manometer while air is flowing through the aluminum foam metal in the channel. The results obtained indicate that the effective thermal conductivities are found to be increased with a decrease in the porosity while the effective thermal conductivities ire little affected by the cell size at a fixed porosity. However, the pressure drop is strongly affected by the cell size as well as the porosity. It is seen that the pressure drop is increased as the cell size becomes smaller, as expected. The minimum pressure drop is obtained in the porosity 0.94 at a fixed cell size. A new correlation of the pressure drop is proposed based on the permeability and Ergun's coefficient for the aluminum foam metal.

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Design and Impact Analysis of Automotive Bumper Beam Using Aluminum Foam (알루미늄 폼을 사용한 자동차 범퍼 빔의 설계 및 충돌해석)

  • Bang, Seung-Ok;Kim, Sei-Hwan;Cho, Jae-Ung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.1552-1558
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, the automotive beam using aluminium foam is designed and the impact analysis is carried out. The analysis model is the beam of actual size with B- type section structure. At the frontal crash of low speed, ANSYS AUTODYN is used by predicting the behavior of deformation and its internal energy. By the use of 7075-T6 aluminum alloy, the weight is reduced as much as 55% than steel. The deformation at the bumper foam of aluminum is similar with that of steel and the impact energy reduction at aluminum is more than steel. The foam filled with aluminum as much as 50 % has more impact energy absorption than the completely filled aluminum foam.

Effects of foam core density and face-sheet thickness on the mechanical properties of aluminum foam sandwich

  • Yan, Chang;Song, Xuding
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.1145-1156
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    • 2016
  • To study the effects of foam core density and face-sheet thickness on the mechanical properties and failure modes of aluminum foam sandwich (AFS) beam, especially when the aluminum foam core is made in aluminum alloy and the face sheet thickness is less than 1.5 mm, three-point bending tests were investigated experimentally by using WDW-50E electronic universal tensile testing machine. Load-displacement curves were recorded to understand the mechanical response and photographs were taken to capture the deformation process of the composite structures. Results demonstrated that when foam core was combined with face-sheet thickness of 0.8 mm, its carrying capacity improved with the increase of core density. But when the thickness of face-sheet increased from 0.8 mm to 1.2 mm, result was opposite. For AFS with the same core density, their carrying capacity increased with the face-sheet thickness, but failure modes of thin face-sheet AFS were completely different from the thick face-sheet AFS. There were three failure modes in the present research: yield damage of both core and bottom face-sheet (Failure mode I), yield damage of foam core (Failure mode II), debonding between the adhesive interface (Failure mode III).

Thermal Characteristics of Graphite Foam Thermosyphon for Electronics Cooling

  • Lim, Kyung-Bin;Roh, Hong-Koo
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1932-1938
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    • 2005
  • Graphite foams consist of a network of interconnected graphite ligaments and are beginning to be applied to thermal management of electronics. The thermal conductivity of the bulk graphite foam is similar to aluminum, but graphite foam has one-fifth the density of aluminum. This combination of high thermal conductivity and low density results in a specific thermal conductivity about five times higher than that of aluminum, allowing heat to rapidly propagate into the foam. This heat is spread out over the very large surface area within the foam, enabling large amounts of energy to be transferred with relatively low temperature difference. For the purpose of graphite foam thermosyphon design in electronics cooling, various effects such as graphite foam geometry, sub-cooling, working fluid effect, and liquid level were investigated in this study. The best thermal performance was achieved with the large graphite foam, working fluid with the lowest boiling point, a liquid level with the exact height of the graphite foam, and at the lowest sub-cooling temperature.

COLLAPSE CHARACTERISTICS OF ALUMINUM EXTRUSIONS FILLED WITH STRUCTURAL FOAM FOR SPACE FRAME VEHICLES

  • Kim, B.J.;Heo, S.J.
    • International Journal of Automotive Technology
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.141-147
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    • 2003
  • For improving high-safety, convenience, and ride comfort, the automotive design suffers from radical increase of the weight, the recycling-related rules, regulations on the waste gas, and environmental protection of the resources. Among them, it is well known that the weight increase is the most critical. Thus, in order to minimize the weight of the body-in-white that takes up 20-30% of the whole weight of the automobile, most automotive manufacturers have attempted to develop the aluminum intensive body-in-white using aluminum space frames. In this research, the crush test and simulation for aluminum extrusions are performed to evaluate the collapse characteristics of that light weighted material. Also. the same test and simulation was done for aluminum extrusions filled with structural foam. Then, these results are analyzed and compared. From these studies, the effectiveness of structural foam is evaluated in improving automotive crashworthiness. Finally, the design strategy and guideline of the structural form are suggested in order to improve the crashworthiness for aluminum space frame in the vehicle.