• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aluminum Tube

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Axial crush and energy absorption characteristics of Aluminum/GERP hybrid square tube (알루미늄/GFRP 혼성 사각튜브의 정적 압축 붕괴 및 에너지 흡수 특성)

  • 김구현;이정주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.168-171
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    • 1999
  • For the axial crushing tests of various shape of tubes, it was reported that composite tubes need trigger mechanism to avoid brittle failure. In this study, static axial crush tests were performed with the new aluminum/GFRP hybrid tubes. Glass/Epoxy prepregs were wrapped around aluminum tube and co-cured. The failure of hybrid tube was stable and progressive without trigger mechanism, and specific energy absorption was increased to maximum 34% in comparison with aluminum tube. Effective energy absorption is possible for inner aluminum tube because wrapped composite tube constrain the deflection of aluminum tube and reduce the folding length. The failure of hybrid composite tube was stable without trigger mechanism because inner aluminum tube could play the role of crack initiator and controller. Aluminum/Glass-Epoxy hybrid tube is suitable for the vehicle front structure due to effective energy absorption capability, easy production, and simple application for RTM process.

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Axial Crush and Energy Absorption Characteristics of Aluminum/GFRP Hybird Square Tubes (알루미늄/GFRP 혼성 사각튜브의 정적 압축 붕괴 및 에너지 흡수 특성)

  • 김구현;이정주;신금철
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.208-219
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    • 2000
  • In this study, static axial crush tests were performed with the new aluminum/GFRP hybrid tube. Glass/Epoxy prepregs were wrapped around an aluminum tube and co-cured. The failure of the hybrid tube was stable and progressive without trigger mechanism, and specific energy absorption was increased to the maximum of 33% in comparison with the aluminum tube. Effective energy absorption is possible for an inner aluminum tube because a wrapped composite tube constrains the deflection of an aluminum tube. The failure of a hybrid composite tube was stable without trigger mechanism because the inner aluminum tube could play the role of the crack initiator and controller. Mean crushing load could be calculated by modifying the plastic hinge collapse model for hybrid materials. The predicted results by this analytical model showed good agreement with the experimental results. It can be said that Aluminum/Glass-Epoxy hybrid tube is suitable for the vehicle front structure because this hybrid tube shows effective energy absorption, easy production, and simple application capability for RTM process.

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Bending Performance Evaluation of Aluminum-Composite Hybrid Square Tube Beams (알루미늄-복합재료 혼성 사각관 보의 굽힘 성능평가)

  • Lee, Sung-Hyuk;Choi, Nak-Sam
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.76-79
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    • 2005
  • Bending deformation and energy absorption characteristics of aluminum-composite hybrid tube beams have been analyzed for improvement in the bending performance of aluminum space frame by using experimental tests combined with theoretical and finite element analyses. Hybrid tube beams composed of glass fabric/epoxy layer wrapped around on aluminum tube were made in autoclave with the recommended curing cycle. Basic properties of aluminum material used for initial input data of the finite element simulation and theoretical analysis were obtained from the true stress-true strain curve of specimen which had bean extracted from the Al tube beam. A modified theoretical model was developed to predict the resistance to the collapse of hybrid tube beams subjected to a bending load. Theoretical moment-rotation angle curves of hybrid tube beams were in good agreement with experimental ones, which was comparable to the results obtained from finite element simulation. Hybrid tube beams strengthened by composite layer on the whole web and flange showed an excellent bending strength and energy absorption capability.

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Bending Performance Evaluation of Reinforced Aluminum Square Tube Beams (보강 알루미늄 사각관 보의 굽힘 성능평가)

  • Lee Sung-Hyuk;Choi Nak-Sam
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2005
  • Bending performances of aluminum square tube beams reinforced by aluminum plates under three point bending loads have been evaluated using experimental tests combined with theoretical and finite element analyses. A finite element simulation for the three-point bending test was performed. Basic properties of aluminum materials used for initial input data of the finite element simulation were obtained from the true stress-true strain curves of specimens which had been extracted from the Al tube beams. True stresses were determined from applied loads and cross-sectional area records of a tensile specimen with a rectangular cross-section by real-time photographing, and true strains were obtained from in-situ local elongation measurements of the specimen gage portion by the multi-point scanning laser extensometer. Six kinds of aluminum tube beam specimens adhered by aluminum plates were employed fur the bending test. The bending deformation behaviors up to the maximum load described by the numerical simulation were in good agreement with experimental ones. After passing the maximum load, reinforcing plate was debonded from the aluminum tube beam. An aluminum tube beam strengthened by aluminum plate on the upper web showed an excellent bending capability.

Axial Collapse Characteristics of Combined Aluminum CFRP Square Tubes for Light-Weight (경량화용 혼성 알루미늄 CFRP 사각튜브의 축 압궤특성)

  • 이길성;차천석;정진오;양인영
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.110-113
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    • 2004
  • Aluminum and CFRP tube is light-weight material representatively but collapse mechanism is different under axial loading. Aluminum tube absorbs energy by stable plastic deformation under axialloading. While CFRP(Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics)tube absorb synergy by unstable brittle failure but its specific strength and stiffness is higher than that of aluminum tube. In this study, for complement of detect and synergy effect by combination with the advantages of each member, the axialcollapsetests were performed for combined aluminum CFRP tubes which are composed of aluminum tubes wrapped with CFRP out side aluminum square tubes. Collapsecharacteristics were analyzed for combined square tubes which have different CFRP orientation angle and thickness. Test results were compared with that of aluminum tubes and CFRP tubes.

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Bending Analysis of Reinforced Tube Beams (굽힘하중을 받는 보강 사각관 보의 좌굴변형거동 해석)

  • Choi, Nak-Sam;Lee, Sung-Hyuk
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2007
  • Local buckling behaviors of aluminum square tube beams reinforced by aluminum plates under three point bending loads have been analyzed using experimental tests combined with theoretical and finite element analyses. For this analysis true stresses were determined from applied loads and cross-sectional area records of a tensile specimen with a rectangular cross-section by real-time photographing. True strains were also obtained from in-situ local elongation measurements of the specimen gage portion by the multi-point scanning laser extensometer. Six kinds of aluminum tube beam specimens reinforced by aluminum plates were employed for the bending test. The bending deformation behaviors up to the maximum load analyzed by the numerical simulation agreed well with experimental ones. After passing the maximum load, reinforcing plate hindering the local buckling of the tube beam was debonded from the aluminum tube beam. An aluminum tube beam strengthened by aluminum plate on the upper web showed the most excellent bending capacity, which could be explained on the basis of the neutral axis shift and the local buckling deformation range.

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Optimization Design of an Aluminum Tube for an OPC Drum using Taguchi's Experimental Method (다구찌 실험법을 이용한 OPC 드럼용 튜브의 최적설계 연구)

  • Kim, Chung-Kyun;Oh, Kyoung-Seok
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, the optimized design and strength analysis have been presented based on the finite element and Taguchi's experimental methods. The stress, strain and displacement characteristics of OPC drum tubes are affected by rolling contact pressures between an OPC drum tube and a paper, design parameters of an aluminum tube and material properties. The OPC drum tubes with nine different geometrical models are analyzed for design parameters that are related to the outer diameter, the thickness, and the length of an aluminum tube for a toner cartridge. The optimized design parameters for an aluminum tube may be selected as the outer diameter of 28 mm, the thickness of 0.8 mm, and the length of 220 mm. But the currently used aluminum tube for a laser printer is fairly optimized based on the Taguchi's design analysis. The calculated FEM results showed that the affection ratio of the design parameter t, which may control the strength of an aluminum tube, is the most influential parameter among the length and an outer diameter of a tube.

Forming limits of aluminum tubes in tube hydroforming (알루미늄 튜브 하이드로포밍의 성형한계)

  • 조완제;이상영;김영석;이상용
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.244-248
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    • 2003
  • Recently social demands of fuel economy and environmental regulations require the development of light materials and new manufacturing technologies. In this point, the aluminum tube hydroforming process which is satisfied with good strength-to-weight ratio and recyclability is innovative concept. However the level of the aluminum tube hydroforming technology is low in comparison with that of steel tube hydroforming. In this paper, the hydroformability of aluminum tubes in different heat treatments is presented. Theoretical results for forming limits of the wrinkling and bursting are compared with experimental results of aluminum tubes.

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The characteristics of bending collapse of aluminum/GFRP hybrid tube (알루미늄/GFRP 혼성튜브의 굽힘붕괴 특성)

  • 송민철;이정주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.84-87
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    • 2000
  • Square tubes used for vehicle structure components have an important role on keeping its stiffness and preserving occupant safety in vehicle collision and rollover in which it experience axial collapse, bending collapse or both. Bending collapse, which absorbs kinetic energy of the impact and retains a survival space for the occupant, is a dominant failure mode in oblique collision and rollover. Thus, in this paper, the bending collapse characteristics such as the maximum bending moment and energy absorption capacity of the square tube replaced by light-weight material were evaluated and presented. The bending test of cantilever tubes which were fabricated with aluminum, GFRP and aluminum/ GFRP hybrid by co-curing process was performed. Then the maximum bending moment and the energy absorption capacity from the moment-angle curve were evaluated. Based on the test results, it was found that aluminum/ GFRP hybrid tube can show better specific energy absorption capacity compared to the pure aluminum or GFRP tube and can convert unstable collapse mode which may occur in pure GFRP tube to stable collapse mode like a aluminum tube in which plastic hinge is developed.

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Experimental study on the characteristics of heat transfer for new type aluminum tube (신형 알루미늄관의 열전달 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 문춘근;윤정인;김재돌
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2000
  • This study investigated heat transfer characteristics of refrigeration system using new type aluminium heat transfer tube for evaporator of refrigeration and air-conditioning comparing with bare tube. From the result of heat transfer experiment form one phase flow using cooled and hot water, about 20% heat transfer performance is superior in case of same quantity of flow and about 4% heat transfer performance if superior in case of same velocity comparing with bare tube. Casing of two phase flow, heat transfer performance of new type aluminum heat transfer tube shows about 50% superior heat transfer performance comparing with bare tube in the same evaporating pressure when using heat transfer tube as evaporator and shows about 47% increase when expressing performance coefficient as the rate of refrigerating capacity and compressing work. However, it can be known that pressure drop in the heat transfer tube is taken higher value of about 18% in case of new type aluminum heat transfer tube. From the above result, new type aluminum heat transfer tube is excellent comparing with bare heat transfer tube using the existing heat exchanger for refrigerator.

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