• Title, Summary, Keyword: Alzheimer's disease

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Effects of Chaenomelis Fructus Extract on the Alzheimer's Disease Mice Model Induced by $\betaA$ (목과의 $\betaA$로 유도된 Alzheimer's Disease 생쥐 모델에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung In Chul;Lee Sang Ryong
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1795-1804
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    • 2004
  • This research investigated the effect of the Chaenomelis fructus(CMF) on Alzheimer's disease. The effects of the CMF extract on the behavior in the Morris water maze experiment; the expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, ROS on the microglial cell; IL-1β mRNA, TNF-α mRNA, CD68/GFAP and MDA on the brain tissue; the infarction area of the hippocampus, and brain tissue injury in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by βA were investigated. The CMF extract group showed a significant inhibitory effect on the memory deficit on the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by βA in the Morris water maze experiment. The CMF extract group suppressed the over-expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-1β and TNF-α mRNA, ROS, MDA, CD68/GFAP in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by βA. The CMF extract reduced the infarction area of hippocampus, and controlled the injury of brain tissue in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by [3A. This study suggest that CMF may be effective for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

The Effects of Hibiscus Syriacus Extract on the Alzheimer's Disease Mice Model Induced by $\betaA$ (목근피가 $\betaA$로 유도된 Alzheimer's Disease 생쥐 모델에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Sang Ryong;Jung In Chul
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.797-807
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    • 2004
  • This research investigates the effect of the Hibiscus syriacus(HSS) on Alzheimer's disease. The effects of the HSS extract on the behavior in the Morris water maze experiment; the expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-1β mRNA, TNF-α mRNA, CD68/GFAP and RDS; the the infarction area of the hippocampus, and brain tissue injury in Alzheimer's diseased mice induced with M were investigated. The HSS extract group showed a significant inhibitory effect on the memory deficit on the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by βA in the Morris water maze experiment. The HSS extract group suppressed the over-expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-1β and TNF-α mRNA, CD68/GFAP, RDS in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by βA. The HSS extract reduced the infarction area of hippocampus, and controlled the injury of brain tissue in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by βA. This study suggest that HSS may be effective for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease

A New Instrument for Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease

  • Muraoka, Tetsuya;Nagata, Tomohiro
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2362-2366
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    • 2003
  • The paper describes a new instrument for early detection of Alzheimer's disease. A new instrument for early detection of Alzheimer's disease is constructed on both the questionnaire for the investigation of living environment, and the lists for the functional tests of the sense, the physiology, and the left and right brains. When the medical doctor has made a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, the demented patient does not recover the indication adding available treatments. Then, the indication of a patient only takes a turn for the worse. For the demented patient can be kept his/her life style, Alzheimer's disease can make an early detection using a new instrument before a diagnosis of the dementia. And the indication of a demented patient can be delayed by the available medical treatments.

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The Effects of Daejo-hwan(DJR) on the Alzheimer's Disease Model Induced by ${\beta}$-amyloid. (대조환(大造丸) 추출물이 ${\beta}$-amyloid로 유도된 Alzheimer's disease 병태(病態)모델에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ji-In;Chung, Dae-Kyoo
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.55-82
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    • 2007
  • Ohjective: This research investigates the effect of the DJR on Alzheimer's disease. Method: 1.The effects of the DJR extract on IL.-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, TNF-${\alpha}$, cox-2, and NOS-II mRNA of BV2 microglia cell line treated with LPS; 2. the behavior: 3. the infarction area of the hippocampus, and brain tissue injury in Alzheimer's diseased mice induced with ${\beta}$A were investigated. Result: 1. The DJR extract suppressed the expression of IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6 and TNF-${\alpha}$ mRNA in BV2 microglia cell line treated with LPS. 2. The DJR extract suppressed the expression of IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, and TNF-${\alpha}$ protein production in BV2 microglia cell line treated with LPS. 3. For the DJR extract group a significant inhibitory effect on the memory deficit was shown for the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by .${\beta}$A in the Moms water maze experiment, which measured stop-through latency, and distance movement-through latency. 4. The DJR extract suppressed the over-expression of IL-$1{\beta}$ protein, TNF-${\alpha}$ protein and CD68/CD11b, in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}$A 5. The DJR extract reduced the infarction area of hippocampus, and controlled the injury of brain tissue in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}$A. 6. The DJR extract reduced the tau protein, GFAP protein, and presenilin1/2 protein (immunohistochemistry) of hippocampus in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}$A. Conclusion: These results suggest that the DJR extract may he effective for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Investigation into the clinical use of the DJR extract for Alzheimer's disease of suggested for future research.

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Indexes for Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease

  • Muraoka, Tetsuya
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2367-2371
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    • 2003
  • A new instrument for early detection of Alzheimer's disease is constructed from the investigative items with both the investigation of living environment, and the functional tests of the sense, the physiology, and the left and right brains. This paper describes the indexes obtained from the results of test using a new instrument for early detection of Alzheimer's disease. The indexes for early detection of Alzheimer's disease were obtained from the investigations of the living environment and the social adaptability, the functional tests of the sight and the hearing in the five senses, and the functional tests of left hemispheres in brain.

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Effects of Ginseng Radix plus Crataegi Fructus on the injury of brain tissue in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}$ amyloid peptide(${\beta}A$). (인삼산사복합방(人蔘山査複合方)이 Alzheimer성 치매 병태(病態) 생쥐의 뇌조직 손상에 미치는 효과)

  • Han, Sin-Hee;Kil, Gi-Jung
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : This research was investigated the effect of the Ginseng Radix plus Crataegi Fructus on the injury of brain tissue in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$. Methods : Observed a change of the injury of brain tissue and reduced the infarction area of hippocampus in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$. Results : 1. The Gin-CF extract reduced the infarction area of hippocampus, and controlled the injury of brain tissue in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$. 2. The Gin-CF extract reduced the Tau protein, GFAP protein, and presenilin1/presenilin2 protein (immunohistochemistry) of hippocampus in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$. Conclusion : These results suggest that the Ginseng Radix plus Crataegi Fructus extract may be effective for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Investigation into the clinical use of the Ginseng Radix plus Crataegi Fructus extract for Alzheimer's disease is suggested for future research.

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c-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK) induces phosphorylation of amyloid precursor protein (APP) at Thr668, in okadaic acid-induced neurodegeneration

  • Ahn, Ji-Hwan;So, Sang-Pil;Kim, Na-Young;Kim, Hyun-Ju;Yoon, Seung-Yong;Kim, Dong-Hou
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.49 no.7
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    • pp.376-381
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    • 2016
  • Several lines of evidence have revealed that phosphorylation of amyloid precursor protein (APP) at Thr668 is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Okadaic acid (OA), a protein phosphatase-2A inhibitor, has been used in AD research models to increase tau phosphorylation and induce neuronal death. We previously showed that OA increased levels of APP and induced accumulation of APP in axonal swellings. In this study, we found that in OA-treated neurons, phosphorylation of APP at Thr668 increased and accumulated in axonal swellings by c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and not by Cdk5 or ERK/MAPK. These results suggest that JNK may be one of therapeutic targets for the treatment of AD.

The Effects of ChongMyungTang(CMT) and SanSaChongMyungTang(SCMT) on the Alzheimer's Disease Model (총명탕(聰明湯)과 산사총명탕(山査聰明湯)이 Alzheimer's Disease 병태(病態) 모델에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Ha, Su-Young;Jung, In-Chul;Lee, Sang-Ryong
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.59-78
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    • 2006
  • Objective : This research investigates the effect of the CMT and SCMT on Alzheimer's disease. Methods : The effects of the CMT and SCMT on (1) amyloid precursor proteins(APP), acetylcholinesterase(AChE) mRNA of PC-12 cells treated with CT-105; (2) the AChE activity and the APP production of PC-12 cell treated with CT-105; (3) the behavior; (4) expression of $IL-1{\beta}$, $TNF-{\alpha}$, MDA; (5) the infarction area of the hippocampus in Alzheimer's disease mice induced with CT105 & ${\beta}A$ were investigated Rresults : 1. The CMT and SCMT suppressed the expression of APP, AChE mRNA in PC-12 cells treated with CT-105 2. The CMT and SCMT suppressed the AChE activity, and the production of APP significantly in PC-12 cells treated with CT-105. 3. For the CMT and SCMT group a significant inhibitory effect on the memory deficit was shown for the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$ in the Morris water maze experiment, which measured stop-through latency, and distance movement-through latency 4. The CMT and SCMT suppressed the over-expression of $IL-1{\beta}$, $TNF-{\alpha}$, MDA in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$. 5. The CMT and SCMT reduced the infarction area of hippocampus with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$. Conclusions : These results suggest that the CMT and SCMT may be effective for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Investigation into the clinical use of the CMT and SCMT for Alzheimer's disease is suggested for future research.

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MicroRNAs as Novel Biomarkers for the Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease and Modern Advancements in the Treatment

  • Gunasekaran, Tamil Iniyan;Ohn, Takbum
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2015
  • Alzheimer's disease is a common form of dementia occurring among the elderly population and can be identified by symptoms such as cognition impairments, memory loss and neuronal dysfunction. Alzheimer's disease was found to be caused by the deposition of $\beta$-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. In addition, mutation in the APP (Amyloid precursor protein), Presenilin 1 (PSEN1) and Presenilin 2 (PSEN2) genes were also found to contribute to Alzheimer's disease. Since the potential conformational diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease requires histopathological tests on brain through autopsy, potential early diagnosis still remains challenging. In recent years, several researches have proposed the use of biomarkers for early diagnosis. In cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), $\beta$-amyloid(1-42), phosphorylated-tau and total tau were suggested to be effective biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease diagnosis. However, a single biomarker might not be sufficient for potential diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Thus, the use of RNA interference (RNAi) through microRNAs (miRNAs) has been proposed by several researchers for simultaneous analysis of several biomarkers using microarray technology. These miRNA based biomarkers can be analysed from both blood and CSF, but miRNAs from blood are advantageous over CSF as they are non-invasive and simple for collection. Moreover, the RNAi based therapeutics by siRNA (short interference RNA) or shRNA (short hairpin RNA) have also been proposed to be effective in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. This review describes the promising application of RNAi technology in therapeutics and as a biomarker for both Alzheimer's disease diagnosis and treatment.

The Effects of PalMihapChongMungTang(PMCMT) Hot Water Extract & Ultra-fine Powder on the Alzheimer's Disease Model (팔미합총명탕(八味合聰明湯) 열수추출물, 초미세분말제형이 Alzheimer's Disease 병태 모텔에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Jung-Hwa;Lee, Sang-Ryong
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.95-110
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    • 2008
  • Objective : This experiment was designed to investigate the effects of the PMCMT hot water extract & ultra-fine powder on Alzheimer's Disease Model Induced by ${\beta}A$. Method : The effects of the PMCMT hot water extract on expression of proinf1ammatory cytokine mRNA in BV2 microglial cell cell line treated by lipopolysacchaide(LPS). The effects of the PMCMT hot water extract & ultra-fine powder on (1) the behavior (2) AChE in serum (3) the infarction area of the hippocampus, and brain tissue injury in Alzheimer's diseased mice induced with ${\beta}A$ were investigated. Result : 1. The PMCMT hot water extract suppressed the expression of proinflammatory cytokine mRNA in BV2 microglial cell line treated with LPS. 2. The PMCMT hot water extract & ultra-fine powder a significant inhibitory effect on the memory deficit was shown for the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$ in the Morris water maze experiment, which measured stop-through latency and distance movement-through latency 3. The PMCMT hot water extract & ultra-fine powder suppressed the over-expression of AChE activity in the serum of the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$. 5. The PMCMT ultra-fine powder reduced infarction area of hippocampus significantly, and the PMCMT hot water extract & ultra-fine powder controlled the injury of brain tissue in the mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by ${\beta}A$. Conclusions : These results suggest that the PMCMT hot water extract & ultra-fine powder may be effective for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Investigation into the clinical use of the PMCMT hot water extract & ultra-fine powder for Alzheimer's disease is suggested for future research.

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