• Title, Summary, Keyword: Amino Acid Assay

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Anti-aging Effect of Amino Acid Complex on the Skin (Amino Acid Complex의 항노화 작용)

  • Kim, Ki-Ho;Kim, Ki-Soo;Kim, Young-Heui;Ko, Kang-Il;Park, Sun-Hee;Kim, Jin-Guk;Chio, Hyun-Jin;Ko, Su-Yeon;Bae, Yoon-Joo;Kim, Yong-Min
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2006
  • Amino acid complex was made with the composition of amino acids quite similar to that of stratum corneum on the skin. In order to evaluate the efficacy of amino acid complex on the skin as an active cosmetic ingredient, we measured cytotoxicity. TIMP-1 expression, moisturizing effect and the amount of horny substance. In cytotoxicity assay, amino acid complex did not show any cytotoxicity. In moisturizing effect test using corneometer, it showed very good moisturizing effect. In TIMP-1 mRNA assay using RT-PCR, moo acid complex showed the increase of TIMP-1 expression, suggesting that amino acid complex have anti-wrinkle effect. Therefore, amino acid complex may be useful as an active ingredient for anti-aging.

Hydrogen Peroxide produced by Two Amino Acid Oxidases Mediates Antibacterial Actions

  • Zhang Hongmin;Yang Qiuyue;Sun Mingxuan;Teng Maikun;Niu Liwen
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.336-339
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    • 2004
  • The antibacterial actions of two amino acid oxidases, a D-amino acid oxidase from hog kidney and a L-amino acid oxidase from the venom of Agkistrodon halys, were investigated, demonstrating that both enzymes were able to inhibit the growth of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and that hydrogen peroxide, a product of their enzymatic reactions, was the antibacterial factor. However, hydrogen peroxide generated in the enzymatic reactions was not sufficient to explain the degree to which bacterial growth was inhibited. A fluorescence labeling assay showed that both of these two enzymes could bind to the surfaces of bacteria. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report regarding the antibacterial activity of the D-amino acid oxidases.

Methods for Determination of Amino Acids Bioavailability in Pigs - Review -

  • Zebrowska, T.;Buraczewski, S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.620-633
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    • 1998
  • Methods developed for measuring digestibility and availability of amino acids in feedstuffs used in pig nutrition are reviewed. Digestibility is a proportion of an amino acid in a feed that is absorbed from the digestive tract and should be determined from the difference between the amount of amino acid consumed and passing the distal ileum. Techniques for ileal digesta sampling including various types of cannulas: a re-entrant, T-piece, IPV, IPVC and ileaorectal anastomosis are described and comparisons amongst these methods are presented. Other methodologies like mobile bag technique, in vitro assays and mathematical prediction method are also described. Significance and methodologies for measurement of endogenous nitrogen and amino acids losses at the distal ileum and their effect on the apparent and true nitrogen and amino acid digestibilities in feeds are discussed. Factors influencing the apparent and true amino acid digestibilities such as dry matter intake, protein, fibre and antinutritive compounds content in the diet are discussed. Amino acid bioavailability -the proportion of the total amino acid digested and absorbed in a form utilized in metabolism - measured by the growth assay may differ from its ileal digestibility. Chemical methods for determination of available lysine content in heat treated feeds are evaluated.

Cytotoxicity and L-Amino Acid Oxidase Activity of Crude Insect Drugs

  • Ahn, Mi-Young;Ryu, Kang-Sun;Lee, Yong-Woo;Kim, Yeong-Shik
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.477-481
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    • 2000
  • The cytotoxicity of crude insect drugs was measured using HeLa cells originating from human cervix and uterine cancer. using the dye uptake assay in order to find potential anticancer agents. Three kinds of extracts (buffer, methanol and ethylacetate) were prepared from 26 insects and used as raw materials for the activity assay. Among these, the buffer extracts from Tabanus, Mylabris and Huechys showed a potent anticancer activity, and those from Catharsius, Red ant, Scorpion, Tabanus and Vespae Nidus showed a strong L-amino acid oxidase (AAO) activity as well as cytotoxicity. In contrast, buffer extracts from Gryllotalpa orientalis and Apriona germari larvae showed greater/more rapid Hela cell growth than that of other insects.

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Proteomic analysis of amino acid metabolism differences between wild and cultivated Panax ginseng

  • Sun, Hang;Liu, Fangbing;Sun, Liwei;Liu, Jianzeng;Wang, Manying;Chen, Xuenan;Xu, Xiaohao;Ma, Rui;Feng, Kai;Jiang, Rui
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2016
  • Background: The present study aimed to compare the relative abundance of proteins and amino acid metabolites to explore the mechanisms underlying the difference between wild and cultivated ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer) at the amino acid level. Methods: Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation were used to identify the differential abundance of proteins between wild and cultivated ginseng. Total amino acids in wild and cultivated ginseng were compared using an automated amino acid analyzer. The activities of amino acid metabolism-related enzymes and the contents of intermediate metabolites between wild and cultivated ginseng were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and spectrophotometric methods. Results: Our results showed that the contents of 14 types of amino acids were higher in wild ginseng compared with cultivated ginseng. The amino acid metabolism-related enzymes and their derivatives, such as glutamate decarboxylase and S-adenosylmethionine, all had high levels of accumulation in wild ginseng. The accumulation of sulfur amino acid synthesis-related proteins, such as methionine synthase, was also higher in wild ginseng. In addition, glycolysis and tricarboxylic acid cycle-related enzymes as well as their intermediates had high levels of accumulation in wild ginseng. Conclusion: This study elucidates the differences in amino acids between wild and cultivated ginseng. These results will provide a reference for further studies on the medicinal functions of wild ginseng.

Determination of Taurine in Preparations by Amino Acid Autoanalyzer (아미노산 분석기에 의한 제제중 Taurine의 분리 정량에 관한 연구)

  • 박만기;한달수
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.21-23
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    • 1984
  • High performance amino acid analyzing method has been developed for the routine analysis of taurine in preparations. Ion-exchange resin #2619 Hitachi Custom Ion-Exchange Resin, $2.6(I.D.){\times}150$(length)mm was used as column, buffer I, pH 3.3 as mobile phase. The retention time of taurine was 7 minutes. Calibration curve by peak height for standard taurine was linear from 2.5ppm to 25ppm. The reproducibility showed relative standard deviation $\pm$1.9% when analyzed 10 times for standard solution. The samples could be continuously analyzed without regenerating the resin between samples. Five samples were applied to column every 12 min. and then the resin was regenerated for 30 min. during one analyzing cycle time, 90 min. The automatic amino acid analyzer has made it possible to assay multiple samples in a relatively short period of time using the analytical magnetic program card. The high sensitivity and specificity of the analytical column of the automatic amino acid analyzer permits the routine analysis of taurine in preparations.

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A Proline- and Leucine-rich 19 Amino Acid Oligopeptide from FS1 Functions as a Transcriptional Repression Domain

  • Cho, Yong-Seok;Baek. Gum-Hee;Yoon, Sang-Soon;Han, Dong-Uck;Han, Kyu-Hyung
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.647-651
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    • 1997
  • We have used a transient expression assay employing Drosophila S2 cells to study the transcriptional repression activity of a 27 amino acid residue-long repression domain FS1 which was generated by a frame-shift in a pair-rule gene, even-skipped of Drosophila melanogaster. In an attempt to define a minimal requirement for the repression activity, we constructed a series of truncation mutant forms of the FS1, fused to a heterologous GAL4 DNA-binding domain, and measured their activities. All of the mutant forms, including the GAL4-FS1 (5-23) which retains the smallest number (19) of amino acid residues of FS1, were found to repress an initiator, a minimal TATA-lacking promoter, in a GAL4-binding-site-dependent manner. These findings suggest that a 19 amino acid residue-long region, rich in proline and leucine residues, is a transcriptional repression domain and may interact with the general transcription machinery.

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Delayed Deproteinization Causes Methodological Errors in Amino Acid Levels in Plasma Stored at Room Temperature or -20℃

  • Li, Junyou;Piao, Chunxiang;Jin, Huazi;Wongpanit, Kannika;Manabe, Noboru
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.22 no.12
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    • pp.1703-1708
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    • 2009
  • Deproteinization has been recognized as a prerequisite for amino acid analysis of plasma samples. For plasma stored at room temperature, delaying deproteinization for 30, 60 or 120 minutes did not result in significant changes in the mean CV (coefficient of variation), which ranged from 4.4 to 5.6%. However the mean CV of aspartic acid, ${\alpha}$-aminoadipic acid, alanine and lysine was about 10%. When the plasma was stored frozen at -20${^{\circ}C}$, the CV was increased at 0 and 120 minutes after thawing, to 12.4% (range, 4.1 to 35.3%) and 8.0% (2.5 to 30.7%), respectively. The concentrations in plasma during storage at room temperature of all the amino acids analyzed showed significant changes. In plasma stored for 30 minutes at room temperature, 17 amino acids increased in concentrations and two decreased. Extending this period to 60 or 120 minutes increased the instability as compare to the reference group. Storing plasma at -20${^{\circ}C}$ for 2 weeks resulted in significantly greater changes in the amino acid concentrations than at room temperature. On extending the storage time at room temperature, after thawing, to 30, 60, and 120 minutes, 21, 20, and all 22 amino acids respectively changed significantly (p<0.01). The present study indicates that methodological errors occur in the concentrations determined for all amino acids when plasma is left at room temperature. The storage of frozen non-deproteinized plasma accompanied more significant changes in most amino acid concentrations and thus should be avoided. Deproteinization should be performed as soon as possible after plasma collection.

Rapid In Vitro Methods for Protein Evaluation (단백질(蛋白質) 품질평가(品質評價)를 위(爲)한 신속방법(迅速方法))

  • Ryu, Hong-Soo;Lee, Kang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.202-213
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    • 1985
  • The protein nutritional quality of foods has become an important factor to food processors with the advent of nutritional labeling regulations for foods. Then, as is true today, the officially approved assay for protein nutritional quality was the rat based protein efficiency ratio(PER) bioassay. The PER bioassay requires a minimum of 28 days to performe, and is therefore not applicable to routine quality assurance use by the food industry. Within the past ten years there has been a research emphasis placed on the development of rapid, inexpensive, biological and/or chemical based assays for protein nutritional quality. It was hoped that if a rapid assay could be developed and thoroughly tested, it could be used in lieu of the PER bioassay in the day-to-day quality assurance screening of food ingredients and products. The rapid assays developed in the hope of attaining this goal have been based on microorganisms, proteolytic enzymes, and amino acid profiles, as well as combinations of the above. In this review, it will be described and briefly discussed many of procedures which had contributed conceptually as well as practically to the development of in vitro methods for the evaluation of protein quality. Special emphasis will be placed on the C-PER(computed protein efficiency ratio) assay which combines data from in vitro protease digestion and amino acid composition to predict protein nutritional quality designed by Satterlee et al. (1980), and the DC-PER(discriminant computed PER) which is a method of estimating protein quality based on rat assay and in vitro digestibility obtained using solely essential amino acid data will be also introduced.

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Assay Method of L-tyrosine and L-DOPA Mixture Using Spectrophotometer (분광광도계를 이용한 L-tyrosine과 L-DOPA 혼합물의 분석방법)

  • 김지현;유영제
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.191-194
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    • 1990
  • Tyrosine is a monohydrolic aromatic amino acid and DOPA is a tyrosine derivative containing dihydroxy group. DOPA can be synthesized from tyrosine by enzymatic reaction. The separation and quantitative determination of each component are very difficult in the reaction mixture. In the present study, two wavelengths giving maximum absorbance difference of each amino acid were determined using UV/VIS spectrophotometer by wavelength scanning and simple assay method was developed for the analysis of the reaction mixture of tyrosine and DOPA by measuring absorbances of reaction mixture. This method can be simply used for the analysis of the tyrosine and DOPA mixture because it does not require and procedure for the pretreatment of the reaction mixture.

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