• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anaplasma ovis

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Serological Detection of Antibodies against Anaplasma spp. in Cattle Reared in the Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea

  • Seo, Min-Goo;Ouh, In-Ouh;Lee, Seung-Hun;Son, Ui-Han;Geraldino, Paul John L.;Rhee, Man Hee;Kwon, Oh-Deog;Kim, Tae-Hwan;Kwak, Dongmi
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.287-290
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    • 2018
  • Anaplasmosis is a tick-borne, non-contagious, zoonotic disease caused by Anaplasma spp., which include Anaplasma marginale, A. centrale, A. phagocytophilum, A. platys, A. ovis, and A. bovis. Recently, in Korea, the prevalence of Anaplasma spp. has been investigated in some animals, such as dogs, horses, goats, cats, and Korean water deer. In cattle, A. marginale is the most virulent species and regarded as the typical type of species. However, data on the seroprevalence of Anaplasma spp. in cattle in Korea during the last decade is limited. This study was designed to investigate the seroprevalence of bovine anaplasmosis in Korea. From 2010 to 2013, blood samples were collected from 568 cattle. Forty animals (7.0%) tested seropositive for Anaplasma spp. by cELISA. Despite that current bovine anaplasmosis seropositivity rate in the Gyeongsangbuk-do is lower than those in tropical countries, anaplasmosis needs to be regarded as a concerning disease. The identification of the specific Anaplasma species infecting cattle in this province requires additional molecular studies. Moreover, further monitoring and control programs for bovine anaplasmosis is required, and the information from this study will be beneficial to develop these programs.

Detection of Anaplasma sp. in Korean Native Goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) on Jeju Island, Korea

  • Seong, Giyong;Han, Yu-Jung;Chae, Jeong-Byoung;Chae, Joon-Seok;Yu, Do-Hyeon;Lee, Young-Sung;Park, Jinho;Park, Bae-Keun;Yoo, Jae-Gyu;Choi, Kyoung-Seong
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.765-769
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    • 2015
  • Anaplasma species are obligate intracellular pathogens that can cause tick-borne diseases in mammalian hosts. To date, very few studies of their occurrence in Korean native goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) have been reported. In the present study, we investigated Anaplasma infection of Korean native goats on Jeju Island, Republic of Korea, and performed phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences. Our results showed that Anaplasma infection was found mostly in adult female goats. The phylogenetic tree revealed that the 7 sequences identified in Korean native goats could belong to Anaplasma sp. and were distinct from A. marginale, A. centrale, and A. ovis. The results indicated that the sequences identified to belong to Anaplasma were closely related to sequences isolated from goats in China and were clustered within the same group. To our knowledge, this is the first study to detect Anaplasma sp. infection in Korean native goats.

A study on the epidemiology of caprine anaplasmosis in Korea I. Electron microscopic characterization of the etiologic agent (산양의 anaplasmosis에 대한 역학적 연구 I.전자현미경적 연구)

  • Baek, Byeong-kirl;Jin, Chan-moon;Seo, Surk-yul;Seo, Yee-won;Seo, Dong-sun;Kakoma, Ibulaimu
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.381-386
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    • 1994
  • Evidence is presented for the isolation and characterization of Anaplasma avis in both indigenous (Korean) and exotic goats imported from Australia. These studies were carried out in response to epidemic scenario whereby farmers reported noticing what was described as a mysterious disease characterized by anemia, anorexia, general malaise and a significant morbidity and mortality rate in both types of goat breeds. The syndrome consistent with caprine anaplasmosis was associated with an intraerythrocytic agent occuring in single initial bodies characteristically surrounded by a single-layered membrane whereas the marginal body was typically surrounded by a double-layered membrane. The identity of the etiologic agent was confirmed as Anaplasma avis by light and ultrastructural microscopy.

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A survey on the prevalence of internal parasites in the Korean indigenous goats of Kyungbuk area (경북지역의 흑염소 내부기생충 감염률 조사)

  • 박노찬;도재철;김수웅;송해범
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.349-358
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    • 1997
  • From December 1995 to July 1997, a total of 546 Korean indigenous goats were examined for the presence of internal parasites by parenchymal organs and fecal examinations. Four hundreds seventy eight(87.5%) of the goats were infected with 4 classes and 12 parasitic species. The nematodes were Haemonchus contortus(57.5%), Oesophagostomun venulosum (52.6%), Strongyloides papillosus(48.4%), Ostertagia sp(28.4%), Trichostrongylus colubriformis(17.0%), and Trichuris ovis(13.2%). The trematodes were Paramphistomum sp(17.6%), Fasciola hepatica(15.4%), and Eurytrema Pancreaticum (8.8%). The cestode was Moniezia expansa(16.7%), and the protozoa were Eimeria sp(74.9%) and Toxoplasma gondii(8.6%). The incidence of single or mixed infections among 12 parasitic species were one species infection (6.2%), 2 species(11.5%), 3 species(19.6%), 4 species(24.9%), 5 species(17.8%), 6 species(5.9 %), and 7 species(1.6), respectively. The level of infection according to the age was considerably higher under one year(97.2%) than between one and two years(89.7%), and over two years(69.3%) Among 12 parasites, seasonal pattern was remarkably observed. Most paracites were detected at the highest level in the Winter, whereas Strongyloides papillosus and Paramphistomum sp were in the Spring, and Ostertagia sp and Fasciola hepatica were in the Autumn. Infection rates of Anaplasma sp were 8.6% of 210 goats by blood smear method, and 51.0% by complement fixation test.

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A study on the epidemiology of caprine anaplasmosis in Korea III. Seasonal variation in hematologic profiles (산양의 anaplasmosis에 대한 역학적 조사 III. 혈액치의 계절적 변화)

  • Baek, Byeong-kirl;Son, Ku-rey
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 1995
  • Anaplasmosis is a tick-borne disease of large and small ruminants, causing losses through mortality, abortion, weight loss and reduced milk production. In one dairy farm, for example, 250 of a total of 800 imported goats were diagnosed with a mysterious type of anemia during the summer and autumn of 1992. The etiologic agent was identified as Anaplasma spp by acridine orange and ultrastructure by electron microscopy. In order to monitor variations in blood biochemical and hematological parameters associated with the disease, blood samples were collected by jugular venipuncture from 50 goats at 3 month intervals between the period of February and October, 1993. The levels of RBCs, HB and HCT decreased from $18.48{\pm}1.96$ to $13.47{\pm}2.48X10^6/mm^3$, $12.25{\pm}1.41$ to $9.54{\pm}1.77g/dl$, and $43.09{\pm}4.75$ to $30.93{\pm}5.78%$, respectively. The values of MCH(Mean corpuscular hemoglobin), MCHC(Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) and PLT(Platelet) were elevated from $6.58{\pm}0.30$ to $7.05{\pm}0.47pg$, $28.40{\pm}1.20$ to $30.82{\pm}1.85g/dl$ and $1688.34{\pm}750$ to $2046.82{\pm}783X10^3/mm^3$, respectively. Percent parasitized erythrocytes(PPE) increased from $0.61{\pm}0.5$ to $2.22{\pm}1.9%$, clinical biochemical parameters aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase were $66.64{\pm}23.1K.U$ and $14.90{\pm}6.59K.U$, respectively and persisted at high levels throughout the observation period. The level of albumin(2.46)0.52 g/dl) was decreased corresponding to an elevated globulin and a reduced albumin/globulin ratio in October as compared with the values in February. It is concluded that caprine anaplasmosis may be an important cause of anemia and hepatic malfunction in goats.

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