• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ankle-Hindfoot score

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Effect of Manipulation Complex Therapy on Ankle Sprain with Ankle Pain (족관절 염좌에 대한 수기요법(手技療法) 복합치료가 미치는 영향)

  • Shim, Youn Seop;Song, Ho Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of manipulation complex therapy on ankle sprain with ankle pain. Methods : We divided ankle sprain with ankle pain patient into 2 groups; one group combined manipulation therapy and acupuncture therapy, another group was only acupuncture therapy. To estimate the efficacy of treatment that applied for two groups, we used visual analog scale(VAS) and ankle-hindfoot scale(AHS). We compared the VAS score and AHS score of two groups statistically. Results : 1. As a result of evaluation by using visual analog scale(VAS) and ankle-hindfoot scale(AHS), treatment score at final was marked more higher than score before treatment on each groups. 2. treatment at final, acupuncture and manipulation therapy group had significant result on visual analog scale(VAS) and ankle-hindfoot scale(AHS) compared with acupuncture therapy group. Conclusions : Manipulation therapy can be used with acupuncture therapy for highly effective treatment for ankle sprain with ankle pain.

Hindfoot Endoscopy for the Treatment of Posterior Ankle Impingement Syndrome: A Comparison of Two Methods (a Standard Method versus a Method Using a Protection Cannula) (후방 발목 충돌 증후군에서의 후족부 내시경 사용: 고식적 방법과 보호 도관을 이용한 방법의 비교)

  • Kim, Eung-Soo;Lee, Chang-Rak;Kim, Young-Jun;Roh, Sang-Myung;Park, Jae-Keun;Gwak, Heui-Chul;Jung, Sun-Gyu
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical results between two different methods of hindfoot endoscopy to treat posterior ankle impingement syndrome. Materials and Methods: Between January 2008 and January 2014, 52 patients who underwent hindfoot endoscopy were retrospectively reviewed. Two methods of hindfoot endoscopy were used; Group A was treated according to van Dijk and colleagues' standard twoportal method, and group B was treated via the modified version of the above, using a protection cannula. For clinical comparison, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot score, time required to return to activity, and the presence of complications were used. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the AOFAS scores at the final follow-up, and there was also no statistically significant difference in the times for the scores to return to the preoperative level. There were no permanent neurovascular injuries and wound problems in either group. Conclusion: Use of protection cannula may provide additional safety during hindfoot endoscopy. We could not prove whether protection cannula can provide superior safety for possible neurovascular injury. Considering the possible safety and risk of using additional instrument, the use of this method may be optional.

Accessory Talar Facet Impingement due to Accessory Anterolateral Talar Facet Misdiagnosed as Sinus Tarsi Syndrome (족근동 증후군으로 오인된 Accessory Anterolateral Talar Facet에 의한 거종관절 충돌)

  • Park, Jae Woo;Park, Chul Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.16-20
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of surgical treatment for patients with sinus tarsi pain due to accessory talar facet impingement. Materials and Methods: Between July 2013 and July 2015, nine patients who underwent surgery for the accessory talar facet impingement were reviewed. The mean follow-up period was 18.6 months (12~36 months), and the mean age was 33.1 years (19~60 years). Previous trauma history, duration of symptom, and types of surgery were analyzed. The clinical results were evaluated using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score and visual analogue scale (VAS). Radiographic results were assessed using Meary's angle, calcaneal pitch angle, heel alignment angle, and heel alignment ratio. Results: All patients had evident trauma history prior to the initial symptom. The mean duration of symptoms was 25.6 months (6~120 months). Four patients received only accessory anterolateral talar facet (AALTF) excision, and four patients received medial sliding calcaneal osteotomy (MSCO). One patient underwent both AALTF excision and MSCO. The AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was significantly improved from 73 (62~77) preoperatively to 93 (67~100) postoperatively. The VAS score was decreased from 6 (5~7) preoperatively to 1 (0~5) postoperatively. The Meary's angle and calcaneal pitch angle showed no significant difference after surgery. The heel alignment angle and ratio increased from $-3.6^{\circ}$ ($-10^{\circ}{\sim}5^{\circ}$) and 0.22 (-0.15~0.6) preoperatively to $2.8^{\circ}$ ($1^{\circ}{\sim}5^{\circ}$) and 0.42 (0.3~0.6) postoperatively, respectively. Conclusion: If there is persistent sinus tarsi pain in patients with hindfoot valgus, accessory talar facet impingement caused by AALTF could be considered as a cause of chronic sinus tarsi pain.

Revision Surgery for Recurrent Pain after Excision of the Accessory Navicular and Relocation of the Tibialis Posterior Tendon

  • Choi, Hong Joon;Lee, Woo Chun
    • Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.232-238
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    • 2017
  • Background: The results of operative treatments for symptomatic accessory navicular are debatable. In some cases, recurrent pain may develop after the Kidner procedure. The purpose of this study is to review the reasons for recurrent pain after the Kidner procedure and to suggest possible options for revision surgery. Methods: We reviewed the clinical and radiological outcomes in 9 patients who underwent revision surgery for recurrent pain after the Kidner procedure. During the revision surgery, the tibialis posterior tendon was reattached to the navicular either by advancing the tendon in 4 patients or by lengthening the tendon in another 4 patients. In the other 1 patient, the flexor digitorum longus tendon was transferred. Surgeries for the accompanying deformities were performed simultaneously in all patients. The results were evaluated using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot score and a visual analog scale. The mean follow-up was 2.3 years (range, 1 to 5 years). Results: The mean American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot score improved from 71.25 to 81.50 in the advancement group, and 71.75 to 90.00 in the lengthening group. The mean visual analog scale improved from 7.75 to 4.25 in the advancement group and from 7.50 to 1.75 in the lengthening group. Conclusions: Recurrent pain after the Kidner procedure was associated with pes planovalgus or hindfoot valgus deformity. In revision surgery, correction of the associated deformities and reattachment of the tibialis posterior tendon after lengthening may need to be considered.

Results of Kidner Procedure Combined with Medial Displacement Calcaneal Osteotomy for the Symptomatic Accessory Navicular with Hindfoot Valgus (후족부 외반을 동반한 증상이 있는 부주상골 환자에서 시행한 내측 전위 종골 절골술과 Kidner 술식을 동시에 시행한 결과)

  • Park, Chul Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of Kidner procedure combined with medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy (MDCO) in patients with the symptomatic accessory navicular with hindfoot valgus. Materials and Methods: From January 2014 to January 2019, fifteen patients (15 cases) who had undergone a Kidner procedure combined with MDCO for symptomatic accessory navicular with hindfoot valgus were included. Their mean age was 36.3 years old (19~61 years old) and there were 6 males and 9 females. The clinical results were evaluated using visual analogue scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot score, and postoperative subjective satisfaction. The radiographic results were evaluated using the talonavicular coverage angle and the anteroposterior talo-first metatarsal angle, the lateral talo-first metatarsal angle, the calcaneal pitch angle, and the hindfoot alignment angle. The postoperative complications were also evaluated. Results: The VAS and AOFAS midfoot scores continuously improved until 12 months after surgery. Subjective satisfaction after surgery was excellent in 10 cases and good in 5 cases. The hindfoot alignment angle significantly changed after surgery. Pain due to lateral impingement disappeared in five patients, and persisted in one patient. Five patients complained of irritation caused by their fixation devices, and all the symptoms improved after removal of the fixation devices. Conclusion: Kidner procedure combined with MDCO in patients with the symptomatic accessory navicular with hindfoot valgus showed good clinical results with satisfactory correction of hindfoot valgus. In particular, the clinical results showed continuous improvement until 12 months after surgery.

A Clinical Study of Bee Venom Acupuncture Therapy on the Treatment of Acute Ankle Sprain (급성기 족관절 염좌 환자의 봉약침 시술 효과에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • Park, Min-Jung;Sung, In-Hyung;Kim, Nam-Ok;Ahn, Chi-Kwon;Seo, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : This study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of Bee Venom acupuncture therapy for acute ankle sprain. Methods : From September 1st, 2005 to December 31st, 2005, the 60 patients who had visited Conmaul oriental medical hospital with acute ankle sprain were sample into 2 groups for this study; one group for the bee-venom acupuncture therapy combined with needle acupuncture therapy and the other group for needle acupuncture therapy only at least 3 times respectively. Both group had been treated with same additional infrared lamp, physical therapy and ankle supporter during the whole treatment period. Among 60 patients, 20 participants satisfied the whole inclusion criteria. To estimate the efficacy of treatments, Numerical Rating System(NRS) and Ankle-Hindfoot Scale(AHS) were applied before 1st and 4th treatment. Each score results were analysed and compared by Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon signed rank test with the level of 5% significance. Result : The NRS score in bee-venom acupuncture therapy group was increased significantly and the AHS score in bee-venom therapy group was decreased significantly compared to each of single acupuncture therapy group(P<0.01). The score change comparisons between the two groups had no significance before and after the treatment. Conclusion : Both bee-venom acupuncture therapy and single acupuncture therapy were effective to treat the acute ankle sprain. but there were no significant data to prove that bee-venom acupuncture therapy is more effective than single acupuncture therapy.

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Miniscalpel Needle Therapy with Integrative Korean Medical Treatment for Carpal Tunnel or Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: Case Series of Three Patients

  • Kim, Jae Ik;Kim, Hye Su;Park, Gi Nam;Jeon, Ju Hyon;Kim, Jung Ho;Kim, Young Il
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.139-152
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : This study reports the clinical effects of miniscalpel needle therapy in patients with carpal tunnel or tarsal tunnel syndrome. Methods : Three patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) or tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) (first case, patient with CTS and TTS; second case, patient with CTS; and third case, patient with TTS) were treated with miniscalpel needle (MSN) therapy and integrative Korean medical treatment. The Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Neuropathic Pain Scale (NPS), Boston scale score, and AOFAS (American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) ankle-hindfoot score were measured. Results : In general, outcome measures after treatment showed improvement in all cases. In the first case (CTS and TTS), scores on the NRS, NPS, and Boston scale decreased, and AOFAS ankle-hind foot scores increased. In addition, Tinel's sign showed improvement. In the second case (CTS), scores on the NRS, NPS, and Boston scale, and Tinel's sign, were decreased. In the third case (TTS), scores on the NRS and NPS, and Tinel's sign, showed improvement, and AOFAS ankle-hind foot scores were increased. Conclusion : These results suggest that MSN therapy has a meaningful clinical effect in CTS and TTS.

Arthroscopic Ankle Arthrodesis Using Three Cannulated Screws (3개의 유관 나사를 이용한 관절경적 족근 관절 고정술)

  • Kim, Kyung-Tae;Lee, Song;Ko, Dong-Oh;Yang, Seung-Jin;Chun, Tae-Hwan;Yang, Jong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.249-253
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: We evaluated the clinical and radiographic results of arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis using 3 cannulated screws for the treatment of arthritis of ankle. Materials and Methods: From May 2006 to February 2009, 17 cases of arthritis of ankle were treated by ankle arthrodesis using 3 cannulated screws under arthroscopy. There were 8 male and 7 female and the average age was 62.2 years. We evaluated them clinically using AOFAS ankle-hindfoot functional scale, VAS pain score and patient’s satisfaction. For the radiographic evaluation, we checked them by simple AP, lateral and mortise view. The average follow-up period was 24.2 months. Results: The ankle-hindfoot functional scale was improved from an average of 47.4 points preoperatively to an average of 82.5 points at the last follow-up. The visual analogue scale pain score was decreased from an average of 8.6 to 2.4. Patient's satisfaction had favorable results with excellent in 7 cases(41.2%), good in 8 cases(47.0%), fair in 1 case(5.9%) and poor in1 case(5.9%). All ankles were successfully fused and the mean period of fusion was 9.1 weeks. Conclusion: Arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis using 3 cannulated screws was good modality of ankle arthrodesis with good clinical results and high union rate in the case of advanced ankle arthritis.

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Subtalar Arthrodesis using Cannulated Screws and Morselized Bone Graft (유관 나사와 분쇄 골이식을 사용한 거골하 관절 유합술)

  • Ahn, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Kap-Jung;Choy, Won-Sik;Na, Kyu-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.66-70
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: To analyze the clinical and radiological outcome of subtalar arthrodesis using cannulated screws and morselized bone graft. Materials and Methods: Twenty one patients with follow-up of more than 1 year after subtalar arthrodesis were included in this study. Mean age was 40.8 years, and mean follow-up duration was 38 months. Underlying diseases were 19 cases of posttraumatic arthritis (18 calcaneal fractures and 1 talar fracture) and 2 cases of tarsal coalition. Clinically AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, operation time, complication and satisfaction of patients were analyzed. Radiologically time to union, arthritis of surrounding joints, preoperative and postoperative talar declination angle were analyzed. Results: AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was improved from preoperative 33 points to postooperative 79 points. Eighteen patients (86%) were satisfied with the results. Mean operation time was 91 minutes. All cases were fixed with 1-2 cannulated screws and morselized bone graft. Mean time to radiologic union was 12.1 weeks. There was 1 case of delayed union. There was no significant perioperative changes in talar declination angles. Conclusion: Subtalar arthrodesis using cannulated screws and morselized bone graft seems to be relatively simple and effective treatment method for subtalar arthritis.

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Short-Term Results of Surgical Treatment Using TightRopeTM for Acute Ankle Syndesmosis Injury (급성 족근 관절 원위 경비인대결합 손상에서 TightRopeTM를 이용한 수술의 단기 치료 결과)

  • Kim, Do Young;Lee, Jun Hyuck;Park, Jung Hyun;Cho, Jaeho
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.176-181
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcome of syndesmosis fixation using TightRope$^{TM}$ (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA) in acute syndesmosis injuries. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients with acute syndesmosis injuries, treated using TightRope$^{TM}$, were reviewed. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and at the last follow-up (at least 12 months postoperatively). Clinical outcomes were assessed using American Orthopaedics Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score and self-subjective satisfaction survey. Three radiologic parameters were evaluated two times at the preoperative and final follow up from the nonweightbearing ankle anteroposterior radiographs. Results: The mean AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was 95.5 at the final follow-up. According to the satisfaction survey, 21 patients chose excellent, and four patients chose good. All radiologic parameters, including the mean tibiofibular clear space, mean tibiofibular overlap, and mean medial clear space on nonweightbearing ankle anteroposterior view, significantly improved after surgery. Complications occurred in only one patient who experienced knot irritation with infection. Conclusion: The short-term surgical results of syndesmosis fixation using TightRope$^{TM}$ were good to excellent, both clinically and radiographically. These results suggest that the fixation using TightRope$^{TM}$ is a valid option for acute syndesmosis injury.