• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anthracnose

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Seasonal Occurrence and Infection Site of Strawberry Anthracnose (딸기탄저병의 시기별 발생과 감염경로)

  • 김승한;최성용;임양숙;윤재탁;최부술
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2002
  • Seasonal occurrence of strawberry anthracnose in greenhouses caused by Colletotrichum sp. was examined from 1997 through 1999 at three locations, Kyeongju, Goryeong, and Cheongdo in Kyungbuk province, Korea. Also some factors related to the anthracnose infection such as initial infection sites, inoculation methods, and soil nature were studied through in vitro and field experiments. The anthracnose disease begun to occur from 15 days after transplanting in early October, and continued but gradually decreased thereafter for 2 months until December, After transplanting, initial infection mainly occurred through the runner of which the tissue was more susceptible to the anthracnose than those of the leaf and petiole when the fungal mycelial disk was inoculated. Postplanting inoculation by irrigation with spore suspension was much more effective in inducing the anthracnose disease than preplanting soil mix. However without inoculation, no or little anthracnose occurred regardless of commercial, non-cultivated or diseased field soils when healthy seedlings were planted. This suggests that occurrence of strawberry anthracnose in fields may be related to contamination of plant propagules with the anthracnose pathogen.

Occurrence of Anthracnose on Peach Tree Caused by Colletotrichum Species

  • Kim, Wan-Gyu;Hong, Sung-Kee
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.80-83
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    • 2008
  • Anthracnose symptoms were frequently observed on fruits of peach trees grown in Yeongi in Korea during disease survey in August from 2000 to 2005. The disease incidence was as high as 40% at its maximum in the orchards investigated. A total of 24 isolates of Colletotrichum species were obtained from the anthracnose symptoms, out of which 20 were identified as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and the four remaining ones as C. acutatum based on their morphological and cultural characteristics. Two isolates of each C. gloeosporioides and C. acutatum caused anthracnose symptoms on the fruits by both wound and unwound inoculation, which were similar to those observed in the orchard. The symptoms appeared more rapidly by the wound inoculation than by the unwound inoculation. There was no difference in pathogenicity between the C. gloeosporioides and C. acutatum isolates tested. In Korea, only C. gloeosporioides has been recorded as the causal fungus of anthracnose of peach tree. This is the first report that C. acutatum also causes anthracnose of peach tree in Korea.

Occurrence of Anthracnose on Fruits of Asian Pear Tree Caused by Colletotrichum acutatum

  • Kim, Wan-Gyu;Hong, Sung-Kee;Park, Yeong-Seob
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.238-240
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    • 2007
  • Anthracnose symptoms often occurred on fruits of Asian pear trees grown in Anseong, Naju, Seonghwan and Pyeongtaek in Korea during the harvesting period from 2000 to 2005. A total of 28 isolates of Colletotrichum sp. were obtained from the anthracnose symptoms. All the isolates were identified as Colletotrichum acutatum based on their morphological and cultural characteristics. Four isolates of the fungus were tested for pathogenicity to fruits of Asian pear tree by artificial inoculation. All the isolates induced anthracnose symptoms on the fruits by wound inoculation but not by unwound inoculation. The anthracnose symptoms induced by artificial inoculation were similar to those observed in the orchard. This is the first report of anthracnose of Asian pear tree caused by Colletotrichum acutatum.

Anthracnose of Peanut Caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides에 의한 땅콩 탄저병)

  • 김주희;이용훈;이왕휴
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.614-617
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    • 1998
  • Anthracnose of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) was found in the peanut cultivating fields in Iksan, Korea in September 1997. Infected plants showed irregularly circular water soaking brown lesions. In the severe case, leaves and stems were entirely died. The causal fungus of anthracnose isolated from the diseased plants was identified as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. and its teleomorph was Glomerella cingulata (Stonem.) Spauld. & Sch. according to the criteria based on the cultural and morphological characteristics. By arificial inoculation with fungal spores on healthy peanut, anthracnose symptom was observed 15 days after inoculation.

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Identification, Characterization, and Pathogenicity of Colletotrichum Species Causing Anthracnose of Peach in Korea

  • Lee, Dae Min;Hassan, Oliul;Chang, Taehyun
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.210-218
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    • 2020
  • Peach (Prunus persica L.) is one of the major fruit crops in South Korea, along with apple, persimmon, and Asian pears. Peach anthracnose is a continuing threat to growers and is accountable for enormous economic loss. In July 2018, anthracnose of peach appeared at different peach orchards in Gyeongsangbuk-do region, Korea. The typical anthracnose symptoms (brown, circular, and necrotic lesions) were observed on the fruits. Anthracnose of peach was surveyed in different peach orchards of Gyeongsangbuk-do, and 20 fungal isolates from 19 diseased fruits were collected. Multigene phylogenetic analyses coupled with morphological characteristic analysis approaches were used for identifying the fungal species isolated from diseased fruits. This study confirmed three Colletotrichum species. Based on the results, Colletotrichum siamense are reported for the first time as causal agents of peach anthracnose alongside C. fructicola and C. fioriniae, which has been reported previously. Pathogenicity assays were performed for the three isolates representing all the species identified, and Koch's postulates on detached healthy peach fruits were verified. All the identified species were pathogenic on peach fruits as the typical anthracnose symptoms were reproduced. Significant variations in the virulence were observed among fungal species on peach fruit.

Identification of Colletotrichum spp. associated with pepper anthracnose in Korea (oral)

  • Kim, Joon-Tae;Park, Soo-Kyoung;Park, Woobong;Lee, Yong-Hwan;Kim, Heung-Tae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Plant Pathology Conference
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    • pp.125.1-125
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    • 2003
  • Pepper anthracnose is one of the major limiting factors in pepper production. Boring last over 10 years, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides has been known as the most prevalent species among five Colletotrichum spp. involved as anthracnose causing agents. Recently, however, the change of major species with pepper anthracnose has been proposed. Identification study was peformed on 12 test isolates collected from anthracnose disease symptoms on pepper during 2001-2002 and 25 reference isolates obtained from several other host plants. The identification of the isolates with morphological observation and IfS region sequence comparison resulted that 11 ones from 12 test isolates colleted from pepper anthracnose during 2001-2002 were identified as C. acutatum. PCR using species-specific primers designed from ITS region sequence suggested a rapid diagnosis method in identifying C. acutatum from C. gloeosporioides.

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Occurrence of Anthracnose on Chinese Mallow Caused by Colletotrichum malvarum

  • Kim, Wan-Gyu;Hong, Sung-Kee;Kim, Jin-Hee
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.139-141
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    • 2008
  • Anthracnose symptoms were frequently observed on leaves, petioles, and stems of Chinese mallow grown in Namyangju, Korea, during a disease survey performed in November, 2007. The disease incidence was as high as 30% in the 12 greenhouses investigated. A total of 38 isolates of the Colletotrichum species were obtained from the anthracnose symptoms, and all the isolates were identified as Colletotrichum malvarum based on their morphological and culture characteristics. Three isolates of the fungus caused anthracnose symptoms on leaves and stems following artificial inoculation, which were similar to those observed during the greenhouse survey. In this study, mycological and pathological characteristics of C. malvarum identified as causing anthracnose of Chinese mallow were clarified.

Occurrence of Anthracnose on Highbush Blueberry Caused by Colletotrichum Species in Korea

  • Kim, Wan-Gyu;Hong, Sung-Kee;Choi, Hyo-Won;Lee, Young-Kee
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.310-312
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    • 2009
  • A total of 82 isolates of Colletotrichum species were obtained from anthracnose symptoms of highbush blueberry trees grown in the Gochang area of Korea during a disease survey in 2008. Out of the isolates, 75 were identified as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and the others as C. acutatum based on their morphological and cultural characteristics. Twenty six of C. gloeosporioides isolates produced their teleomorph Glomerella cingulata in PDA culture. Three isolates of each C. gloeosporioides and C. acutatum caused anthracnose symptoms on the leaves by artificial inoculation, which were similar to what was observed in the orchards. Previously in Korea, only C. gloeosporioides has been reported as causing anthracnose in blueberries. This is the first report that C. acutatum causes anthracnose in the highbush blueberry in Korea.

I. Anthracnose of Tea Tree Caused by Collectotrichum theae-sinensis (차나무의 병해 I. Collectotirchum theae-sinensis에 의한 차 탄저병)

  • 박서기
    • Plant Disease and Agriculture
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.26-28
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    • 1995
  • Anthracnose of tea tree, Camellia sinensis, occurred severely at tea plantation of Boseung, Chonnam. Irregular, dark brown spots appeared on tips and margins of mature leaves in early stage. As the disease progresses, the lesions were covered with numerous, small, black, slightly raised pustules (acervuli). The causal fungus of anthracnose was identified as Colletotrichum theae-sinensis (Miyake) Yamamoto. Symptoms by C. theae-sinensis appeared around 20 days after artificial inoculation.

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Epidemiological Investigations to Optimize the Management of Pepper Anthracnose

  • Ahn, Mun-Il;Yun, Sung-Chul
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2009
  • An understanding of anthracnose (Colletotrichum acutatum) infections, including the infection of flowers and latent infection early in the season, is necessary to achieve successful control by means of properly timed spraying with a curative fungicide. In the present study, latent anthracnose infection of chili was investigated under greenhouse and field conditions in 2007-2008. Flowers on greenhouse-grown seedlings were infected and 11% of the young fruits subsequently showed symptoms of anthracnose. Apparently healthy-looking green peppers obtained from unsprayed fields or an organic market also exhibited symptoms of anthracnose after 4 days of incubation under high moisture conditions at $25^{\circ}C$; less than 1% of the peppers were found to be latently infected. To determine the natural timing of infection in the field, 3,200 fruits were wrapped in paper bags and then selectively unwrapped and examined for signs of infection. Field experiments were conducted at Suwon (cvs. Yokkang, Manitta, Olympic) and Asan (cv. Chunhasangsa) in 2008. The 7- to 10-day wrapping periods were July 25-31, July 31-August 7, August 7-15, August 15-24, and August 24-September 3. The 1-to 2-month wrapping periods were from July 4, July 31, and August 15 until harvest (Sept. 3). The controls consisted of 1,712 field-grown non-wrapped fruits. The rates of infection on the various cultivars were Yokkang 55%, Manitta 37%, Olympic 55%, and Chunhasangsa 20%. A distinct period in which anthracnose infection suddenly increased could not be identified; however, attempts to guess the approximate timing of field infection showed that 0-39% of the plants had latent infections, while depending on the cultivar, 8-14% of the plants examined in August and 4-13.5% of the those examined during May-July showed symptoms of infection. Delaying fungicide spraying by 24 and 48 h after artificial infection decreased the rates of infection by 10% and 25-30%, respectively. Chemical control of anthracnose based on a forecasting model should be considered starting from the transplanting stage, with spraying within a day after warning and care being taken not to latently infect apparently healthy pepper fruits.