• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anti-collision algorithm

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Fast Anti-collision Algorithm for Improving Tag Identification Speed in EPC Class 1 RFID System (EPC Class 1 RFID 시스템에서 태그 인식 속도 향상을 위한 고속 태그 충돌 방지 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Choong-Hee;Kim, Jae-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.33 no.6B
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    • pp.450-455
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    • 2008
  • We analyze the tag identification procedure of conventional EPC Class 1 RFID system and propose the fast anti-collision algorithm for the performance improvement of the system. In the proposed algorithm, the reader uses information of tag collisions and reduces unnecessary procedures of the conventional algorithm. We evaluate the performance of the proposed anti-collision algorithm and the conventional algorithm using mathematical analysis and simulation. According to the results, the fast anti-collision algorithm shows greatly better performance than conventional algorithm.

Collision Tree Based Anti-collision Algorithm in RFID System (RFID시스템에서 충돌 트리 기반 충돌방지 알고리즘)

  • Seo, Hyun-Gon
    • Journal of KIISE:Information Networking
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.316-327
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    • 2007
  • RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) is one of the most promising air interface technologies in the future for object identification using radio wave. If there are multiple tags within the range of the RFID tag reader, all tags send their tag identifications to the reader at the same time in response to the reader's query. This causes collisions on the reader and no tag is identified. A multi-tag identification problem is a core issue in the RFID. It can be solved by anti-collision algorithm such as slot based ALHOA algorithms and tree based algorithms. This paper, proposes a collision tree based anti-collision algorithm using collision tree in RFID system. It is a memory-less algorithm and is an efficient RFID anti-collision mechanism. The collision tree is a mechanism that can solve multi-tag identification problem. It is created in the process of querying and responding between the reader and tags. If the reader broadcasts K bits of prefix to multiple tags, all tags with the identifications matching the prefix transmit the reader the identifications consisted of k+1 bit to last. According to the simulation result, a proposed collision tree based anti-collision algorithm shows a better performance compared to tree working algorithm and query tree algorithm.

High-Tag anti-collision algorithm to improve the efficiency of tag Identification in Active RFID System (능동형 RFID시스템에서 태그 인식 속도 향상을 위한 고속 태그 충돌 방지 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Han-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.235-242
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    • 2012
  • In RFID System, one of the problem that we must slove is to devise a good anti-collision algorithms to improve the efficiency of tag identification which is usually low because of tag collision. Among of the existing RFID anti-collision algorithm, BS (Binary Search) algorithm, though simple, has a disadvantage that the stage of times used to identify the tags increase exponentially as the number of tags does. In this paper, I propose a new anti-collision algorithm called Multi-collision reflected frame which restricts the number of stages and decided bit. Since the proposal algorithm keep the length size of UID and density of total tag when have 100%. The simulation results showed that the proposed algorithm improves the efficiency by 30~50% compared to the existing algorithm.

Optimal Frame Size Allocation Scheme for RFID Systems

  • Lim, In-Taek
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.24-28
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    • 2008
  • In RFID System, when multiple tags respond simultaneously, a collision can occur. A method that solves this collision is referred to anti-collision algorithm. Among the existing anti-collision algorithms, static framed slot allocation algorithm is very simple. But when the number of tags is variable, its performance degrades because of the fixed frame size. This paper proposes an optimal frame size allocation scheme that determines the frame size. The proposed scheme is based on the number of collision slots at every frame. According to the simulation results, the tag identification time is faster that of SFSA.

Tag Anti-Collision Algorithms in Passive and Semi-passive RFID Systems -Part II : CHI Algorithm and Hybrid Q Algorithm by using Chebyshev's Inequality-

  • Fan, Xiao;Song, In-Chan;Chang, Kyung-Hi;Shin, Dong-Beom;Lee, Heyung-Sub
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.33 no.8A
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    • pp.805-814
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    • 2008
  • Both EPCglobal Generation-2 (Gen2) for passive RFID systems and Intelleflex for semi-passive RFID systems use probabilistic slotted ALOHA with Q algorithm, which is a kind of dynamic framed slotted ALOHA (DFSA), as the tag anti-collision algorithm. A better tag anti-collision algorithm can reduce collisions so as to increase the efficiency of tag identification. In this paper, we introduce and analyze the estimation methods of the number of slots and tags for DFSA. To increase the efficiency of tag identification, we propose two new tag anti-collision algorithms, which are Chebyshev's inequality (CHI) algorithm and hybrid Q algorithm, and compare them with the conventional Q algorithm and adaptive adjustable framed Q (AAFQ) algorithm, which is mentioned in Part I. The simulation results show that AAFQ performs the best in Gen2 scenario. However, in Intelleflex scenario the proposed hybrid Q algorithm is the best. That is, hybrid Q provides the minimum identification time, shows the more consistent collision ratio, and maximizes throughput and system efficiency in Intelleflex scenario.

Anti-Collision Algorithm for Improvement of Multiple Tag Identification in RFID System (RFID 시스템에서 다중 태그 인식 개선을 위한 충돌방지 알고리즘)

  • Kim, Yong-Hwan;Ryoo, Myung-Chun;Park, Joon-Ho
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.331-343
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    • 2013
  • In RFID systems, the anti-collision algorithm is being improved to recognize Tag's ID within recognition area of the reader quickly and efficiently. This paper focuses on Tag collision. Many studies have been carried out to resolve Tag collision. This paper proposes a new N-ary Query Tree Algorithm to resolve more than Tag collision simultaneously, according to the value of m(2 ~ 6). This algorithm can identify more tags than existing methods by treating a maximum 6 bit collision, regardless of the continuation/non-continuation Tag's ID patterns. So, it extracts maximumly different $2^6$ bit patterns per single prefix in recognition process. The performance of N-ary Query Tree Algorithm is evaluated by theoretical analysis and simulation program.

Enhanced Pulse Protocol RFID Reader Anti-collision Algorithm using Slot Occupied Probability in Dense Reader Environment

  • Song, In-Chan;Fan, Xiao;Chang, Kyung-Hi
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.2 no.6
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    • pp.299-311
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    • 2008
  • The Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) system is a contactless automatic identification system, which comprises readers and tags. In RFID systems, a reader collision occurs when there is interference in communication between one reader and the tags, due to the signals from other readers. The reader collision problem is considered as the fundamental problem affecting high density RFID reader installations. In this paper, we analyze the existing reader anti-collision algorithms. We also propose a pulse protocol-based reader anti-collision algorithm using slot occupied probability (SOP). The implementation of this improvement is simple, yet it effectively mitigates most reader collisions in dense reader mode, as shown in our simulation. That is, the proposed algorithm reduces the identification time, and increasesthe system throughput and system efficiency compared with the conventional reader anti-collision algorithms.

A Scheme for Guaranteeing Fair Identification Delay in Gen-2 RFID Systems

  • Lim, In-Taek
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.44-49
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    • 2011
  • In RFID System, when multiple tags respond simultaneously, a collision can occur. A method that solves this collision is referred to anti-collision algorithm. In Gen-2 RFID system, if the slot-count size varies during a query round due to the collisions, a new query round begins with a QueryAdjust command. Anti-collision algorithm of Gen-2 RFID system is simple. But, it has the tag starvation problem that a tag may never be successfully identified because its responses always collide with others. Therefore, this paper proposes a scheme to guarantee the fair identification delay. In the proposed scheme, if the slot-count value changes due to the collisions, the reader broadcasts a CollisionRound command to begin a collision round. During the collision round, the reader identifies only tags that occurred collision during the previous query round.

Performance Analysis of Tag Identification Algorithm in RFID System (RFID 시스템에서의 태그 인식 알고리즘 성능분석)

  • Choi Ho-Seung;Kim Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2005
  • This paper proposes and analyzes a Tag Anti-collision algorithm in RFID system. We mathematically compare the performance of the proposed algorithm with existing binary algorithms(binary search algorithm, slotted binary tree algorithm using time slot, and bit-by-bit binary tree algorithm proposed by Auto-ID center). We also validated analytic results using OPNET simulation. Based on analytic result, comparing the proposed Improved bit-by-bit binary tree algerian with bit-by-bit binary tree algorithm which is the best of existing algorithms, the performance of Improved bit-by-bit binary tree algorithm is about $304\%$ higher when the number of tags is 20, and $839\%$ higher when the number of tags is 200.

Anti-collision Algorithm with Early Cancellation of Query Round in RFID Systems

  • Lim, In-Taek
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.292-296
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    • 2009
  • The performance of anti-collision algorithm in RFID systems, which are based on FSA algorithm, may be affected by the frame size a query round. In this paper, an anti-collision algorithm with early cancellation of query round is proposed to enhance the performance of EPCglobal Class-1 Gen-2. The Q-algorithm calculates a Q value to determine the next frame size during a query round. In the proposed algorithm, if the new Q value is different from the previous one, the reader transmits a QueryAdjust command to cancel the current query round. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can have a stable performance irrespective of the C value of Q-algorithm and the number of tags.