• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anti-inflammation

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Molecular Events on Experimental Skin Inflammation and Modulation by Topical Anti-inflammatory Flavonoids

  • Kim, Hyun-Pyo
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2007
  • There have been various animal models of skin inflammation. These models have been used for establishing anti-inflammatory activity of the topical agents including cosmetics. Here, the molecular mechanisms of most widely-used animal models of skin inflammation including contact irritation, acute and chronic inflammation, and delayed-type hypersensitivity are summarized. Against these animal models, varieties of plant flavonoids showed anti-inflammatory activity. The action mechanisms of anti-inflammation by topical flavonoids are presented. A therapeutic potential of flavonoids is discussed.

The Experimental Study on Anti-inflammation and Anti-oxidation of Indigo Naturalis and Rehmanniae Radix (청대(靑黛)와 생지황(生地黃)의 항염 및 항산화 효과에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : This experiment study was performed to investigate the anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant effects of Indigo Naturalis(IN) and Rehmanniae Radix(RR) which were herbs for clearing heat. Methods : Anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation effects of IN and RR that were measured by the inhibitory ability of Nitric oxide(NO) production and the scavenging for 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) radical. Results : 1. IN and RR groups were not showed cell toxicity. 2. In the inhibitory ability of NO production, IN groups were better than RR groups, but there were no statistical significances among the groups. 3. In the scavenging for DPPH radical, IN groups were better than RR groups, but there were no statistical significances among the groups. Conclusions : These results showed that the IN group was better than the RR group in treating skin eruptions, especially those such as erythema, purple spot, papule, pustules which appear in acute inflammation.

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The Experimental Study on Anti-inflammation and Anti-oxidation of Sopungdojeok-tang(Xiaofengdaochi-tang) and Samulsopungsan(Siwuxiaofeng-san) (소풍도적탕(消風導赤湯)과 사물소풍산(四物消風散)의 항염 및 항산화 효과에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Seo, Hyung-Sik
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2010
  • Objective: This experimental study was performed to investigate the anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant effects of Sopungdojeok-tang(SPDJT) and Samulsopung-san(SMSPS) which were used to treat patient with atopic dermatitis Methods: Anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant effects of SPDJT and SMSPS were measured by the inhibitory ability of Nitric oxide(NO) production and the scavenging for 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) radical. Results: 1. SPDJT and SMSPS were not showed cell toxicity. 2. In inhibitory effects against NO production, all groups of SPDJT were showed anti-inflammation, but all groups of SMSPS were not showed anti-inflammation. There were statistical significances between $20{\mu}g/m\ell$ and 4, $10{\mu}g/m\ell$ in SPDJT groups. 3. In DPPH radical scavenging activity, all groups of SPDJT and all groups of SMSPS were showed anti-oxidant effects. There were statistical significances between $20{\mu}g/m\ell$ SPDJT group and 4, $10{\mu}g/m\ell$ SMSPS groups. Conclusion: These results suggest that the SPDJT groups are better than the SMSPS groups in antiinflammation and anti-oxidant effects.

The Effects of Sulfur extract on Anti-Inflammation and Anti-Propionibacterium acnes (유황(硫黃)이 여드름 유발균과 염증에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seon-Yong;Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.68-76
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effects of Sulfur extract on anti-inflammation and anti-Propionibacterium acnes. Methods : The cytotoxicity of Sulfur extract about viability of Raw 264.7 cell were tested using a colorimetric tetrazolium assay(MTT assay). To investigate the anti-inflammation effects of Sulfur extract on LPS-induced macrophage Raw 264.7 cell, we used ELISA kit and Western blots. We evaluated anti-oxidation effects of Sulfur extract on HaCaT cell by Enzyme recycling method. And we investigated the inhibitory effects of Sulfur extract on Propionibactrium acnes using paper disk diffusion method. Results: 1. Sulfur extract has a little cytotoxicity in Raw 264.7 cell. 2. Concentration of $100\;{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ Sulfur extract inhibited the production of NO in the Raw 264.7 cell stimulated with LPS. 3. Sulfur extract showed a oxidation inhibition effect by decreasing the DPPH radicals. 4. Sulfur extract has not the significant inhibition effect of Propionibactrium acnes. Conclusions: These results indicate that Sulfur extract has anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation effects. If further study is performed, the use of Sulfur extract will be valuable and benificial in the therapy of Propionibactrium acnes.

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Anti-nociceptive and Anti-inflammatory Effect of an Ethanol Extract of The Leaf and Stem of Aralia cordata

  • Jang, Ji Yeon;Seong, Yeon Hee
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.301-305
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    • 2014
  • The aim of our study is to investigate the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory properties of an ethanol extract of the leaf and stem of Aralia cordata. Writhing responses induced by acetic acid, tail immersion test, and formalin-induced paw pain response for nociception and formalin-induced paw edema for inflammation were evaluated in mice. A. cordata (50 - 200 mg/kg, p.o.) and ibuprofen (100 mg/kg, p.o.), a positive non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), inhibited the acetic acid-induced writhing response, but they did not protect the thermal nociception in tail immersion test. However, morphine (5 mg/kg, s.c.) used as positive opioid control alleviated both the acetic acid-induced writhing response and thermal nociception in tail immersion test. In the formalin test, A. cordata (50 - 200mg/kg) and ibuprofen (200mg/kg) inhibited the second phase response (peripheral inflammatory response), but not the first phase response (central response), whereas morphine inhibited both phase pain responses. Both A. cordata (100 mg/kg) and ibuprofen (200 mg/kg) significantly alleviated the formalin-induced increase of paw thickness, the index of inflammation. These results show for the first time that the leaf and stem of A. cordata has a significant anti-nociceptive effect that seems to be peripheral, but not central. A. cordata also displays an anti-inflammatory activity in an acute inflammation model. The present study supports a possible use of the leaf and stem of A. cordata to treat pain and inflammation.

Reduced Anti-inflammatory Activity of Acetylsalicylic Acid Maltol Ester, Aspalatone

  • Han, Byung-Hoon;Suh, Dae-Yeon;Yang, Hyun-Ok;Lee, Song-Jin;Kim, Hyun-Pyo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.166-169
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    • 1994
  • The anti-inflammatory activity of acetylsalicylic acid maltol ester (aspalatone), a potential anti-thombotic agent, was studied using the several experimental animal models of inflammation. By oral administration, aspalatone was found to possess the weak anti-inflammatory activity in models of an acute inflammation, in which aspalatone showed approximately one-third to one-fourth of the anti-inflammatory activity of aspirin. Aspalatone (200 mg/kg/day) and aspirin (50 mg/kg/day), however, did not show the inhibitory activity against granuloma fomation and adjuvant-induced arthritis.

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Anti-Hyperalgesic Effects of Meloxicam Hydrogel via Phonophoresis in Acute Inflammation in Rats; Comparing Systemic and Topical Application

  • Kim, Tae-Youl;Kim, Young-Il;Seo, Sam-Ki;Kim, Soo-Hyeun;Yang, Kyu-Ho;Shin, Sang-Chul
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.305-310
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    • 2009
  • The aim of this study was to determine if a meloxicam hydrogel could be administered in vivo via phonophoretic transdermal delivery using pulsed ultrasound by examining its anti-hyperalgesic effects in a rat carrageenan inflammation model. Carrageenan (1%) was injected into the plantar surface of the right hindpaw, and meloxicam hydrogel was administered via phonophoretic transdermal delivery. Changes in the mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia, as well as swelling, showed that phonophoretic delivery of meloxicam exhibited significantly better anti-hyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory effects than pulsed ultrasound. Topical and systemic application of meloxicam hydrogel using phonophoresis showed similar anti-hyperalgesic effects. These findings suggest that the transdermal administration of a meloxicam hydrogel using phonophoresis by pulsed ultrasound might be useful for treating acute inflammation.

Anti-Oxidant, Pro-Oxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Unpolished Rice Relevant to Colorectal Cancer

  • Suwannalert, Prasit;Payuhakrit, Witchuda;Koomsang, Thidarat
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.5047-5056
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    • 2016
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major worldwide health problem owing to its high prevalence and mortality rates. Carcinogenesis in the colon is a multistage and multifactorial process. An imbalance between free radical exposure and anti-oxidant defense systems may leads to oxidative stress and attack of macromolecules which can alter signal transduction pathways and gene expression. Consequently, oxidative damage can lead to cellular dysfunction and contribute to pathophysiological processes in a variety of diseases including CRC. One factor tightly associated with CRC is chronic inflammation, which can be present from the earliest stage of tumor onset. Unpolished rice is an attractive chemoprevention in CRC due to their anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of this paper is to review evidence linking oxidative stress and inflammation to CRC and to provide essential background information for understanding future research on oxidative stress and inflammation on CRC. Mechanisms of action of unpolished rice in CRC carcinogenesis are also discussed.

Rhamnazin inhibits LPS-induced inflammation and ROS/RNS in raw macrophages

  • Kim, You Jung
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.49 no.5
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    • pp.288-294
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The aim of this work was to investigate the beneficial effects of rhamnazin against inflammation, reactive oxygen species (ROS)/reactive nitrogen species (RNS), and anti-oxidative activity in murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells. Methods: To examine the beneficial properties of rhamnazin on inflammation, ROS/ RNS, and anti-oxidative activity in the murine macrophage RAW264.7 cell model, several key markers, including COX and 5-LO activities, $NO^{\cdot}$, $ONOO^-$, total reactive species formation, lipid peroxidation, $^{\cdot}O_2$ levels, and catalase activity were estimated. Results: Results show that rhamnazin was protective against LPS-induced cytotoxicity in macrophage cells. The underlying action of rhamnazin might be through modulation of ROS/RNS and anti-oxidative activity through regulation of total reactive species production, lipid peroxidation, catalase activity, and $^{\cdot}O_2$, $NO^{\cdot}$, and $ONOO^{\cdot}$ levels. In addition, rhamnazin down-regulated the activities of pro-inflammatory COX and 5-LO. Conclusion: The plausible action by which rhamnazin renders its protective effects in macrophage cells is likely due to its capability to regulate LPS-induced inflammation, ROS/ RNS, and anti-oxidative activity.

The Effects of Houttuyniae Herba extract on the Activity of Anti-bacteria, Anti-inflammation and Anti-oxidation (어성초(魚腥草) 추출물의 항여드름 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Oh-do;Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2008
  • Objective : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effects of Houttuyniae Herba extract on anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation. Methods : The cytotoxicity of Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract about viability of Raw 264.7 cell were tested using a colormetric tetrazolium assay(MTT assay). We investigated the inhibitory effects of Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract on Propionibactrium acnes using paper disk diffusion method. To investigate the anti-inflammation effects of Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract on LPS-induced macrophage Raw 264.7 cell, we used ELISA kit. We evaluated anti-oxidation effects of Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract on HaCaT cell by Enzyme recycling method. Results : 1. In Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract, cell toxicity depended on the density and wasn't difference between two extracts. 2. Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract has not the significant inhibition effect of Propionibactrium acnes. 3. Concentration of 50, $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ Houttuyniae Herba water extract inhibited the production of NO in the Raw 264.7 cell stimulated with LPS. 4. All extracts except for $20{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ Houttuyniae Herba water extract showed anti-oxidation effect by decreasing the DPPH radicals. Conclusion : These results indicate that Houttuyniae Herba extract has anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation effects. If further study is performed, the use of Houttuyniae Herba extract will be valuable and benificial in the therapy of Propionibactrium acnes.