• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anti-oxidative

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Anti-oxidative Activities Gamma Irradiated Shell of Persicae semen (감마선을 조사한 桃仁皮(도인피)의 항산화활성)

  • Cho, Woo-A
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.95-99
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study were carried out to investigate the anti-oxidative activities of $\gamma$-SPE(gamma irradiated shell of Persicae semen extract with ethanol). Methods : Anti-oxidative was measured by DPPH free radical scavenging activities, nitric oxide radical scavenging activities, SOD-like activities, xanthine oxidase radical scavenging activities, nitrite scavenging activities and tyrosinase inhibition activities. Results : Effects of free radial scavenging was increased by irradiation. Tyrosinase inhibition activities was decreased by $\gamma$-SPE. Conclusions : Results suggested that $\gamma$-SPE have a potential as a new anti-oxidative material.

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Anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of Salix Koreensis Andersson in DC. leaf methanol extract in vitro models

  • Kim, Eun-Ji;Kim, Mi Hye
    • CELLMED
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.28.1-28.6
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    • 2016
  • Oxidative rancidity in foods causes undesirable changes in nutritive value, aroma, flavor, and color. Salix Koreensis Andersson in DC. (SK) has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects and is traditionally used to treat neuralgia, edema, pain, and inflammatory diseases. However, the regulatory effects of SK on oxidative and inflammatory reactions have not been elucidated. In this context, we scientifically validated the anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of SK leaf (SKL). The methanol extract of SKL was evaluated for in vitro anti-oxidative activities. SKL showed increased superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity and 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity. The in vitro anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of SKL were also investigated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. LPS resulted in decreased SOD activities compared with the unstimulated cells, but SKL significantly increased SOD activities reduced by LPS. In addition, LPS-induced nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$, and interleukin-6 productions were significantly and dose-dependently reduced by SKL in RAW264.7 macrophages without inducing cytotoxicity. In conclusion, these results indicate that SKL will be able to be effectively used as a food additive with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects.

A Study on the Anti-oxidative Effects of the Araliae Elatae Cortex (송목피의 항산화 효능 연구)

  • Kim, In-Soo;Seong, Nak-Sull;Lee, Young-Jong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.201-212
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The trunk-bark and the root of A. elata were compared with each other in terms of their anti-oxidative activities. Methods : Using the trunk-bark and the root of A. elata, their anti-oxidative activities were examined through the in vitro and in vivo experiments. Results : The trunk-bark of A. elata in vitro had weaker anti-oxidative activities than its root. However, the trunk-bark of A. elata in vivo had stronger anti-oxidative activities than the root in the rats which was oxidatively stressed by alcohol. Conclusion : These results suggested that the trunk-bark of A. elata was also useful as a medicine.

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Anti-oxidative effects of fractionated Pulsatilla koreana $N_{AKAI}$ extracts (백두옹 분획층의 항산화 효과)

  • Cho, Hyun-Jin;Yun, Hyun-Jeong;Yi, Hyo-Seung;Park, Sun-Dong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effects of anti-oxidation of fractionated Pulsatilla koreana $N_{AKAI}$ (PK) extracts. And we examined to determine that a certain fractionated extract has the best anti-oxidative effects between the fractionated PK extracts. Methods : Anti-oxidative effects of fractionated PK extracts was measured by scavenging activities of DPPH, superoxide, nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite radicals. And also scavenging activities of anti-oxidation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 cell was measured. After these examination, we determined a fraction that has best anti-oxidative effects. Results : Fractionated PK extracts inhibited radicals effectively. Also in RAW 264.7 cell, intracellular oxidation has inhibited by PK extracts. In these tests, ethyl acetate (EA) fraction has the best anti-oxidative effects among PK extracts. Conclusions : This results demonstrate that PK extracts exhibit anti-oxidative effects. And EA fraction has the best inhibition effects among the six fractions of PK.

Comparative Study of Bojungikgitang in Korea, Japan and China on the Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Oxidative Effects (보중익기탕 (補中益氣湯)의 한국, 중국, 일본 처방에 대한 항염증 및 항산화 효과 비교 연구)

  • Choi, Hye-Min;Kim, Hui-Hun;Lee, Hwa-Dong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : Bojungikgitang (BJT), the Oriental medical prescription has been traditionally used about improvement of immune response and infective disease at Asian nation. In this study, we has compared about the anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects on BJT of three countries including Korea (Korean Traditional Medicine, KTM), China (Traditional Chinese Medicine, CTM) and Japan (Japanese Traditional Medicine, JTM). Methods : We has basically using LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. The expression of these inflammatory mediators has measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Also, free radical scavenging assay has tested for anti-oxidative activity as well as the contents of total flavonoid and polyphenol. Results : As a result, we were founded the inhibitory effects of BJT (KTM, CTM, JTM) on LPS-induced production of NO, TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6 as well as the anti-oxidative activities. Especially the KTM was most effective in anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. Conclusions : These results indicate that BJT (KTM, CTM, JTM) has a good anti- inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. But, there were degree of effects on between pharmacopoeia of the countries. Thus, further study is required that find appropriate methods for extracting as well as establish of standardized processes in order to improve the quality of BJT (KTM, CTM, JTM) as an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative agent for treatment of inflammatory diseases.

Antioxidant and Protective Effects of Palmul-tang on Ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced Damage in Human Keratinocytes (팔물탕의 항산화 효과와 자외선으로 유도된 각질형성세포 손상에 대한 보호효과)

  • Kim, Tae-Yeon;Bak, Jong-Phil
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.141-154
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    • 2015
  • Objective : In this paper, we investigated the anti-oxidative capacities and protective effects of water extract of palmul-tang (PMT) against Ultraviolet B(UVB)-induced oxidative damage in human keratinocytes(HaCaT). Method : To evaluate the anti-oxidative activities of PMT, we measured scavenging activities on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) radical, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion, lipid peroxidation and reducing power of PMT. To give an oxidative stress to HaCaT cells, UVB was irradiated with $40mJ/cm^2$ to HaCaT cells. To detect the protective effects of PMT against UVB, we measured cell viability, apoptotic bodies and reactive oxygen species(ROS) generation. Results : PMT showed the anti-oxidative activities by scavenging DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion, lipid peroxidation. Also PMT showed high reducing values. The UVB-induced oxidative conditions led to the cell apoptosis. However, treatment with PMT reduced oxidative stress conditions, including inhibition of cell apoptosis and expression of ROS. Conclusion : PMT had anti-oxidative activities and exhibited protective effects against UVB on HaCaT cells. PMT would be useful for the development of cosmetics treating UVB-induced skin aging.

Anti-Oxidant, Pro-Oxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Unpolished Rice Relevant to Colorectal Cancer

  • Suwannalert, Prasit;Payuhakrit, Witchuda;Koomsang, Thidarat
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.5047-5056
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    • 2016
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major worldwide health problem owing to its high prevalence and mortality rates. Carcinogenesis in the colon is a multistage and multifactorial process. An imbalance between free radical exposure and anti-oxidant defense systems may leads to oxidative stress and attack of macromolecules which can alter signal transduction pathways and gene expression. Consequently, oxidative damage can lead to cellular dysfunction and contribute to pathophysiological processes in a variety of diseases including CRC. One factor tightly associated with CRC is chronic inflammation, which can be present from the earliest stage of tumor onset. Unpolished rice is an attractive chemoprevention in CRC due to their anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of this paper is to review evidence linking oxidative stress and inflammation to CRC and to provide essential background information for understanding future research on oxidative stress and inflammation on CRC. Mechanisms of action of unpolished rice in CRC carcinogenesis are also discussed.

Antimicrobial, Anti-inflammatory, and Anti-oxidative Activities of Scilla scilloides (Lindl.) Druce Root Extract

  • Yeo, Eun-Ju;Kim, Kee-Tae;Han, Ye-Sun;Nah, Seung-Yeol;Paik, Hyun-Dong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.639-642
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    • 2006
  • The root extract of Scilla scilloides (which has been used as a traditional folk medicine in Korea) was evaluated with regard to antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidative activities. The roots of S. scilloides were minced and extracted with 95% ethanol (root:ethanol=25:75, w/v). The inhibitory effects of S. scilloides root extract on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 35556, Salmonella enteritidis ATCC 12021, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Candida parapsilosis KCCM 35428 were tested. The results indicate that the antimicrobial effects of both 0.1 and 1.0% extract of S. scilloides were greater against the growth of S. aureus ATCC 35556 and C. parapsilosis KCCM 35428 than the growth of S. enteritidis ATCC 12021 and E. coli O157:H7. The anti-inflammatory effects were evaluated by measurement of the inhibition of hyaluronidase activity in vitro. It appears that both 0.1 and 1.0% concentrations of extract have inhibitory effects on hyaluronidase relative to the control. Finally, the anti-oxidative effect of 1.0 and 10% extract solutions were measured according to the thiocyanate method and were compared with 1.0% BHT. The results indicate that the anti-oxidative effect of 10% S. scilloides root extract (anti-oxidative index (AOI); $72.3{\pm}4.2$) is not significantly different from that of 1.0% BHA (AOI; $76.8{\pm}3.5$) (p<0.05). However, it appears that the anti-oxidative effect of S. scilloides root extract is at least three-fold greater than that of BHA when accounting for the amount of dissolved solids in each.

Antioxidant and Protective Effects of Gagam-Danguieumja on Ultraviolet B-induced Damage in Human Keratinocytes (가감당귀음자의 항산화 효과와 자외선으로 유도된 각질형성세포 손상에 대한 보호효과)

  • Kim, Tae Yeon;Bak, Jong Phil
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.475-484
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we studied the anti-oxidative capacities and protective effects of water extract of Gagam-Danguieumja(GDE) against Ultraviolet B(UVB)-induced oxidative damage in human keratinocytes(HaCaT). To evaluate the anti-oxidative activities of GDE, we measured scavenging activities on DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion, lipid peroxidation and reducing power of GDE. To detect the protective effects of GDE against UVB, we irradiated with 40 mJ/㎠`s UVB to HaCaT cells then we measured reactive oxygen species(ROS) generation, apoptotic bodies and cell viability using DCFH-DA assay, Hoechst 33342 staining and MTT assay. GDE showed the anti-oxidative activities by scavenging DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion, lipid peroxidation. Also GDE showed high reducing values. GDE reduced oxidative stress conditions by inhibition of ROS expression. Also the cell apoptosis by UVB-induced oxidative conditions was decreased by GDE treatment. These results could suggest that GDE had anti-oxidative activities and exhibited protective effects against UVB on HaCaT cells. GDE would be useful for the development of cosmetics treating UVB-induced skin aging.

The anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effect of Psoralea corylifolia on Ulcerative Colitis Induced by Dextran Sulfate Sodium in Mice

  • Ahn, Sang Hyun;Kim, Ki Bong
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.10-21
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: This study was to investigate the anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effect of Psoralea corylifolia water extract (PE) on ulcerative colitis which was induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in mice. Methods: Ulcerative colitis was induced by DSS in male BALB/c mice. The mice were divided into 3 groups. The control group (Ctrl) was not induced ulcerative colitis. The pathological group (CE) was induced the colitis. The experimental group (PT) was administered PE after inducing the colitis. The effects of the PE on ulcerative colitis were evaluated by morphological change in the colon tissue and cells, substance P production, activity of tumor necrosis factor $(TNF)-{\alpha}$ and nuclear factor $(NF)-{\kappa}B$, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 production, and anti-oxidative activity. Results: In the PT group, PE alleviated hemorrhagic erosion in colon mucosa and infiltration of inflammatory cells in lamina propria mucosae. In the colon of the PT group, COX-2 production was inhibited via regulating the activity of $TNF-{\alpha}$ and $NF-{\kappa}B$ p65. PE also had an anti-oxidative effect via activating nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2). Conclusions: In this study, we found the utility of treatment with PE and the potential of developing a medicine for ulcerative colitis by applying our results. Further investigations for the anti-inflammatory mechanism of PE may be needed.