• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anticommunism

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Doo-Huhn Kim's Dialectics of Theory of Value : Practical philosophical Argument justifying and advocating 'Pro-Japanese Dictatorial Regime' (김두헌의 가치론적 변증법 : 친일 독재 정권을 옹호·정당화하는 실천철학적 논변체계)

  • Sunwoo, Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.146
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    • pp.79-114
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    • 2018
  • In this article I investigate the critical fundamental truth of the practical philosophy of Kim Doo-Huhn who has not become known in our Korean society but should be paid respect at any cost in the history of practical philosophy, and whom we should take the important case of a philosophical lesson, focused on 'the Dialectic of Theory of Value' which makes up an essential framework of his practical philosophy.

The Representation of the Cold War Ideology, the Early 1980s' Korean Robot Animations: Focusing on Roboteu King and Super Titan 15 (냉전 이데올로기의 재현, 1980년대 초 한국 로봇애니메이션: <로보트킹>과 <슈퍼 타이탄15>를 중심으로)

  • Ryu, Jae Hyung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.681-692
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    • 2016
  • What is the socio-cultural meaning of the 1980s' Korean robot animations? What is the periodical backgrounds making this meaning? This study has attempted to lay the foundation stone of the answer for the questions. To do that, this study selected Roboteu King(Yeong-rang Bae, 1980) and Super Titan 15(Seung-cheol Park, 1983) as the objects of the textual analysis. To grasp the periodical identity, it has examined the cold war ideology that has been the basis of the political and economic environments of Korea. Findings are as follows. Korea was vulnerable to general environments after the Korean War; accordingly, Korea took the-dependence-on-the-US strategy in terms of various aspects including national security, scientific technology, and industry economy. This kind of socio-cutural condition was represented through the narratives of the early 1980s' Korean robot animations. Their narratives including the advance of plots, the roles of Korean protagonists, the technological gap between the planets and earth, and so forth were quite dependent on extraterrestrials and contained anticommunist ideology.

The Memory of War : from War Damages to Natural Disaster -The Evacuation Image Portrayed in Korean War Painting (전쟁의 기억: 전재에서 자연재해로 - 6.25전쟁기 회화 작품에 나타난 피난 이미지)

  • Cho, Eun-jung
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.13
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    • pp.7-33
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    • 2012
  • The memory of the Korean War is about the time period when people lived toughly during evacuation, due to being exposed to the natural climate such as intense cold or heat without any protection, leaving their comfortable home and living in temporary built shelters which were barely enough to avoid the wind. 'Death is concealed and only the figures of evacuation for survival were expressed, just as how the government ordered. Since the experience of the battlefield is personal and fragmentary, that is broken into pieces, it does not have compatibility. As war is a distorted experience that cannot be placed in a big picture, it is not possible to take a view of the war's big picture. Having this individualized experience as a common collective memory is an issue and it is the will that people tries to pursue. The reason why the evacuees from north to south, and as well as from the south to further south were all able to be adopted as the theme of artworks due to the military action that emptied the occupied territories of the North Korean Army under the forced removal command. In such situations, the natural state of the 'snow' was like a symbol of the 1.4 Recession. The group of people who were thrown into the intense cold displaced the war damage of loosing their base livelihood, and symbolized the obedient citizens who faithfully follow their government's command. The figure of advocating anti-communism is projected as a figure of a refugee during cold winter-time and it contains ones past which he or she obeyed its own country's commands. Evacuation, especially the evacuation during the winter is a visual device that can confirm these kinds of country's command. The consequences were same for the artists as well. Therefore, the situation being communal could be found due to the individual experiences during war are ideological. The image of the refuge shown in the picture played the role of strengthening the consciousness of defecting to South Korea into the meaning of the 'Finding Freedom.' I would like to express that the reason of them leave their home during the harsh winter is in order to avoid the oppression of the Communist Party. The evacuation that people went through was not to 'Finding Freedom', but 'To Survive'. Later, this evacuation has been imprinted as a behavior of choosing free Republic of Korea, which was an ideological issue. Anti-communism was the rule of survival in South Korea society, and people have the tendency to remember what they want to remember. As it is not the people who possesses an incident, but the memory that possesses ones, people cover their memory with disguised plots in order to forget the violence and to live a different prologue. They share the incident of violence as a hurtful memory. The tragedy of the Korean War was the result of Ideology and being in between the powerful nations' rights, but the violence during the war has been depicted as a natural disaster, which was the evacuation in heavy snow.

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