• Title, Summary, Keyword: Antimicorbial Effects

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Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from Citrus Seeds (감귤류 종자 추출물의 향균활성)

  • 오혁수;박욱병;안용석;오명철;오창경;김수현
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2003
  • To develope natural food preservatives antimicrobial effect of the natural products against food-related bacteria and yeast The purpose of this study was evaluate antimicrobial effect of the citrus seeds. antimicrobial activities of methanol extracts from the citrus seeds investigate against Escherichia coli O26, Staphylococcus aureus 6358, Saccharomyces cerevisiae IBM 4274, Bacillus licheuiformis 9945a and Alcoligenes faecalis. Citrus seeds is containing to moisture 4∼6.5%, curd protein 11∼15%, curd lipid 32∼46%, curd carbohydrate 22∼45 % and ash 2∼4 %, that is containing to flavornoid 12∼48mg% and phenolic compound 22∼53mg%. Solidity content of the methanol extract from the citrus seeds was 0.8∼1.2%. Almost all of the methanol extracts from citrus seeds exhibited growth inhibiting activities for most of microorganisms tested. The methanol extracts from Citrus grandis, C. sunki, C. sulcata showed the growth inhibitory effects against Escherichia coli O26. The methanol extracts from C. obovoidea, C. sulcata, C. aurantium showed the growth inhibitory effects against Staphylococcus aureus 6358. The methanol extracts from C. obovoidea, C. sulcata, C. tangerina showed the growth inhibitory effects against Saccharomyces cerevisiae IBM 4274. The methanol extracts from C. obovoidea, C sunki, C. sulcata, C. tangerinan, C. natsudaidai, C. iyo, C. aurantium showed the growth inhibitory effects against Bacillus licheuiformis 9945a. The methanol extracts from C. obovoidea, C sunki, C. sulcata, C. aurantium showed the growth inhibitory effects against Alcoligenes faecalis. Among this especially, Showed growth inhibiting activity of the methanol extracts from Citrus sulcata that about microorganisms investigated. If apply searching suitable application method about such the citrus seeds antimicrobial activity, role as good antimicorbial material in storage or cooking of food, processing is expected.

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Antimicorbial effect of Zea Mays L. and Magnoliae cortex extract mixtures on periodontal pathogen and effect on human gingival fibroblast cellular activity (옥수수 불검화 추출물(Zea Mays L.)과 후박(Magnoliae cortex) 추출물 혼합물의 치주질환원인균에 대한 항균작용 및 치은섬유아세포 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Il;Choi, Eun-Jeong;Chung, Chong-Pyoung;Han, Soo-Boo;Ku, Young
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.249-255
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    • 2002
  • Zea Mays L. has been known to be effective for improving tissue health and Magnoliae cortex to have effective antibacterial and antimicrobial activity against pathogenic microbes. The purpose of this study was to examine the antimicrobial effects of Zea Mays L. and Magnoliae cortex extract mixtures on periodontal pathogens(Prevotella intermedia, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Streptococcus mutans )and to examine the effects on human gingival fibroblast cellular activity. Zea Mays L. and Magnoliae cortex extracts and their mixtures were prepared with various mixing ratios (0.5:1, 1:1, 1.5:1, 2:1). These extracts were loaded to periodontal pathogen cultured petri dish for antimicrobial test and also loaded to cultured human gingival fibroblast for cellular activity test. Each test was repeated 3 times and data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA with 95% confidence level. Mixture of these two extracts showed greater amount of inhibition area on periodontal pathogen and more improved gingival fibroblast activity as Zea Mays L. ratio reduced. So, mixture ratio 0.5:1 (Zea Mays L. : Magnoliae cortex) group showed statistical significance in antimicrobial activity and cellular activity among various mixtures(p < 0.05). In conclusion, 0.5:1 (Zea Mays L. : Magnoliae cortex) mixture possessed best gingival fibroblast cellular activity and antimicrobial activity toward periodontal pathogens.

Antimicrobial Effects of Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) Extracts (티트리 (Melaleuca alternifolia) 추출물의 항균 활성)

  • Ji, Keunho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 2019
  • Melaleuca alternifolia contains terpineol-4, cineol, sesquiterpenes etc., and has a germicidal effect and skin moisturizing effect. It also has the characteristics of relieving acne inflammation, treating dandruff, relieving pain, and relieving depression. In this study, an antimicrobial substance extracted from tea tree using an organic solvent (methanol, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate) and hydrothermal extraction method. And confirmed the antimicrobial activity of each extract. In order to verify the antimicrobial activity, nine pathogenic bacteria (Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Vibrio parahaemolyticus) were used. The antimicrobial activity of each extracts were confirmed by the commonly used disc diffusion method. The results showed that the fraction extracts of ethyl acetate and methanol had antimicrobial effects against V. parahaemolyticus and S. aureus. Using these results, we confirmed the antimicrobial activity of each fraction extracts and hot water extracts against V. parahaemolyticus. After the treat of samples, we confirmed at over 99.9 % of antimicrobial activity. In case of antifungal activities, we confirmed of preservation effect during over 45 hours. Based on the results of this research, further studies will be conducted to confirm the possibility of development as a new antimicrobial agent.