• Title, Summary, Keyword: Antimicrobial susceptibility

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ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY TEST ON ORAL FLORA FROM DIFFERENT SAMPLING SITES IN CHILDREN (소아에서 구강내 정상세균총에 대한 채취부위별 항균제 감수성 차이에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Sang-Hun;Kim, Boo-Kyoung;Song, Jung-Ho;Park, Sung-Hwan;Chung, In-Kyo
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.40-44
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    • 2000
  • The most proper antibiotic must be selected after antimicrobial susceptibility test. If difference in antimicrobial susceptibility was significant between oral sampling sites, it is rationale to use the most susceptible antibiotic agent respond to dental procedure and object of treatment. This study examined sampling site variation from saliva, supragingival plaque and subgingival plaque of 16 children's oral microbes. The cultured bacterial isolates, which were Streptococcus viridans and Neisseria, were examined for 10 antimicribial drugs with the Bauer-Kirby agar disk diffusion method. The used drugs were Penicillin, Ampicillin, Oxacillin, Cephalothin, Imipenem, Gentamicin, Erythromycin, Vancomycin, Ciprofloxacin, Clindamycin. There was no significant difference between three sampling sites for antimicrobial susceptibility test of S. viridans and Neisseria and the sequence of susceptibility was agreed among them. In conclusion, it was suggested that antimicrobial susceptibility test from saliva, supragingival plaque and subgingival plaque of children have no significant sampling site variation.

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ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY TEST ON STREPTOCOCCUS VIRIDANS IN CHILDREN'S ORAL CAVITY (소아의 구강내에서 검출된 Streptococcus viridans에 대한 항균제 감수성 연구)

  • Shin, Sang-Hun;Song, Jung-Ho
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.330-336
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    • 2000
  • A large number of streptococci that do not fit readily into any of the established classification schemes have been relegated to a large heterogeneous group called the Streptococcus viridans, which are members of the normal flora of the mucous membranes of the body, including the oral cavity, the nasopharynx, and genitourinary tract. This group includes S. mitis, S. oralis, S. sanguis, S. salivarius, S. milleri, etc. Surveying on the literature, it has been reported that infective endocarditis, meningitis, rhabdomyolysis, cholangitis, appendicitis caused by Streptococcus viridans, which were the most important pathogen in children with malignant hematologic disease. Various antibiotics has been chosen for treatment or prophylaxis for these infections, but were generally lower antimicrobial susceptibilities because of an abuse of antibiotics and advent of resistant group. Therefore, surveillant culture must be performed to evaluate personal antimicrobial susceptibilities of intraoral microbes for proper antimicrobial choice for dental procedures. This study examined sampling from subgingival plaque of 60 chidren's microbes. The cultured bacterial isolates, Streptococcus viridans were examined 10 antimicrobial drugs with the Kirby-Bauer agar disk diffusion method. The used drugs were Penicillin, Ampicillin, Oxacillin, Cephalothin, Imipenem, Gentamicin, Erythromycin, Vancomycin, Ciprofloxacin, Clindamycin. The results were as follows : 1. Sampling Streptococcus viridans were S. mitis(65%), S. oralis(22%), S. sanguis(5%), S. intermedius(3%), S. salivarius(2%), S acidominimus(2%), Unidentified streptococcus(2%). 2. The antimicrobial susceptibility of total Streptococcus viridans : Oxacillin< Erythromycin< Pencillin=Ciprofloxacin< Cephalothin< Ampicillin< Clindamycin< Gentamicin< Imipenem=Vancomycin. 3. The antimicrobial susceptibility of S. mitis : Oxacillin=Erythromycin< Ciprofloxacin< Cephalothin< Penicillin=Ampicillin< Gentamicin< Clidamycin< Imipenem=Vancomycin. 4. The antimicrobial susceptibility of S. oralis : Oxacillin< Erythromycin< Penicillin=Ciprofloxacin=Clindamycin< Cephalothin=Gentamicin< Ampicillin< Imipenem=Vancomycin. 5. There was no significant difference in the antimicrobial susceptibility among each Streptococcus viridans group.

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The Rapid Drug Susceptibility Testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by GenoType$^{(R)}$ MTBDRplus in Contaminated Specimen

  • Heo, Reun;Kim, Yoon-Sik
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.330-337
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    • 2013
  • There are several methods currently being used to diagnose tuberculosis in patients, such as smear, PCR, tuberculosis culture and X-ray. For a proper medical treatment, antimicrobial susceptibility test and rapid drug susceptibility testing have been operated. Tuberculosis bacilli usually need 3~8 weeks of culture period because of delay in RNA synthesis and require 15~22 hours for generation. After a germ raises in culture, we initiated antimicrobial susceptibility test for a proper treatment. It has some difficulties to give a proper prescription for a tuberculosis patient because antimicrobial susceptibility test requires 4 weeks. To supplement this, we are practicing drug susceptibility testing which allow us to know the sensibility of RMP and INH after 2 or 3 days. But this is only possible when more than 2 positive germ. Therefore, we should practice rapid drug susceptibility testing with culture test. But if media is contaminated by other germs except Mycobacterium tuberculosis, it's hard to interpret result about culture test and to practice antimicrobial susceptibility test and rapid drug susceptibility testing. Because we have to practice again smear, culture test after extracting specimen from the patient, time is consumed and proper patient treatment is postponed. To address these problems and quick patient treatment, rapid drug susceptibility testing is practiced by using GenoType$^{(R)}$ MTDRplus method. As a result of this method we detected sensibility 10 and 7 cases and resistance 0 and 3 cases using RIM and INH respectively with other 1 case toward medicals out of the total 11 test. In conclusion rapid drug susceptibility testing can be used from the contaminated specimen after elimination of contaminated source from culture and proved that it can be practiced for rapid examination of a tuberculosis patient.

Bacterial Pathogens and Their Antimicrobial Susceptibility in Calves with Summer Pneumonia

  • Lee, Sungwhan;Kim, Junhee;Kim, Doo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.161-164
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    • 2017
  • Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is one of the most important diseases in calves. It causes a huge economic loss in farms. BRD in calves is concentrated during winter because of the cold weather and lack of ventilation. However, BRD during summer in calves has continuously been a problem in farms. But there is no study about pathogens of summer pneumonia in calves and antimicrobial susceptibility in Korea. Therefore, aims of this study were to identify the pathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility in calves with summer pneumonia. One hundred and one calves (2 weeks to 5 months after birth) with clinical sign of BRD from 5 farms were selected. After sampling by deep nasal swab, bacterial isolation and identification was conducted. Also, antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed. Pasteurella spp (49.4%), Staphylococcus spp (21.5%), Actinomyces spp (12.9%), E coli (10.7%), and Mannheimia haemolytica (5.3%) were isolated. The patterns of isolated pathogens from each farm were various. Also, the susceptibility of bacteria to antibiotics was showed a variety of patterns in each farm.

Identification and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Bacteria Isolated from Dogs with Chronic Otitis Externa

  • Park, Soyoung;Bae, Seulgi;Kim, Juntaek;Oh, Taeho
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.23-26
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    • 2017
  • Otitis externa (OE) is an inflammatory disease of the externa auditory meatus that occurs commonly in dogs. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests should be performed in case of chronic OE for successful treatment. In this study, identification and antimicrobial susceptibility test of bacteria isolated from dogs with chronic OE was performed. From 60 dogs with chronic OE, 60 bacterial species were identified. The most frequently identified species were Staphylococcus spp. (51%), followed by Pseudomonas spp. (15%) and Enterococcus spp. (14%). A single bacterial infection and multiple bacterial infections were observed in 67.5% and 32.5%, respectively. Staphylococcus spp. was susceptible to imipenum. Pseudomonas spp. was found to be susceptible to amikacin, cefepime, imipenum and piperacillin-tazobactam. Enterococcus spp. was susceptible to ampicillin-sulbactam, imipenum and piperacillin-tazobactam. Imipenum was highly susceptible antibiotic against both Gram-positive and negative bacteria whereas aztreonam and vancomycin were highly resistant. These results could suggest the optimal choice of antimicrobial agents for canine OE treatment.

Comparison of pathogens and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from conventional and robotic milking herds (일반목장과 로봇착유 목장에서 분리한 세균과 Staphylococcus aureus의 항생제 감수성 비교)

  • Lee, Sung-Hwan;Kim, Doo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.49-52
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to compare the patterns of mastitic pathogens and the antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus (S.) aureus from conventional milking (CM) and robotic milking (RM) dairy herds. To accomplish this, the minimum inhibitory concentrations of 14 antimicrobial agents were tested against S. aureus by the microdilution method. Regardless of the milking system, S. aureus, coagulase negative staphylococcus, and Streptococcus uberis were isolated. Additionally, significant differences in the antimicrobial susceptibility of S. aureus isolates between RM and CM farms were only observed in response to tetracycline.

Application of water-soluble tetrazolium salt for development of rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods (신속한 항생제 감수성 테스트 법의 개발을 위한 Water-Soluble Tetrazolium Salt의 적용)

  • Hwang, Seong Don;Jo, Dong Hee;Kim, Gwang-Il;Cho, Mi Young;Jee, Bo Young;Park, Myoung-Ae;Park, Chan-Il
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we conducted to the development of a rapid antimicrobial susceptibility test method using WST-1 which is known to water-soluble tetrazolium salt, in order to rapidly response against bacterial diseases in fish. Eight of antibiotics which are permissioned for marine organism from government were used to rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing using the WST-1. As a result, a similar tendency was verified compare to conventional antibiotic susceptibility test results. Generally, the antibiotic susceptibility test method required about 3 days (72 hours) for determine the effective antibiotics, however, we have confirmed that the our method using WST-1 was required at least 36 hours in this study. Consequentially, our method will contribute to development of rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing for bacterial diseases in fish.

Interpretation of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Test According to Resistance Mechanism of ${\beta}$-lactam in Enterobacteriacae (장내세균에서 ${\beta}$-lactam 항균제의 내성기전별 항균제 감수성검사의 해석)

  • Lee, Chae-Hoon
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.8-17
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    • 2010
  • It is important to select appropriate antimicrobials for the treatment of infection according to the results of antimicrobial susceptibility tests (ASTs), yet the clinical isolates are sometimes susceptible to antibiotics that are clinically ineffective or this is due to technical error of the ASTs. So, interpretive reading of ASTs is needed and especially for the ${\beta}$-lactams for treating $Enterobacteriacae$. This review describes the interpretive reading of ASTs according to natural antimicrobial resistance and the mechanisms of mechanisms, with giving special attention to the antibiotics phenotypes for $Enterobacteriacae$. Further, as all the diffent tissues have a different antimicrobial concentration for identical antimicrobials, more information is needed on the antimicrobial tissue distribution for the appropriate treatment of infection. (ED note: I hope you send me the paper.)

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Phenotypic characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibility of verotoxin -producing E coli from slaughtered cattle

  • Byun Jae-Won;Kim Kyoung-Ho;Lee Sung-Mo;Hwang Hyun-Soon;Kim Yong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.407-412
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    • 2005
  • Ten isolates of Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) were detected in slaughtered cattle and investigated their phenotypic characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibility. None of the isolates was positive for eae gene. Only one isolate was positive for uidA gene. Eight out of ten isolates of VTEC were originated from broker's cattle. Thus microbiological monitoring for broker farms should be performed to minimize VTEC contamination. In the antimicrobial susceptibility test, all the isolates were highly resistant to bacitracin and lincomycin whilst they are susceptible to apramycin and neomycin.

Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Lawsonia intracellularis recently isolated from pig with proliferative hemorrhagic enteropathy in Korea

  • Seo, Byoung-Joo;Koh, Sang-Eog;Oh, Yeonsu;Cho, Ho-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.301-304
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro intracellular and extracellular minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 13 antimicrobials against one recently isolate Lawsonia intracellularis, the etiological agent of proliferative enteropathy (PE). The final MICs were assessed by counting the number of heavily infected cells (HICs;>30 bacteria per cell) using an immunoperoxidase monolayer assay. Enrofloxacin (InMIC; 1~2 ㎍/mL and ExMIC; 16 ㎍/mL) still presented the most notable antimicrobial susceptibility, and marbofloxacin (2 ㎍/mL and 8 ㎍/mL) was followed. Colistin (0.25 ㎍/mL and 2 ㎍/mL) presented a susceptibility followed by tylvalosin (1 ㎍/mL and 2 ㎍/mL). Florfenicol and lincomycin had the weakest susceptibility and amoxicillin, penicillin G, chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, tiamulin, tilmicosin, and tylosin displayed weak susceptibility. Although some antibiotics showed decreased susceptibility patterns, they showed similar patterns to recent antibiotic susceptibility patterns in Korea. In addition, these results could be one of contributions in clinical fields.