• Title, Summary, Keyword: Antiproliferative effect

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Development of a Functional Chungkookjang (Soybean Paste Fermented for 2-4 Days) with Anti-AGS Human Gastric Cancer Cell Properties

  • Park, Kun-Young;Jung, Keun-Ok;Kwon, Eun-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2003
  • To develop a functional chungkookjang; the anticancer effects of chungkookjangs prepared with different varieties of soybeans, starters, fermentation periods and seasoning additive ratios; were studied against AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells using the MTT assay, at different stages chungkookjang processing. The chungkookjang samples exerted different antiproliferative effects according to the variety of soybeans used. The chungkookjangs manufactured with soybean var. manrikong exhibited the highest cytotoxicity against AGS human cancer cells. The chungkookjangs fermented with rice straw and B. licheniformis strongly inhibited the growth of the AGS human cancer cells. All fermented chungkookjangs had a strong inhibitory effect on the growth of the cancer cells; however, the non-fermented soybean (chungkookjang) showed a low inhibition rate. The fermented chungkookjangs mixed with red pepper powder (RPP) and garlic exhibited strong antiproliferative effect against the cancer cells, and chungkookjang prepaved with 1.1 % RPP and 1.1 % garlic showed the highest cytotoxicity against the cancer cells. The functional chungkookjang fermented with soybean variety of manrikong and B. licheniformis for 3 days at 4$0^{\circ}C$ and then mixed with 7.9% salt, 1.l% RPP and 1.1% garlic, exhibited a higher antiproliferative effect than the chungkookjangs prepared by traditional or modified methods, according to the MTT assay. The functional chungkookjang exhibited a similar anticancer effect to the traditional doenjang. These results indicate that the fermentation period and the ratio of seasoning additives, as well as the variety of soybeans and starter cultures may affect the degree of the anticancer effect of chungkookjang.

Effect of Ceramide on Cell Growth and Cell Cycle Related Proteins in U-937 Cells (U-937 세포에서 세라마이드의 세포증식과 세포주기 조절단백질에 대한 작용)

  • Lee, Jae-Hoon;Choi, Kwan-Soo;Kim, Mie-Young
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.94-98
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    • 1997
  • Ceramide. a product of sphingomyelin hydrolysis, has been proposed as a lipid second messenger mediating antiproliferative activation. In this study, we examined the role of the cell cycle-related proteins in the ceramide-mediated growth suppression. Treatment of U-937 cells with C$_2$-ceramide(N-acetylsphingosine) resulted in growth suppression in a time- and concentration dependent manner. Ceramide induced concentration dependent dephosphorylation of retinoblastoma gene product (Rb). Rb remains hypophosphorylated in synchronized cells even after serum stimulation in the presence of ceramide. Ceramide decreased the expression of cyclin D$_1$ and cyclin E levels. These results suggest that antiproliferative effect of ceramide is associated with hypophosphorylation of Rb and decreased expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin E.

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Antiproliferative Effect of Mistletoe Extract Added Kimchi in Human Lung Carcinoma A549 Cells (겨우살이 물추출물 첨가 김치의 A549 인체 폐암 세포 증식저해 효과)

  • Kil, Jung-Ha
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.27 no.12
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    • pp.1507-1514
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study aimed at examining the antiproliferative effect of kimchi (kimchi B) adding mistletoe extract known as an anticancer function to improve the functions of kimchi. The study investigated the antiproliferative effect through hemocytometer counts and MTT assay, apoptosis induction through DAPI staining, and mRNA expression through RT-PCR using human lung carcinoma A549 cells. The standardized kimchi (Kimchi A) was used as a control group. As a result of hemocytometer counts and the MTT assay, it was found that kimchi samples inhibited the growth of A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Kimchi B induced apoptosis in A549 cells through DAPI staining. The apoptosis induced by kimchi B was associated with the increase in the expression of pro-apoptotic Bax and with the decrease in the expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL. Also, kimchi B influenced the increase in the expression of p21 mRNA, but did not have the effect on the expression of p53 mRNA. In conclusion, the antiproliferative effect of kimchi B was due to apoptosis induced by increasing Bax and decreasing Bcl-2, and increasing p21. The findings will be utilized to develop kimchi with the improved function for the patients having cancer.

Estrogen Receptor Enhances the Antiproliferative Effects of Trichostatin A and HC-toxin in Human Breast Cancer Cells

  • Min, Kyung-Nan;Cho, Min-Jung;Kim, Dae-Kee;Sheen, Yhun-Yhong
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.554-561
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    • 2004
  • Trichostatin A, an antifungal antibiotics, and HC-toxin are potent and specific inhibitors of histone deacetylase activity. Histone deacetylase inhibitors are new class of chemotherapeutic drugs able to induce tumor cell apoptosis and/or cell cycle arrest. In this study, the antiproliferative activities of trichostatin A and HC-toxin were compared between estrogen receptor positive human breast cancer cell MCF-7 and estrogen receptor negative human breast cancer cell MDA-MB-468. Trichostatin A and HC-toxin showed potent antiproliferative activity in both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cells. In MCF-7 cells that contain high level estrogen receptor, trichostatin A and HC-toxin brought about three-times more potent cell growth inhibitory effect than estrogen receptor negative MDA-MB-468 cells. Both trichostatin A and HC-toxin showed cell cycle arrest at G$_2$/M phases of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cells in a dose- and time- depen- dent manner. Trichostatin A and HC-toxin also induced apoptosis from MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Results of this study suggested that antipro-liferative effects of trichostatin A and HC-toxin might be involved in estrogen receptor signaling pathway, but cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of trichostatin A and HC-toxin might not be involved in estrogen receptor system of human breast cancer cells.

Fatty Acid Composition and Antiproliferative Activity of Extracts from Euphorbia Supina (애기땅빈대 추출물의 지방산 조성 및 인체 암세포 증식 억제 효과)

  • Choi, Hyang Mi;Lim, Sun Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.74-80
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to determine the fatty acid composition and the antiproliferative effect of extracts and fractions from Euphorbia supina. With regards the fatty acid composition, the percentages of 18:3n-3 in acetone/methylene chloride (A+M) and methanol (MeOH) extracts were 53.4 and 42.1%, respectively. Among the fractions, an 85% aqueous methanol (85% aq. MeOH) fraction contained the highest percentage of 18:3n-3. Treatments with crude extracts and fractions significantly inhibited the growth of HT-29 and AGS human cancer cell lines (p<0.05). The A+M extract showed a higher inhibitory effect on the growth of both cancer cells compared to MeOH extract. Among the fractions, the 85% aq. MeOH and n-hexane fractions exerted a greater inhibitory effect on the proliferation of both types of cancer cells. Our results suggest that 85% aq. MeOH and n-hexane fractions exert potent inhibitory effects on the proliferation of human cancer cells.

Antiproliferative Activity of Marrubium persicum Extract in the MCF-7 Human Breast Cancer Cell Line

  • Hamedeyazdan, Sanaz;Fathiazad, Fatemeh;Sharifi, Simin;Nazemiyeh, Hossein
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.5843-5848
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    • 2012
  • Aim: Developing antitumor drugs from natural products is receiving increasing interest worldwide due to limitations and side effects of therapy strategies for the second leading cause of disease related mortality, cancer. Methods: The antiproliferative activity of a methanolic extract from the aerial parts of Marrubium persicum extract was assessed with the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line using the MTT test for cell viability and cytotoxicity indices. In addition, antioxidant properties of the extract were evaluated by measuring its ability to scavenge free DPPH radicals. Moreover, the total phenolic and flavonoid content of the extract was determined based on Folin-Ciocalteu and colorimetric aluminum chloride methods. Results: The findings of the study for the antiproliferative activity of the methanolic extract of M. persicum showed that growth of MCF-7 cells was inhibited by the extract in a dose and time dependent manner, where a gradual increase of cytotoxicity effect has been achieved setting out on 200 ${\mu}g/mL$ concentration of the plant extract. The antioxidant assay revealed that the extract was a strong scavenger of DPPH radicals with an $RC_{50}$ value of 52 ${\mu}g/mL$. The total phenolic and flavonoids content of the plant extract was 409.3 mg gallic acid equivalent and 168.9 mg quercetin equivalent per 100g of dry plant material. Conclusion: Overall, M. persicum possesses potential antiproliferative and antioxidant activities on the malignant MCF-7 cell line that could be attributed to the high content of phenolics and flavonoids, and therefore warrants further exploration.

Biphasic Effects of Kaempferol on the Estrogenicity in Human Breast Cancer Cells

  • Oh Seung-Min;Kim Yeon-Pan;Chung Kyu-Hyuck
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.354-362
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    • 2006
  • Dietary flavonoids have attracted a great deal of attention as agents for preventing estrogen-related diseases, such as postmenopausal symptoms, and for reducing the risk of estrogen-dependent cancer. Kaempferol is one of the most commonly found dietary phytoestrogen. The aim of this study was to investigate the estrogenic and/or antiestrogenic effect of kaempferol, which can confirm its potency as a preventive agent against estrogen-related diseases. Kaempferol has both estrogenic and antiestrogenic activity, which are biphasic response on estrogen receptor. The estrogenic activity of kaempferol induced via ER-mediated pathway depending on $E_2$ concentration $(\leq\;10^{-12}M)$. Kaempferol $(10^{-5}\;M)$ also caused antiproliferative effect on MCF-7 cell in the presence of $E_2\;(10^{-11}\;M)$ and restored to the addition of excess $E_2\;(10^{-7}\;M)$, which confirms that antiproliferation of kaempferol was induced via ER-dependent pathway. However, at $10^{-4}\;M$, concentration higher than the concentrations at which the estrogenic effects of kaempferol are detected $(10^{-5}\;M)$, kaempferol induced strong antiproliferative effect, but were unaffected by the addition of excess $E_2\;(10^{-7}\;M)$ indicating that kaempferol exerts antiproliferation via ER-independent pathway. In particular, kaempferol blocked the focus formation induced by $E_2$, which confirms that kaempferol might inhibit the malignant transformation caused by estrogens. Therefore, we suggested that kaempferol might regulate a suitable level of estrogenic activity in the body and is expected to have potential beneficial effects in preventing estrogen imbalance diseases (breast cancer, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and etc.).

Effects of Panax notoginseng, ginsenoside Rb1, and notoginsenoside R1 on proliferation of human breast carcinoma MCF-7 cells

  • Xie, Jing-Tian;Aung, Han H;Wang, Chong Zhi;Mehendale, Sangeeta R;McEntee, Eryn;Wicks, Sheila;Li, Jing;Yuan, Chun-Su
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.286-292
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    • 2006
  • In this study, we evaluated the antiproliferative effects of Panax notoginseng, ginsenoside Rb1, and notoginsenoside R1 in the human breast carcinoma MCF-7 cell line. Our results indicated that both Panax notoginseng radix extract (NRE) and Panax notoginseng rhizoma extract (NRhE) possess significant antiproliferative activities in MCF-7 cells. Compared to control group (100%), at the concentrations of 0.05, 0.5, and 1.0 mg/ml NRE, cell growth was concentration-dependently reduced to 81.0 ${\pm}$ 6.1 (P < 0.01), 34.2 ${\pm}$ 4.8 (P < 0.001), and 19.3 ${\pm}$ 1.9 (P < 0.001), respectively. Similar results with NRhE at concentrations of 0.5 and 1.0 mg/ml were obtained in these MCF-7 cells. To identify the responsible chemical constituent, we tested the antiproliferation effects of two representative saponins, ginsenoside Rb1 and notoginsenoside R1, on the MCF-7 cells. The data showed that ginsenoside Rb1 was endowed with antiproliferative properties, while notoginsenoside R1 did not have an inhibitory effect in the concentrations tested. Our studies provided evidence that Panax notoginseng extracts and ginsenoside Rb1 may be beneficial, as adjuvants, in the treatment of human breast carcinoma.

Antiproliferative Effect of Bacillus subtilis Fermented Soy Milk in AGS Human Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cells (Bacillus subtilis 발효두유의 AGS 인체 위암세포 증식억제 효과)

  • Seo, Hae-Ree;Kim, Ji-Young;Bae, Geun-Ho;Park, Kun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.644-648
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    • 2009
  • Antiproliferative effects of soy milk fermented with Bacillus subtilis from chungkukjang was studied in AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells. The fermented soy milk by B. subtilis (B. subtilis-F-SM) exhibited 82% growth inhibitory effect at 2 mg/mL concentration, while non-fermented soy milk (Non-F-SM) showed 68%. B. subtilis-F-SM treated AGS cells induced more apoptotic bodies than the Non-F-SM treated cells. In mRNA expressions, B. subtilis-F-SM showed decreased expression of anti-apoptotic bcl-2 and increased expression of pro-apoptotic bax. The expressions of tumor suppressor genes of p53 and p21 were also increased. These results suggest that fermented soy milk by B. subtilis exhibited higher antiproliferative activities compared with non-fermented soy milk.