• Title, Summary, Keyword: Antiproliferative effect

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Antioxidant, Antiinflamatory, and Antiproliferative Activities of Strawberry Extracts

  • Hong, Ji-Young;Song, Su-Hyun;Park, Hyen-Joo;Cho, Yong-Jin;Pyee, Jae-Ho;Lee, Sang-Kook
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.286-292
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    • 2008
  • Strawberry is widely consumed in diet and has been attracted much attention due to its potential for human health benefits. Strawberry contains a diverse range of phytochemicals but the biological activities with molecular mechanisms are poorly elucidated yet. In this study, the effects of the extracts of strawberry (Maehyang cultivar) on antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and antiproliferative potential against various cancer cells were investigated. The strawberry extracts (SE) of Maehyang cultivar showed 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activities. In addition, SE inhibited the growth of human colon (HCT-116), lung (A549), stomach (SNU-638) and fibrosarcoma (HT-1080) cancer cells. The strawberry extracts also exhibited the inhibitory effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production and suppressed LPS-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein and mRNA expression in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. These findings suggest that the strawberry extracts (Maehyang cultivar) might have antioxidant, antiinflammotry, and anticancer activities.

Antiproliferative Effects of Crocin in HepG2 Cells by Telomerase Inhibition and hTERT Down-Regulation

  • Noureini, Sakineh Kazemi;Wink, Michael
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.2305-2309
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    • 2012
  • Crocin, the main pigment of Crocus sativus L., has been shown to have antiproliferative effects on cancer cells, but the involved mechanisms are only poor understood. This study focused on probable effect of crocin on the immortality of hepatic cancer cells. Cytotoxicity of crocin ($IC_{50}$ 3 mg/ml) in hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells was determined after 48 h by neutral red uptake assay and MTT test. Immortality was investigated through quantification of relative telomerase activity with a quantitative real-time PCR-based telomerase repeat amplification protocol (qTRAP). Telomerase activity in 0.5 ${\mu}g$ protein extract of HepG2 cells treated with 3 mg/ml crocin was reduced to about 51% as compared to untreated control cells. Two mechanisms of inhibition, i.e. interaction of crocin with telomeric quadruplex sequences and down regulation of hTERT expression, were examined using FRET analysis to measure melting temperature of a synthetic telomeric oligonucleotide in the presence of crocin and quantitative real-time RT-PCR, respectively. No significant changes were observed in the $T_m$ telomeric oligonucleotides, while the relative expression level of the catalytic subunit of telomerase (hTERT) gene showed a 60% decrease as compared to untreated control cells. In conclusion, telomerase activity of HepG2 cells decreases after treatment with crocin, which is probably caused by down-regulation of the expression of the catalytic subunit of the enzyme.

Expression of Cell Proliferation-Related PCNA and E2F Genes in Drosophila Gut and Inhibitory Effect of Nitric Oxide

  • Choi, Na-Hyun;Kim, Young-Shin;Hwang, Mi-Sun;Nam, Hyuck-Jin;Kim, Nam-Deuk;Chung, Hae-Young;Yoo, Mi-Ae
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 2001
  • To understand the late gut development and differentiation, identification and characterization of target genes of homeotic genes involved in gut development are required. We have previously reported that homeodomain proteins can regulate expression of the cell proliferation-related genes. We investigated here the expression of the Drosophila proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) and E2F(dE2F) genes in larval and adult guts using transgenic flies bearing lacz reporter genes. Both PCNA and dE2F genes were expressed strongly in whole regions of the larval and adult guts including the esophagus, proventriculus, midgut and hindgut, showing higher expression in foregut and hindgut imaginal rings of larva. Nitric Oxide(NO) has been known to be involved in cell proliferation and tumor growth and also to have an antiproliferative activity. Therefore, we also investigated effects of NO on the expression of PCNA and dE2F genes in gut through analyses of lacz reporter expression level in the SNP (NO donor)-treated larval guts. Expressions of both PCNA and dE2F were greatly declined by SNP. The inhibitory effect of NO was shown in whole regions of the gut, especially in hindgut, while the internal region of proventriculus, esophagus, foregut imaginal ring and hindgut imaginal ring was resistant. Our results suggest that this inhibitory effect may be related with the antiproliferative activity of NO.

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Antiproliferative Effect of RST Associated with the Inhibition of Cyclooxygenase-2 Expression and Prostaglandin E2 Release in Human Lung Carcinoma Cells (산두근 추출물이 인체폐암세포의 COX-2 발현 및 PGE2 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kang-Tae;Eom, Hyun-Sup;Chi, Gyoo-Yong
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.907-915
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    • 2007
  • In this study the effect of water extract of Sophora tonkinensis Gapnep (RST) was investigated on the growth of human lung carcinoma A549 cells. Exposure of A549 cells to RST resulted in the growth inhibition in a dose-dependent manner as measured by MTT assay. The antiproliferative effect by RST treatment in A549 cells was associated with morphological changes such as membrane shrinking and cell rounding up. RST treatment did not induce the cell cycle arrest and the levels of tumor suppressor p53 as well as cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(WAF1/CIP1). It was found that RST treatment decreased the levels of cyclooxygenase (COX) -2 mRNA and protein expression without significant changes in the expression of COX-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which was correlated with a decrease in prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis. RST treatment also slightly inhibited the levels of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) mRNA and protein expression, and the activity of telomerase. Taken together, these findings suggested that RST-induced inhibition of human lung carcinoma A549 cell growth was aoosciated with the inhibition of COX-2 expression and PGE2 production. These results provided important new insights into the possible molecular mechanisms of the anti-cancer activity of RST.

The Effect of Litsea japonica on the Apoptosis Induction of HL-60 Leukemia Cells (까마귀쪽나무(Litsea japonica)의 HL-60 백혈병 세포 Apoptosis 유도효과)

  • Kim, Elvira;Boo, Hye-Jin;Hyun, Jae-Hee;Kim, Sang-Cheol;Kang, Jung-Il;Kim, Min-Kyoung;Yoo, Eun-Sook;Kang, Hee-Kyoung
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.6-11
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the antiproliferative effect of the EtOH extract from Litsea japonica. The extract markedly inhibited the growth of HL-60 cells. When treated with the extract, several apoptosis events like as DNA fragmentation, chromatin condensation and the increase of the population of sub-G1 hypodiploid cells were observed. The extract decreased the Bcl-2 expression, whereas the Bax expression was increased. Caspase-9 and -3 were activated and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase was cleaved. The results suggest that the antiproliferative effect of L. japonica in HL-60 appears to arise from apoptosis induction via the down-regulation of Bcl-2 and the activation of caspases.

Antiproliferative Effects of Celecoxib in Hep-2 Cells through Telomerase Inhibition and Induction of Apoptosis

  • Zhao, Yong-Qiang;Feng, Hui-Wei;Jia, Tao;Chen, Xue-Mei;Zhang, Hui;Xu, An-Ting;Zhang, Hai-Ling;Fan, Xian-Liang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.4919-4923
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    • 2014
  • Background: To investigate the effect of celecoxib on telomerase activity and apoptosis in a human laryngeal squamous carcinoma cell line (Hep-2 cells). Materials and Methods: The growth inhibition rate of Hep-2 cells in vitro was measured by MTT assay, and apoptosis by TUNEL assay and flow cytometry (FCM). The TRAP-ELISA method was used to determine telomerase activity in Hep-2 cells. The mRNA expression of human telomerase RNA component(hTR), human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and human telomerase-associated protein(hTEP1) was determined by RT-PCR assay. Expression of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins was assessed by Western blotting. Results: Celecoxib can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner, repress telomerase activity, decrease hTERT mRNA and Bcl-2 protein expression and increase Bax protein expression, PGE2 had no effect on telomerase. Conclusions: Celecoxib had the antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effect in Hep-2 cells. Apoptosis was accompanied by a decrease in telomerase activity which was directly correlated with hTERT mRNA and up-regulation of Bax/Bcl-2. Bcl-2 may thus play an important role in telomerase activity as well as apoptosis.

Anti-proliferative and angio-suppressive effect of Stoechospermum marginatum (C. Agardh) Kutzing extract using various experimental models

  • Vinayak, Rashmi;Puttananjaiah, Shilpa;Chatterji, Anil;Salimath, Bharati
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.377-385
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Abundant consumption of seaweeds in the diet is epidemiologically linked to the reduction in risk of developing cancer. In larger cases, however, identification of particular seaweeds that are accountable for these effects is still lacking, hindering the recognition of competent dietary-based chemo preventive approaches. The aim of this research was to establish the antiproliferative potency and angiosuppressive mode of action of Stoechospermum marginatum seaweed methanolic extract using various experimental models. MATERIALS/METHODS: Among the 15 seaweeds screened for antiproliferative activity against Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) cell line, Stoechospermum marginatum extract (SME) was found to be the most promising. Therefore, it was further investigated for its anti-proliferative activity in-vitro against choriocarcinoma (BeWo) and non-transformed Human embryonic kidney (HEK 293) cells, and for its anti-migratory/tube formation activity against HUVEC cells in-vitro. Subsequently, the angiosuppressive activity of S. marginatum was established by inhibition of angiogenesis in in-vivo (peritoneal angiogenesis and chorioallantoic membrane assay) and ex-vivo (rat cornea assay) models. RESULTS: Most brown seaweed extracts inhibited the proliferation of EAT cells, while green and red seaweed extracts were much less effective. According to the results, SME selectively inhibited proliferation of BeWo cells in-vitro in a dose-dependent manner, but had a lesser effect on HEK 293 cells. SME also suppressed the migration and tube formation of HUVEC cells in-vitro. In addition, SME was able to suppress VEGF-induced angiogenesis in the chorio allantoic membrane, rat cornea, and tumor induced angiogenesis in the peritoneum of EAT bearing mice. A decrease in the microvessel density count and CD31 antigen staining of treated mice peritoneum provided further evidence of its angiosuppressive activity. CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, the data underline that VEGF mediated angiogenesis is the target for the angiosuppressive action of SME and could potentially be useful in cancer prevention or treatment involving stimulated angiogenesis.

Chemical Composition and Antiproliferative Activity of Supercritical Extract of Immature Citrus Peel in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells (미성숙 감귤 과피 초임계 추출물의 성분 분석과 자궁암세포 성장억제효능)

  • Moon, Jeong Yong;Song, YeonWoo;Hyun, Ho Bong;KimCho, Somi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.8836-8843
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to investigate the antiproliferative activities of supercritical extracts from phalsak(Citrus hassaku Hort ex Tanaka) and yeagam(Citrus iyo Hort. ex Tanaka) against human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells and the chemical compositions of the extracts. The anticancer properties of supercritical extracts were demonstrated using the MTT assay and Hoechst 33342 staining and the compositional analyses were conducted by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). The peel extracts of both species exhibited similar antiproliferative effect. The antiproliferative activity of the flesh extracts was not detected up to $400{\mu}g/mL$, whereas peel extracts of phalsak and yeagam reduced cell viability with 87.16% and 92.95% at $400{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. There was a dramatic increase of the apoptotic body formation in the cell treated with peel extracts while no apoptotic body formation detected in the cell treated with flesh extracts at 100, $200{\mu}g/mL$. By GC-MS analysis, 27 and 31 kinds of compounds identified in flesh and peel of phalsak, while 27 and 29 kinds of compounds were identified in flesh and peel of yeagam, respectively. 1,1,4,4-Tetramethyl-2-tetralone(20.86%), alloimperatorin(8.15%), limonene(11.23%), and auraptene(7.29%) were major in peel of phalsak, whereas limonene(22.19%), linalool(11.23%), and ${\gamma}$-sitosterol(9.12%) were major in peel of yeagam.

Volatile Compounds and Antiproliferative Effects of Dendropanax morbifera on HepG2 Cells (황칠나무의 휘발성 화합물 분석 및 HepG2 세포의 증식 억제 효과)

  • Yang, Seun-Ah;Garcia, Coralia V.;Lee, Ji-Won
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.561-566
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    • 2017
  • Dendropanax morbifera Lev. is known in Korea for its golden sap and medicinal properties. The many biological activities of the leaf and stem extracts suggest that this tree could be a valuable source of medicinal compounds for the treatment of various ailments such as dermatitis, migraines, dysmenorrhea, muscle pain, and infectious diseases. However, there is little information on the composition and biological activity of the volatile fraction of D. morbifera. Therefore, in this study, the volatile compounds in leaves, stems, and sap of D. morbifera were isolated using solvent and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to reveal their chemical composition and identify potential compounds of interest. Fifteen compounds were identified in the leaf extracts, whereas 29 and 3 compounds were identified in the stem and sap extracts, respectively. The volatile profiles obtained using solvent and SFE differed. Esters and aromatic hydrocarbons predominated in the solvent extract of leaves and SFE extract of stems, whereas the solvent extract of stems and SFE extract of leaves contained terpenoids. Limonene, ${\alpha}$-pinene, and ${\beta}$-myrcene were identified in the volatile extract of sap, with limonene representing 96.30% of the total peak area. In addition, the antiproliferative effects of the solvent extracts of leaves and stems were evaluated, revealing that these solvent extracts were particularly effective in decreasing the proliferation of HepG2 cells.