• Title, Summary, Keyword: Antiproliferative effect

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The Water Extract of Boswellia carterii Induces Apoptosis in Human Leukemia HL-60 Cells (유향 물 추출물의 HL-60 혈액암세포에서 세포사멸 유도효과)

  • 박래길;오광록;이광규;문연자;김정훈
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2001
  • The possible mechanism of the antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of Boswellia carterri water extract were studied in HL-60 human leukemia cells. The cytotoxicity of HL-60 cells after the treatment of Boswellia carterii water extract showed dose- and time-dependent manner. The apoptotic effect of 300 $\mu$g/ml Boswellia carterii water extract was demonstrated by DNA laddering. The activity of caspase 3-1ike protease was markedly increased in HL-60 cells treated with Boswellia carterii water extract. Furthermore, the level of Bcl-2 was time-dependently reduced, whereas Bax protein level was enhanced by Boswellia carterii water extract treatment. In conclusion, our results suggest that apoptotic effect of Boswellia carterii water extract may partly mediated through activations of caspase-3 activity and Bax expression, and inhibition of Bcl-2 expression.

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Anti-proliferative and Apoptosis Inducing Effect of Momordin I on Oral Carcinoma (KB) Cells

  • Seo, Kyeong-Seong;Kim, Jeong-Hee;Kim, Yeo-Gab
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 2007
  • Treatment of oral cancers with chemotherapeutic agents become evaluated as an effective method to reduce cancer cell proliferation. Anti-proliferative and anti-oral cancer activities of momordin I on oral cancer cells were evaluated in this study. Momordin I was originally purified from a natural product, Ampelopsis radix and showed the antiproliferative activity against oral carcinoma, KB cells. Obtained $IC_{50}$ value was approximately $10.4{\mu}g/ml$. Time-and dose-dependent chromosomal DNA fragmentations were observed in momordin I-treated KB cells. Flow cytometry analysis showed time-dependent apoptotic cell appearance after treatment of momordin I. Approximately 18.6% apoptotic cells were observed at 72 hours after $20{\mu}g/ml$ of momordin I treatment. These observation were consistent with the results obtained in DNA fragmentation analysis. These data suggest that momordin I has anti-proliferative effect and induces cell death in KB cells through apoptosis.

The Effect of Abraxane on Cell Kinetic Parameters of HeLa Cells

  • Gurses, Nurcan;Topcul, Mehmet
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.4229-4233
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    • 2013
  • Abraxane (nab-paclitaxel) is a member of the group of nano chemotherapeutics. It is approved for metastatic breast cancer and non small cell lung cancer. Trials for several cancer types including gynecological cancers, head and neck, and prostatic cancer are being studied. In this study, the antiproliferative and apoptotic effect of abraxane was evaluated on HeLa cell line originated from human cervix carcinoma. Three different doses ($D_1$=10 nM, $D_2$=50 nM, $D_3$=100 nM) were administered to HeLa cells for 24, 48 and 72 h. The 50 nM dose of abraxane decreased DNA synthesis from 4.62-0.08%, mitosis from 3.36-1.89% and increased apoptosis from 10.6-30% at 72 h. Additionally, tripolar metaphase plates were seen in mitosis preparations. In this study, abraxane effected cell kinetic parameters significantly. This results are consistent with other studies in the literature.

Quercetin-induced Growth Inhibition in Human Bladder Cancer Cells Is Associated with an Increase in $Ca^{2+}$-activated $K^+$ Channels

  • Kim, Yang-Mi;Kim, Wun-Jae;Cha, Eun-Jong
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.279-283
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    • 2011
  • Quercetin (3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) is an attractive therapeutic flavonoid for cancer treatment because of its beneficial properties including apoptotic, antioxidant, and antiproliferative effects on cancer cells. However, the exact mechanism of action of quercetin on ion channel modulation is poorly understood in bladder cancer 253J cells. In this study, we demonstrated that large conductance $Ca^{2+}$-activated $K^+$ ($BK_{Ca}$) or MaxiK channels were functionally expressed in 253J cells, and quercetin increased $BK_{Ca}$ current in a concentration dependent and reversible manner using a whole cell patch configuration. The half maximal activation concentration ($IC_{50}$) of quercetin was $45.5{\pm}7.2{\mu}m$. The quercetin-evoked $BK_{Ca}$ current was inhibited by tetraethylammonium (TEA; 5 mM) a non-specific $BK_{Ca}$ blocker and iberiotoxin (IBX; 100 nM) a $BK_{Ca}$-specific blocker. Quercetin-induced membrane hyperpolarization was measured by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) with voltage sensitive dye, bis (1,3-dibutylbarbituric acid) trimethine oxonol ($DiBAC_4$2(3); 100 nM). Quercetin-evoked hyperpolarization was prevented by TEA. Quercetin produced an antiproliferative effect ($30.3{\pm}13.5%$) which was recovered to $53.3{\pm}10.5%$ and $72.9{\pm}3.7%$ by TEA and IBX, respectively. Taken together our results indicate that activation of $BK_{Ca}$ channels may be considered an important target related to the action of quercetin on human bladder cancer cells.

A Novel Mannose-binding Tuber Lectin from Typhonium divaricatum (L.) Decne (family Araceae) with Antiviral Activity Against HSV-II and Anti-proliferative Effect on Human Cancer Cell Lines

  • Luo, Yongting;Xu, Xiaochao;Liu, Jiwei;Li, Jian;Sun, Yisheng;Liu, Zhen;Liu, Jinzhi;Damme, Els Van;Balzarini, Jan;Bao, Jinku
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.358-367
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    • 2007
  • A novel mannose-binding tuber lectin with in vitro antiproliferative activity towards human cancer cell lines and antiviral activity against HSV-II was isolated from fresh tubers of a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, Typhonium divaricatum (L.) Decne by a combined procedure involving extraction, ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-SEPHAROSE, CM-SEPHAROSE and gel-filtration on sephacryl S-200. The apparent molecular mass of the purified Typhonium divaricatum lectin (TDL) was 48 kDa. TDL exhibits hemagglutinating activity toward rabbit erythrocytes at 0.95 $\mu$g/ml, and its activity could be strongly inhibited by mannan, ovomucoid, asialofetuin and thyroglobulin. TDL showed antiproliferative activity towards some well established human cancer cell lines, e.g. Pro-01 (56.7 $\pm$ 6.8), Bre-04 (41.5 $\pm$ 4.8), and Lu-04 (11.4 $\pm$ 0.3). The anti-HSV-II activity of TDL was elucidated by testing its HSV-II infection inhibitory activity in Vero cells with $TC_50$ and $EC_50$ of 5.176 mg/ml and 3.054 $\mu$g/ml respectively. The full-length cDNA sequence of TDL was 1145 bp and contained an 813-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 271 amino acid precursor of 29-kDa. Homology analysis showed that TDL had high homology with many other mannose-binding lectins. Secondary and three-dimensional structures analyses showed that TDL is heterotetramer and similar with lectins from mannose-binding lectin superfamily, especially those from family Araceae.

Isolation and Biological Properties of Novel Cell Cycle Inhibitor, HY558, Isolated from Penicillium minioluteum F558

  • Lee, Chul-Hoon;Lim, Hae-Young;Kim, Min-Kyoung;Cho, Youl-Hee;Oh, Deok-Kun;Kim, Chang-Jin;Lim, Yoon-Gho
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.470-475
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    • 2002
  • In the course of screening for a novel cell cycle inhibitor, a potent Cdk 1 inhibitor, HY558, was found from the culture broth of Penicillium minioluteum F558 isolated from a soil sample. The molecular ion of HY558 was identified at m/z 329 (MH+) with a molecular formula of $C_20H_44ON_2$. HY558 exhibited selective antiproliferative effects on various human cancer cell lines. Its $IC_50$ values were estimated to be 0.29 mM on HepG2, 0.30 mM on HeLa, 0.30 mM on HL6O, 0.33 mM on HT-29, and 0.25 mM on AGS cells. Interestingly, Hy558 demonstrated no antiproliferative effect with normal lymphocytes used as the control, and a low level of inhibition on the proliferation of A549 cancer cells. A flow cytometric analysis of HepG2 cells revealed an appreciable arrest of cells at the G1 and G2/M phases of the cell cycle following treatment with Hy558. furthermore, DNA fragmentation due to apoptosis was observed in HeLa cells treated with 0.46 mM of HY558.

Antiproliferative Effect of Extracts, Fractions and Compound from Vitex rotundifolia on Human Cancer Cells (순비기 나무(Vitex rotundifolia) 추출.분획물 및 화합물의 인체 암세포 증식억제 효과)

  • Kim, You-Ah;Lee, Jung-Im;Kim, Hae-Jin;Kong, Chang-Suk;Nam, Taek-Jeong;Seo, Young-Wan
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.180-186
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    • 2009
  • Whole plants of Vitex rotundifolia were extracted for 2 days with methylene chloride ($CH_2Cl_2$) followed by extraction of the residue for an additional 2 days. The same procedure was also applied using methanol (MeOH). The two crude extracts were combined and partitioned between $CH_2Cl_2$ and $H_2O$. The organic layer was further partitioned between n-hexane and 85% aq. MeOH, and the aqueous layer was also further fractionated with n-BuOH and $H_2O$, successively. From the 85% aq. MeOH fraction, one compound was isolated through the repeated HPLC. According to the results of physicochemical data including NMR and MS, the chemical structure of the compound was determined as artemetin (1). The antiproliferative effects of the crude extracts, fractions, and compound against HT1080, AGS, MCF-7 and HT-29 human cancer cells were compared with the control by using MTT assay. In the comparative analysis, the 85% aq. MeOH fraction exhibited the strongest antiproliferative effects on human cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent manner (p<0.05). In addition, exposure of compound 1 isolated from 85% aq. MeOH fraction led to strong antiproliferative effect in HT1080 cancer cell lines. These results suggest that the extracts and compound isolated from V. rotundifolia may be used as potential chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agents.

Metformin displays in vitro and in vivo antitumor effect against osteosarcoma

  • Ko, Yunmi;Choi, Aery;Lee, Minyoung;Lee, Jun Ah
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.59 no.9
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    • pp.374-380
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: Patients with unresectable, relapsed, or refractory osteosarcoma need a novel therapeutic agent. Metformin is a biguanide derivative used in the treatment of type II diabetes, and is recently gaining attention in cancer research. Methods: We evaluated the effect of metformin against human osteosarcoma. Four osteosarcoma cell lines (KHOS/NP, HOS, MG-63, U-2 OS) were treated with metformin and cell proliferation was evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Cell cycle progression and apoptosis were evaluated using flow cytometric analysis, and migration and wound healing assay were performed. Fourteen female Balb/c-nude mice received KHOS/NP cell grafts in their thigh, and were allowed access to metformin containing water (2 mg/mL) ad libitum. Tumor volume was measured every 3-4 days for a period of 4 weeks. Results: Metformin had a significant antiproliferative effect on human osteosarcoma cells. In particular, metformin inhibited the proliferation and migration of KHOS/NP cells by activation of AMP-activated protein kinase and consequent inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. It also inhibited the proliferation of cisplatin-resistant KHOS/NP clone cells. Analysis of KHOS/NP xenograft Balb/c-nude models indicated that metformin displayed potent in vivo antitumor effects. Conclusion: Further studies are necessary to explore metformin's therapeutic potential and the possibilities for its use as an adjuvant agent for osteosarcoma.

Molecular Mechanism of the Antiproliferative Effect by Ginseng Panaxynol on a Human Malignant Melanoma Cell Line, SK-MEL-1 (인체 흑색종 세포주 SK-MEL-1에 대한 인삼 panaxynol의 항증식 효과 기전)

  • Cho Hongkeun;Yu Su-Jin;Roh Joo Young;;Hwang Woo-Ik;Sohn Jeongwon
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.190-197
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    • 1999
  • In this study, the molecular mechanism of the growth inhibitory effect of panaxynol was investigated in a human malignant melanoma cell line, SK-MEL-l. In the cell cycle analysis, panaxynol arrested cell cycle progression of SK-MEL-I at the G1 phase. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated that panaxynol increased $p21^{WAF1}$ and decreased cdc2 expression. Protein levels of pl6, p27, E2F-1, Rb, and p53 were not changed. Thus, the changes in expression levels of $p21^{WAF1}$ and cdc2 apparently mediate the cell cycle arrest caused by panaxynol. In addition, cycloheximide (CHX) partially reversed the growth inhibition by panaxynol, which suggested that new protein synthesis was required. On the other hand, LLnL, a proteasome inhibitor, increased antiproliferative effect of panaxynol. This may be due to stabilization of the protein(s) responsible for the growth inhibition such as $p21^{WAF1}$. In summary, these results demonstrate that panaxynol inhibits proliferation of SK-MEL-I by inducing cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase and the inhibitory effect is mediated by the increased level of $p21^{WAF1}$ as well as decreased cdc2 expression.

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Effects of Indole Oligomers Induced from Indole-3-carbinol on the Growth of MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells

  • Kang, Kap-Suk;Leonard F. Bjeldanes
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 1998
  • Inhibitory effect of indole oligomers induced from indole-3-carbinol(I3C) on the growth of breast cancer cells was studied. We gernerated the reaction mixtures (RXM) at ambient temperature by treating a stirred aqueous solution of I3C (typeically 0.25ml) at a concentration of 12 $\mu$mol/ml) with hydrochloric acid (typically 28$\mu$l of a 1 mmol/ml solution). RXM was fractionated by the column chromatography. The fractions with similar UV-pattern were further fractionated by HPLC and 3.3'-diindoylmethane (DIM) and other indole oligomers were identified. I3C, RXM, and it derived indole compounds were added to MCF-7 cells and cultured in the presence of 10-7M estradiol for 7 days. the growth-inhibitory effect of I3C and DIM on the growth of MCF-7 cell was very strong. The synthetic DIM also revealed antiproliferative effect on MCF-7 cel. The fractions containing high DIM content (77%), were most effective in inhibiting MCF-7 cell growth induced by estradiol. With these results, we suggest that I3C and DIM might have anticarcinogenic effect on the breast cancer.

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