• Title/Summary/Keyword: Antitumor effect

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Experimental Studies on Antitumor Effect and Immune Responses of Bunsimgieum (분심기음의 항암작용 및 면역기능에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Jin-Sung;Yoon Sang-Hyub;Ryu Bong-Ha;Ryu Ki-Won;Yeo Dae-Won
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.315-328
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    • 2003
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of Bunsimgieum on antitumor effect after sarcoma-180 cells transplantation into peritoneal cavity or left groin and immune responses on the depressed immunity induced by methotrexate in mice. The Bunsimgieum extract of 10mg/kg was orally administered 14 days for antitumor effects and 21 days for immune responses. 50% inhibitory concentration($IC_{50}$) of SUN-1, SUN-C4, and SUN-396 cancer cell, mean sunvival days and body weight of tumor bearing mice, and growth of tumor mass for antitumor effect; delayed type hypersentivity, hemagglutinin titer, hemolysis titer, rosette forming cells, natured killer cell activity, lymphocyte transformation, productivity of interleukin-2, and phagocytic activity for their immune responses were measured in ICR mice. Significance in antitumor effect is noted in the enlongation of mean life days and inhibition of tumor growth(p<0.01, respectively). Significance of immune responses is also noted in hemolysis titer, lymphocyte transfumotion, IL-2 productivity, phagocytic activity, and natural killer cell activity at E/T ratio 100:1(p<0.01, respectively). Significant in rosette cell formation was seen at dosage of 20mg/kg(p<0.01). However, Difference of body weight as antitumor effect, delayed type hypersensitivity, and hemagglutinin titer were not shown significantly. According to the above results, it could be suggested that Bunsimgieum has prominent antitumor and immunity enhancing effect.

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포공영(蒲公英) 분획(分劃)의 간암세포(肝癌細胞)에 대(對)한 항암활성(抗癌活性)과 항암제(抗癌劑)와의 병용투여효과(倂用投與效果)

  • Kim, Dong-Hui;Kim, Seong-Hun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.2 s.30
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    • pp.386-413
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    • 1995
  • In order to prove the antitumor effect of Taraxaci Herba experimentally, studies were done. The antitumor effect against hepatic cancers such as Hep G2. Hep 3B & PLC and also the synergstric action was evaluated in the combined treatment with anticancer drugs using chiefly for liver cancer. such as. The results were obtained as follows: 1.$IC_{50}$ against Hep G2. Hep 3B and PLC was $15.5{\mu}g/ml.\;25.4{\mu}g/ml,\;31.25{\mu}g/ml$ in Mitomycin C(MMC), $92.5{mu}g/ml,\;50.2{\mu}g/ml,\;62.5{\mu}g/ml $in cisplatin(CPT) and 125 in 5-flurouracil(5-FU) respectively. 2. In cytotoxic effect against Hep G2 every fractions showed the anti tumor effect as compared with the data of control but EE fraction of Taraxaci Herba was most effective and also hexane fraction was most effective in the combined treatment with anticancer drugs. 3. In cytotoxic effect against Hep 3B every fractions showed the antitumor effect as compared with the data of control but EE fraction of Taraxaci Herba was most effective and also hexane fraction was most effective in the combined treatment with anticancer drugs. 4. In cytotoxic effect against PLC every fractions showed the anti tumor effect in the concentrations of $10^{-5}g/ml$ above as compared with the data of control and also the combined treatment with MMC was most effective. 5. Fractions of Taraxaci Herba showed the most antitumor effect against Hep 3B and also the combined treatment with MMC was most effective. From the above result it was concluded that ethyl ether fraction of Taraxaci Herba was most effective fraction, every fraction showed more antitumor effect against Hep 3B and Hep G2 than PLC.

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Antitumor Effect of $18{\beta}$-Glycyrrhetinic Acid against Human Tumor Xenografts Caused by A549 Cancer Cell (A549 암세포 기인성 종양에 대한 $18{\beta}$-Glycyrrhetinic Acid의 항종양효과)

  • Kim, Ha-Yan;Kim, Song-Yi;Lee, Jue-Hee;Han, Yong-Moon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 2011
  • Many reports indicate that $18{\beta}$-glycyrrhetinic acid ($18{\beta}$-GA) from Glycyrrhizae Radix has anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory activities, whereas reports regarding anticancer activity of the compound are few. In present study, we investigated antitumor effect of $18{\beta}$-GA on tumor caused by A549 cancer cell in mice. Data resulting from the cytotoxicity assay showed that $18{\beta}$-GA caused killing of A549 cells. $LD_{50}$ values of $18{\beta}$-GA were app. 180 ${\mu}M$ and 80 ${\mu}M$, corresponding to 48 hr- and 72 hr-treatments, displaying that the killing activity was more effective as the $18{\beta}$-GA treatment was prolonged. Based on these data, antitumor effect of $18{\beta}$-GA was tested in nude mice. For induction of the tumor, A549 ($3{\times}10^6$ cells/mouse) was injected subcutaneously into the lateral abdomen of nude mice (Balb/c nu/nu). To determine the antitumor effect, nude mice with tumor were given $18{\beta}$-GA (1 mg/200 ${\mu}l$/mouse) intraperitoneally every three days for four times. Tumor-sizes were measured with a caliper for a period of 24 days. Results showed that the $18{\beta}$-GA treatment reduced the tumor-sizes (P<0.05) as compared with negative control nude mice that received diluent (DPBS). The reduction degree was greater than reduction degree by doxorubicin (60 ${\mu}g$/mouse), and the pattern of reduction was almost sustained during the entire period of the observation. In conclusion, our studies demonstrate that $18{\beta}$-GA has antitumor activity to the A549 cancer cell-caused tumor.

Antitumor Effect and the Change of Chemosensitivity of Chitosan in Human Lung Cancer Cell Line (인체 폐암세포주에 대한 키토산의 항암효과와 항암제 감수성에 미치는 영향)

  • 노숙령
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.739-746
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    • 1998
  • This study was designed to investigated the antitumor effect and change chemosensitivity of chitosan in 2 kinds of humen lung cancer cell lines(NCI-H522, NCI-H596). To evaluate the antitumor effect and synergistic effectof chomosensitivity, MTT assay was used in vitro. then anticancer drugs used were 챤-platin , ectoposide, and adrimycin. The results of this study were as follows; Chitosan shwoed in antitumor effect on both NCI-H522 and NCI-H596. The lung cancer viability percent for NCI-H522 and NCL-H596 showed at the lowest levels of 5.31 and 5.33% when the concentration of chitosan was 25mg/$m\ell$ media and the exposure time of chitosan was 72 hours. ID50 value of chitosan on both NCI-H522 and NCI-H596 showed at the lowest levels of 14.07, 11.68 mg/$m\ell$ media when the exposure time of chitosan was 72 hours. the synergistic effect of chomosensitivity was better in NCI-H596 than in NCI0H522 . When the synergistic effect of chomosensitivity was shown according to the kind of the anticancer drugs, in case of NCI-H522 , in the concentration of 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$, ectoposide showed the highest synergistic effect of chomosensitivity and then was adrimycin In case of NCI-H596, in the concentration of 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$,, the order of the synergistic effect of chomosensitivity was ectoposide>adrimycin>cis-platin and in the concentration of 10$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$, ectoposide>cis-platin >adrimycin. It is concluded that chitosan is an active antitumor agent and is increased chomosensitivity though there is difference according to the kind and the concentration of anticancer drugs. But to be sued to lung cancer theraphy, further studies on toxicity, the mechanism of action, animal experiment are wanted.

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Effects of Ginseng Saponin Fraction and Cyclophosphamide on the Tumoricidal Activity of Mouse Macrophage and the Antitumor Effect (생쥐의 대식세포 종양치사활성과 항암효과에 미치는 인삼 Saponin 분획물과 Cyclophosphamide의 영향)

  • Jeon, Hye-Gyeong;Kim, Se-Chang;Jeong, No-Pal
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 1991
  • This experiment was performed to investigate the effects of ginseng saponin fraction and cyclophosphamide (CY) on the tumor development, the antitumor effect and the tumoricidal activity of mouse macrophage. When mice were treated with saponin or CY following inoculation with Sarcoma 180, tumor development was inhibited and survival ratio increased, and a combination of both treatments further inhibited the tumor development. Tumoricidal activity of macrophage was effectively increased at 10-7% concentration of CY and it was further increased when macrophage was cotreated with saponin and CY. Tumoricidal activity of macrophage was greatest at the third day after inoculating tumor cell. Both saponin and CY increased the chemiluminescence of macrophage, but CY had no effect on releasing TNF, unlike saponin.

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Antitumor Effect Of Bismuth-conjugated Anti-IL-2R Monoclonal Antibody(2E4) on a IL-2 Receptor Positive Tumor EL4J3.4

  • Kim, Sung-Hoon;Robert-W. Kozak;Chung, Kyeong-Soo;Ahn, Byung-Zun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.194-198
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    • 1994
  • The antitumor effects of the 2E4 and anti--Tac, monoclonal antibodies directed to Il-2 receptor (IL-2R) conjugated with .alpha.-particle emitting radionuclide bismuth-212., were compared. The $^{212}Bi-2E4$ demonstratedspecific cytotocicity to EL4J3, 4, a I$L-2R^+$ cell line, than to EL4J, a $IL-2R^-$ cell line in thymidine incorporation assy. TEX>$^{212}Bi-2E4$ exerted the maximal antitumor effect in that % T/C in C57BL/6 mice implanted with EL4J3.4 ascitic tumor was 331% at the concentration of $50{\;}{\mu}Ci$, while that of $^{212}Bi-anti-Tac$ was 258% at $100{\;}{\mu}Ci$.

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Antitumor Activity of Bupleuri Radix and Artemisiae capillaris Herba and Synergistic Effect with Anticancer Drugs (시호(柴胡), 인진(茵蔯)의 간암세포(肝癌細胞)에 대한 항암활성(抗癌活性) 및 항암제(抗癌劑)와의 상승작용(相乘作用))

  • Son, Gap-Ho;Kim, Seong-Hun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.2 s.30
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    • pp.414-432
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    • 1995
  • In order to prove the antitumer effect of Bupleuri Radix(BR) and Artemisiae capillaris Herba(ACH) experimently, studies were done. The antitumer effect against hepatic cancer such as Hep G2, PLC & Hep 313, and also th synergastic action was evaulatcd in the combined treatment with anticancer drugs using chiefly for liver cancer, such as mitomycin(MMC), cisplatin(CPT) and 5-fluorouracil(5-FU). The results were obtained as follows: 1. IC50 against Hep G2, Hep 3B and PLC was 15.5ug/ml, 25.4ug/ml, 31.25ug/ml in Mitomycin (MMC), 92.5ug/ml, 50.2ug/ml, 62.5ug/ml in cisplatin(CPT) and 125ug/ml in 5-fluouracil(5- FU) respectively. 2. The antitumor effect was shown in the all concentrations of ACH, BR and below 55%-Cytotoxic effect against Hep G2 as compared with the date of control was shown in the concentration of $10^{-4}g/ml$ above of BR but not in ACH and also BR and ACHI revealed the synergistic effect with MMC. 3. The antitumor effect was shown in the concentration of $10^{-5}g/ml$ above of ACH, BR and below 55%-Cytotoxic effect against Hep 3B as compared with the data of control was shown in the concentration of $10^{-5}g/ml$ above of ACH but not in BH and also BR & ACH revealed the svnergistic effect with MMC. 4. The antitumor effect was shown in the all concentrations of ACH, BR and 55%-Cytotoxic effect against PLC as compared with the data of control was shown in the concentration of $10^{-5}g/ml$ above of ACH but not in BR and also ACH revealed the synergistic effect with MMC. From the above results it was concluded that Artemisiae capillaris had antitumor effect against PLC, Hep 3B, Bupleuri Radix against Hep G2 and also MMC showed the most synergistic effect in the anticancer drugs.

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산양산삼 추출액의 항암효과 및 Doxorubicin에 의한 고환독성 방어효과

  • Min, Byung-Il;Kim, Ho-Hyun;Seo, Il-Bok;Kwon, Ki-Rok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.10 no.1 s.22
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This research was executed to verify antitumor effect and protective effect on doxorubicin(Doxo)-induced toxicity of Cultivated Wild Ginseng(CWG) and synergic effect of CWG with Doxo in B16/F10 melanomas-bearing C57BL/6 mice. Methods : To evaluate protective effect on doxorubicin(Doxo)-induced toxicity and enhancing effect on the antitumor activity of Doxo, CWG water extract(0.5 ml) was intraperitoneally injected for 10 days, in combination with intraperitoneal injection of Doxo(4 mg/kg) on days 12, 16, 19, to mice subcutaneously inoculated with $2{\times}10^6/ml$ B16/F10 melanoma cells. In order to investigate antitumor effect of CWG, CWG water extract(0.5 ml) was intraperitoneally injected for 10 days to mice subcutaneously inoculated with $2{\times}10^6/ml$ B16/F10 melanoma cells. Results : The body weights of melanoma-bearing mice increased following B16/F10 cells inoculation. In contrast, such an increase in body weights was significantly attenuated by Doxo administration. Whereas CWG inhibits the decrease in body weights induced by Doxo. The tumor volume and tumor weights of melanomas-bearing mice dramatically increased following B16/F10 cells inoculation, In contrast, such an increase in tumor volume and tumor weights were significantly attenuated by Doxo or CWG administration. But the synergic effect of CWG with Doxo was not observed. The reduction of cellularity of seminiferous epithelia, level of spermatogonium and spermatid induced by Doxo was recovered by CWG administration. BrdU labeling index of spermatogonium was remarkably decreased in Doxo group but was no change in CWG group. Whereas the incidence and intensity of BrdU labelled spermatocytes and spermatids were increased by CWG administration than those of Doxo group. Conclusions : The obtained results suggest that CWG have antitumor effect and protective effect on doxo-induced testicular toxicity. This effect might be mediated through the supplementation of vital energy.

Enhanced Susceptibility of Human Squamous Cell Carcinoma to Photodynamic Therapy Combined with Administration of Cisplatin

  • Ahn, Jin-Chul;Chung, Pil-Sang;Park, Byung-Kuhn
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 2008
  • We have compared the antitumor effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT), using 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) as the photosensitizer, combined with cisplatin (CDDP) on AMC-HN3 human squamous cell carcinoma. AMC-HN3 cells were cultured and then incubated with various concentrations of CDDP and ALA. 632 nm diode laser was given at $6.0J/cm^2$ followed by incubation for 24 hours. The evaluation of cell viability was done by MTT assay. In vivo CDDP was injected intraperitoneally 24 hours prior to PDT. The anti-tumor effects of each treatment were measured by tumor volume change. Cell viability were 44.29% for the cisplatin-mediated chemotherapy group $(6.25{\mu}g/ml)$, 77.22% for ALA-PDT group, and 15.06% for the Combination therapy group. In vivo, the antitumor effect of photodynamic therapy was enhanced by combination of Cisplatin-mediated chemotherapy. Photodynamic therapy combined with administration of Cisplatin appears to enhance antitumor effect and to be a useful treatment modality.

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Revelation of Antitumor Effect in Combination with 5-Fluorocytosine and Extracellular Cytosine Deaminase (5-Fluorocytosine과 세포외 Cytosine Deaminase의 병용투여에 의한 항암효과의 발현)

  • Kim, Tae-Hyun;Kim, Jung;Yu, Tae-Shick
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.669-674
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out particularly focusing on he antitumor effect in combination with 5-fluorocytosine(5-FC), antifungal agent, and extracellular cytosine deaminase from Chromobacterium violaceum YK 391 against U-937, K-562 and SNU-C4 cells. While the addition of 10$\mu\textrm{g}$/100 ${\mu}\ell$ of anticancer agent, 5-fluorouracil(5-FU), to U-937, K-562 and SNU-C4 caused the decrease of proliferation 90%, 75% and 93% respectively, the addition of 20 $\mu\textrm{g}$/100 ${\mu}\ell$ of the extracellular cytosine deaminase and 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/100 ${\mu}\ell$ of antifungal agent 5-FC caused the decrease of proliferation 80%, 70% and 90%, respectively. These results, therefore, reveal that this enzyme has the similar clinical effect for considering of adjuvant antitumor effect. From the above results, the treatment of 5-FC and the cytosine deaminase was very effective and showed the possibility to remove side effects which easily occur by the treatment of 5-FU only. An extracellular cytosine deaminase.

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