• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anxiety

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Maternal parenting behaviors, child's stranger anxiety, separation anxiety, and maternal separation anxiety (자녀 양육행동 , 아동의 낯가림 경험 및 분리불안과 어머니의 분리불안)

  • Ahn, Jee-Young;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of matemal parenting behaviors, child's stranger anxiety, and separation anxiety to matemal separation anxiety. A total of 288 middle class mothers having children aged from 36- to 59-month- olds answered to a questionnaire based on Maternal Separation Anxiety Scale (Hock, 1989). They also answered the questions about maternal parenting behaviors, child's stranger anxiety, and separation anxiety. The main results were as follows : 1. There were no significant differences in maternal separation anxiety as a function of demographic variables. 2. Maternal parenting behaviors such as physical contact and discipline involvement were significantly related to maternal separation anxiety. And child's stranger anxiety and separation anxiety were also significantly related to matemal separation anxiety. 3. Maternal separation anxiety was accounted for 15% of the variance by maternal physical contact, discipline involvement, and chlid's stranger anxiety and separation anxiety.

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A Study Relationship between State-Trait Anxiety and Sexual Activity of Pregnant Women (임신부의 성생활과 불안에 관한 연구)

  • 강정희
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.22-33
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    • 1983
  • This study was done to research the relationship between State-Trait Anxiety and Sexual activity of pregnant women. The subjects for this study were 200 pregnant women from 2 hospitals located in a urban area. The data was collected through questionnaires which was developed by Spielberger, from to, 1982. The content of the questionnaire consist of following 2 categories of Anxiety and Sexual activity; (1) State Anxiety, (2) Trait Anxiety and (3) Sexual activity included sexual drive, number of sexual intercourse, and length of sexual intercourse. Analysis of data was done by use percentage, T-test, x$^2$-test, ANOVA and pearson correlation coefficiency. The findings of this study are as follows: 1. The mean score of state Anxiety and Trait Anxiety of respondents were 43.06, 44.19, therefore Trait Anxiety was higher than state Anxiety. 2. A significant state Anxiety and Trait Anxiety were not found among general characteristics with age, education level and religion 3. In the analysis of correlation among state Anxiety, Trait anxiety and Sexual activity, the Trait Anxiety was positively correlated with the State Anxiety. (r=.3877, p=.000) It was support the fact that the higher level of Trait anxiety, the greater was the State anxiety. 4. And the state anxiety was negatively correlated with number of sexual intercourse. (r=-1518, p=.016) Therefore, the higher the state anxiety, the lower sexual activity. Or the lower sexual activity, the higher the State Anxiety. 5. Also, in the analysis of factors affecting sexual activity, only the variable of age showed a significant correlation to number of sexual intercounse. That is the younger, the higher number of sexual intercounse. (r=. -. 1380, p=.026).

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A Study on Death Anxiety of the Elderly (노인의 죽음불안에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Gil-Ran;Yi, Yeong-Sug
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.639-648
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    • 2008
  • This study is to examine the meaning of death, the level of death anxiety, and the aspect of death anxiety that the aged have. For this, a quantitative research subjecting 532 of the aged living in local area, Jeollabuk-do was carried out. And among those 532 questionnaires, 10 were subjected for depth interview. The following is a summary of the result from this study. First, the meaning of death for the aged is classified into three classes as positive, neutral and negative meaning. Among these, there were far greater numbers of the aged who put neutral or negative meanings on their death than the positive one. Second, death anxiety of the aged are divided into three factors: 'annihilation anxiety', 'process anxiety', and 'afterdeath anxiety'. The factor that involves death anxiety the most was process anxiety, then afterdeath anxiety, and annihilation anxiety, in the order. Third, as a result of classifying the feature of death anxiety in the aged into the symptoms of death anxiety and the motive of recognizing death anxiety. Death anxiety is classified into the people with symptoms and those without symptoms, and those with certain symptoms are classified into the physical symptoms and the mental symptoms. The motive of recognizing death anxiety appeared when the individual is aged, experiences the death of other people, suffers physical pains, and when there is a mental loneliness.

Nursing Students Anxiety level and Perceptions of Anxiety-Producing Situations in the Clinical Setting (간호학생이 임상실습시 느끼는 불안의 정도와 불안야기 상황연구)

  • Park Chun-Ja
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.3
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    • pp.34-45
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    • 1997
  • Aspects of nursing student's clinical experiences are anxiety provoking. High anxiety may contribute to decreased learning. The purpose of this study was to identify the level of anxiety and potentially anxiety-producing clinical experience, the relation between the level of anxiety and their Trait-Anxiety and State-Anxiety. Finally, it is aimed at getting preparing data for guidance of students which can enhance learning effect of students for clinical experience. The samples of this study were 36 junior students(1 semester experience) and 44 senior students (3 semester experience) from Junior College of Nursing in Seoul on September 1996. The tools of this study were two kinds ; questionare of Spielberg' STAI measuring State and Trait-Anxiety, and author's for measuring the level of Anxiety producing situations and 10cm visual analogue scale was also used for measuring self stated level of anxiety on clinical setting. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS using percentage, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results of this study were as follows : 1. The self perception of anxiety level was 4.3/10cm and the level of anxiety in clinical setting situations was 3.5/5. 2. Among 20 questions for perception of anxiety-producing situations in the clinical setting. 'deficit of nursing knowledge' was the highest item(4.18), 'vagueness of role'(4.11), 'lack of nursing skill'(4.00), 'evaluation by faculty'(4.00) 'fear of making mistakes'(3.81) 'initial clinical experience on a unit'(3.76) 'initial application of nursing knowledge'(3.74) in turn. 3. The level of State-anxiety of senior students was higher than junior's (p=0.005)and the level of Trait-Anxiety of insufficient interpersonal relationship and unhealthy students were higher than others (p=0.015) There was no differences according to the student's grade in level of anxiety. 4. Both of self-stated anxiety and situationa anxiety of unhealthy students were high (p=0.007, p=0.000) and the level of self-stated anxiety of unsatisfied students for selection major and clinical experience were high (p=0.050, p=0.009). 5. Self-stated anxiety and situation anxiety (p=0.0000), self-stated- anxiety and Trait-anxiety(p=0.003), situation anxiety and Trait-anxiety(p=0.004), and Trait-anxiety and state-anxiety(p=0.000) of the students were interrelated. By the above conclusion, the nursing students still feel anxiety on clinical experience and on making a mistake due to the lack of their nursing knowledge and skill. And the students are afraid of the faculties' evaluation. In addition, the students who are not healthy and have not sufficiently interpersonal relationship feel more anxiety. But, since there was no difference significantly between each grade, we think it is needed that further study on the same topic in large samples. And, we have to equip the students with much nursing knowledge and philosophy apparently before the students have clinical experience. Finally, the faculty have to reduce the students' anxiety by making a climate of acceptance in clinical setting with good personality.

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Anxiety before dental surgery under local anesthesia: reducing the items on state anxiety in the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-form X

  • Koga, Sayo;Seto, Mika;Moriyama, Shigeaki;Kikuta, Toshihiro
    • Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 2017
  • Background: It is important to evaluate preoperative anxiety and prepare sedation when performing dental surgery under local anesthesia. Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) is useful for predicting preoperative anxiety. State anxiety is defined as a subjective feeling of nervousness. Reduction in the number of the state anxiety items (questions) will be clinically important in allowing us to predict anxiety more easily. Method: We analyzed the STAI responses from 1,252 patients who visited our institution to undergo dental surgery under local anesthesia. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted for 9 groups comprising anxiety level determinations using the STAI; we then developed a coefficient of determination and a regression formula. We searched for a group satisfying the largest number of requirements for regression expression while setting any necessary conditions for accurately predicting anxiety before dental surgery under local anesthesia. Results: The regression expression from the group determined as normal for preoperative state anxiety was deemed the most suitable for predicting preoperative anxiety. Conclusion: It was possible to reduce the number of items in the STAI by focusing on "Preoperative anxiety before dental surgery."

Assessment of Korean Preservice Elementary Teachers' Science Teaching-anxiety and Science Teaching-efficacy

  • Choi, Sung-Youn;Kim, Sung-Won
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.28 no.7
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    • pp.713-723
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    • 2008
  • Science teaching-anxiety and science teaching-efficacy are influential factors in teachers' teaching practices and behaviors. In order to encourage elementary teachers to do better teaching practice, this study identified factors that have caused teachers' science teaching-anxiety, developed an instrument measuring science teaching-anxiety, and investigated the relationship between science teaching-anxiety and science teaching-efficacy. In addition, we attempted to suggest practical implications to enhance teachers' confidence in science teaching. The guiding research questions were 1) which factors affect science teaching-anxiety level of the preservice elementary teachers, and 2) how each factor of science teaching-anxiety is related to science teaching-efficacy. The subjects were 133 Korean preservice elementary teachers (57.1% were female) in a large city. The data sources included teachers' responses to three paper and pencil questionnaires: State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Science Teaching-Anxiety Questionnaire (STAQ), and Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (STEBI-B). To clarify the science teaching-anxiety, we specified it into six factors: trait anxiety about nature of science and science teaching, state anxiety about instruction, science activities, student assessment, and professional responsibilities. The results indicated three significant aspects of science teaching anxiety and efficacy. First, their level of anxiety about professional responsibility and science teaching was relatively high among six factors. Second, there was a negative correlation between science teaching-anxiety and science teaching-efficacy. Third, trait anxiety about science teaching is the most influential factor for science teaching-efficacy while state anxiety about instruction and professional responsibilities were followed.

Evaluation of anxiety level changes during the first three months of orthodontic treatment

  • Yildirim, Ersin;Karacay, Seniz
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 2012
  • Objective: To determine the changes in dental anxiety, state anxiety, and trait anxiety levels of patients and their parents after 3 months of active orthodontic treatment. Methods: We evaluated 120 patients and one parent of each patient. State Anxiety (STAI-S), Trait Anxiety (STAI-T), and Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) were administered before orthodontic treatment (T1) and after 3 months of treatment (T2). Differences in scores between T1 and T2 were compared using paired-sample t-tests and the relationship between the scores of the DAS and the STAI were analyzed using a bivariate two-tailed Pearson correlation test. Results: Dental anxiety and state anxiety levels decreased among the patients after adjustment to orthodontic treatment (p < 0.001). However, 3 months of treatment was not sufficient to decrease the anxiety levels of parents (p > 0.05). Patient trait anxiety affected patient state anxiety and dental anxiety (p < 0.01). Additionally, a significant correlation was found between patient dental anxiety and parent dental anxiety (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Dental anxiety and state anxiety levels decrease after patients become familiar with their orthodontist and they became accustomed to orthodontic treatment. However, 3 months is not a sufficient length of time to decrease parental anxiety levels.

A Study on the Psychological Characteristics of Korean Medicine Students: Focus on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (한의대생의 심리 특성 연구 - 한국판 다면적 인성검사-2, 상태 특성 불안 척도를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Ji-young;Lee, Jea-hyok
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this research was to study the Psychological Characteristics of Korean Medicine Students, focusing on Korean version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Methods: We conducted survey on 101 Korean Medicine Students to investigate the Psychological Characteristics of Korean Medicine Students, focusing on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Results: 1. 14.8% of students scored more than 52 points in the State Anxiety Inventory, and 20.8% of students scored more than 53 points in the Trait Anxiety Inventory. 2. Students with anxiety according to the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory showed higher scores in the Sc, Pd, Si, RC4 scales, as compared to students without anxiety (p<.05). 3. Students with anxiety according to the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory showed higher scores in the Pt, RCd, RC7 and NEGE scales, as compared to students without anxiety (p<.05). Conclusions: Students with anxiety seem to have difficulty in adjusting socially, as compared to students without anxiety. In addition, students with anxiety have a personality tendency to experience negative emotions, as compared to students without anxiety.

The Effects of Working Mothers' Separation Anxiety, Job Satisfaction, and Overprotective Parenting Behavior on Preschoolers' Separation Anxiety (취업모의 분리불안, 직업만족도 및 과보호적 양육행동이 유아의 분리불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryoo, Jung-min;Shin, Nana
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects (through working mothers' overprotective parenting behavior) of working mothers' separation anxiety and job satisfaction on preschoolers' separation anxiety. Methods: A total of 251 working mothers with preschool-aged children participated in this study. Mothers completed a questionnaire concerning their separation anxiety, job satisfaction, overprotective parenting behavior, and preschoolers' separation anxiety. Data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVAs, partial correlations and path analysis. Results: In terms of direct effects, working mothers' separation anxiety had a direct effect on preschoolers' separation anxiety. However, job satisfaction did not have a direct effect on preschoolers' separation anxiety. With respect to indirect effects, working mothers' separation anxiety indirectly influenced preschoolers' separation anxiety through their overprotective parenting behavior. However, mothers' job satisfaction did not have an indirect effect on preschoolers' separation anxiety. Conclusion/Implications: Findings from this study emphasize the importance of reducing mothers' separation anxiety in order to prevent preschoolers' separation anxiety.

Psychoanalytical View of Anxiety (정신분석적 관점에서의 불안)

  • Park Yong-Chon
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.14-17
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    • 2005
  • By the influence of the descriptive approach of DSM-III, the anxiety became the same thing as the anxiety disorder to the clinicians. This unfortunate result sacrificed psychodynamic model of symptom formations and simplified the anxiety as one of the disease entity not as the overdetermined symptoms. These phenomenon awakened the psychoanalytic interest which was in sleep. Freud was the first major articulator of the basic significance of anxiety in human behavior. He attributed the particular quality of the anxiety experience to the trauma of birth, and subsequently to the fear of castration. Such classification of the anxiety according to the psychosexual development is helpful for the clinicians in understanding the origin of anxiety which the patient shows during the psychotherapy. The other analytical view of interpersonal psychoanalysis came from Sullivan. A large part of his therapy is taken up with recognizing and correcting parataxic distortions that interfere with realistic self-appraisal of events and of oneself in relation to others. Perhaps no explanation is the 'most basic' explanation for human anxiety. Anxiety is a multifaceted entity consisting of aspects of realm of discourse. Existential anxiety is inescapable in Western culture but it can be transcended by the cultivation of mind in Eastern culture. The analysts need to stay attuned to their own propensities for anxiety and must permit their own experiences with anxiety to be the grist for the psychotherapeutic mill.

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