• Title, Summary, Keyword: Apartment Housings' Area

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The Environmental Status of the Playgrounds located in the Apartment Housings' Area (아파트 단지내 어린이 놀이터의 환경적 위상 정립에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Kyung Jin;Kim, Hyeong Eon
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2014
  • Since 1970s, the metropolitan-cities in Korea constructed enormous capacities of apartment housings to settle the inferior housing conditions. However, from a stand point of children, the formality of the apartment housing is too tight and specialized to give children enough space to play in and the location and physical area of that is bad and insufficient either. In this study, progressive method for the playground is offered to improve the conditions of playground in apartment housings through the examinations of the utilization of the playground and the problems of that. As a result, three of items for the improvement of the playgrounds are suggested. First, re-interventions for the rules which prescribe the area of the playgrounds are needed. Second, the locations of the playgrounds should be based on the children's playing activities and parents' profitable apprehend. Third, the access to the playgrounds should be based on the children's conveniences. In order to perform these recommended items, objective POE data for the playgrounds through the systematic examinations are also needed in addition to the abilities of the planners.

A basic study on Improvement for Biotops Area Ratio through the Post Evaluation Plan for Outdoor Space of Apartment Housings (공동주택의 외부공간 시공 후 평가를 통한 생태면적률 개선 방안도출을 위한 기초 연구 - 현장시공시 생태면적률 공간유형 반영을 중심으로 -)

  • Jang, Dae-hee;Kim, Hyeon-soo;Kang, Byoung Keun
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2010
  • The problem of urban climate change and destruction of wildlife habitats space which is becoming more serious day by day, has to do with the impervious area(surface area) in urban space. The destruction of natural ground and indiscreet soil covering due to compact development is causing urban desertification in urban residential areas. With biotops area ratio being variously used and extended as a pre planning index, this study aims to analyze the elements of biotop area ratio that need to be supplemented in order to emerge as a realistic planning index for post evaluation measure and not act only as a examining tool in the planning stage. In particular, this study aims to examine the possibility of biotops area ratio to be used as a system to evaluate the outer space of apartment housings, in which biotops area ratio is most actively used, as a tool to secure ecological soundness of the development area after construction is finished.

A Study of Critical Items and Related Standards on Designing for Passive Apartments (패시브 공동주택 계획을 위한 설계 중점항목 및 관련 기준 연구)

  • Lee, Myoung-Ju
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.21-29
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to find and suggest the purpose of future plans, critical items on designing and Related standards to amend construction standards for domestic energy saving and environmentally friendly housings. It would also activate and increase the supplies of passive house minimizing the problems on current apartment housings in winter and reducing heating energy which brings fine dust pollution. After defining the standard model of Korean apartment housings(reference model), this study calculated the amount of heating energy demand per unit area annually as applying the yearly changed standards from 2008 to 2017 to existing standard model. It turned out that applying 2017 construction standards of energy saving and eco-friendly housings to reference model has saved up to 75% of heating energy demand comparing to the one applied 2008's. However, it still could not solve the fundamental problems such as winter fungus, condensation, freezing, freeze and burst, and insulation weakness space, and could not be free from fine dust particles. To solve them, this study suggested improved standards adding critical items on design related to outside insulation, cut off the heat-bridge, enforce air-tightness and heat change efficiency on heat recovery ventilator. As a result, it has reduced more than 10% of heat demand from 2017. It would be more than 90% of savings from 2008 if we make the amount of heat loss be zero on heat bridge on designing stage in the future.

An Effect of the Change of Orientation and Window Area Ratio upon Building Energy Requirement in Apartment Housings (공동주택 향별 창면적비 변화에 따른 에너지 영향도 분석)

  • Kim, Jae Moon;Lee, Gyu Chul;Lee, Seung Gyu;Kim, Min Sung;Min, Joon Ki
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 2013
  • Due to the increasing concerns about the buildings which have affected the global environment, most countries have enacted a regulation for the sustainability of domestic buildings. In 2008, the Korean government started to enact a regulation of apartment and office buildings for energy saving. Many research on the sustainable apartment building focuses on $84m^2$ or larger type in response to market demand; therefore, small size type such as $46m^2$ type needs to be researched. In addition, the research on the orientation and window to wall ratio of the building have been separately studied as a means of energy reduction; therefore, the research on correlation of the orientation and window to wall ratio hasn't been fully explored yet. This paper analyzes the energy demand of the apartment building as the change of orientation and window to wall ratio among $46m^2$ and $84m^2$ type. In conclusion, when reducing the window to wall ratio, energy demand was reduced, except when the orientation of the building was between from +10 to -20 from the south.

The Forecasting Model of the Repair Cost in Apartment Housing - Focused roof water proofing and Elevator work - (공동주택 공종별 수선비용 예측모델 연구 - 옥상방수 공사와 승강기 공사를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, KangHee;Chae, ChangU
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: Most if buildings need various repair works for preventing or delaying the deterioration which gives rise to affect the living condition or function after constructed. Therefore, a long-term repair schedule should be planned and a repair cost is required. In this paper, it aimed at providing the statistical forecast model for a repair cost in roof water-proofing work and elevator work using statistical approach with three variables such as number of household, management area and a elapsed year. Data are collected in apartment housings which are located in Seoul area and conducted with interview and questionnaire sheet. Each analyzed work is divided into a partly work and fully work. Results of this study are shown that, first, the regression model takes a multiplying type like a Cobb-Douglas function and is changed into the log-linear type to include the three variable simultaneously. Second, the goodness-of-fit of the repair cost forecasting model has a good statistics in determinant's coefficient and Dubin-Watson value. Third, the management area is stronger factor than other the number of household and an elapsed year in roof water-proofing work and elevator work.

A Study of Connection Method between the Work of School Building and Public Facilities Compound and Rental Housing in the Neighborhood for Securing Rental Housing Site - The Case Study of the City of Pyeong Taek - (임대주택 부지의 면적확보를 위한 학교시설 및 공공시설 부지내의 복합화사업과의 연계방안 연구 - 평택시의 사례를 바탕으로 -)

  • Min, Chang-Kee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.38-47
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    • 2008
  • The idea that a school could take a role of educating each community personnel as well as students and the school building could be a center in a community is discussed in this paper. Also, as rental housings being included in the community and placed near school buildings, school facilities can be shared and cover the shortage of social welfare facilities. Thus urban social facilities including schools, social and cultural facilities, and rental housings should be planned as a bundled scheme. The objective of this Paper is to find the suitability of building a complex of school, gymnasium, cultural facilities, welfare facilities in school sites, and building rental housing in public building sites, such as cultural facilities and welfare facilities, gymnasium sites in the City of Pyeong Teak. It is found that this assumption can be proved when building a public school of 6 to 7 story or a rental apartment with a floor area ratio of 150% - 200%.

A Study on the Vertical Unification, Two to One Remodeling for Three Generation Dwelling of Apartment Housing (3대가족 동거주택을 위한 수직 2호 1주택 아파트 재구성 연구)

  • 손승광
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.147-156
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    • 2003
  • A small apartment housings in Korea, which is built mass-product from 1980s, are dissatisfied, in spite of good condition, due to the growing living areas and changing lifestyle of the residents. Many of them confronted with slum areas and the kinds of housing stock accumulated much more in Korean contexts. For the existing small houses, it could be discuss an adaptation model to the increasing requirement standards of the house residents; wider living area, new facilities and a style of new residence. A social policy for elderly people who are handicap in physical and economical aspects, is home stay system rather than national support. But it is not easy to find the three generation family house in Korea context, specially apartment house. This paper deals with the vertical unification typology of two dwelling units to one, in order to supply three generation houses by remodel existing small apartment houses constructed by Korea National Housing Corporation. The use of convert houses into vertical expansion are expected to be a house of three generation family, it can also enhance privacy against conflictive activities in a house. And also the merging types of two dwelling units into one can be used as a device to get rid of the monotonous characteristics and gain diversity in the declining stock housing.

An Analysis on the Characteristics of Energy and Water Consumption in Urban Rental Apartment (도심 임대아파트의 에너지 및 상수 소비 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Youn-Kyu;Kim, Ju-Young;Hong, Won-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2009
  • It has been a serious problem to consume the energy of apartment while increasing to use of heating & cooling System because of residence environmental upgrades. Great attention has been shown to the problem of the rental apartment, so there are few reports of energy consumption about the rental apartment in korea. To solve the lack of housing, our country has supplied an enormous volume of apartments, and these days it occupies 75% of our buildings. As apartments occupy most of our housings, the rate of energy usage from them are also high. On this, setting apartment energy reduction as a target, by researching the actual conditions of energy consumption and drawing a basis data, we can apply this as a way of saving energy, rationalization of the scale of energy supply facilities and a standard when planning facilities. To grasp the present condition of energy usage of the urban rental apartment, this research analysed the use of electricity, gas and water monthly and annually of a rental apartment that is located in Daegu. The results showed that in 2003 the electricity usage was 1,198MWh but 1,315MWh in 2007, which means 9% of electricity usage increases every year. The average of water usage was $85,072\;m^2$ per year and typical energy consumption unit was $604.2\;MJ/m^2$ on $74.4\;m^2$ of area and $448.8\;MJ/m^2$ on $105.8\;M^2$. By showing the usage of energy and water of the urban rental apartment, understanding the tendency and preparing an typical energy consumption unit standard through this research, apartments should use energy more efficiently.

The Case Study of Mass Housing Household's Community Spirit - Focused on Gangnamgu Household in Seoul - (공동주택 가계의 공동체 의식 사례분석 - 서울시 강남구 가계를 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Hye-Kyoung
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.103-122
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate what owners think of their housing and their community by scrutinizing households, thereby leading to a conclusion of how these communities have developed and the advantages they provide to their owners. This study was conducted by thoroughly interviewing one member from each of a total of 10 households living in apartments and villas in the Gangnamgu area of Seoul between August 5, 2008, and September 25, 2008. The results can be summarized as follows: First, all interviewees were female, within the range of 40 years to 50 years of age, and with high educational backgrounds. They were living in mid-level income or higher households but were characterized by frugal attitudes. Second, their households held a personal and familial meaning to them, one of providing replenishment, rest, and a place to share diverse feelings with their family. Certain factors such as being a convenient place for education, rising housing prices, a large area of greenery made possible by Yangjae Cheon, and so forth contributed to giving a special significance to their housings. The interviewees all thought the convenience of education and the rising housing prices in the Gangnam area were the most important factors. Third, the interviewees indicated the following sociocultural perspectives of Gangnam housings: They provide a good environment for education due to the densely clustered academies in the Daechi-dong area. There are many opportunities to meet neighbors with similar educational and economic backgrounds. There are vast areas of greenery such as Yangjae Cheon. There is access to highly advanced cultural and shopping facilities such as COEX, Seoul Arts Center, etc. There are no amusement centers located near the housing districts. There are convenient transportation methods and facilities. They are subject to jealous looks from people living outside the Gangnam area. Lastly, it seems that no significant community spirit exists among the dwellers of each apartment or villa. However, matters of self-interest such as construction problems, which contribute greatly to creating personal wealth, were exceptions when the dwellers united as a single household.

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An Analysis on the Characteristics of Energy and Water Consumption in Urban Rental Apartment (도심(都心) 임대(賃貸)아파트의 에너지 및 상수(上水) 소비(消費) 특성(特性) 분석(分析))

  • Seo, Youn-Kyu;Kim, Joo-Young;Hong, Won-Hwa
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.261-265
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    • 2008
  • To solve the lack of housing, our country has supplied an enormous volume of apartments, and these days it occupies 75% of our buildings. As apartments occupy most of our housings, the rate of energy usage from them are also high. On this, setting apartment energy reduction as a target, by researching the actual conditions of energy consumption and drawing a basis data, we can apply this as a way of saving energy, rationalization of the scale of energy supply facilities and a standard when planning facilities. To grasp the present condition of energy usage of the urban rental apartment, this research analysed the use of electricity, gas and water monthly and annually of a rental apartment that is located in Daegu. The results showed that in 2003 the electricity usage was 1,198MWh but 1,315MWh in 2007, which means 9% of electricity usage increases every year. The average of water usage was $85,072m^2$ per year and they used $604.2MJ/m^2$ Typical energy consumption unit on $74.4m^2$ of area and $448.8MJ/m^2$ on $105.8m^2$. By showing the usage of energy and water of the urban rental apartment, understanding the tendency and preparing an Typical energy consumption unit standard through this research, apartments should use energy more efficiently.

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