• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aphis gossypii

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A Survey of the flying Aphid Population at the Alpine Area, Cholla-Pukto (전북고랭지역의 진딧물 밀도조사)

  • Yoon Soon Ki;Choi Seong Sik
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.205-208
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    • 1974
  • This survey was carried out in order to find out population density of aphid at the alpine area. Thetraps were set from May 1 to October 31 in 1973. The summarized results are as follows; 1. About 37 species of aphids were trapped, including 4 species of potatao virus vectors. 2. Of these, dominant species are Aphis gossypii Koch, Aphis lerodendri Matsumura, and Lipahis erysimi Kaltenbaeh. The $67\%$ of 3, dominant species consisted of the trapped total aphids. 3. The potato virus vectors are Myzus persicae Sulzer, Aulacorhum solani Kaltenbach, Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbaeh and Aphis gossypii Glover. 4. Tile number of aphids and vectors at the alpine area is considerably lower than that at the level land. 5. The peak of the flying aphid occurrence is shown in the latter part of September.

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The Colonizing Routes of Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) to Mandarine Citrus Trees Grown in a Non-heating Plastic-film House During the Early Season (무가온 시설재배 감귤에서 계절초기 목화진딧물 개체군의 정착경로에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Tae Ok;Kwon, Soon Hwa;Park, Jeong Hoon;Oh, Sung Oh;Hyun, Seung Young;Kim, Doog-Soon
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 2015
  • The cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) infests citrus orchards, causing sooty mold damage to the fruits. This study was conducted to investigate the colonizing route of A. gossypii in citrus orchards in a non-heating plastic-film house during the early season. The overwintering eggs of the aphids are frequently found on summer shoots of the citrus trees. The eggs were mostly those of Aphis citricola, without any A. gossypii when hatched. The colonization of citrus trees by alate A. gossypii in non-heating plastic-film houses was mainly observed twice, with advanced flight in late April and delayed flight in late May. The delayed flight was synchronized with the timing of the emergence of alate A. gossypii from the fundatrix generation in the holocyclic life cycle. During advanced flight in closed citrus orchards, alate A. gossypii were caught in yellow water traps installed in the fields, and the populations were found to originate from the surviving populations of the anholocyclic life cycle. Consequently, we concluded that citrus tree colonization with A. gossypii occurred during the advanced flight of the anholocyclic and the delayed flight of the holocyclic life cycle.

Studies on the Aphid Transmission of Some Cruciferous Viruses (십자화과식물 바이러스의 진딧물 매개에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Jai Youl;Paik Woon Hah
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 1977
  • This is the fist report on detailed aphid transnsmission studies of cruciferous virus in Korea, and experiments aimed to get basic informations for control of vectors. Aphid transmission of turnip mosaic virus prevalent on radish in the field was studied. Results obtained were as follows: 1. Myzus persicae, Lipaphis erysimi, Aphis gossypii and Aphis craccivora were found to transmit turnip mosaic virus. 2. The proper time for turnip mosaic virus transmission by Myzus persicae was 1 hour of fasting, 3 minutes for acquisition, and 1 minute for inoculation: Lipaphis erysimi was 2 hours for fasting, 5 minutes for acquisition, and 3 miuutes for inoculation: while Aphis gossypii needed 1hour for fasting, and 3 minutes for each of the acquisition and inoculation periods. 3. There was Po great difference in probing patterns between nonfasted and fasted aphids for 2 hours. All the fasted aphids began feeding after 4 minutes, 4. When Myzus persicae were transferred artificially at 1-2 minute intervals, the number of probes with aphids fasted for 2 hours was much greater than that of nonfasted aphids. Aphids fasted for 2 hours mainly transmitted the virus before 4 minutes, with an acquisition feeing period of less than 3 minutes

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Temperature-dependent Development and Its Model of the Melon Aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) (목화진딧물(Aphis gossypii Glover)의 온도발육과 발육모형)

  • 김지수;김용헌;김태흥;김정환;변영웅;김광호
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2004
  • The development of Aphis gossypii was studied at various constant temperatures ranging from 15 to 35$^{\circ}C$, with 60-70% RH, and photoperiod of 16:8 (L:D h). Mortality of A. gossypii was high in the early developmental stages, and at high temperatures. The total immature developmental period ranged from 4.6 to 11.5 days. The lower developmental threshold temperature and effective cumulated temperature for all immature stages were 5.0$^{\circ}C$ and 106.8 degree-day, respective. The nonlinear shape of temperature-dependent development was well described by the modified Sharpe and DeMichele model. The normalized cumulative frequency distributions of developmental period for each life stage were fitted to the three-parameter Weibull function.

Construction of a cDNA library of Aphis gossypii Glover for use in RNAi

  • KWON, HyeRi;KIM, JungGyu;LIM, HyounSub;YU, YongMan;YOUN, YoungNam
    • Entomological research
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.384-389
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    • 2018
  • Aphis gossypii Glover is an important insect pest that functions as a viral vector and mediates approximately 45 different viral diseases. As part of a strategy for control of A. gossypii, we investigated the functions of genes using RNAi. To this end, a cDNA library was constructed for various genes and for selecting appropriate targets for RNAi mediated silencing. The cDNA library was constructed using the Gateway cloning system with site-specific recombination of bacteriophage ${\lambda}$. It was used to carry out single step cloning of A. gossypii cDNAs. As a result, a cDNA library with a titer of $8.4{\times}10^6$ was constructed. Since the sequences in this library carry att sites, they can be cloned into various binary vectors. This library will be of value for various studies. For later screening of selected genes, it is planned to clone the library into virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) vectors, which makes it possible to analyze gene function and allow subsequent transfection of plants. Such transfection experiments will allow testing of RNAi-induced insecticidal activity or repellent activity to A. gossypii, and result in the identification of target genes. It is also expected that the constructed cDNA library will be useful for analysis of gene functions in A. gossypii.

Behavioral Response of the Lacewing Chrysopa cognata to both Aphis gossypii-induced Plant Volatiles and Chrysopa cognata-derived Volatiles (목화진딧물 감염 식물 및 칠성풀잠자리 유래-휘발성물질들에 대한 칠성풀잠자리의 행동 반응)

  • Cho, Jum Rae;Lee, Min Ho;Park, Chang Gyu;Kim, Jeong Hwan;Hooper, Tony;Woodcock, Christine;Pickett, John
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to investigate the response of the lacewing Chrysopa cognata to both Aphis gossypii-induced plant volatiles and lacewing-derived volatiles. The results of a Y-tube olfactometer bioassay showed that more C. cognata males were attracted to green pepper plants infected with A. gossypii than to uninfected green pepper plants alone or clean air and C. cognata males were attractive to C. cognata females. Gas chromatography-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) analysis showed that the antennae of C. cognata females elicited EAD-active responses to the volatiles entrained from A. gossypii-infected green pepper plants. 4-Ethylacetophenone, 3-ethylbenzaldehyde, 3-ethylacetophenone, and 4-ethylbenzaldehyde from A. gossypii-induced green pepper volatiles, and (Z,Z)-4,7-tridecadiene, (Z)-4-tridecene, and (Z)-4-undecene from C. cognata female entrainment were elucidated by further analysis using GC coupled nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Of the A. gossypii-induced plant volatiles identified in this study, 4-ethylacetophenone and 3-ethylbenzaldehyde significantly increased the attraction of C. cognata males to nepetalactol, but (Z)-4-tridecene and (Z)-4-undecene did not. (Z,Z)-4,7-Tridecadiene significantly reduced the attractiveness of nepetalactol to C. cognata.

Temperature-dependent Development of Aphis gossypii Glover and Aphis egomae Shinji on Leaves of Green Perilla and Their Seasonal Abundance Patterns in Protected Greenhouse in Guemsan, Korea (들깨 잎에서 목화진딧물(Aphis gossypii Glover)과 들깨진딧물(Aphis egomae Shinji)의 온도발육 및 금산지역 잎들깨 시설하우스에서 발생소장)

  • Choe, Yong-Seok;Park, Deok-Gi;Han, Kwang-Seop;Choe, Kwang-Ryul
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.269-274
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    • 2006
  • Temperature-dependent development studies of two aphid species, A. egomae and A. gossypii occurring in green perilla greenhouse were conducted at $15{\sim}35^{\circ}C$, and 16:8 (L:D h) of light period in the laboratory. The mortality of two aphid species was high in young stages (1st and 2nd). In A. egomae, the mortalitiy increased with increasing and decreasing temperature: the mortalitie at $15^{\circ}C$ and $35^{\circ}C$ were 22.3% and 15.6%, respectively. While the mortalities of A. gossypii increased with increasing temperature: the mortality at $35^{\circ}C$ was 50.0%. The developmental periods of A. egomae and A. gossypii ranged from 20.8days to 5.4days and from 22.6days to 9.1days at $15^{\circ}C$ to $30^{\circ}C$ of temperature resion, respectively, and were 7.2days and 10.7days at $35^{\circ}C$ for each species. The lower developmental threshold temperatures for total nymphs of A. egoame and A. gossypii were $9.9^{\circ}C$ and $4.9^{\circ}C$, respectively and an effective degree-days (DD) for the developmental completion of total nymph were 108.0 DD for.A. egomae and 221.2DD for A. gossypii. In green perilla greenhouse, the occurrence period of A. gossypii was earlier about 15 days than that of A. egomae. When the occurrence period of two aphid species was estimated by degree-days based on lower threshold temperatures, A. gossypii occurred earlier than A. egomae in the field. A. gossypii occurred from early April and showed dominant position to late May compared with A. egomae Whereas, A egomae started to occur from mid April and then were abundant after late May followed by abrupt population crash around late July.

Current Status of the Occurrence of the Insect Pests in the Citrus Orchard in Cheju Island (감귤해충의 최근 발생 동향)

  • 김동환;권혁모;김광식
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.267-274
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    • 2000
  • As the pest of the citrus in Cheju, 69 insect species and 5 animal species were investigated during 1996 to 1998. Of these, Panonychus citri, Phyllocnistis citrella, Aphis citricola, Aphis gossypii and Frankliniella occidentalis are major pests. Especially, F. occidentalis and Peridroma saucia are very important species because of increasing damage. The number of pests species injuring leaf, branch, fruit and flower of the citrus are 36, 16, 41 and 2 species respectively. The rate of damaged fruits by pests is 20.5% in 1997 and 18.6% in 1998 and the rate of bad quality fruits is 6.4% and 6.7% respectively.

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Effect of Aphis gossypii Glover on Growth and Sugar Content of Oriental Melon (목화진딧물(Aphis gossypii Glover)이 참외의 생육과 당함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Do, Han-Woo;Suh, Dong-Whan;Kwon, Min-Kyung;Choi, Sung-Kuk;Shin, Yong-Seub
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.16-20
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    • 2004
  • Aphis gossypii Glover(Homoptera: Aphididae) is an serious pest on various crops. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of A. gossypii Glover on the growth of oriental melon and the plant recovery after removing A. gossypii. Visible damage symptom caused by A. gossypii feeding to oriental melon was leaf distortion and stunting. A. gossypii feeding for 20 days on oriental melon significantly reduced the growth of oriental melon with increasing A. gossypii density level. Plant growth was decreased by 63${\sim}$69%, 62${\sim}$88% and 49${\sim}$70% in plant height, leaf area and dry weight, respectively. During 10 day after aphids removal, the infested leaves remained stunt, however, new shoot and leaf recovered gradually. By 20 day, plant height, leaf area and dry weight substantially increased in 5 aphid per plant. Plant recovered rapidly with day and among aphid density level, 5 aphid per plant showed rapid recovery. When plant were infested with several density of aphid per plant, sugar contents of total leaves were not significantly different between aphid density level. Whereas, sugar contents of lear infested with aphid per leaf were decreased with increasing cumulative aphid-days.

Temperature-dependent Fecundity and Life Table Parameters of Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) on Cucumber Plants (오이에서 온도에 따른 목화진딧물 산자수 및 생명표)

  • Kim Ji-Soo;Kim Tae-Heung
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 2004
  • Temperature-fecundity of the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, was studied at constant temperatures ranging from 15 to $32.5^{\circ}C$ under $60-70\%$ RH and a photoperiod of 16 : 8 (L : D) A life table parameters were constructed using the results. The longevity of A. gossypii gradually increased with decreasing temperature below $27.5^{\circ}C$. Also fecundity increased with decreasing temperature and the highest fecundity was 61.8 nymphs per female at $17.5^{\circ}C$. However. daily fecundity increased with increasing temperatures up to $22.5^{\circ}C$ showing 5.9 nymphs per day and thereafter decreased. Longevity and fecundity of the adult in the greenhouse with an average temperature of $21^{\circ}C$ and $65.6\%$ RH, were 20.0 days and 59.6, respectively, which were longer and higher than those in the growth chamber with similar conditions. net reproductive rate (Ro) was 54.9 at $17.5^{\circ}C$ while intrinsic rate of increase ($r_m$) and finite rate of increase ($\lambda$) were the highest 0.5 and 1.6 at $30^{\circ}C$, respectively. doubling time (DT) and mean generation time (T) were the shortest 1.4 and 6.8 at $30^{\circ}C$ indicating that optimal temperature for the development is $30^{\circ}C$.