• Title/Summary/Keyword: Apodemus agrarius coreae

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Morphological Characteristics of Sperm in the Korean Striped Field Mouse, Apodemus agrarius coreae: Possible Role of Sperm Neck in the Movement of Sperm Head

  • Lee, Jeong-Hun;Son, Seong-Won
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.371-379
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    • 1997
  • To investigate the movement of sperm head and the role of sperm neck in forward sperm motility in the Korean striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius coreae, the morphological characteristics of the cauda epididymal spermatozoa were examined by light microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Spermatozoa of A. agrarius coreae were characterized by the conspicuous shape of the acrosome and the long tail compared with those of other rodents. Total length of the sperm was $133\mu{m}$. The sperm head had a curved falciform shape. The head was 8.0${\mu}$m in length, and about 4.0 ${\mu}$m in width. The shape of acrosome had an openerlike form. The sperm tail (125 ${\mu}$m) consisted of four major segments: neck (0.5 ${\mu}$m), middle piece (29.5 ${\mu}$m), and principal piece plus the end piece (95 ${\mu}$m). The outer dense fibers were arranged in a horseshoe fashion, and No. 1, 5, 6, and 9 of the outer dense fibers were larger than the others. The mitochondrial bundles of middle piece were composed of a pair of arms, which surrounded the axone of the middle piece by the 45 0 angled helical structure. The total number of mitochondrial gyres was 188. In particular, the microfilament structures existed in plasma membrane of the sperm, which was adjacent to the acrosomal region on the nuclear membrane. The segmented columns were surrounded by microfilament structures, and the microfilament bundles were adjacent to the outer membrane of the first mitochondria of middle piece. This study presents for the first time the existence of microfilament structures within the plasma membrane of sperm which is located from the adjacent acrosome region to the connecting piece in sperm neck of Korean striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius coreae. The present result suggests that the constriction and extension of microfilament in sperm neck as well as the wave-movement of sperm tail may play a role in the movement of sperm head.

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Morphological Changes of Epithelial Cells of the Epididymides by Sperm Entrance in the Korean Striped Field Mouse, Apodemus agrarius coreae (등줄쥐(Apodemus agrarius coreae)의 정자유입에 따른 정소상체 상피세포의 형태적 변화)

  • Lee, Jung-Hun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.49-62
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    • 1998
  • To investigate the morphological changes of epithelial cells of ductus epididymides by sperm entrance, the Korean striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius coreae was studied with light and transmission electron microscopy. 1. The diameters of the caput epididymis (Cp) and its lumen were $135\sim145{\mu}(140{\pm}0.5{\mu})$ and $115\sim120{\mu}m(117{\pm}0.1{\mu}m)$. The length and width of the epithelium were $27.0\sim28.5{\mu}m(28.0{\pm}0.1{\mu}m)$ and $4.8\sim5.4{\mu}m(5.1{\pm}0.2{\mu}m)$. 2. The diameters of the corpus epididymis (Cr) and its lumen were $160\sim170{\mu}m(166{\pm}0.2{\mu}m)$ and $140\sim150{\mu}m(145{\pm}0.3{\mu}m)$. The length and width of the epithelium were $17.4\sim18.0{\mu}m(17.6{\pm}0.5{\mu}m)$ and $8.8\sim10.4{\mu}m(9.5{\pm}0.2{\mu}m)$. 3. The diameters of the cauda epididymis (Cu) and its lumen were $270\sim280{\mu}m(275{\pm}0.2{\mu}m)$ and $265\sim275{\mu}m(268{\pm}0.3{\mu}m)$. The length and width of the epithelium were $11.2\sim13.4{\mu}m(12.3{\pm}0.3{\mu}m)$ and $9.2\sim11.2{\mu}m(10.0{\pm}0.2{\mu}m)$. Therefore, the size of diameter and lumen of the ductus epididymides and the width of the epithelium increased from Cp and Cr to Cu, but the length of epithelial cells decreased from Ca and Cr to Cu. These data suggest that the morphological changes of epithelial cells of the ductus epididymides may be the results of the sperm entrance.

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Ecological Studies on the Inhavitation of Fieldmice in Mt. Jiri (지리산야서(智異山野鼠)의 서식생태(棲息生態)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Yun, Kang Bok;Kim, Jai Saing
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.70 no.1
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    • pp.38-44
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    • 1985
  • These surveys were conducted for the purpose of fundamental data of environmental ecology to save the damage of the fieldmice at the National Park of Mt. Jiri, shown especially in the 5 areas of Jang-dang, U-pyung, Jung-san-ri, Sea-seok and Dae-sung area from October, 1983 to September, 1984 during which the fieldmice were very active. The results were summarized as follows; 1) Fieldmice observed were 3 species: Clethrionomys rufocanus regulus, Apodemus speciosus peninsulae and Apodemus agrarius coreae. 2) Types of fieldmice hole were of 5 types; around the roots of trees, at fallen trees, between rocks and the ground, on the surface of the slope ground, on the surface of the ground. The holes were found mostly around the trees (33.2%). 3) Inhabitant ratio was the highest at Dae-sung area (22.6%). Breeding was the most active in July. 4) Females found in July at Sea-seok area were the most in the number (6.6%). Males found at U-pyung area were the most in July in the number, at Sea-seok area in May, at Dae-sung area in July (5.4%). 5) The weight ranged between 20.3g and 57.4g. Clethrionomys rufocanus regulus was the heaviest (37.8g), Apodemus speciosus peninsulae the next and Apodemus agrarius coreae the highest. The heaviest were those found at Dae-sung area.

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Diversity of Mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b Gene in Two Subspecies of Striped Field Mouse, Apodemus asrarius coreae Thomas and A. asrarius manchuricus Thomas (Mammalia, Rodentia) from Korea and Northeast China (한국과 북동 중국에 서식하는 등줄쥐 2아종, Apodemus agrarius coreae Thomas and A. agirarius manchuricus Thomas (포유강, 설치목)의 미토콘드리아 DNA cytochrome b 유전자의 다양성)

  • Koh, Hung-Sun;Jinxing Wang;Lee, Bae-Kun;Heo, Seon-Wook
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2001
  • The partial sequences of mtDNA cytochrome b gene in two subspecies of striped field mouse(Apodemus agrarius coreae and A. agrarius manchuricus) from Korea and northeast China were analyzed to determine the degree of genetic diversity in ech subspecies and to confirm their subspecific difference. In 18 specimens of A. agrarius coreae, ten haplotypes were resulted, and in two specimens of A. agrarius manchuricus. one haplotype was revealed. Tamura-Nei nucleotide distance among ten haplotypes in subspecies coreae ranged 0.36 to 1.86%. and nucleotide distance between two subspecies (coreae and manchuricus) was 0.37 to 1.47%: maximum infrasubspecific divergence in coreae was greater than maximum intersubspecific difference between two subspecies. Moreover, no major subgroup was resulted when 11 haplotypes in two subspecies were compared. Our sequence result was not cancordant with the morphological data studied so far, and it is concluded that cytochrome b gene sequence is not a good genetic marker to distinguish two subspecies of A. agrarius. In futurem, mtDNA control region analyses seemded to be necessary to reveal genetic relationship between these two subspecies of A. agrarius.

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A Study on the Bamboo Shoot's Damage of Phyllostachys edulis Riv. by Field-mice -Especially on the Inhabitation Environment and Damaged Types of Field-mice- (야서(野鼠)의 맹종죽순(孟宗竹筍) 피해(被害)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -야서(野鼠)의 서식환경(棲息環境) 피해형태(被害形態)를 중심(中心)으로-)

  • Park, Kwang Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.70 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 1985
  • This study was made on bamboo shoot's damage of Phyllostachys edulis by field mice in Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do, and grasped the inhabitation environment by the analysis of around and lower vegetation in damaged bamboo stands, and made clear the species of field mice in damaged bamboo stand, the damaged degree and rate, therefore, were put in practice for contribution with damage prevention and extermination. The results were summarized as follows; The damaged degree were influenced by inhabitation environment and stand density around damaged bamboo stands. The damaged degree were shown 4,359.1 g with 7.1 shoots per. ha and the rate 0.23%. The damage season were from the middle of April to the middle and end of May, the most damaged season was about April 23. The length of damaged bamboo shoot was mean 28.12 cm, the inside diameter 7.49 cm, the weight 613.96 g. The damaged type of parts was shown to more numerous overland and surface damaged type of three types; overland, surface and underground damaged type. The field mice to be captured in damaged bamboo stand were three species; Apodemus agrarius coreae, Mus molossinus and Crocidura lasiura, the species of main damage was Apodemus agrarius coreae of captured Rodentia's 2 species. Crocidura lasiura in order Insectivora was found to inhabitate for the first time at southern region in Korea.

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Organ Weights and Splenocytic Apoptosis in γ-irradiated Korean Dark-Striped Field Mice, Apodemus Agrarius Coreae (방사선 조사된 국내 야생 등줄쥐 (Apodemus agrarius coreae) 장기무게 및 비장세포 세포고사)

  • Joo, Hyunjin;Choi, Hoon;Yang, Kwang-hee;Keum, Dong-kwon;Kim, Hee sun
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.168-173
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    • 2015
  • The present investigation was planned to estimate potential possibility of striped field mice, Apodemus agrarius coreae (A. a. coreae), as a biological dosimeter in radio-environmental ecology. We bred captured wild A. a. coreae at laboratory and classified taxonomically based on external, cranial and tooth characters. Organ weights and splenocytic apoptosis were observed in order to establish a basic data on radiation biology of A. a. coreae (male, 40 weeks old). The biological effects was observed at 24hrs following irradiation (doses : 0, 0.5, 1, 2 Gy, dose rate : $0.8Gymin^{-1}$, $^{137}Cs$). Only thymus weights was significantly decreased. Splenocytic apoptosis was increased after irradiation. But splenocytic apoptosis was decreased in 0.5 Gy ${\gamma}$-irradiated mice compared to those of 0, 1, 2 Gy (P < 0.05). These data suggested that events in thymus and spleen of Korean dark-striped field mice, A. a. coreae THOMAS, could be a potential radio-biological indicator in human environments.