• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Arabidopsis thaliana

검색결과 312건 처리시간 0.034초

애기장대 cDNA library로부터 Glutamate Decarboxylase 유전자의 부분 클로닝 및 서열분석 (Cloning and Nucleotide Sequencing of a Partial Glutamate Decarboxylase Gene from Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA Library)

  • 오석흥;최원규;최동성
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.36-40
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    • 2001
  • In order to study the molecular mechanism of $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid (GABA) production in plants, we cloned and sequenced a partial glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) cDNA from the Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library, using primers targeted at highly conserved sequences of the petunia GAD gene. The cDNA fragment was inserted into TA cloning vector with T7 promoter and the recombinant plasmid obtained was used to transform E. coli. The plasmid DNA purified from the transformed E. coli was digested with EcoRI and the presence of the insert was confirmed. Nucleotide sequence analysis showed that the fragment is a partial Arabidopsis thaliana GAD gene and that the sequence showed 98% and 78% identity to the region of the putative Arabidopsis thaliana GAD sequences deposited in GenBank, Accession nos: U46665 and U10034, respectively. The amino acid sequence deduced from the partial Arabidopsis thaliana GAD gene showed 99% and 91% identities to the GAD sequences deduced from the genes of the U46665 and U10034, respectively. The partial cDNA sequence determined may facilitate the study of the molecular mechanism of GABA metabolism in plants.

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Epigenetic aspects of telomeric chromatin in Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Lee, Won Kyung;Cho, Myeon Haeng
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.175-180
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    • 2019
  • Telomeres are nucleoprotein complexes at the physical ends of linear eukaryotic chromosomes. They protect the chromosome ends from various external attacks to avoid the loss of genetic information. Telomeres are maintained by cellular activities associated with telomerase and telomere-binding proteins. In addition, epigenetic regulators have pivotal roles in controlling the chromatin state at telomeres and subtelomeric regions, contributing to the maintenance of chromosomal homeostasis in yeast, animals, and plants. Here, we review the recent findings on chromatin modifications possibly associated with the dynamic states of telomeres in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Activities of Sulfhydryl-Related and Phenylpropanoid-Synthesizing Enzymes during Leaf Development of Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Sa, Jae-Hoon;Park, Eun-Hee;Lim, Chang-Jin
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.554-559
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    • 1998
  • Activities of glutathione- and thioredoxin-related enzymes and phenylpropanoid-synthesizing enzymes were measured and compared in the developing leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity is maximal in the leaves of 2-wk-grown Arabidopsis. Tyrosine ammonia-lyase activity is maximal in the leaves of 3-wk-grown and 4-wk-grown Arabidopsis. Activity of thioitransferase, an enzyme involved in the reduction of various disulfide compounds, is higher in younger leaves than in older ones. A similar pattern was obtained in the activity of thioredoxin, a small protein known as a cofactor of ribonucleotide reductase and a regulator of photosynthesis. Activity of glutathione reductase is also higher in the younger leaves. Malate debydrogenase activity remains relatively constant during the development of Arabidopsis leaves. The results offer preliminary information for further approach to elucidate the mechanism of growth-dependent variations of these enzymes.

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Glutathione S-Transferase Activities of S-Type and L-Type Thioltransferases from Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Cho, Young-Wook;Park, Eun-Hee;Lim, Chang-Jin
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.179-183
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    • 2000
  • The glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities of S-type and L-type thioltransferases (TTases), which are purified from the seeds and leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana, respectively, were identified and compared. The S-type and L-type TTases showed $K_m$ values of 9.72 mM and 3.18mM on 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB), respectively, indicating the L-type TTase has higher affinity for CDNB. The GST activity of the L-type TTase was rapidly inactivated after being heated at $70^{\circ}C$ or higher. The GST activity of the S-type TTase remains active in a range of $30-90^{\circ}C$. $Hg^{2+}$ inhibited the GST activity of the S-type TTase, whereas $Ca^{2+}$ and $Cd^{2+}$ inhibited the GST activity of the L-type TTase. Our results suggest that the GST activities of two TTases of Arabidopsis thaliana may have different catalytic mechanisms. The importance of the co-existence of TTAse and GST activities in one protein remains to be elucidated.

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Proteome Analysis of Vernalization-Treated Arabidopsis thaliana by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

  • Cho, Mi-Ran;Lee, Kyung-Hyeon;Hyun, You-Bong;Lee, Il-Ha;Kim, Hie-Joon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.427-431
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    • 2007
  • In order to gain insight into the molecular changes at the protein level in plants exposed to low temperature for a long period of time (vernalization), proteome analyses of vernalization-treated Arabidopsis thaliana have been carried out by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Fourteen proteins including ATP binding/GTP binding/translation elongation factor and glycine-rich RNA-binding protein 7 (GRP7) showed differential expression in vernalization-treated Arabidopsis thaliana. GRP7 showed the most dramatic increase in expression suggesting its involvement in response to vernalization treatment.

Investigation of Splicing Quantitative Trait Loci in Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Yoo, Wonseok;Kyung, Sungkyu;Han, Seonggyun;Kim, Sangsoo
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 2016
  • The alteration of alternative splicing patterns has an effect on the quantification of functional proteins, leading to phenotype variation. The splicing quantitative trait locus (sQTL) is one of the main genetic elements affecting splicing patterns. Here, we report the results of genome-wide sQTLs across 141 strains of Arabidopsis thaliana with publicly available next generation sequencing datasets. As a result, we found 1,694 candidate sQTLs in Arabidopsis thaliana at a false discovery rate of 0.01. Furthermore, among the candidate sQTLs, we found 25 sQTLs that overlapped with the list of previously examined trait-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In summary, this sQTL analysis provides new insight into genetic elements affecting alternative splicing patterns in Arabidopsis thaliana and the mechanism of previously reported trait-associated SNPs.

Geminivirus에 감염된 Arabidopsis 줄기의 이상세포분열에 관한 세포조직학적 연구 (Cytohistological Study of Abnormal Cell Division of Arabidopsis Stem Infected with Geminivirus)

  • 박종범;이석찬
    • 식물조직배양학회지
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 1998
  • Arabidopsis thaliana에 beet curly top virus (BCTV)를 인공접종하여 외부병징 및 조직내부구조 변화를 광학현미경으로 검경하였다. BCTV-Logan에 접종된Arbidopsis thaliana ecotype Sei-O 줄기에서 약 2주 후 이상비대현상이 관찰되었고, 약 4주 후에는 캘러스조직이 형성되었다. 감염된 각 시기별로 증상부위의 Sei-O 줄기를 횡단절단하여 관찰한 결과 다음과 같은 순서, (1) 사부조직의 이상비대, (2) 이상비대된 사부의 괴사, (3) 괴사조직의 lacuna 형성, (4) lacuna형성된 사부 주위의 피층과 표피세포 신장 및 확대, (5) 신장된 피층 및 표피세포에서의 세포분열 유도, (6) 캘러스 조직의 유도 순으로 내부구조 변화가 관찰되었다. BCTV에 감염된 Arabidopsis에서의 캘러스 형성은 바이러스의 감염결과로 유도되었으며, azure-A염색법에 의해 바이러스 inclusion body는 사부조직과 캘러스에서도 존재함이 관찰되었다. 본 연구 결과 BCTV에 감염된 Arabidopsis에서 관찰된 캘러스 형성의 원인은 감염된 숙주식물의 사부조직의 괴사에 따른 lacuna 주위 피층세포의 세포분열에 기인한 것으로 사료된다.

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금속전달 유전자(MTP1)의 과발현 애기장대에서 발현 위치에 따른 내성 증가 연구 (Overexpression of the Metal Transport Protein1 gene (MTP1) in Arabidopsis Increased tolerance by expression site)

  • 김동균
    • 문화기술의 융합
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.327-332
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    • 2019
  • 현대 과학자들은 식물정화공정과 같은 새로운 기술로 중금속을 제거하려고 한다. 이런 최첨단 기술 중 하나는 토양의 특정 중금속을 제거하는 형질 전환 식물을 개발하는 것이다. 본 연구자는 T. goingense Metal Transport Protein 1 유전자와 TgMTP1 : GFP 유전자를 발현하는 형질 전환 벡터를 구축했다. 형질전환체 식물을 선택하여 형질 전환 된 유전자를 애기 장대 게놈에서 확인했다. 발현은 Arabidopsis 세포, 조직 및 기관의 여러 부분에서 확인되었다. Arabidopsis thaliana에서 TgMTP1 과발현하는 식물에 중금속이온이 처리되었을 때 형질 전환 식물체는 비 형질 전환 체보다 중금속 내성이 높았다. 추가 연구를 위해 4 (Zn, Ni, Co, Cd.)가지 중금속에 대한 내성이 향상된 형질 전환 식물을 선택했다. 선택된 T3 TgMTP1 과다 발현 애기 장대 식물은 중금속에 내성이 증가된다. 이 식물은 액포 내에 중금속을 축적하고 동시에 원형질막에 발현되는 MTP1 유전자의 발현을 특징으로 한다. 결론적으로, 이러한 식물은 식물 정화 응용 분야 및 내성이 증가 된 식물로 사용될 수 있다.

Identification of Three Genetic Loci Required for Progression of Leaf Senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Oh, Sung-Aeong;Park, Joon-Hyun;Lee, Gyu-In;Paek, Kyung-Hee;Park, Soon-Ki;Nam, Hong-Gil
    • 한국식물학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 1996
  • Three key genetic loci required for proper progression of leaf senescence were identified in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mutations in these loci cause delay in all senescence symptoms examined, including both anabolic and catabolic activities, during natural senescence and upon artificial senescence induced by various senescence-inducing treatments. The result provides a decisive evidence that leaf senescence is a genetically programmed phenomenon controlled by several monogenic loci in Arabidopsis thaliana. The result further indicates that leaf senescence caused by various senescence signals occurs, at least in part, through common pathways in Arabidopsis and that the threed genetic loci function at the common steps.

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