• Title, Summary, Keyword: Arabidopsis thaliana

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Removal Effect of Biostone and Green Tea on the Heavy Metal Toxicity during Seed Germination of Arabidopsis thaliana (애기장대의 종자 발아에 미치는 맥반석과 녹차의 중금속 제거 효과)

  • 박종범
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.1303-1308
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    • 2003
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of heavy metals (cadmium, chromium, copper and lead) on the seed germination of Arabidopsis thaliana, and examinated the removal effects of biostone and green tea on the heavy metal toxicity. Cadmium and chromium among the four heavy metals had no effect on the seed germination even in the concentration fifty times higher than in the official standard concentration of pollutant exhaust notified by the Ministry of Environment. However, seeds were not germinated in the concentration of copper ten times higher and in the concentration of lead fifty times higher than the official standard concentration. When seeds were sown in the solutions of lead (15, 20, 25 and 30 mg/L) and copper(15 and 20 mg/L), the seed germination rates were 0% and less than 10%, respectively. However, when biostone(3 g/30 $m\ell$) was added, the seed germination rate was 100% in all the concentrations. The germination rate was 100% in distilled water and copper solution (5 mg/L). However, green tea (0.2 g/30 $m\ell$) was added, the seed germination rate was 0% in both. The results show that cadmiun and chromium had no effect on the seed germination, but lead and copper decreased the rate of seed germination of Arabidopsis thaliana, Biostone removed heavy metal toxicity, but green tea did not removed heavy metal toxicity during germination.

Structural Roles of Cysteine 50 and Cysteine 230 Residues in Arabidopsis thaliana S-Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase

  • Park, Sung-Joon;Cho, Young-Dong
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.178-185
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    • 2002
  • The Arabidopsis thaliana S-Adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC) cDNA ($GenBank^{TM}$ U63633) was cloned. Site-specific mutagenesis was performed to introduce mutations at the conserved cysteine $Cys^{50}$, $Cys^{83}$, and $Cys^{230}$, and $lys^{81}$ residues. In accordance with the human AdoMetDC, the C50A and C230A mutagenesis had minimal effect on catalytic activity, which was further supported by DTNB-mediated inactivation and reactivation. However, unlike the human AdoMetDC, the $Cys^{50}$ and $Cys^{230}$ mutants were much more thermally unstable than the wild type and other mutant AdoMetDC, suggesting the structural significance of cysteines. Furthermore, according to a circular dichroism spectrum analysis, the $Cys^{50}$ and $Cys^{230}$ mutants show a higher a-helix content and lower coiled-coil content when compared to that of wild type and the other mutant AdoMetDC. Also, the three-dimensional structure of Arabidopsis thaliana AdoMetDC could further support all of the data presented here. Summarily, we suggest that the $Cys^{50}$ and $Cys^{230}$ residues are structurally important.

Effects of Heavy Metals on Growth and Seed Germination of Arabidopsis thaliana (중금속이 애기장대의 생장과 종자발아에 미치는 영향)

  • 박영숙;박종범
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.319-325
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    • 2002
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of heavy metals (copper, cadmium, lead and chrome) on the growth of plant and seed germination of Arabidopsis thaliana treated with various concentrations of heavy metals. Cadmium and chrome among the 4 heavy metals had no effect on the growth of stem even in the concentration fifty times higher than the official standard concentration of pollutant exhaust notified by the Ministry of Environment. The official standard concentration of cadmium, however, stimulated the growth of stem in general, increasing leaf size and surface area, although it had no effect on the length of stem. But the growth of stem was decreased about 18% in the official standard concentration of pollutant exhaust of lead and copper. There was no growth of root in the concentration of lead and copper ten times higher than the official standard concentration. Cadmium and chrome had no effect on the seed germination, but lead and copper decreased the rate of seed germination. Seeds were not germinated in the concentration of copper ten times higher than the official standard concentration and in the concentration of lead fifty times higher than the official standard concentration. From this research three peculiar results were obtained. Chrome in the soil did not have much effect on the plant growth and seed germination of Arabidopsis thaliana. Cadmium stimulated the stem growth in an optimum concentration. But lead and copper reduced the plant growth and seed germination even in a small concentration, especially copper had the worse effect.

Effects of Mercury and Arsenic on Growth of Arabidopsis thaliana (수은과 비소가 애기장대의 생장에 미치는 영향)

  • Park Jong-Bum
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.157-162
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    • 2006
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of mercury and arsenic on the growth of Arabidopsis thaliana when treated with three different concentrations. When treated with mercury, there was no noticeable difference in the growth of the plant between the group treated with $0.5\;{\mu}g/L$ (the effluent standard established by the Ministry of Environment) and the group treated with the concentration 100 times higher. They both showed almost the same level of growth as that of the normal plant. But the group of the concentration 10 times higher showed significantly $10\%$ more growth compared with the normal plant. When treated with arsenic, the three different groups all showed a little more growth compared with the normal plant. Interestingly, the group of the concentration 10 times higher than the official standard concentration of arsenic $(50\;{\mu}g/L)$ showed the highest level of growth, significantly $20\%$ more than the normal plant. These results show that some amount of mercury and arsenic in the soil do not have much effect on the growth of Arabidopsis thaliana, and that optimum concentrations of mercury and arsenic can even stimulate the growth of the plant.

An L-Type Thioltransferase from Arabidopsis thaliana Leaves

  • Kim, Tae-Soo;Cho, Young-Wook;Kim, Joon-Chul;Jin, Chang-Duck;Han, Tae-Jin;Park, Soo-Sun;Lim, Chang-Jin
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.605-609
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    • 1999
  • Thioltransferase, also called glutaredoxin, is a general GSH-disulfide reductase of importance for redox regulation. Previously, the protein thioltransferase, now called S-type thioltransferase, was purified and characterized from Arabidopsis thaliana seed. In the present study, a second thioltransferase, called L-type thioltransferase, was purified to homogeneity from Arabidopsis thaliana leaves. The purification procedures included DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange chromatography, Sephadex G-50 gel filtration, and glutathione-agarose affinity chromatography. The purified enzyme was confirmed to show a unique band on SDS-PAGE and its molecular weight was estimated to be 26.6 kDa, which appeared to be atypical compared with those of most other thioltransferase. It could utilize 2-hydroxyethyl disulfide, S-sulfocysteine, and insulin as substrates, and also contained dehydroascorbate reductase activity. Its optimum pH was 8.5 and its activity was greatly activated by L-cysteine. When it was kept for 30 min, it appeared to be very stable up to $70^{\circ}C$. It was activated by $MgCl_2$ and, on the contrary, inhibited by $ZnCl_2$, $MnCl_2$, and $AlCl_3$.

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Variations of imaging depth and chloroplast emission spectrum of Arabidopsis thaliana with excitation wavelength in two-photon microscopy (이광자현미경 여기 광 파장에 따른 Arabidopsis thaliana 촬영 깊이 및 엽록체 형광 스펙트럼의 변화)

  • Joo, Yongjoon;Son, Si Hyung;Kim, Ki Hean
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2014
  • Two-photon microscopy (TPM) has been used in plant research as a high-resolution high-depth 3D imaging modality. However, TPM is known to induce photo-damage to the plant in case of long time exposure, and optimal excitation wavelength for plant imaging has not been investigated. Longer excitation wavelength may be appropriate for in vivo two-photon imaging of Arabidopsis thaliana leaves, and effects of longer excitation wavelength were investigated in terms of imaging depth, emission spectrum. Changes of emission spectrum as a function of exposure time at longer excitation wavelength were measured for in vivo longitudinal imaging. Imaging depth was not changed much probably because photon scattering at the cell wall was a limiting factor. Chloroplast emission spectrum showed its intensity peak shift by 20 nm with transition of excitation wavelength from 849 nm or below to 850 nm or higher. Emission spectrum showed different change patterns with excitation wavelengths in longitudinal imaging. Longer excitation wavelengths appeared to interact with chloroplasts differently in comparison with 780 nm excitation wavelength, and may be good for in vivo imaging.

Effect of Calcium Ion on Mesophyll Protoplast Culture of Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis thaliana의 엽육세포 원형질체배양에 미치는 칼슘이온의 영향)

  • 박현용
    • Korean Journal of Plant Tissue Culture
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.277-281
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    • 1995
  • The present study was performed to investigate the effect of calcium ion on the mesophyll protoplast culture of Arabidopsis thaliana. The mesophyll protoplase were isolated and cultured on an IMH medium supplemented with CaCl$_2$of various concentrations. When the protoplasts were cultured on the medium containing 0 to 12.5 mM CaCl$_2$, extreme vacuolization occurred without cell division. When the protoplasts were cultured with higher levels of CaCl$_2$ up to 50 mM, vacuolization decreased dose-dependent): and the number of plasma-rich cells increased. Cell division was induced when the protoplast were cultured on the medium with CaCl$_2$ higher than 25 mM. The highest plating efficiency (5-6%) was obtained with 50 mM CaCl$_2$. However the plating efficiency was markedly inhibited by 100mM CaCl$_2$ or above. These resole suggest that the relatively high concentration (50 mM) of calcium ion may be required for the culture of protoplasts.

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