• Title, Summary, Keyword: Argon laser

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A STUDY ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS FOR PHOTO-POLYMERIZATION OF ARGON LASER (아르곤 레이저를 이용한 광중합 수복재의 물리적 성질에 관한 연구)

  • Ju, Sang-Ho;Choi, Hyung-Jun;Kim, Seong-Oh;Lee, Jong-Gap
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.368-382
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the results of argon laser for 5 seconds, argon laser for 10 seconds, and visible light for 40 seconds photo-polymerization in compressive strength, microhardness, curing depth, temperature rising during polymerization, and polymerization shrinkage. Hybrid type composite resin(Z-100) and compomer(Dyract) were used to be compared. The compressive strength was measured by an Instron(1mm/min cross head speed) in 60 specimens and the microhardness of the surface was expressed by Vickers Hardness Number(VHN) in 30 specimens. The curing depth was evaluated comparing the different values of upper and lower VHN according to irradiation time and thickness for the light source polymerization in 60 specimens. The temperature rising during photopolymerization was observed by the temperature change with thermocouple sensitizer beneath 40 specimens at the argon laser for 10 seconds and visible light 40 seconds irradiation. The polymerization shinkage was evaluated by calculating the decrease of % volume by using a dilatometer in 30 specimens. The results were as follows ; 1. In the case of compressive strength, the argon laser polymerization groups were higher than visible light group in Z-100 (p<0.05). In Dyract, the argon laser 5 seconds group did not show a significant difference with the visible light 40 seconds group. The argon laser 10 seconds group showed the markedly low value when compared with other groups (p<0.05) 2. In microhardness, Z-100 was better than Dyract when comparing by VHNs (p<0.05); however, there was not a significant difference between two materials in the visible light 40 seconds group and the argon laser 10 seconds group. 3. In the study of curing depth, Z-100 showed the consistent polymerization in argon laser irradiation because there was no difference in the VHN decrease according to the thickness change. Over the thickness control, the results did not show a significant difference between visible light and argon laser group in Z-100; however, in the case of Dyract, the visible light 40 seconds group was better than the argon laser groups(p<0.05). 4. There was a significant difference between the two materials in temperature rising during polymerization (p<0.05), but not a significant difference between irradiation times, 5. There was not a significant difference between the two materials in polymerization shrink age. The argon laser 5 seconds group was smaller than the other groups (p<0.05). It could be concluded that Z-100 polymerization was recommended to use the argon laser for reduction of the irradiation time while Dyract was recommended to use the visible light polymerization.

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CLINICAL APPLICATION OF ARGON LASER IN PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY (아르곤 레이저의 소아치과에서의 임상적 적용)

  • Lee, Mi-Na;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Kim, Chong-Chul
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 1997
  • Argon laser used in this case report, is special in having two wavelength of 488, 514nm blue-green visible light spectrum. Blue light is used for composite resin polymerization and caries detection. Green light is used for soft tissue surgery and coagulation. Maximum absorption of this laser light occurs in red pigmentation such as hemoglobin. The argon laser may be well-suited for selective destruction of blood clots and hemangioma with minimal damage to adjacent tissues. Argon laser light penetrates tissue to the 1 mm depth, so its thermal intensity is lower than $CO_2$ laser light. Also, due to its short wavelength it can be focused in a small spot and even single gene can be excised by this laser and microscopy. After applicating argon laser to 4 patient for surgical procedure and to 1 patient for curing the composite resin, following results were obtained. 1. Improved visibility were gained due to hemostasis and no specific technique were needed according to easy recontouring of the tissue. 2. Ability to use by contact mode, tactile sense was superior but tissue dragability and accumulation of tissue on the tip needed sweeping motion. 3. Additive local anesthetic procedure was needed. 4. No suture and less curing time reduced chair time, this made argon laser available in pediatric dentistry.

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Fabrication of Various Fiber Bragg Gratings Using the UV-Argon Laser (제2고조파 Argon Laser를 이용한 여러 가지 광섬유 격자의 제작)

  • 김승우;권재중;김성철;이병호
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.309-312
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    • 1999
  • Fiber Bragg gratings have many applications such as fiber sensors, band-stop filters, add-drop filters, and mode convertors. In this paper, we present the fabrication method of various fiber Bragg gratings by using continuous wave UV-Argon(frequency-doubled Argon) laser. In our experiments, hydrogenation of fibers was used to enhance photosensitivity of fiber. And we fabricated fiber gratings by the phase mask method.

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Detection of Collagenase in Inflammatory Gingiva using Root planning and Argon Laser (치근면 활택술과 아르곤 레이저 사용에 따른 염증성 치은의 교원질 분해효소 검출 비교)

  • Lee, Chang-Gon;Lim, Sung-Bin;Chung, Chin-Hyung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.577-594
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    • 1999
  • The major cause of periodontal disease is microorganism in the dental plaque. Gingival sulcular fluid, which is exudate released from the tissue near crevicular epithelium is related with inflammation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the argon laser efficiency between the clinical index and onset of collagenase of gingival sulcular fluid. Material divided 16 patients into 4 groups. The first control was without treatmemt. The second was with just treatment of argon laser, The third was treated by scaling and root planning and the fourth was treated with both scailing and root planning and argon laser. The level of periocheck test, the index of bleeding, and the depth of periodontal pocket were evaluated from for 128 teeth of 64 anterior teeth and 64 posterior teeth. The results were as follows ; 1. In the score of periocheck test, root planing group(group 3) was significantly reduced more than the group without treatment(group 1) and the argon laser treatment(group 2) for results of 3 days and 7 days. But root planing plus argon laser treatment(group 4) in the 7days after experiment, was significantly reduced than no treatment(group 1) and root planing treatment(group 3)(P<0.05), in the 3 days after experiment, was significantly reduced than root planing(group3)(P<0.05). The score of periocheck test to the root planning group(group 3) were significantly reduced between days1, day3 and day7(P<0.05). Root planning plus argon laser group(group 4) were significantly reduced to 1 or 7days and 3 or 7days(P<0.05). The argon laser group(group 2) didn't show any changes. 2. In the case of sulcus bleeding index, the root planning group(group 3) and root planning plus argon laser group(group 4) were reduced more than without treatment group(group 1)(P<0.05) and sulcus bleeding index in the root planning group(group 3) were reduced more than the argon laser group(group 2)(P<0.05). 3. There wasn't any changes of pocket depth between the control and the experiment group as with experiment periods also.

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AN INVESTIGATION ON THE CHARACTERIZATION OF COMPOSITE RESIN POLYMERIZED BY THE USE OF AN ARGON ION LASER (Argon 이온 레이저 중합에 의한 Composite resin의 물성에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Hyung-Kyung;Lee, Chung-Suck
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.69-82
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    • 1992
  • An experimental investigation of the physical properties of light curing composite resin P-50 was performed, in which an argon ion laser beam was irradiated. The physical and mechanical properties of laser polymerized composite resin were determined by measuring the compressive strength, diametral tensile strength, curing depth and microhardness depending upon the experimental conditions such as the laser irradiation time(10sec, 20sec, 30sec) and laser power(300mW, 500mW, 1000mW). These observations were compared with a conventional visible light curing technique. In addition, to evaluate the marginal adaptation, Class V cavity was prepared on the buccal or lingual surface of the extracted premolar and filled with P-50 light curing resin. The test samples were irradiated with both light sources so that the interface between the restoration and the tooth structure were observed under scanning electron microscope. The most of physical and mechanical properties of the laser cured resin showed a remarkable improvement than those treated with the conventional light source, while the observations with the scanning electron microscope provided no significant difference for two polymerized sources. From the results in the experiment it appears that the potential of an argon ion laser is of important value of the use in the polymerization of composite resin.

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS IN POLYMERIZATION OF COMPOSITE RESIN CURED WITH VISIBLE LIGHT AND ARGON LASER SOURCE (가시광선과 아르곤 레이저에 의한 복합레진 중합 효과의 비교 연구)

  • Jun, Sang-Eun;Kim, Yong-Kee
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.327-346
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strengths, microhardness, compressive strength and contraction gap at the resin-tooth interface of two types of composite resins polymerized with visible light and argon laser sourse. The results from the present study can be summarized as follows ; 1. Resin samples polymerized either by argon laser or visible light did not show significant difference in their physical properties tested(p>.05). 2. The contraction gap at the resin tooth interface was found to be present in all samples but any significant difference between groups could not be established due to their variability. Although the superiority of argon laser over visible light in enhancing the physical properties of resin could not be elucidated in the present study, continous efforts are deemed to be worthwhile to investigate this area using different conditions and materials of experiment.

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Fabrication of waveguide using UV Ar-ion laser direct writing (Laser Direct Writing 방법을 이용한 광도파로 제작)

  • Kang H. S.;Suh J.;Lee J. H.;Kim J. O.
    • Journal of Korean Society of Laser Processing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2005
  • The laser direct writing method using a UV Argon-ion laser is studied for fabrication of waveguide. The laser direct writing system is constructed with a vision camera, a xy-stage, a motion controller and the delivery components of a laser beam. The UV Argon-ion laser has wavelength range of $333.6\~363.8$ nm. A photo-active UV curable polymer for a planar light-wave circuit(PLC) of single mode is used. This polymer is irradiated by Argon-ion laser and developed by a solvent after a post-baking. The optimum laser direct writing condition is obtained experimentally by changing various process parameters such as laser power, writing speed and focal length. The propagation and coupling loss of a optical waveguide was measured as 1dB/cm and 0.6dB/cm, respectively. Also, the minimum width of waveguide of $100{\mu}m$(ZPLW-207) is obtained. Finally, the waveguides of line, bend and branch type are successfully fabricated.

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE ANTICARIOGENICITY OF ENAMEL SURFACE ADJACENT TO RESIN RESTORATION POLYMERIZED BY VISIBLE LIGHT OR ARGON LASER. (가시광선과 아르곤 레이저에 의해 중합된 레진 수복물 주변 법랑질의 항우식효과에 관한 비교연구)

  • Park, Young-Soo;Kim, Jong-Soo;Kim, Yong-Kee
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.840-858
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    • 1996
  • The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the anticariogenic effect of argon laser. Histological observations on lesion initiation and progression were performed under the polarized microscope. The results from the present study can be summarized as follows; 1. The specimens of laser cured group were shown to have more irregular and discontinuous lesion body in general than visible light cured group with rather continuous positive birefringence. 2. With lesion initiation and progression, almost all the specimens showed deeper body of lesion with shallower intact surface zone in the visible light cured group than the laser cured group(p<0.05). When the comparision was made between the two argon laser cured groups, the single-cure group showed deeper lesion body and the shallower surface layer than double-cure group. 3. Based upon the above mentioned results of this study, it can be assumed that the use of argon laser in the procedure of resin polymerization may provide the child and adolescent patient population with anticariogenic effect as well as efficient polymerization. Further studies using various materials and experimental conditions are being encouraged.

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T-joint Welding Characteristics of Multi-thin Plate Dissimilar Thickness of SS41 of Automobile Battery by using Nd:YAG Laser (Nd:YAG 레이저를 이용한 자동차 배터리용 SS41 다층박판 이종두께 T형상 용접 특성)

  • Yang, Yun-Seok;Hwang, Chan-Youn;Yoo, Young-Tea
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.29 no.10
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    • pp.1078-1088
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we present research experimental results about the different thickness T-joint welding of the high power continuous wave(CW) Nd:YAG laser for the secondary battery of a vehicle. Although the conventional method used for the secondary battery is a argon TIG welding, we utilize a laser welding to improve Tungsten Inert Gas(TIG) welding's weakness. The laser, which has a couple of advantage such as aspect ratio, low Heat Affected Zone(HAZ), good welding quality and fast productivity utilized in this work is a CW Nd:YAG laser. In order to observe laser welding sections, we used a optical microscope. Through the analysis of the metallographic, hardness, aspect ratio, and heat input, we obtained the desired data in condition of 1800 W laser beam power and 1.8 m/min and 2.0 m/min laser beam travel speeds. In order to compare electric resistances of the argon TIG welding and laser welding, we made an actual battery and the electric resistance of the laser welding is reduced by 40~45% comparing with the argon TIG welding.

A STUDY OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE RESIN POLYMERIZATION WITH ARGON LASER (아르곤 레이저에 의한 복합레진의 중합시 물성 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Deok;Min, Byung-Soon;Choi, Ho-Young;Park, Sang-Jin;Choi, Gi-Woon
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 1998
  • After polymerizing composite resin with argon laser and visible light, four test, to be concretely, measurement of compressive strength using Instron testing machine, surface microhardness using Rockwell hardness tester, quantitative analysis of residual monomer using HPLC and analysis of degree of conversion using FTIR, were accomplished. Test groups were a sort of specimen with 3mm diameter, 4mm thickness for measuring compressive strength, two sort of specimen with 7mm diameter, 2mm and 3mm thickness for measuring surface microhardness, quantitative analysing of residual monomer after curing and measuring the degree of conversion, each were divided by six groups according to the condition of light exposure. In case of argon laser, in 1.0W and 0.5W output, the exposure time for specimen were 5 sec, 10 sec respectiyely. In case of visible light, the exposure time for specimen were 20 sec, 40 sec respectively. The test were accomplished and following results were obtained. 1. Compressive strength of composite resin was the highest in the group of 1 W output, exposing for 10 sec with argon laser, followed by the group of 0.5W, exposing for 10 sec with argon laser, the group of exposing for 40 sec with visible light. But there were statistically no significant difference between these three groups(p>0.05). 2. Surface microhardness of composite resin wasn't significantly affected by light curing conditions. 3. BIS-GMA within residual monomer was least detected in the group of exposing for 40 sec. TEGDMA was least detected in the group of 1 W output, exposing for 10 sec with argon laseboth 2mm and 3mm thickness specimen. 4. The degree of conversion of all groups in the 2mm thickness specimen were more than 50%, similar to each other but in the group of 1W, exposing 10 sec with argon laser the degree of conversion was highest in the 3mm thickness specimen. 5. Argon laser could make composite resin to has similar properties with 25% lesser exposure time than visible light.

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