• Title, Summary, Keyword: Artemisia fukudo

Search Result 16, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

Antimelanogenic of Artemisia fukudo Makino Extract in Melanoma Cells (큰비쑥 추출물의 멜라닌 생성 억제 효과)

  • Kim, Min-Jin;Kim, Seoyeon;Hyun, Kwang Hee;Kim, Duk Soo;Kim, Seung-Young;Hyun, Chang-Gu
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.32 no.3
    • /
    • pp.233-237
    • /
    • 2017
  • Melanin is one of the most important factors affecting skin color. Melanogenesis is the bioprocess of melanin production by melanocytes in the skin and hair follicles and is mediated by several enzymes, such as tyrosinase, tyrosinase related protein (TRP)-1, and TRP-2, MITF. In this study, we investigated the effect of Artemisia fukudo Makino extracts on tyrosinase activity and melanin production as natural products of whitening functional cosmetics. Melanin content in murine B16F10 melanoma cells were decreased by Artemisia fukudo Makino extracts in a dose-dependently. In addition, the inhibition of tyrosinase activity of Artemisia fukudo Makino extracts showed to decrease tyrosinase activity as the concentration of ${\alpha}-MSH$ was increased. Furthermore, western blot analysis revealed that Artemisia fukudo Makino extracts significantly downregulated the expression of tyrosinase, TRP-1 which treat of ${\alpha}-MSH-induced$ melanogenesis in murine B16F10 melanoma cells. As a result, Artemisia fukudo Makino extract showed functionalities as an effective whitening agent to inhibit melanin formation.

The Cytotoxicity of Artemisia fukudo Extracts Against HL-60 Cells (큰비쑥(Artemisia fukudo) 추출물의 암세포 증식 억제효과)

  • Kim, Kil-Nam;Lee, Jung-A;Yoon, Weon-Jong;Kim, Ji-Young;Song, Gwan-Pil;Park, Soo-Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.36 no.7
    • /
    • pp.819-824
    • /
    • 2007
  • The present study describes the cytotoxic effect of Artemisia fukudo extracts. The extract from A. fukudo by 80% ethanol was fractionated with n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethylacetate, and butanol in serial. The cytotoxicity of A. fukudo extracts was examined for its effect on the growth of HL-60 cells by the colorimetric 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. In addition, we used the HL-60 cells to see what effects the A. fukudo extracts will have on apoptosis of cancer cells. We checked the cell activity, cell morphologic changes, DNA fragmentation, and DNA content after 24 hr incubation with administering 25 ${\mu}g/mL$ of the A. fukudo extracts. In the treatment of the low concentration of n-hexane and dichloromethane fractions, the survival rate of HL-60 cells is lower than that of the control. The laddering-pattern DNA fragmentation was observed in the treatment with n-hexane and dichloromethane fractions. The DNA content of the cells apoptosis measured as the density of sub-$G_{1}$ hypodiploid cells by flow cytometric analysis. The number of sub-$G_{1}$ hypodiploid cells increased in the treatment with n-hexane and dichloromethane fractions. These fractions obstructed the cell cohesion and caused the blebbing of the cell membrane and fragmentation of the nucleus, both of which are symptoms of apoptosis. These results suggest that A. fukudo has a great potential value as food additives, medicinal supplements for patients with chronic diseases, and preventive measures against cancer.

In vitro Anti-inflammatory Activity of the Artemisia fukudo Extracts in Murine Macrophage RAW 264.7 Cells (큰비쑥(Artemisia fukudo) 추출물의 murine macrophage RAW 264.7 세포에서 in vitro 항염효과)

  • Yoon, Weon-Jong;Lee, Jung-A;Kim, Kil-Nam;Kim, Ji-Young;Park, Soo-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.39 no.4
    • /
    • pp.464-469
    • /
    • 2007
  • The present study describes the preliminary evaluation of the anti-inflammatory activities of Artemisia fukudo extracts. The 80% ethanol extract of A. fukudo was sequentially fractionated with n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethylacetate, and butanol. In order to effectively screen for anti-inflammatory agents, we first examined the extracts’ inhibitory effects on the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines activated with lipopolysaccharide. Moreover, we examined the inhibitory effects of the A. fukudo extracts on pro-inflammatory factors (NO, iNOS, COX-2, and $PGE_{2}$) in murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. The protein levels were determined by immunoblotting. Of the sequential solvent fractions, the n-hexane and dichloromethane fractions inhibited the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, and IL-6), production of NO and $PGE_{2}$, and the protein levels of iNOS and COX-2. These results suggest that A. fukudo may have signifIcant effects on inflammatory factors, and may be a potential anti-inflammatory therapeutic plant.

Inhibitory Effects of Artemisia fukudo Makino Extracts for Nitric Oxide Generation in LPS- and Interferon-${\gamma}$-stimulated RAW 264.7 Cells (갯쑥(Artemisia fukudo Makino) 추출물의 LPS와 Interferon-${\gamma}$로 자극한 RAW264.7 세포주의 NO 생성 저해 효과)

  • Lee, Joon-Kyoung;Oh, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.198-206
    • /
    • 2008
  • 갯쑥(Artemisia fukudo Makino, 일명 바다쑥)은 바닷가 염전 주변 습지에서 자라는 염생식물로 어린 갯쑥은 나물로 먹어왔으며, 민간에서 간에 좋다고 알려져 있다. 본 연구에서는 염생식물의 기능 성분을 탐색하는 연구의 일환으로 마우스유래 대식세포주인 RAW264.7세포를 이용하여 갯쑥의 nitric oxide(NO) 생성 억제 작용을 알아보고자 하였다. 갯쑥은 methanol 추출과 열수 추출한 후 농축하여 실험하였고, methanol 추출물은 다시 hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate, butanol, water로 순차 용매 분획하여 농축하여, 각각의 추출물을 RAW 264.7 세포에 농도별 분획별로 처리한 후 LPS와 interferon-${\gamma}$로 자극한 RAW 264.7 세 포주의 NO 생성을 측정하여 NO 생성 저해율을 구하였다. 갯쑥 methanol 추출물의 높은 NO 생성 저해율과 iNOS 활성 저해율을 나타내었으며(IR=90.7%과 IR=81.6%), 각각의 추출물중 분획물이 100${\mu}g/mL$ 농도에서 hexane 분획물이 가장 높은 NO 생성 저해 효과(IR=92.1%)와 iNOS 활성 억제 효과(IR=85.0%)를 나타내었다. 갯쑥의 methanol 추출물, hexane과 chloroform 분획물에서 높은 NO 생성 저해 효과를 나타내어 새로운 암 예방인자 물질로 기대되며, 따라서 본 연구 결과는 암 예방인자 분리를 위한 기초 자료가 될 것이며, 나아가 성분 분리 연구와 동물 실험을 통한 기전 연구가 수행되어야 할 것이다.

  • PDF

Taxonomic study on the capitulum morphology of Korean Artemisia (Compositae) (한국산 쑥속(국화과)의 두상화서 형태에 의한 분류학적 연구)

  • Park, Myung Soon;Hong, Ki Nam;Eom, Jeong Ae;Chung, Gyu Young
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
    • /
    • v.40 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-42
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was intended to investigate the capitulum morphology and to evaluate its taxonomic importance within the 23 taxa of Korean Artemisia L. The Korean Artemisia was classified into sterile subg. Dracunculus and fertile subg. Artemisia by the fertility of the disk florets, which is the traditional diagnostic character of subgenera. There are sections in subg. Artemisia: sect. Absinthium with a densely, sparsely hairy receptacle, and sect. Abrotanum and sect. Artemisia with a glabrous receptacle. However, A. fukudo and A. sacrorum belonging to sect. Abrotanum, and A. viridissima belonging to sect. Artemisia were observed to have sparsely hairy receptacles. Therefore, the presence of hair on a receptacle, which is now regarded as a key character distinguishing sections, has to be reevaluated. The whole shape and size of the capitulum, the characteristic of the stigma apex, the hair on the involucral bract, and the shape of the central or peripheral floret are thought to be the most valuable characters to consider in recognizing species.

Artemisia fukudo essential oil attenuates LPS-induced inflammation by suppressing NF-${\kappa}B$ and MAPK activation in RAW 264.7 cells

  • Yoon, Weon-Jong
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.13-13
    • /
    • 2010
  • In the present study, the chemical constituents of Artemisia fukudo essential oil (AFE) were investigated using GC-MS. The major constituents were ${\alpha}$-thujone (40.28%), ${\beta}$-thujone (12.69%), camphor (6.95%) and caryophyllene (6.01%). We also examined the effects of AFE on the production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin $E_2$ ($PGE_2$), tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$), interleukin-IL-$1{\beta}$ (IL-$1{\beta}$), and IL-6 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 cells. Western blotting and RT-PCR analyses indicated that AFE has potent dose-dependent inhibitory effects on pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators. We investigated the mechanism by which AFE inhibits NO and $PGE_2$ by examining the level of nuclear factor-${\kappa}B$ (NF-${\kappa}B$: p50 and p65) activation within the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK: ERK, JNK and p38) pathway, which is an inflammation induced signal pathway in RAW 264.7 cells. AFE inhibited LPS-induced ERK, JNK and p38 phosphorylation. Furthermore, AFE inhibited the LPS-induced phosphorylation and degradation of $I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$, which is required for the nuclear translocations of the p50 and p65 NF-${\kappa}B$ subunits in RAW 264.7 cells. Our results suggest that AFE might exert an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Such an effect is mediated by a blocking of NF-${\kappa}B$ activation which consequently inhibits the generation of inflammatory mediators in RAW 264.7 cells. AFE may be useful for treating inflammatory diseases.

  • PDF

Effect of Seawater Concentration on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Artemisia fukudo (해수농도가 큰비쑥의 종자발아 및 유식물 생장에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Myoung-Suk;Bae, Kee-Hwa;Lee, Mi-Hyun;Kim, Nam-Young;Lee, Yeon-Kyung;Han, Myoung-Soo;Song, Jae-Mo;Song, Gwanpill
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.120-125
    • /
    • 2014
  • Halophytes are plants of saline habitats that grow under conditions that may vary in extremes of temperatures (freezing to very hot), water availability (drought to water logging) and salinity (mild to almost saturation). Halophytes may also face sudden micro-environmental variations within their habitats. In this study, we examine some of the factors that determine the ability of seeds of Artemisia fukudo to germinate when conditions are optimal for seedling growth and survival. Germination percentage was the highest at 77.5% when treated in 0% seawater and seedling growth was best in 0% seawater plug cell tray. Physiological quality (chlorophyll contents) and mean germination time were best in the condition in which seeds were treated with 0% seawater (control). Germination performance index in the control group showed the highest value to 3.8. Seedling growth, seedling vigor index in the length of seedling growth andthe relative growth rate were the highest values of 0.76 cm, 1.43, 0.0099, respectively.

A taxonomic review of Artemisia sect. Absinthium in Korea (한국산 쑥속(Artemisia L.) 산흰쑥절(sect. Absinthium)의 분류학적 재검토)

  • Park, Myung Soon;Chung, Gyu Young
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
    • /
    • v.43 no.3
    • /
    • pp.188-195
    • /
    • 2013
  • The morphological characters and scientific names of Korean Artemisia sect. Absinthium were reviewed based on the type specimen, the original description, observation of the living materials and voucher specimens. The form of the habitat, the structure of underground, the leaf shape and capitulum features were valuable characters in identifying the taxa. The sect. Absinthium in Korea was classified as three taxa of A. sieversiana, A. lagocephala, A. fauriei. The illustration and description of each taxa were provided. Particularly, A. fauriei in this section with hair on receptacle and A. fukudo in sect. Abrotanum without hair on receptacle grow in mixed groups on the West shore of Korea. Two species with populations which grow in mixed groups, was observed as being putative hybrid individuals based on morphological characters.

A taxonomic study of Korean Artemisia L. using somatic chromosome numbers (한국산 쑥속의 체세포 염색체수에 의한 분류학적 연구)

  • Park, Myung Soon;Jang, Jin;Chung, Gyu Young
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
    • /
    • v.39 no.4
    • /
    • pp.247-253
    • /
    • 2009
  • Somatic chromosome numbers for 20 taxa of Korean Artemisia L. were investigated for the purpose of classification. Somatic chromosome numbers of treated taxa were 2n = 16, 18, 34, 36, 50, 52, 54, and therefore their basic chromosome numbers were x = 8, 9, 10, 13, 17. The chromosome number of A. japonica var. angustissima is being reported for the first time in this study. The chromosome numbers of 13 taxa were the same as in previous reports; A. capillaris (2n = 18), A. japonica var. hallaisanensis (2n = 36), A. japonica subsp. littoricola (2n = 36), A. annua (2n = 18), A. carvifolia (2n = 18), A. fukudo (2n = 16), A. keiskeana (2n = 18), A. stolonifera (2n = 36), A. sylvatica(2n = 16), A. selengensis (2n = 36), A. montana (2n = 52), A. lancea (2n = 16), A. sieversiana (2n = 18); however, the chromosome numbers of 6 taxa were different; A. japonica var. japonica (2n = 18, 36 vs 2n = 36), A. sacrorum (2n = 18, 54 vs 2n = 54), A. rubripes (2n = 16, 34 vs 2n = 16), A. indica (2n = 34, 36 vs 2n = 34), A. codonocephala (2n = 18, 50, 54 vs 2n = 50), A. argyi (2n = 34, 36, 50 vs 2n =34). The somatic chromosome numbers of Korean Artemisia are thought to be good characteristics for classifying some taxa such as A. japonica var. japonica, A. sacrorum, A. codonocephala, A. argyi, A. montana, A. sylvatica.

Ecological Motif on the Salt-Water Plants of Brackish Area in Buandam (부안댐 기수역내부의 염생식물에 관한 생태적 주제성)

  • Oh Hyun-Kyung;Beon Mu-Sup;Lee Myung-Woo;Whang Bo-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.311-318
    • /
    • 2006
  • In an estuary, ecological dynamic is modified for a long time and memorized in soils and landscapes. As landscape memory, ecological motif is defined with dominance and rarity of vegetation. The purpose of the study is to investigate the existing vegetation character and to propose the ecological motif of this area. The present salt-water plants, community species composition and constancy degree around the estuary in Buandam watershed Buan-gun, Jeollabuk-do were analyzed. The results are as follows. The flora of the salt-water plants was listed as 16 taxa; 6 families,13 genera,14 species and 2 varieties. 5 taxa were Gramineae, 4 taxa Chenopodiaceae, and 4 taxa Comrositae. The salt-water plant communities are a total of 10 communities as listed; Zoysia sinica-Artemisia scoparia community, Phacelurus latifolius community, Artemisia scoparia Cnidium japonicum community, Limonium tetragonum -Artemisia scoparia community, Artemisia scoparia community, Suaeda japonica community, Elymus dahuricus community, Suaeda asparagoides community, Zoysia sinica community, and Zoysia sinica-Suaeda japonica community. Analyzed by the community classification species class of constancy degree, Phacelurus latifolius, Cnidium japonicum, Limonium tetragonum, Suaeda japonica, Elymus dahuricus and Suaeda asparagoides belong to I, Zoysia sinica and Artemisia scoparia to II. Elymus dahuricus, Setaria viridis var. pachystachys, Echinochloa crusgalli var. oryzicola, Phacelurus latifolius, Atriplex gmelini, Salicornia herbacea, Calystegia soldanella and Aster tripolium belong to the accompaniment species to I: Zoysia sinica, Suaeda asparagoides, Artemisia capillaris to II; Suaeda japonica, Artemisia scoparia to III ; Cnidium japonicum to IV: Limonium tetragonum, Artemisia fukudo to V. And the ecological motif is the Phacelurus latifolius community.