• Title, Summary, Keyword: Asynchronous (Induction) Motor

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Comparison of Starting Current Characteristics for Three-Phase Induction Motor Due to Phase-control Soft Starter and Asynchronous PWM AC Chopper

  • Thanyaphirak, Veera;Kinnares, Vijit;Kunakorn, Anantawat
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.1090-1100
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents the comparison of starting current characteristics of a three-phase induction motor fed by two types of soft starters. The first soft starter under investigation is a conventional AC voltage controller on the basis of a phase-control technique. The other is the proposed asynchronous PWM AC chopper which is developed from the conventional synchronous PWM AC chopper. In this paper, the proposed asynchronous PWM AC chopper control scheme is developed by generating only two asynchronous PWM signals for a three-phase main power circuit (6 switching devices) from a single voltage control signal which is compared with a single sawtooth carrier signal. By this approach, the PWM signals are independent and easy to implement since the PWM signals do not need to be synchronized with a three-phase voltage source. Details of both soft starters are discussed. The experimental and simulation results of the starting currents are shown. It is found that the asynchronous PWM AC chopper efficiently works as a suitable soft starter for the three-phase induction motor due to that the starting currents are reduced and are sinusoidal with less harmonic contents, when being compared with the starting current waveforms using the conventional phase-control starting technique. Also the proposed soft starter offers low starting electromagnetic torque pulsation.

Low Cost Motor Drive Technologies for ASEAN Electric Scooter

  • Tuan, Vu Tran;Kreuawan, Sangkla;Somsiri, Pakasit;Huy, Phuong Nguyen
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1578-1585
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    • 2018
  • This work investigates two different motor drive technologies, switched reluctance motor (SRM) and induction motor (IM). They are designed optimally to meet the desired performances for electric scooters. The comparison of both motors is described in terms of performances and material cost. With the similar constraint, induction motor performs slightly better than switched reluctance motor. But this must be traded-off with higher weight and cost. Both drive systems are, however, suitable for electric scooter application. Finally, the range simulations are conducted on a European urban driving cycle, ECE15 driving cycle and a more realistic cycle, Bangkok driving cycle. The e-scooter ranges are varied from 36 to 109 km depending on driving cycle, motor technology and number of passengers.

Design of Self-Starting Hybrid Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Connected Directly to Line

  • Eker, Mustafa;Akar, Mehmet;Emeksiz, Cem;Dogan, Zafer;Fenercioglu, Ahmet
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.1917-1926
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    • 2018
  • In view of the current state of the reserves of electric energy generated resources and the share of electric motors in electricity consumption, many researches and studies related to efficiency in electric motors are being made. The presented work is related to the Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (AF-PMSM), which has recently undergone significant work based on the development of magnet and motor technology. In this study, a novel AF-PMSM was designed analytically through Finite Element Method (FEM) which can be started by connecting to a line such as an asynchronous motor in a transient state and can operate with high efficiency and power factor after synchronization in steady state without the need for an expensive motor drive. According to the obtained FEM results, a design with an efficiency class of IE4 of 5.5 kW shaft power, a 4 poles motor was obtained. As a result, economic calculations indicate that the extra cost of the designed Line start AF-PMSM with respect to the asynchronous motor is rapidly compensated by energy saving due to a more efficient operation, especially constant speed operations. As a result of the analysis obtained, the targeted values are reached. For induction motors and radial flux permanent magnet synchronous motors, a good alternative motor that can operate with high efficiency and power factor has been obtained.

Estimation of Equivalent Circuit Parameters of Three-Phase Induction Motor Utilizing Finite Element Method (유한요소법을 이용한 3상 유도전동기 등가회로에서의 파라미터 계산)

  • Zhang, Dianhai;Ren, Ziyan;Koh, Chang-Seop
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.983-984
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    • 2011
  • An effective estimation method of equivalent circuit parameters of three-phase induction motor by using FEM is presented in this paper. Arbitrary three torque-speed points at asynchronous speed on the torque-speed curve are required by using time-stepping FEM, then the equivalent circuit parameters of IM can be calculated rapidly with presented method. After obtaining the equivalent circuit parameters, the general analysis method based on equivalent circuit can be used to get entire torque-speed curve very quickly. Although the purely numerical method such as FEM also can estimate torque-speed curve directly and accurately, however, usually this process is time consuming.

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PWM Mode Control of Traction Motor under the Full Speed Range (견인전동기의 전속도 영역에서의 PWM 모드제어)

  • Song, Young-Sin;Yu, Byoung-Woo;Choi, Jae-Ho;Lee, Yuen-Kue
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.474-476
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    • 1999
  • This paper presents the vector control of induction motor for traction drives. Especially, the PWM mode control method is well described to be selected as the change of speed to meet the wide speed range of the traction motor. Asynchronous space vector PWM mode and synchronous one pulse mode are basically used under the full speed range with the overmodulation PWM mode for the soft transfer between them. The validity of this proposed control scheme is verified with the simulation results.

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Simplified SVPWM that Integrates Overmodulation and Neutral Point Potential Control

  • Zhu, Rong-Wu;Wu, Xiao-Jie
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.926-936
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    • 2014
  • A simplified and effective space vector pulse-width modulation (SVPWM) algorithm with two and three levels for three-phase voltage-source converters is proposed in this study. The proposed SVPWM algorithm only uses several linear calculations on three-phase modulated voltages without any complicated trigonometric calculations adopted by conventional SVPWM. This simplified SVPWM also avoids choosing the vector sector required by conventional SVPWM. A two-level overmodulation scheme is integrated into the proposed two-level SVPMW to generate the output voltage that increases from a linear region to a six-step state with a smoothly linear transition characteristic and a simple overmodulation process without a lookup table and complicated nonlinear functions. The three-level SVPWM with a proportional-integral controller effectively balances the neutral point potential of the neutral point clamped converter. Results from the simulation in MATLAB/Simulink and the experiment based on a digital signal processor are provided to clearly demonstrate the validity and effectiveness of the proposed strategies.

Modified Direct Torque Control using Algorithm Control of Stator Flux Estimation and Space Vector Modulation Based on Fuzzy Logic Control for Achieving High Performance from Induction Motors

  • Rashag, Hassan Farhan;Koh, S.P.;Abdalla, Ahmed N.;Tan, Nadia M.L.;Chong, K.H.
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.369-380
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    • 2013
  • Direct torque control based on space vector modulation (SVM-DTC) protects the DTC transient merits. Furthermore, it creates better quality steady-state performance in a wide speed range. The modified method of DTC using SVM improves the electrical magnitudes of asynchronous machines, such as minimizing the stator current distortions, the stator flux with electromagnetic torque without ripple, the fast response of the rotor speed, and the constant switching frequency. In this paper, the proposed method is based on two new control strategies for direct torque control with space vector modulation. First, fuzzy logic control is used instead of the PI torque and a PI flux controller to minimizing the torque error and to achieve a constant switching frequency. The voltages in the direct and quadratic reference frame ($V_d$, $V_q$) are achieved by fuzzy logic control. In this scheme, the switching capability of the inverter is fully utilized, which improves the system performance. Second, the close loop of stator flux estimation based on the voltage model and a low pass filter is used to counteract the drawbacks in the open loop of the stator flux such as the problems saturation and dc drift. The response of this new control strategy is compared with DTC-SVM. The experimental and simulation results demonstrate that the proposed control topology outperforms the conventional DTC-SVM in terms of system robustness and eliminating the bad outcome of dc-offset.