• Title, Summary, Keyword: Attention Behavior

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Young Children's Behavioral Problems and Attention Ability by Parenting Attitude (부모의 양육태도에 따른 유아의 문제행동과 주의집중력)

  • Lee, Soeun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.71-89
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    • 2007
  • The subjects in this study of parenting attitudes, children's behavior problems and attention ability were 111 5-year-old children and their parents. Data was analyzed by mean, frequency, percent, three-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation. Results showed that behavior problems and attention ability of children varied by the parenting attitude of mothers and fathers. Behavior problems of boys were higher than girls, and boys' attention abilities were lower than girls.' Interaction effects were found between parenting attitudes and gender in children's behavior problems and attention ability : fathers' autonomy correlated negatively with boys' behavior problems (r=-.47), task processing speed (r=-.37), and attention inconsistency (r=-.36). Children's behavioral problems correlated positively with attention inconsistency (r=.28).

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Moderating Effects of Prosocial Behavior on Association between ADHD and Peer Rejection, Friendship of Preschoolers (유아의 주의력결핍, 과잉행동성향과 또래거부 및 친구관계의 관련성에서 친사회성의 중재효과)

  • Shin, Yoolim
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.433-440
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the research was to examine the moderating effects of children's prosocial behavior on a potential relationship of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and peer rejection as well as friendship. Participants consisted of 252, 3 year old including 136 boys and 116 girls. They were recruited from day care centers and preschools in Gyeonggi province and Incheon city. Prosocial behavior and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder syndrome were assessed based on teacher ratings. A peer nomination inventory was used to assess peer rejection and friendship. Children were asked to nominate three peers that they liked and considered friends as well as three peers that they did not like and did not consider friends. Findings suggested that prosocial behavior moderated the relation between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and peer rejection as well as friendship. ADHD was related to peer rejection and fewer friends for children with lower levels of prosocial behavior. However, the association of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and peer rejection was not significant for children who had higher levels of prosocial behavior. Moreover, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder did not influence to friendship for children who had the higher levels of prosocial behavior. The results indicate that increasing prosocial behavior may improve peer relationship functioning of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

The Moderating Effect of Working Memory on the Relationship between Inattention and Aggressive Behavior in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Jeong, Mi Young;Lee, Yeon Jung;Kim, Jung Ho;Park, Seo Young
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: Although aggressive behavior in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has previously shown correlations with hyperactivity/impulsivity, few studies have examined its association with inattention or the effect of working memory on aggressive behavior. This study aimed to assess the relationship between inattention and aggressive behavior and the effect of working memory on the relationship between inattention and aggressive behavior in children and adolescents with ADHD. Methods: Thirty-one children and 26 adolescents with ADHD were retrospectively investigated. The subjects completed the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (K-WISC-IV), the Korean Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL), and the Korean Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). Results: Inattention was positively correlated with aggressive behavior in children and adolescents with ADHD and working memory showed an insignificant correlation. However, working memory had a significant moderating effect on aggressive behavior by interacting with inattention. The moderating effect of working memory manifested when the working memory index score on the K-WISC-IV was 73.5 points or higher, and it had a significant effect on aggressive behavior. Conclusion: This study shows that the severity of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity should be addressed to provide appropriate treatment to children and adolescents with ADHD who exhibit aggressive behavior.

Effectiveness of Behavior Group Counseling Utilizing the Games of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (게임을 이용한 행동적 집단상담이 ADHD 아동의 행동변화에 미치는 효과)

  • Cho, Bung Hwan;Lim, Kyung Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.167-182
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    • 2002
  • The effectiveness of behavior group counseling using the games of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) was studied with 24 primary school children (12 each in the experimental and in the control groups). The subjects were selected on the basis of the Abbreviated Conners Teacher Rating Scale-Revised. The counseling program consisted of 12 sessions over a 6-week period. Effectiveness of the training was evaluated with the Conners Teacher Rating Scale-Revised, the ADHD teacher's rating scale, and the Korea-Child Behavior Checklist. Findings were that the group receiving counseling exhibited improved attention, social relationships, and self control. They also exhibited decreased carelessness-passivity, hyperactivity, hostility and fewer behavior problems.

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Assesment and Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) - Focusing on Behavior Rating Scales - (주의력결핍과잉행동장애의 진단 및 평가 - 행동평정척도들을 중심으로 -)

  • Chang, Gyu-Tae;Han, Yun-Jeong
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.147-175
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    • 2006
  • Objective : This study is to investigate the method for assesment and diagnosis of ADHD, especially focusing on behavior rating scales. Methods : We searched the recent date of the publication and paper in ADHD. Results : For Assesment and Diagnosis of ADHD, various method such as interview with parents, child and teacher, behavior observation, behavior rating scales and neuropsychological test are used. The structured interview consists of the restrictive questions and response, and then have diagnostic algorithm, consequently can be used by untrained clinicians. Of the structured interview, standardization of K-SADS in Korean version is finished. Behavior rating scales, the form of parent, teacher and self-report questionnaires, are used as diagnosis and treatment evaluation of ADHD. Behavior rating scales consist of both ADHD-specific scales and broad-band scales designed to screen for various symptoms (including ADHD symptoms). ADHD-specific scales are useful in differential diagnosis, discrimination of subtype, treatment evaluation, However, broad-band scales are useful in preliminary examination. The neuropsychological tests can evaluate attention deficit and effect of attention deficit on cognitive function and academic performance. The neuropsychological tests also used in diagnosis and treatment evaluation of ADHD. Conclusion : For Assesment and Diagnosis of ADHD, various method are used, especially behavior rating scales are both useful and simple tool for diagnosis and treatment evaluation.

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Social Dependence of Problem Drinking (알코올문제의 사회적 의존에 대한 소고)

  • 김광기
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.146-161
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    • 1995
  • This study is an effort to bring our attention to social dependence on alcohol, focusing on previous studies of drinking behaviors. Although drinking behavior and problems must be understood in a biopsychosocial framework, a certain aspect is often ignored in alcohol research. A few attention has been paid to social aspect of alcohol abuse or dependence. Social processes of drinking behavior deserve to have same attention as other aspects, psychological and physical aspects of the behavior. Literature show that the interdependence among group members exists to regulate individual's drinking behavior. Such social interactions tend to control drinking level for individual in terms of amounts, frequency, and preference. The drinking level tends to be dependent on desires for heavy drinkers, ignoring variabilities of individual's sensitivity to alcohol. However, such a heavy-oriented tendency in drinking behavior may have different patterns which are function of normative orientation of alcohol. negotiation among group members, and ethnoreligious characteristics. Perspectives from conflict tradition and symbolic interactionism are welcomed to illuminate multi-dimentional aspects of social dependence. Policy implication were discussed from public health perspective.

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Clinical Characteristics of Aggressive Behavior Problems in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Preliminary Study (공격적 문제행동을 보이는 자폐스펙트럼장애 아동청소년의 임상적 특징: 예비연구)

  • Yang, Young-Hui;Kim, Hyen-Jung;Lee, Won-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.228-234
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of aggressive behavior problems in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: Children and adolescents with ASD, aged 6-18 years, were included in this study. We divided them into two groups according to the presence or absence of aggressive behavior. They were assessed using three scales, the Korean-Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL), Behavior Problem Inventory, and Social Communication Questionnaire, which were completed by their parents, who conducted a continuous performance test to evaluate their attention function. The statistical analysis was done using the Mann-Whitney U-test between the two groups at a p-value of 0.05. Results: A total of 17 children participated in this study. Ten children (7 boys, $12.4{\pm}4.27years$) were included in the group with aggressive behavior problems and 7 children (6 boys, $13.8{\pm}3.53years$) in the group without aggressive behavior problems. There were no significant differences in the age, gender or intelligence quotient of the two groups. The children with aggressive behavior problems showed a trend of higher T-scores in the attention problems and anxiety/depressed subscale of the CBLC (p<0.1). Conclusion: The results suggest that aggressive behavior problems in children with ASD may be related to their attention problems, anxiety and depression.

The Effect of Focus of Attention (Sadness and Joy) on Altruism (슬픔과 기쁨, 그 정서의 소재유형이 중학생의 이타행동에 미치는 효과)

  • KWON, Myn Gyun;CHUNG, Ock Boon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.95-117
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    • 1988
  • The present research was designed to study the effect of gender differences and focus of attention (on sadness and on joy) in altruistic behavior. The subjects were 74 boys and 76 girls from a junior high school in Seoul. Emotion arousing and focus of attention identifying methods were used. Statistical analyses were with two-way ANOVA and $Scheff\acute{e}$ test. There were significant differences in altruisic behavior between the sadness self-oriented group and the sadness other-oriented group. The results were explained in terms of the accessibility of cognitive contents.

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Attention Behavior to Mobile Content: Focusing on Exposure and Involvement of Pikicast Content (모바일 콘텐츠에 대한 주목 행동: 피키캐스트 콘텐츠의 노출과 관여 행동을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Eun-Mee;Park, Hyun-Ah;Ihm, Jeniffer So-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we divided attention to mobile contents into two dimensions (i.e., exposure and involvement), and explored the characteristics of and the relationship between the attention behaviors, using contents data from Pikicast. First, this study investigated the relationship between exposure and involvement in order to examine whether double-jeopardy effects appear in mobile contents as well. In addition, we examined how different attention behaviors differ according to platform and subject attributes(i.e., soft and hard). As a result, we found that there was a positive correlation between exposure and involvement in mobile platforms. Also, we found that the attention behaviors, especially sharing behaviors, were different in each platform. In terms of subject attributes, the attention indices such as the number of comments and sharing, which were immediate responses, were related to the soft content, whereas the attention indices such as the consumption time and the complete-read rate were related to the hard content requiring cognitive effort.This study is meaningful to understand the essence of the attention behavior in the mobile environment from a content - oriented perspective rather than the most existing research with a user - centered perspective.

Discriminant Validity of the CBCL 1.5-5 in Diagnosis of Developmental Delayed Infants (발달지체 진단에서 CBCL 1.5-5 유아행동평가척도-부모용의 변별력)

  • Ha, Eun-Hye;Kim, Seo-Yun;Song, Dong-Ho;Kwak, Eun-Hee;Eom, So-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.120-127
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    • 2011
  • Objectives:The purpose of this study was to verify discriminant validity and the clinical cutoff score of Child Behavior Checklist 1.5-5 in the diagnosis of developmental delayed infants. Methods:The participants were screened by Denver II which includes 156 developmental delayed infants and 288 normal infants. Chi-squared test, t-test, ROC curve analysis, odds ratio analysis were performed on the data. Results:Only 47 items out of 99 items among the CBCL 1.5-5 of total groups, 36 items of boys and 48 items of girls, discriminated developmental delayed infants well. Discriminant validity was confirmed by mean differences on the subscales of Withdrawn, Sleep Problems, Attention Problems, Internalizing Problems, Externalizing Problems, Total Problems, DSM Pervasive Developmental Problems and DSM Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems between the two groups. Additionally, ROC analyses demonstrated that Withdrawn, Attention Problems, Internalizing Problems, Total Behavior Problems and DSM Pervasive Developmental Problems significantly predicted developmental delayed infants compared to normal infants. Also, the clinical cutoff score criteria adopted in the Korean CBCL 1.5-5 for subscales of Withdrawn, Attention Problems, Internalizing Problems, Total Behavior Problems and DSM Pervasive Developmental Problems were shown to be valid. Conclusion:The subscales of Withdrawn, Attention Problems, Internalising Problems, Total Behavior Problems and DSM Pervasive Developmental Problems significantly discriminated in the diagnosis of developmental delayed infants well.