• Title/Summary/Keyword: Avian pneumovirus(APV)

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Persistent Infection of Avian Pneumovirus (APV) in Turkeys (칠면조에서 Avian Pneumovirus(APV)의 지속 감염에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Hyun-jin
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.523-528
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    • 2001
  • The persistent infection of avian pneumovirus (APV) was studied in turkeys. After APV infection to turkeys, healthy birds were transferred to infected birds and commingled at 4 days, 3 weeks, 6 weeks, 9 weeks, and 15 weeks post-infection. The genome of APV was detected up to 10 days from two birds transferred and commingled with infected birds at 3 weeks post-infection. A bird transferred at 6 weeks post-infection was positive in RT-PCR detection after 5 days. From then on, no bird showed positive results of persistency of APV infection. These findings suggest that persistent APV infection may spread to the healthy birds from the infected birds until several weeks.

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Murine susceptibility to Avian pneumovirus (APV) of turkey origin (칠면조에서 분리된 Avian pneumovirus(APV)의 쥐의 감염성에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Hyun-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.529-533
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    • 2001
  • The infectivity of an isolate of avian pneumovirus (APV) from turkeys to Balb/c mice was investigated to examine the transmission possibility to mammals. Three different age groups (3, 5 and 7 weeks old) were exposed by oculonasal route with a cell cultured APV of turkey origin. No clinical signs were observed from both APV-inoculated and commingled mice. However, all the tissue samples including blood from mice in the APV-inoculated group were positive for APV by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) up to 6 days postinoculation. At 14 days postinoculation, APV was not detected from blood samples by PCR, but sera showed the presence of APV-specific antibodies. In commingled mice, APV was detected from lung and rectal swap samples by PCR. These results suggest that an APV isolate from turkey could be transmitted to mice by direct contact or other ways.

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Examination of seroprevalence and detection of Avian pneumovirus from layer hens in Gyeongbuk province (경북지역 산란계에서 Avian pneumovirus에 대한 항체가 및 바이러스 검출 조사)

  • Kim, Jung-Eun;Hwang, Ji-Young;Bae, Dong-Rok;Sung, Myoung-Suk;Kim, Soon-Tae;Kim, Sang-Yun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2007
  • Avian pneumovirus(APV), also known as avian rhinotracheitis(ARTV), affects both turkeys and chickens and is known to be the primary causative agent of turkey rhinotracheitis(TRT). The aim of this study was to establish the presence or absence of antibodies to APV by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and confirm APV by a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). The tested serum and feces were collected from laying hens in Gyeongbuk province. The positive farms with antibody against APV by ELISA were 90(96.7%) of 93 and positive serum samples were 433(93.1%) of 465 different sera. By regional group, sera from Uiseong, Cheongsong and Bonghwa were noted as 100% positive and positive rates of samples from Yeongju, Andong and Yeongyang were 93.3%, 85.7% and 50%, respectively. However, APV was not detected in feces samples by RT-PCR.

수의학강좌 II: 최신 양계 호흡기 질병 동향 및 대처방안

  • Song, Chang-Seon
    • Journal of the korean veterinary medical association
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    • v.46 no.8
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    • pp.726-735
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    • 2010
  • 전염성기관지염 바이러스(infectious bronchitis virus: IBV), 조류 뉴모 바이러스(Avian pneumovirus: APV), 뉴캣슬병 바이러스 (Newcastle disease virus: NDV), 조류인플루엔자 바이러스(avian influenza virus: AIV) 전염성 후두기관염 바이러스 (infectious laryngotracheitis virus: ILTV)는 닭의 호흡기에 직접 감염하여 호흡기질환을 일으키는 대표적인 바이러스로 알려져 있다. 그 밖에 아데노바이러스(adenovirus)와 레오바이러스 (reovirus)도 닭의 상부호흡기에 침투하여 피해를 입히는 이차적 원인체로 작용할 수 있다. 이들중 APV와 ILTV는 닭의 호흡기도에 국한되어 증식하지만 IBV, NDV, AIV의 경우 호흡기도 이외의 장기에서 증식이 가능하여 그 피해가 다양하게 나타나 문제 시 되기도 한다 (예: 산란장기 및 신장 (IBV), 소화기 (NDV, IBV, AIV), 중추신경계 (NDV, AIV)). 이외에도 상당수의 감염성 질환이 닭의 호흡기에 영향을 미칠 수 있으나, 해당 농장의 호흡기 피해가 어떤 질병에 의한 것인지 명확히 파악하지 못한 채 단순 항생제 처방에만 의지하는 경우가 많은 것이 현실이다. 따라서 국내 양계농가에서 문제시되는 주요 호흡기 질병과 이들의 감수성을 증대시키는 요인을 파악하는 것이 필요하고, 호흡기 질병의 피해에 대한 재인식과 아울러 호흡기 질병 피해 감소를 위한 진단과 예방노력이 하루속히 정착되어야 할 것이다. 본지에서는 대표적인 호흡기 질병 세가지(전염성기관지염, 조류뉴모바이러스감염증, 뉴캣슬병)의 최근 발생동향과 그 대처방안에 대하여 소개하고자 한다.

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Serological survey of avian pneumovirus and reovirus in breeders of Jeonbuk province (전북지역 종계에서 avian pneumovirus 및 reovirus 항체가 조사)

  • Lee Jeoung-Won;Shon Ku-Rye;Park Ki-Shung;Kim Youn-Tae;Kim Choo-Cheol;Han Kyu-Sam;Lee Hee-Mum;Song Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2006
  • The ELISA titers to avian pneumovirus (APV) and avian reovirus (ARV) were surveyed to sera of 38 breeder farms (78 blocks, 1,560 hens) in Jeonbuk province during February to October, 2005. In APV, the positive ELISA were detected 36 (94.7%) breeders, 71 (91.0%) blocks, 1,057 (67.8%) hens, and their S/P ratio was 1.940. Regionally, the positivity of 24 breeders farms in the Jeonju, Jeongeup, Namwon, and Jangsu were noted as 100%, whereas 85.7% in Iksan. The positivity to species such as Cobb (20), Ross (13) and Hanhyup-3 (5), all of the breeding farms were detected as positive, 40 (86.9%), 17 (94.4%) and 14 (100.0%) in blocks, 553 (60.1%), 285 (79.2%) and 219 (78.2%) in hens, and their mean S/P ratio were 1.677, 1.769 and 2.254, respectively. The positivity of the breeders vaccinated with ARV, all of the 9 breeder farms (38 blocks) were noted as 100%, but 627 (82.5%) in hens, and its mean S/P ratio was 1.273. Whereas nonvaccinated with ARV were 28 (96.5%) in breeders farms, 38 (95.0%) in blocks, 660 (82.5%) in hens, and the mean S/P ratio was 1.612. In species which were vaccinated with ARV, 11 breeder farms (38 blocks) were noted as 100%, but 82.5% in hens, and their mean S/P ratio were 1.315. Whereas in nonvaccinated with ARV, 25 (92.6%) in farms, 38 (95.0%) in blocks and 660 (82.5%) in hens were positive, and their mean S/P ratio was 1.532.

Serological survey of avian pneumovirus infection in laying hens of Gyeongbuk province (경북지역 산란계에서 avian pneumovirus 에 대한 항체가조사)

  • 김순태;김성국;조민희;김영환
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2003
  • Avian pneumoviros(APV), also known as avian rhinotracheitis virus(ARTV), affects both turkeys and chickens and is known to be the primary causative agent of turkey rhinotracheitis (TRT). The aim of this study was to establish the presence or absence of antibodies to avian pneumovirus in the commercial poultry population of Korea. For this purpose, chicken serum samples were obtained and tested by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The tested serum was collected in laying hens with reduction of egg production or normal in Gyeongbuk province. A total of 184 sera representing 42 different poultry farms of the Gyeongbuk region of Korea were included in this study. Laying hens of 16 different farms with reduction of egg production and laying hens of 26 different farms with clinically healthy at the time of serum sampling were considered positive to antibody against APV. In the farms with reduction of egg production, positive farm to antibody against avian pneumovirus were 11 of 16 different farms(68.8%) and positive sera were 47(58.8%) of 80 different serum. In the farms with clinically healthy flock, positive farm to antibody against avian pneumovirus were 12(46.2%) of 26 different farms and positive serum sample were 39(37.5%) of 104 different sera. According to the results tested to 42 different farms in 14 city, 8 of 14 city have flocks with antibody positive laying hens against APV, 1 of 14 city have antibody suspicious and 5 of 14 city shown antibody negative, respectively.

Prevalence of antibody titers for poultry disease in laying hens in Incheon area, Korea (인천지역 산란계 가금질병 항체 보유율 조사)

  • Kim, Il-Yeon;Lee, Jeong-Ae;Jeong, Cheol;Yun, Il-Chae;Song, Jae-Seong;Jung, Yun-Jung;Lee, Yun-Mi;Lim, Ji-Heun;Lee, Jung-Gu;Lee, Sung-Mo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted from May to December 2016 to investigate the prevalence of antibody titers for Newcastle disease (ND), Infectious Bronchitis (IB), Egg drop syndrome (EDS), Avian pneumovirus (APV), Fowl Typhoid (FT), Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) in laying hens in Incheon area. In ND, 418 (99.5%) of the 420 outbreaks were positive. IB showed 330 (78.5%) positive antibody out of 420 cases. EDS showed 419 (99.7%) positive seropositive rates among 420 cases. In the case of APV, 357 cases (85%) were positive in 420 cases. In the case of PT, the positive rate of antibody was 128 (30.4%) out of 420 cases. Among the 420 cases of MG, 222 cases (52.8%) were positive for antibodies. In the case of MS, 395 out of 420 cases (94.0%) were positive. This result suggests that the positive rate of antibody for PT in Incheon area was low. And it was also clear that MS without vaccine is now rampant in Incheon.