• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aviation Security

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A Study on US Civil Aviation Security Legislations & Regulations (미국 민간항공보안 법규정에 대한 고찰)

  • Lee, Joo-Hyung;Hwang, Ho-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.183-204
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    • 2014
  • US 911 incidents have changed all aviation security system in the world. Especially the US changed all existing system into new one. One of the most fundamental changes is aviation security acts, regulation and several programmes. Based on the new aviation security act enacted in 2001, several code of federal regulations have been amended to strengthen US aviation security system. These regulation also enable new aviation security programmes including several airline and airport security related programmes, K-9 programme, BDO programme and air marshall programmed. All the programmes enables US aviation security improvements. Also the creating of TSA based on the aviation and transportation security act has provided the enhancement of aviation security in US. The purpose of this thesis is studying the change of aviation security system in the US especiatly in terms of aviation security legislation perfective and comparing the system with Korean aviation security legal system and provides possible solution to enhance Korean aviation security legislation and structure.

A Study on the Effect of Airline Staff's Contradictory Attitude between Aviation Safety and Aviation Security to Organizational Effectiveness (항공사 조직구성원의 항공안전과 항공보안에 대한 상충적 태도가 조직효과성에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Kim, Chang-Woo;Kim, Kee-Woong;Park, Sung-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.18-28
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    • 2020
  • This paper has studied the effect of airline staff's perception on both aviation safety and aviation security to their organizational effectiveness. Airline staff's perception on aviation safety is different from that on aviation security due to organizational difference in an airline. Through an empirical analysis, it was analyzed the effect of such perceptional difference on airline's organizational effectiveness. According to the analysis, it was found the perception of aviation safety has a significant positive effect on organizational effectiveness. Airline staff believed the safety is a core value of an airline and emphasizing the safety never impeded the airline's operation including service quality. Secondly, it was proven the perception on abiding by aviation security rules had a significant negative effect on organizational effectiveness. However, emphasizing aviation security had a very significant positive contribution on airline's philosophy of aviation safety. Following the research results, it was suggested an airline look for improving the process and regulations to deal with aviation security in the organization.

A comparative study on the regulations of civil aviation security related between South Korea and U.S.A. (한 ${\cdot}$ 미 항공보안관련 법규의 비교 연구;국내항공법과 미연방항공법의 비교)

  • Han, K.K.;Lee, K.S.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2001
  • A safe and secure civil aviation system is a critical component of the nation's overall security, physical infrastructure, and economic foundation. Although it is not fully known at this time what actually occurred or which of the weaknesses in the nation's aviation security apparatus contributed to the terrible events of 11 September in the U.S.A., it is clear that serious weaknesses exist in our aviation security system including regulation system. Actually, defectiveness of regulations structure and contents concerned in aviation security were discussed in various studies. On this study, we have identified defectiveness in aviation security regulation system by the comparative study between 14 CFR and Korean regulations. Finally, we are to provide some suggestions and alternatives to improve aviation security regulation system in this country.

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Historical Review on Aviation Threats and Management of Aviation Security (항공위협의 역사적 고찰과 항공보안 관리 연구)

  • Ahn, J.H.;Kang, J.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.29-42
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    • 2004
  • This paper performs a historical review on aviation threats through a statistical survey. The impact factor, as a criterion to measure the seriousness of the threats occurred, is introduced and evaluated based on annual totals of hijacking and fatalities against aircraft 1948 through 2004. Also, the paper suggests processes of evaluating the level of threats and key functions for an effective management of the aviation security.

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A Study on Airport Security Performance Improvement based on Risk Management Concept (위험관리 개념에 근거한 항공보안업무 합리화 방안 연구)

  • Hwang, Kyung-Chul;Yoo, Kwang-Eui
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.47-57
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    • 2012
  • The strengthened aviation security measurements caused by increased terror threat all around the world have air passengers annoyed by uneasy treatment and some delayed process. The service level of air travel and competitiveness of airlines industry has been weakened also. The aviation security process is mainly conducted at an airport. The threat level of airport is not usually same airport to airport, and the quality of aviation security activity is neither same. However, ICAO requires every international airport to conduct similar process to ensure aviation security without considering situational difference of each airport. The paper has objectives to develop reasonable security measurements based on risk management concept. It studied the ways of achieving target level of security of an airport, considering the threat situation of the airport and its ability to conduct security procedures.

A Study on Change of Aviation Law and System to Aviation Security for Major Countries after 9. 11 Aviation Terror (주요국가의 항공보안 관련 법 및 제도의 변화 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.123-155
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    • 2006
  • 2001. 9. 11 aviation terror showed us that there are lots of problems in aviation security and we need efficient counter-plans. According to this event, many countries are coming up with various countermeasures. After first hijacking in 1950, the aviation terror is occurring with more various methods until these days. And the scale is bigger than former so they're making much bigger damages. Especially, the case of 9.11 terror attracted people's eye of the world because of enormous casualties and damages. It aroused many people's self-awakening therefore as an important factor the security is given much weight in the aviation safety. In order to keep the step like this tendency and the development of aviation security, beginning with America lots of countries of the world are pursuing diverse aviation security's counter-plans of new side. At this point of time, for our development in aviation industry we should make efficient aviation security countermeasures. In this study, We compared our aviation security activities with major countries after 9.11 terror.

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A Study on the Improvement of Metal Detector Equipment Standards by Aviation Security Level (항공보안 등급별 금속탐지장비 기준 개선 방안 연구)

  • Ryu, Hanseul;Park, Hanjun;Kim, Yosik;Choi, YongHun
    • Journal of Aerospace System Engineering
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2021
  • The detection sensitivity of a Walk Through Metal Detector (WTMD) currently being developed and operated in Korea differs from one manufacturer to another, making it difficult for them to be used based on Aviation Security level. In addition, the FAA 3-GUN Test approved by the domestic aviation authority for aviation security supervision is a single test object. There is no Operational Test Piece (OTP) consisting of multiple test objects for the operation of aviation security for a WTMD. This paper, the detection sensitivity of a WTMD applied by a commercial OTP was measured and detection sensitivity standards for a WTMD were developed based on results of measurement. Furthermore, institutional plans to maintain the same detection sensitivity for domestic aviation security were made through suggestions for Korean standards OTP development methods, taking characteristics of the aviation field into consideration.

Study on the development process and operations of aviation security screening (항공 보안검색의 발전과정과 운영실태에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Wook
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.7
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    • pp.61-93
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    • 2004
  • The terrorism threat against aviation industry is increasing after 9/11 incidents. As the way of preventing the future threat, this study is to review current status and make practical suggestions on Incheon International Airport security screening. The Library research method is utilized for this study. Chapter 1 is an introduction part and describes the general instruction. Chapter 2 describes the importance of aviation security and cases of aviation terrorism. Screening history is described in chapter 3 detailing operations and equipment. Status of IIAC(Incheon International Airport Corporation) security screening and prevention measures are described in chapter 4 and chapter 5 describes the final conclusion. In conclusion, if the introduction of state-of-the-art security equipment and modification of inadequate regulations come in first, whatever the threat exists, aviation terrorism can be prevented with the positive prevention efforts.

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A Study on Aviation Security System on Airport (국제민간항공협약의 표준과 관행을 고려한 공항보안체계의 문제점고찰)

  • Yoo, Kwang-Eui
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.165-182
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    • 2004
  • According to the Annex 17 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, an appropriate authority of each contracting state has to define and allocate tasks and coordinate activities between the departments, agencies and other organizations of the State, airport and aircraft operators and other entities concerned with or responsible for the implementation of various aspects of the national civil aviation security programme. It is generally recognized that the three major parties responsible for the aviation security at an airport are appropriate government departments, airport operator and airlines. The airlines are the beneficiaries of security activities as well as the provider of security activities. So, their responsibilities have been critical in protecting civil aviation from unlawful interferences. The airport has to take leading role in implementing security tasks at airport area because the airport operator is the provider of airport facilities and services to its customer and the security activities belong to its services. The government has the responsibilities not only for establishing regulatory system but also for oversighting the implementation of aviation security activities. The paper is to review the revision of aviation security regulation and the changes of aviation security responsibilities, and costs and task assignment in Republic of Korea after September 11 event. The responsibilities, tasks and costs assigned to airlines, airport operators and government are introduced and evaluated in terms of economic fairness, effectiveness and efficiency of aviation security activities. The drawbacks of new legal system are pointed out and the suggestions to remedy them are proposed as conclusions.

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