• Title, Summary, Keyword: Axial Injection

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Vibration Characteristics of High Pressure Multi-Stage Pump with Anti-Swirl Injection Balance Sleeve (역스월 유로 입력을 가지는 밸런스 슬리브를 적용한 고압 다단 펌프의 진동 특성)

  • 곽현덕;이용복;김창호;이봉주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.214-219
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    • 2002
  • As the tangential flow inside the clearance of tribe elements such as bearings and seals is increased as the shaft speed increases, the system stability will be decreased due to the increment of the instability parameter. To reduce the tangential flow inside the clearance of the balance sleeve, anti-swirl injection mechanism is applied. The balance sleeve is used in resisting the axial force induced by impeller in high pressure multi-stage pump. In this paper, total three cases are experimentally investigated; original balance steeve, anti-swirl injection balance steeve with 0 axial degree and anti-swirl injection balance sleeve with 30 axial degree. Experiments are focused in the comparison of vibration level and leakage flow rate. The results clearly shows that the anti-swirl injection balance sleeve with 0 axial degree improves the vibration characteristics. However, the anti-swirl injection balance sleeve with 30 degree aggravates the vibration characteristics. In the standpoint of leakage performance, both anti-swirl injection balance sleeves show the better result than the original balance sleeve.

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Vibration Characteristics of High Pressure Multi-stage Pump with Anti-swirl Injection Balance Sleeve (역스월 유로 입력을 가지는 밸런스 슬리브를 적용한 고압 다단 펌프의 진동 특성)

  • 곽현덕;이용복;김창호;이봉주
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.632-638
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    • 2002
  • As the tangential flow inside the clearance of tribo elements such as bearings and seals is increased as the shaft speed increases, the system stability will be decreased due to the increment of the instability parameter. To reduce the tangential flow inside the clearance of the balance sleeve, anti-swirl injection mechanism is applied. The balance sleeve is used in resisting the axial force induced by impeller in high pressure multi-stage pump. In this paper, total three cases are experimentally investigated; original balance sleeve, anti-swirl injection balance sleeve with 0 axial degree and anti-swirl injection balance sleeve with 30 axial degree. Experiments are focused in the comparison of vibration level and leakage flow rate. The results clearly shows that the anti-swirl injection balance sleeve with 0 axial degree improves the vibration characteristics. However, the anti-swirl injection balance sleeve with 30 degree aggravates the vibration characteristics. In the standpoint of leakage performance, both anti-swirl injection balance sleeves show the better result than the original balance sleeve.

A Study on the Local Regression Rate of Solid Fuel in Hybrid Rocket (하이브리드 로켓에서의 고체연료의 국부 후퇴율에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soojong;Lee, Jungpyo;Kim, Gihun;Cho, Jungtae;Kim, Hakchul;Woo, Kyoungjin;Moon, Heejang;Sung, Hong-Gye;Kim, Jin-Kon
    • Journal of Aerospace System Engineering
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2008
  • In generally, the regression rate was expressed with average value and oxidizer mass flux in hybrid propulsion system. This can not represent the local value of regression rate along with oxidizer flow direction. In this study, experimental studies were performed with Separation method and Cutting method for measure local regression rate. In axial injection, the local regression rate decreases rapidly with axial location near entrance and increases with axial direction from the leading edge and the empirical formula for local regression rate with function of oxidizer mass flux and location was derived. Swirl injection regression rate has higher value at the leading edge of the fuel and comparatively uniform regression rate at the downstream. Overall regression rate of swirl injection is higher increased about 54 % than regression rate of axial injection.

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Design Study of an Axial Injection System for MC50 Cyclotron at KIRAMS

  • Kim, Jae-Hong;Cho, Sung-Jin;Choi, Jun-Yong;Hong, Seung-Pyo;Yu, In-Gong;Park, Hyun;Lee, Ji-Sup
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.262-262
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    • 2012
  • A multi-purpose cyclotron, MC50 has been operated to provide multi-ions of proton, deuteron and alpha at Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS). Neutron is also produced through the (p,n) nuclear process with a Be target. However, a wide spectrum of current of ions is requested by beam users for carrying their various application fields. Therefore a simulation study is requested on the design of an axial injection system for high current proton and alpha beam extraction for radio-isotope productions and scientific researches. The purpose of this study is seeking a relatively simple method for the MC50 having higher alpha beam capability and also improving proton and deuteron beams currently used. We are considering two possibilities to improve the internal ion source and to install a new external axial injection system. The external injection system will be consisted of an Einzel lens, a steering magnet, a buncher, and a glazer lens placed in front of an inflector, which is located at the center of the main magnet.

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A Study on the Local Regression Rate of Solid Fuel in Swirl Injection Hybrid Rocket (스월 인젝션 하이브리드 로켓의 고체연료 국부 후퇴율에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Jong;Lee, Jung-Pyo;Kim, Gi-Hun;Cho, Jung-Tae;Moon, Hee-Jang;Sung, Hong-Gye;Kim, Jin-Kon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.77-81
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    • 2008
  • The local regression rate behavior of solid fuel in swirl injection hybrid rocket were studied. In generally, axial injection regression rate was tending to be decrease with axial distance, beyond which increased with increasing axial distance from the leading edge. On the other hand, swirl injection regression rate was high at the leading edge of the fuel and comparatively uniform regression rate at the downstream. Overall regression rate of swirl injection was increased about 54% for the overall regression rate of axial injection. Through this study, it was found that using swirl injector was useful in applying to the small sounding rocket.

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Lean Burn Characteristics in a Heavy Duty Liquid Phase LPG Injection SI Engine (대형 액상분사식 LPG 엔진의 희박연소특성에 관한 연구)

  • O, Seung-Muk;Kim, Chang-Eop;Lee, Jin-Uk;Kim, Chang-Gi;Gang, Geon-Yong;Bae, Chung-Sik
    • 연구논문집
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 2003
  • Fuel distribution, combustion, and flame propagation characteristics of heavy duty engine with the liquid phase LPG injection(LPLI) were studied in a single cylinder engine. Optically accessible single cylinder engine and laser diagnostics system were built for quantifying fuel concentration by acetone PLIF(planar laser induced fluorescence) measurements. In case of Otto cycle engine with large bore size, the engine knock and thermal stress of exhaust manifold are so critical that lean burn operation is needed to reduce the problems. It is generally known that fuel stratification is one of the key technologies to extend the lean misfire limit. The formation of rich mixture in the spark plug vicinity was achieved by open valve injection. With higher swirl strength(Rs=3.4) and open valve injection, the cloud of fuel followed the flow direction and the radial air/fuel mixing was limited by strong swirl flow. It was expected that axial stratification was maintained with open-valve injection if the radial component of the swirling motion was stronger than the axial components. The axial fuel stratification and concentration were sensitive to fuel injection timing in case of Rs=3.4 while those were relatively independent of the injection timing in case of Rs2.3. Thus, strong swirl flow could promote desirable axial fuel stratification and, in result, may make flame propagation stable in the early stage of combustion.

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SPRAY AND COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS OF HYDROCARBON FUEL INJECTED FROM PRESSURE-SWIRL NOZZLES

  • Laryea Gabriel Nii;No Soo-Young
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2004
  • This paper presents spray and combustion characteristics of hydrocarbon fuel injected from pressure-swirl nozzles. Three commercial nozzles with orifice diameters of 0.256, 0.308 and 0.333mm and injection pressures ranging from 0.7 to 1.3 MPa were selected f9r the experiments. Spray characteristics such as breakup length. spray angle and drop size (SMD) were analyzed using photo image analyses and Malvern Panicle Size Analyzer. The drop size was measured with and without a blower at the same measuring locations. The flame length and width were measured using photo image analyses. The temperature distribution along the axial distance and the gas emission such as CO, $CO_2\;and\;NO_x$ were studied. The breakup length decreased with an increase in injection pressure for each nozzle but increased with an increase in nozzle orifice diameter. The spray angle increased and SMD decreased with an increase in injection pressure. The flame with an increased linearly with an increase in injection pressure and in nozzle orifice diameter. The flame temperature increased with an increase in injection pressure but decreased along the axial distance. The maximum temperatures occurred closer to the burner exit and flame at axial distance of 242mm from the diffuser tip. The experimental results showed that the level of CO decreased while that of $CO_2\;and\;NO_x$ increased with an increase in injection pressure and nozzle orifice diameter.

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Experimental Research of Multi-Stage Axial Compressor Stability Enhancement by Air Injection (다단 축류압축기의 안정성 개선을 위한 실험적 연구)

  • Lim, Young-Cheon;Lim, Hyung-Soo;Song, Seung-Jin;Kang, Shin-Hyoung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.378-381
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    • 2009
  • A rotating stall, an instable phenomenon of compressor, brings about reducing the pressure rise, the efficiency of compressor and a mechanical demage. In order to improve instability and extend operating range, it was performed that a stability enhancement experiment applying air injection method at the 4-stage low-speed axial compressor. The coanda nozzle was used to inject air in axial direction at rotor tip and 8 injectors were set up at regular interval at the upstream of 1st stage rotor. At 80% speed, injectors were worked before rotating stall happened. As injecting the 5.4% air of mode inception flow rate, the stability of compressor operation enhanced about 4%.

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Effects of Stator Shroud Injection on the Aerodynamic Performance of a Single-Stage Transonic Axial Compressor (정익 슈라우드 공기분사가 단단 천음속 축류압축기의 공력성능에 미치는 영향)

  • Dinh, Cong-Truong;Ma, Sang-Bum;Kim, Kwang Yong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.9-19
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    • 2017
  • In this study, stator shroud injection in a single-stage transonic axial compressor is proposed. A parametric study of the effect of stator shroud injection on aerodynamic performances was conducted using the three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations. The curvature, length, width, and circumferential angle of the stator shroud injector and the air injection mass flow rate were selected as the test parameters. The results of the parametric study show that the aerodynamic performances of the single-stage transonic axial compressor were improved by stator shroud injection. The aerodynamic performances were the most sensitive to the injection mass flow rate. Further, the total pressure ratio and adiabatic efficiency were the maximum when the ratio of circumferential angle was 10%.

Lean Burn Characteristics in a Heavy Duty Liquid Phase LPG Injection SI Engine (대형 액상분사식 LPG 엔진의 희박연소특성에 관한 연구)

  • 오승묵;김창업;강건용;우영민;배충식
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2004
  • Combustion and fuel distribution characteristics of heavy duty engine with the liquid phase LPG injection(LPLI) were studied in a single cylinder engine, Swirl ratio were varied between 1.2, 2.3, and 3.4 following Ricardo swirl number(Rs) definition, Rs=2.3 showed the best results with lower cycle-by-cycle variation and shorter burning duration in the lean region while strong swirl(Rs=3.4) made these worse for combustion enhancement. Excessive swirl resulted in reverse effects due to high heat transfer and initial flame kernel quenching. Fuel injection timings were categorized with open valve injection(OVI) and closed valve injection(CVI). Open valve injection showed shorter combustion duration and extended lean limit. The formation of rich mixture in the spark plug vicinity was achieved by open valve injection. With higher swirl strength(Rs=3.4) and open valve injection, the cloud of fuel followed the flow direction and the radial air/fuel mixing was limited by strong swirl flow. It was expected that axial stratification was maintained with open-valve injection if the radial component of the swirling motion was stronger than the axial components. The axial fuel stratification and concentration were sensitive to fuel injection timing in case of Rs=3.4 while those were relatively independent of the injection timing in case of Rs=2.3.