• Title/Summary/Keyword: BCDO2

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A Major Locus for Quantitatively Measured Shank Skin Color Traits in Korean Native Chicken

  • Jin, S.;Lee, J.H.;Seo, D.W.;Cahyadi, M.;Choi, N.R.;Heo, K.N.;Jo, C.;Park, H.B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.29 no.11
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    • pp.1555-1561
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    • 2016
  • Shank skin color of Korean native chicken (KNC) shows large color variations. It varies from white, yellow, green, bluish or grey to black, whilst in the majority of European breeds the shanks are typically yellow-colored. Three shank skin color-related traits (i.e., lightness [$L^*$], redness [$a^*$], and yellowness [$b^*$]) were measured by a spectrophotometer in 585 progeny from 68 nuclear families in the KNC resource population. We performed genome scan linkage analysis to identify loci that affect quantitatively measured shank skin color traits in KNC. All these birds were genotyped with 167 DNA markers located throughout the 26 autosomes. The SOLAR program was used to conduct multipoint variance-component quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses. We detected a major QTL that affects $b^*$ value (logarithm of odds [LOD] = 47.5, $p=1.60{\times}10^{-49}$) on GGA24 (GGA for Gallus gallus). At the same location, we also detected a QTL that influences $a^*$ value (LOD = 14.2, $p=6.14{\times}10^{-16}$). Additionally, beta-carotene dioxygenase 2 (BCDO2), the obvious positional candidate gene under the linkage peaks on GGA24, was investigated by the two association tests: i.e., measured genotype association (MGA) and quantitative transmission disequilibrium test (QTDT). Significant associations were detected between BCDO2 g.9367 A>C and $a^*$ ($P_{MGA}=1.69{\times}10^{-28}$; $P_{QTDT}=2.40{\times}10^{-25}$). The strongest associations were between BCDO2 g.9367 A>C and $b^*$ ($P_{MGA}=3.56{\times}10^{-66}$; $P_{QTDT}=1.68{\times}10^{-65}$). However, linkage analyses conditional on the single nucleotide polymorphism indicated that other functional variants should exist. Taken together, we demonstrate for the first time the linkage and association between the BCDO2 locus on GGA24 and quantitatively measured shank skin color traits in KNC.

Studies on Mammalian Homolog and Flanking Sequence of Mouse MT Transposon-like Element, Clone MTi7(MTi7) (생쥐의 MT Transposon-like Element, Clone MTi7(MTi7) 유전자의 포유류 Homolog 및 Flanking Sequence에 대한 연구)

  • Kim Young-Hoon;Ko Minsu;Woo Dae-Gyun;Choi Donchan;Lee Kyung-Ah
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2003
  • In the previous study, we obtained list of differentially expressed genes between postnatal day 1 and day 5 mouse ovaries using suppression subtractive hybridization(SSH) and found that MT Oansposon-like element, clone MTi7(MTi7) was one of the highly expressed genes in the day 5 mouse ovary(Park et at., 2002). Results of in situ hybridization and RNA interference revealed that the expression of MTi7 is oocyte-specific in the ovary and may be involved in the regulation of oocyte maturation(Park et at., 2003). At present, MTi7 sequence has been known only in the mouse. Therefore, the present study was accomplished 1) to identify MTi7 sequence in the other mammalian species, such as bovine, porcine, rat, and human, and 2) to evaluate the flanking sequence of the mouse MTi7 since it has transposon characteristics. Using ovarian cDNAs derived from low different species, we cloned and identified new MTi7 sequence showing a high degree of sequence homology with the mouse MTi7(87∼98%). By using inverse PCR, we found that the mouse MTi7 may intercalated the beta-carotene 15, 15'-monooxygenase(Bcdo) gene and/or serine protease inhibitor, Kunitz Dpe I(Spint 1) gene. By finding the MTi7 sequences in the other mammalian species and the flanking gene of the MTi7 in mouse, it is expected to reveal the role(s) of MTi7 in the oogenesis as well as folliculogenesis in the near future.

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