• Title, Summary, Keyword: BMI

Search Result 3,485, Processing Time 0.059 seconds

A Study of the Factors Influencing on Postpartum BMI Change in Some Postpartum Women (일부 산모에서 산후 BMI 변화에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Park, Jung-Kyoung;Kim, Tae-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.139-149
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between variety pregnancy related factors and postpartum BMI change. Methods: Analyzing the BMI of 125 postpartum women in oriental medical hospital of O O university from March, 2008 to May, 2008. Age, pregnancy period. type of delivery, parity, pregravida(PG) BMI, weight and BMI gain during pregnancy, gestational maximum(GMx) BMI were recorded. BMI also checked on each postpartum 7days(P7d), 14days(P14d), 90days(P90d), And we distinguished into Sasang Constitution by QSCC II. Results: The following results were obtained: 1. Age. pregnancy period were not correlated to postpartum BMI change. 2. PG BMI were lower in normal delivery group than caesarean delivery group. 3. PG BMI was lower in primipara group than multipara group. Weight and BMI gain during pregnancy. P90d BMI were lower in multipara group. 4. PG, GMx, P7d, P14d, P90d BMI were significally high in Taeumin. 5. PG BMI were correlated to GMx, P7d, P14d, P90d BMI. 6. Weight and BMI gain during pregnancy were correlated to GMx BMI and P7d, P14d, P90d BMI, BMI loss. Conclusion: This results suggested that weight and BMI gain during pregnancy have the best relationship with postpartum weight change.

  • PDF

Relevance of the personal characteristics of adolescents using a BMI study (중고등학생들의 개인특성과 BMI의 관련성 연구)

  • Kim, Eun Yeob;Kim, Seok Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.15 no.10
    • /
    • pp.6150-6157
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study evaluated the perception, school stress, psychological factors, and association of students in middle and high school groups in terms of their BMI (Body Mass Index). The '2010 Korea Youth Health Survey 'was used to study data 7187 people. The subjects were classified into the underweight group (BMI < 20), normal group (BMI 20 - 24), overweight group (BMI of 25-29), and obese group (BMI of 30 or higher). The subjects found to have experienced smoking were as follows: underweight BMI group (17.2%), normal weight group (18.4%), overweight group (21.8%), and obese group (25.8%) (p=0.016). The level of satisfaction was as follows: $14.24{\pm}3.15$ for the normal weight group, $13.67{\pm}3.13$ for the overweight, and $12.84{\pm}3.72$ in the obese group. The normal-weight group had a higher level of satisfaction (p=0.005). Underweight, normal, overweight, and obese BMI group were at school for an average of $33.57{\pm}5.76$, $33.45{\pm}5.50$, $33.12{\pm}5.34$, and $32.21{\pm}7.43$ hours per week, respectively (p=0.044). Therefore, the development of social misfit youths needs to be managed properly and effectively to improve their physical and mental health. Industry, academia and government need to collaborate with programs to achieve this aim.

Study of Dietary Behaviors and Snack Intake Patterns of High School Students in Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi-do (수도권 지역 고등학생의 식행동 및 간식 섭취 실태에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Gyeong-Soon;Cho, Woo-Kyoun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.490-500
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the snack and beverage intake patterns of students by body mass index groups (BMI <18.5, 18.5-23, 23-30, ${\geq}$30). Questionnaires were completed by 1381 high school students in Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi-do, the area of Korea's capital region. There were no significant differences in skipping meals for overweight (BMI 23-30 and ${\geq}$30) or under-nourished (BMI <18.5) students. Girls skipped dinner more frequently than boys. Boys and girls both preferred meat and disliked fish regardless of BMI. Girls with BMI 23-30 disliked vegetables. Boys and girls would rather have crackers, candies, and chocolates than potatoes as snacks regardless of BMI. Obese boys (BMI ${\geq}$30) preferred flour-based food, fast food, and other food as snacks. Girls liked fruits more than boys. Snacks were eaten 2-3 times per week, when students were hungry or bored. There were no significant differences in the frequency or reasons (habitual, stressed) for snack consumption by BMI. Girls liked juice more than boys did, and boys preferred soda water more than girls did. Both the under-nourished (BMI <18.5) boy and girl groups had more juice than the overweight (BMI 23-30 and ${\geq}$30) groups. Obese (BMI ${\geq}$30) boys did not more drink soda water than other BMI groups. The under-nourished (BMI <18.5) boy group had more soda water than the normal (BMI 18.5-23) and overweight (BMI 23-30) groups. Girls in the overweight (BMI 23-30) group had 2 more cups of soda water a day than the normal group (BMI 18.5-23). Therefore, skipping meals and beverage intake patterns might influence BMI.

Effect of the BMI and %Fat on the Diagnosis of Hyperlipermia in Adult Women (성인 여성의 신체질량지수와 체지방률이 고지혈증 진단에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Mi-Young;Lim, Cheong-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.10 no.8
    • /
    • pp.301-307
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to find out how diagnosis of hyperlipemia differed for according to BMI and %Fat. The included subjects were 224 adult women, they performed physical measurement and BMI measured %Fat by BIA. Blood pressure and lipid profiles were measured in the NPO state. The LDL calculated in using a formula of Friedwald and an atherogenic index was calculated using the serum TC lever divided by th HDL level As a results, HDL decreases so that BMI and %Fat increase and TC, TG, LDL, AI appeared by increasing. There was significant correlation(r=.585) between BMI and %Fat, and lipid profile correlation with BMI is higher than %Fat. In conclusion, diagnosis results of hyperlipemia according to BMI and %Fat could become different conclusively. In study it seems that BMI's diagnosis ability on hyperlipemia is high but the most desirable method uses BMI and %Fat together and evaluates lipid profile.

Thermal Properties and Water Sorption Behaviors of Epoxy and Bismaleimide Composites

  • Seo, Jong-Chul;Jang, Won-Bong;Han, Hak-Soo
    • Macromolecular research
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.10-16
    • /
    • 2007
  • In this work, we prepared epoxy/BMI composites by using N,N'-bismaleimide-4,4'-diphenylmethane (BMI), epoxy resin (diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA)), and 4,4'-diamino diphenyl methane (DDM). The thermal properties and water sorption behaviors of the epoxy and BMI composites were investigated. For the epoxy/BMI composites, the glass transition and decomposition temperatures both increased with increasing BMI addition, which indicates the effect of BMI addition on improved thermal stability. The water sorption behaviors were gravi-metrically measured as a function of humidity, temperature, and composition. The diffusion coefficient and water uptake decreased and the activation energy for water diffusion increased with increasing BMI content, indicating that the water sorption in epoxy resin, which causes reliability problems in electronic devices, can be diminished by BMI addition. The water sorption behaviors in the epoxy/BMI composites were interpreted in terms of their chemical and morphological structures.

Dietary Macronutrients and $VO_{2}$ by BMI among Female College Students in Seoul (서울지역 여대생의 BMI에 따른 영량 영양소와 산소섭취 실태)

  • Lim, Jae-Yeon;Na, Hae-Bok
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.52-62
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to investigate dietary macronutrient and $VO_{2}$ by BMI The subjects consisted of 50 female college students. They were divided into three groups: Below BMI 18.5 kg/$m^{2}$ (n = 9), BMI 18.5 - 23 kg/$m^{2}$ (n = 28), above BMI 23 g/$m^{2}$ (n = 13). Health-related questionnaires, dietary macronutrients, macronutrient compositions, food frequency questionnaires, body compositions and $VO_{2}$ were studied. Macronutrient compositions that macronutrient intakes were expressed by the percentage of daily energy intakes. There were significant differences in body fat, percent of body fat, and fat distribution by BMI Also, significantly increasing of basal metabolic rate (BMR) was shown by BMI, but BMR per body weight was decreased by BMI Overall, there were no significant differences in health-related questionnaires, food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), dietary macronutrients and $VO_{2}$ by BMI but salty taste preferences and carbohydrate intakes, FFQ of beans, white vegetables rand, yellow-green vegetables in the above BMI 23 g/$m^{2}$ group were significantly higher than other groups. There were no significant differences in macronutrient composition but the lipid composition of subjects was shown above $20\%$. Also, energy intakes of subjects were shown to be low; especially the below BMI 18.5 kg/$m^{2}$ group was very low ($55\%$ of RDA). Significantly positive correlation was found in BMR and body composition such as skeletal muscle & lean body mass, but significant correlation was not found in BMR and dietary macronutrients. Overall, researched energy metabolism factor was not different by BMI Only in the BMI 18.5 23 kg/$m^{2}$ (normal) group, significantly positive correlation was found in $VO_{2}$peak and body fat oxidation. Therefore, proper nutritional education for female college students is needed in order to improve their obesity-related health. Moreover, a nutritional survey method of finding diverse factors that affect their health should be developed to meet various needs.

The association of blood pressure with body mass index and waist circumference in normal weight and overweight adolescents

  • Song, Young-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.57 no.2
    • /
    • pp.79-84
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: Overweight can be defined by the body mass index (BMI) and is likely associated with an increased cardiovascular disease risk. However, waist circumference (WC), a central adiposity index, may be a better indicator of cardiovascular disease risk. Studies comparing the effects of BMI and WC on cardiovascular risk factors, such as high blood pressure (BP), are rare in adolescents. Methods: We analyzed the correlations of BMI and WC with BP in 3,363 Korean adolescents (aged 10-19 years), using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2009-2011). Results: Systolic BP (SBP) in both sexes and diastolic BP (DBP) in boys were higher in the high BMI (>85th percentile) and high WC (>90th percentile) groups. High BMI and high WC were positively correlated with high SBP (>90th percentile) in both sexes, and high DBP (>90th percentile), in boys. BMI maintained its positive associations with SBP, DBP, high SBP, and high DBP in the normal weight ($BMI{\leq}85th$ percentile) and overweight (BMI>85th percentile) groups in both boys and girls, as well as in all subjects of both sexes, even after adjustment for WC. However, WC did not correlate with SBP, DBP, high SBP, or high DBP after adjustment for BMI in any group in either sex. Conclusion: In Korean adolescents, BMI correlated better with BP and high BP levels than WC. Further, BMI was positively associated with BP and high BP in the normal weight group as well as in the overweight group.

A web-based monitoring system using BMI variations (BMI 변화량을 이용한 웹 기반 모니터링 시스템)

  • Kang, Hee-Beom;Lee, Jong-Won;Song, Hyun-Ok;Jeong, Nahk-Ju;Jung, Hoe-Kyung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.654-656
    • /
    • 2015
  • In today's world a monitoring system for managing obesity is very important in accordance with the trend of increasing obesity all through out the world. Most of the monitoring systems available today are quite basic and it simply calculate's only the BMI figures and the weight. Because it shows only basic information, this kind of system is not quite efficiently or effective. In this paper, our research concludes that there is a scop for a more efficient BMI system and we have designated a web-based monitoring system that recommends not just weight and BMI but also detailed graphs and recommends equipments in accordance with the users BMI level.

  • PDF

Relationship between BMI, oral health behavior and perceived oral symptoms among child care teachers (보육교사에서 구강건강행동 및 구강자각증상과 BMI의 연관성)

  • An, So-Youn;Park, So-Young
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.13 no.5
    • /
    • pp.769-776
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to analyze relationship between body mass index(BMI), oral health behavior, and perceived oral symptoms among child care teachers. Methods : The subjects were 310 child care teachers who worked in child care centers in Jeollabukdo Province, Korea. A cross tab analysis and a multiple regression analysis were conducted to find a possible relationship between oral health behavior, oral symptoms and BMI. Results : BMI in child care teachers was 35.1% and male and married teachers had higher BMI. Higher BMI revealed perceived periodontal disease in smokers. Higher BMI was closely related to perceived xerostomia and halitosis. Conclusions : BMI is a very important index to develop health improvement and obesity control.

Lack of any Prognostic Value of Body Mass Index for Patients Undergoing Chemoradiotherapy for Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Zhang, Fang;Wang, Chuan-Sheng;Sun, Bo;Tian, Guang-Bo;Cao, Fang-Li;Cheng, Yu-Feng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.7
    • /
    • pp.3075-3079
    • /
    • 2014
  • Background: The relationship between body mass index(BMI) and outcomes after chemoradiotherapy(CRT) has not been systematically addressed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of BMI on survival in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Materials and Methods: Sixty ESCC cases were retrospectively reviewed in this study. Patient overall survival(OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared between two groups (BMI< $24.00kg/m^2$ and $BMI{\geq}24.00kg/m^2$). Results: There were 41 patients in the low/normal BMI group (BMI< $24.00kg/m^2$) and 19 in the high BMI group ($BMI{\geq}24.00kg/m^2$). No significant differences were observed in patient characteristics between these. We found no difference in 2-year OS and DFS associated with BMI (p=0.763 for OS; p=0.818 for DFS) using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis revealed that higher clinical stage was prognostic for worse 2-year OS and DFS, metastasis for 2-year OS, lymph node status for 2-year DFS, while age, gender, smoking, drinking, tumor location and BMI were not prognostic. There were no differences in the 2-year OS (hazard ratio=1.117; p=0.789) and DFS(hazard ratio=1.161; p=0.708) between BMI groups in multivariate analysis, whereas we found statistical differences in the 2-year OS and DFS associated with clinical stage, gender and tumor infiltration (p<0.04), independent of age, smoking, drinking, tumor location, the status of lymph node metastases and BMI. Conclusions: BMI was not associated with survival in patients with ESCC treated with CRT as primary therapy. BMI should not be considered a prognostic factor for patients undergoing CRT for ESCC.