• Title, Summary, Keyword: BTA6

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Polishing Behavior and Characterization of Cu Surface in Citric Acid based Slurry with Corrosion Inhibitor (BTA) (부식방지제(BTA)가 첨가된 Cu CMP 슬러리에서의 연마거동과)

  • Kim, In-Kwon;Kang, Young-Jae;Hong, Yi-Kwan;Kim, Tae-Gon;Park, Jin-Goo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.42-43
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구에서는 Cu 슬러리에 부식방지제인 BTA를 첨가하여 슬러리내의 과수의 농도, pH 의 변화, 연마입자의 종류에 따라 연마거동에 미치는 영향과 각 chemical 변화에 따른 Cu surface의 변화를 살펴보았다. BTA (Benzotriazole, $C_6H_4C_3H$)를 첨가함으로써 본 연구에서 시행된 pH 와 과수의 변화에 상관없이 Cu-BTA film을 형성하여 Cu의 dissolution을 최대한 억제하는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 또 그로인해 BTA를 첨가하지 않았을 때보다 얇은 passivation layer를 형성함을 알 수 있었고 contact angle도 더 높았다. 연마율의 경우에도 BTA가 첨가됨으로써 감소됨을 확인할 수 있었고 연마입자로 alumina particle을 사용한 경우에는 pH6, 과수 10vol%이상에서는 오히려 연마율이 증가하였다. fumed silica의 경우에는 hardness가 작아 mechanical적인 제거력이 낮아 BTA가 첨가되어도 연마율에는 큰 영향이 없었다.

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Effect of the Addition of Benzotriazole on the Streaming Electrification Properties in Transformer Oil

  • Shin, Jong-Yeol;Hong, Jin-Woong
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.288-291
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    • 2010
  • Accidents can occur as a result of streaming electrification when transformer oil is used as an insulating oil in large ultra-high voltage transformers. Methods for adding a streaming electrification inhibitor to reduce the streaming electrification has been studied extensively. In this paper, in order to develop a method for reducing streaming electrification effectively, 4 different specimens were prepared by the addition of benzotriazole (BTA) to a virgin specimen with constant stirring. The specimens were examined to determine the appropriate amount of BTA addition that would suppress the streaming electrification most effectively. The results showed that the streaming electrification characteristics of the specimen in the streaming transformer oil were best when the amount of BTA addition was about 10 ppm. The streaming electrification current was reduced by adding 30 ppm BTA until the temperature reached $65^{\circ}C$. The polarity of the streaming electrification current was negative when the temperature exceeded $65^{\circ}C$. Therefore, the streaming electrification current, which can be a cause of transformer accidents, can be suppressed in large ultra high voltage transformer oil. This paper reports on the optimal amount of BTA addition and the best conditions for controlling the streaming velocity of transformer oil.

Effect of n-Butyrate on the In Vitro Reactivation of Latent Herpes Simplex Virus (잠재성 Herpes Simplex Virus의 재활성화에 대한 n-Butyrate의 효과)

  • Chun, Yeon-Sook;Park, No-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.123-127
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    • 1986
  • n-Butyrate (n-BT A) increased the rate and number of infectious units produced in the in vitro reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus. While the mechanism of action of n-BT A is obscure, a continuous presence of n-BT A is necessary for its inductive effect.

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Single nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes associated with milk yield in Argentinean Holstein and Holstein × Jersey cows

  • Raschia, Maria Agustina;Nani, Juan Pablo;Maizon, Daniel Omar;Beribe, Maria Jose;Amadio, Ariel Fernando;Poli, Mario Andres
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.60 no.12
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    • pp.31.1-31.10
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    • 2018
  • Background: Research on loci influencing milk production traits of dairy cattle is one of the main topics of investigation in livestock. Many genomic regions and polymorphisms associated with dairy production have been reported worldwide. In this context, the purpose of this study was to identify candidate loci associated with milk yield in Argentinean dairy cattle. A database of candidate genes and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for milk production and composition was developed. Thirty-nine SNPs belonging to 22 candidate genes were genotyped on 1643 animals (Holstein and Holstein x Jersey). The genotypes obtained were subjected to association studies considering the whole population and discriminating the population by Holstein breed percentage. Phenotypic data consisted of milk production values recorded during the first lactation of 1156 Holstein and 462 Holstein ${\times}$ Jersey cows from 18 dairy farms located in the central dairy area of Argentina. From these records, 305-day cumulative milk production values were predicted. Results: Eight SNPs (rs43375517, rs29004488, rs132812135, rs137651874, rs109191047, rs135164815, rs43706485, and rs41255693), located on six Bos taurus autosomes (BTA4, BTA6, BTA19, BTA20, BTA22, and BTA26), showed suggestive associations with 305-day cumulative milk production (under Benjamini-Hochberg procedure with a false discovery rate of 0.1). Two of those SNPs (rs43375517 and rs135164815) were significantly associated with milk production (Bonferroni adjusted p-values < 0.05) when considering the Holstein population. Conclusions: The results obtained are consistent with previously reported associations in other Holstein populations. Furthermore, the SNPs found to influence bovine milk production in this study may be used as possible candidate SNPs for marker-assisted selection programs in Argentinean dairy cattle.

Detection of Quantitative Trait Loci for Growth and Carcass Traits on BTA6 in a Hanwoo Population

  • Lee, Y.-M.;Lee, Y.S.;Han, C.-M.;Lee, J.-H.;Yeo, J.S.;Kim, Jong-Joo
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.287-291
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for growth and carcass quality traits on BTA6 in a population of Hanwoo cattle. Three hundred and sixty one steers were produced from 39 sires that were sired by 17 grandsires in the two Hanwoo farming branches of the National Livestock Research Institute of Korea, between Spring 2000 and Fall 2002. DNA samples were collected for all of the steers, sires and grandsires, and the phenotypes for six growth and carcass quality traits were measured at 24 months of age. Twelve microsatellite markers were chosen on BTA6 and a linkage map was constructed by using seven of the twelve markers. Then, a chromosome-wide QTL scan was performed by applying an Animal Model, in which effects of QTL alleles within the grand sires were fitted as a random term. Three QTL were detected at the 5% chromosome-wise level for backfat thickness, average daily gain, and final weight. The most likely positions for the QTL were in the proximal region, i.e. 0 cM, 35 cM, and 63 cM, respectively. Also, another QTL for longissimus dorsi muscle area was detected at the 10% chromosome-wise level at 67 cM. These results were, in general, consistent with our previous report, in which candidate gene analyses showed that a SNP near ILSTS035 flanked by BM4621 (62.5 cM) and BMS2460 (81.3 cM) was associated with final weight, carcass weight, average daily gain, and longissimus dorsi muscle area in the same Hanwoo population.

Application of Linkage Disequilibrium Mapping Methods to Detect QTL for Carcass Quality on Chromosome 6 Using a High Density SNP Map in Hanwoo

  • Lia, Y.;Lee, J.H.;Lee, Y.M.;Kim, J.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.457-462
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to detect QTL for carcass quality on bovine chromosome (BTA) 6 using a high density SNP map in a Hanwoo population. The data set comprised 45 sires and their 427 Hanwoo steers that were born between spring of 2005 and fall of 2007. The steers that were used for progeny testing in the Hanwoo Improvement Center in Seosan, Korea, were genotyped with the 2,535SNPs on BTA6 that were embedded in the Illumina bovine SNP 50K chip. Four different linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping models were applied to detect significant SNPs for carcass quality traits; the fixed model with a single marker, the random model with a single marker, the random model with haplotype effects using two adjacent markers, and the random model at hidden state. A total of twelve QTL were detected, for which four, one, three and four SNPs were detected on BTA6 under the respective models (p<0.001). Among the detected QTL, four, two, five and one QTL were associated with carcass weight, backfat thickness, longissimus dorsi muscle area, and marbling score, respectively (p<0.001). Our results suggest that the use of multiple LD mapping approaches may be beneficial in increasing power to detect QTL given a limited sample size and magnitude of QTL effect.

A Study on the Corrosion Effects by Addition of Complexing Agent in the Copper CMP Process

  • Kim, Sang-Yong;Kim, Nam-Hoon;Kim, In-Pyo;Chang, Eui-Goo;Seo, Yong-Jin;Chung, Hun-Sang
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.4 no.6
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    • pp.28-31
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    • 2003
  • Copper CMP in terms of the effect of slurry chemicals (oxidizer, corrosion inhibitor, complexing agent) on the process characteristics has been performed. Corrosion inhibitors, benzotriazole (BTA) and tolytriazol (TTA) were used to control the removal rate and avoid isotropic etching. When complexing agent is added with H$_2$O$_2$ 2 wt% in the slurry, the corrosion rate was presented very well. In the case of complexing agent, it was estimated that the proper concentration is 1 wt%, because the addition of tartaric acid to alumina slurry causes low pH and the slurry dispersion stability become unstable. There was not much change of the removal rate. It was assumed that BTA 0.05 wt% is suitable. Most of all, it was appeared that BTA is possible to be replaced by TTA. TTA was distinguished for the effect among complexing agents.

Binary Tree Architecture Design for Support Vector Machine Using Dynamic Time Warping (DTW를 이용한 SVM 기반 이진트리 구조 설계)

  • Kang, Youn Joung;Lee, Jaeil;Bae, Jinho;Lee, Seung Woo;Lee, Chong Hyun
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.201-208
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, we propose the classifier structure design algorithm using DTW. Proposed algorithm uses DTW result to design the binary tree architecture based on the SVM which classify the multi-class data. Design the binary tree architecture for Support Vector Machine(SVM-BTA) using the threshold criterion calculated by the sum columns in square matrix which components are the reference data from each class. For comparison the performance of the proposed algorithm, compare the results of classifiers which binary tree structure are designed based on database and k-means algorithm. The data used for classification is 333 signals from 18 classes of underwater transient noise. The proposed classifier has been improved classification performance compared with classifier designed by database system, and probability of detection for non-biological transient signal has improved compare with classifiers using k-means algorithm. The proposed SVM-BTA classified 68.77% of biological sound(BO), 92.86% chain(CHAN) the mechanical sound, and 100% of the 6 kinds of the other classes.

Genome-wide association study on immune-response for improving healthiness in Holstein dairy cattle (Holstein 젖소의 호흡기 질병 백신에 대한 면역반응성과 전장 유전체 연관 분석 연구)

  • Ha, Seungmin;Lee, Donghui;Lee, Sangmyeong;Chae, Jungil;Seo, Kangseok
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 2019
  • To detect Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) markers associated with Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) S/P ratio in Korean Holstein dairy cattle, Genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed using Illumina BovineSNP50 Beadchip. The number of phenotype data and genotype data were 107, and 294. respectively. Phenotype data were collected for four periods (0 week, 1 week, 4 week, 24 week) after having vaccinated (0 week no vaccinated period). A total of 36,257 SNPs was remained after quality control had been done by PLINK. The result of GWAS showed 6 SNP markers (BTB-01704243, BTB-01594395, ARS-BFGL-NGS-118070, ARS-BFGL-NGS-111365, BTA-65410-no-rs, Hapmap38331-BTA-61256) under BVDV and 4 SNP markers (ARS-BFGL-NGS-109861, Hapmap53701-rs29017064, ARS-BFGL-NGS-71055, BTA-11232-no-rs) under BRSV. And also, 10 candidate genes found through 10 SNP markers (TBX18, CEP162, PAFAH1B1, METTL16, BRCA1, RND2, POLK, ENSBTAG00000051724, ADAM18, NRG3).