• Title, Summary, Keyword: Baktae

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Functional Ingredient Compositions of Soybean Curds(Tofu) Made with Black Soybeans(Huktae) and White Soybeans(Baktae) (백태와 흑태를 원료로 하여 제조된 두부의 기능성 성분 분석)

  • Kim, Kang-Sung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.158-163
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    • 2007
  • The compositions of tofus made with Baktae and Huktae were compared to those made with other respective types of soybeans. The lipid and protein contents of Baktae were 20.8% and 39.7%, while those of Huktae were 15.8% and 41.1%, respectively. In both soybean types, linoleic acid(18:2), oleic acid(18:1), and palmitic acid(16:0) accounted for more than 80% of the total fatty acids. The tofu made from Baktae was whiter than the tofu made from Huktae, as exhibited by a higher Hunter's L-value. The lipid content of the Baktae tofu(4.41%) was higher than that of the Huktae tofu(3.26%). The amino acid compositions of the Huktae and Baktae tofus were similar, with glutamic acid and aspartic acid being the most abundant amino acids in both tofus. However, the content of the limiting amino acid, methionine, increased 2.5-fold in the tofus as compared to the soybeans, on a per gram protein basis. Isoflavones were lost during tofu making as contents for the tofu were 20${\sim}$25% of those for the soybeans.

Effects of elevated-$CO_2$ concentration and -temperature on the phenological and reproductive responses of Baktae and Seomoktae, Glycine max (L.) Merrill ($CO_2$농도와 온도 상승에 따른 백태와 서목태(Glycine max (L.) Merrill)의 식물계절학 및 번식생태학적 반응)

  • Park, Jae-Hoon;Cho, Kyu-Tae;Kim, Sang-Bum;Jang, Rae-Ha;You, Young-Han
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.634-641
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    • 2014
  • In order to elucidate the ecological and phenological responses of bean under global warming situation, we investigated leafing and flowering phenomena and growth traits of Baktae and Seomoktae in control plot (ambient $CO_2$ concentration and temperature) and warmed plot (elevated $CO_2$ concentration and increased temperature than control) in green house. Average $CO_2$ concentration and temperature were set 540 ppm in treatment and higher $2.2^{\circ}C$ in treatment than control. The appearance of leaf unfolding and the initiation of blooming and fruit maturing in Seomoktae were late in treatment than control. In case of Baktae, the number of total pods and seeds per plant in treatment was fewer than that in control. For Seomoktae, the number of total pods per plant and weight of total seeds per plant were decreased in treatment than in control. Thus, the number of pods and seeds of Baktae declined and the production of Seomoktae was decreased under global warming condition. This result indicates that site selection and crop yield for cultivating of the bean may be changed into new area due to global warming condition.

Amino Acid Composition Changes in Soybean Sprouts during Cultivation (재배기간에 따른 콩나물의 아미노산 조성 변화)

  • Song, Beom-Seok;Kim, Min-Jung;Kim, Gang-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.681-687
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    • 2010
  • We examined changes in the amino acid composition of soybean sprouts of four different Korean soybean cultivars (Yutae, Jinunee, Subaktae, and Baktae). Total amino acids levels in all samples 1 day after cultivation were lower than those in soybeans but increased at cultivation times greater then 3 days. Glutamic and aspartic acids, the most abundant amino acids in all soybean cultivars studied at day 0 of sprouting, constituted more than 30% of all amino acids. Aspartic acid content of hypocotyls markedly increased, but glutamic acid levels decreased 5-day-old sprouts of Jinunee and 3-day-old sprouts of the other cultivars. Moreover, compositions of aspartic acid decreased in the order hypocotyl > root > cotyledon and Yutae > Baktae > Jinunee > Subaktae.

Quality characteristics of white (Baktae) and black (Seoritae) soybean curds coagulated by Omija extract (오미자 추출액을 응고제로 이용한 백태 및 서리태 두부의 품질특성)

  • Cheigh, Chan-Ick;Moon, Hey-Kyung;Lee, Su-Won;Kim, Jong-Kuk
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.42-48
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    • 2016
  • In order to investigate the utilization of the Omija (Schizandra chinensis Baillon) extract as a natural coagulant for manufacturing soybean curd, the quality characteristics of white (Baktae) and black (Seoritae) soybean curds, coagulated by the Omija extract or $MgCl_2$, were evaluated. Crude protein ($6.14{\pm}0.30$ and $6.25{\pm}0.18%$, respectively) and crude lipid ($10.86{\pm}1.74$ and $11.29{\pm}1.69%$, respectively) contents of white and black soybean curds coagulated using the Omija extract were higher than those coagulated using $MgCl_2$. Black soybean curds coagulated using the Omija extract showed higher L, a, and b values than those using $MgCl_2$. The most abundant amino acid in white and black soybean curds coagulated using the Omija extract was arginine (3.74 and 3.71 mg/100 g, dry basis, respectively). The amounts of Ca, K, Mg, and Na were the highest in both soybean curds prepared with the Omija extract. The sensory evaluation (color, flavor, taste, texture, and overall preference) showed that white and black soybean curds coagulated using the Omija extract were more preferred than those produced using $MgCl_2$. The results suggested that using the Omija extract as a natural coagulant agent could improve the quality and sensory characteristics of soybean curds.

Protein and Amino-acid Contents in Backtae, Seoritae, Huktae, and Seomoktae Soybeans with Different Cooking Methods (콩의 종류 및 조리방법에 따른 단백질·아미노산 함량 변화)

  • Im, Jeong Yeon;Kim, Sang-Cheon;Kim, Sena;Choi, Youngmin;Yang, Mi Ran;Cho, In Hee;Kim, Haeng Ran
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.567-574
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The objective of this study was to provide nutritional information (protein and amino-acid contents) of soybeans (Baktae, Seoritae, Huktae, and Seomoktae) with different cooking methods. Methods: Raw, boiled (in $100{\pm}15^{\circ}C$ of water for 4 hr), and fried (in a pan at $110{\pm}15^{\circ}C$ for $20{\pm}5min$) soybean samples were prepared. Contents of protein and amino acids were determined. Results: Protein content in raw Baktae, Seoritae, Huktae, and Seomoktae soybeans ranged from 361.0 to 386.8 mg/g. Protein contents differed according to cooking methods. They were higher in pan-fried beans (107.9-113.5%) than in raw or boiled soybeans (48.2-49.5%). A total of 18 amino acids were analyzed. Amino acid data sets were subjected to principle component analysis (PCA) to understand their differences according to soybean types and cooking methods. Bean samples could be distinguished better according to cooking method in comparison with bean types by principle component (PC1) and PC2. In particular, fried soybeans contained much higher levels of cystein. Other amino acids were the dominant in raw and boiled ones. On the other hand, the amounts of threonine, histidine, proline, arginine, tyrosine, lysine, tryptophan, and methionine were higher in raw bean samples than in cooked ones. Conclusion: The contents of amino-acids and proteins are more effected by different cooking methods in comparison with soybean types.