• Title, Summary, Keyword: Balance

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The Effect of Complex Ankle Exercises on Balance with Functional Ankle Instability in Twenties

  • Kim, Ki Jong;Ji, Sung Ha;Kim, Jin Young
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1190-1194
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the complex ankle exercises on balance. 22 participants (male: 14, female: 8) with functional ankle instability were participated. Functional ankle instability was selected to be less than 24 points using the Cumberland ankle instability tool (CAIT) with people who had severe ankle sprain and then experiencing ankle giving way. A total of 20 minutes performed three times a week for four weeks with muscle strength and balance exercises. Muscle strengthening exercise was performed with Theraband, and balance exercise was performed with unstable support plates. Biodex balance system(R) was used to measure static and dynamic balance. The dynamic balance was selected in grade 2, 4, and 8. The static and dynamic balance (grade: 2, 4,and 8) balance was significantly decreased in anterior-posterior, and medial-lateral directions (p<.05). The instability was significantly increased after exercise (p<.05). These results suggest that complex exercises are beneficial to decreasing the functional ankle instability.

Effects of Neuromuscular Training on Muscle Activity and Balance Ability in Badminton Club Members with Chronic Ankle Instability

  • Park, Sam-Heon
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.243-248
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of neuromuscular training performed on badminton club members' to improve muscle activity of the lower extremities and static and dynamic balance tests. Methods: The subjects were 20 badminton club members with chronic ankle instability who were randomly divided into a neuromuscular training group and a balance training group, each with 10 patients. Both exercises ware performed three days per week for 30 minutes a day over six weeks. Results: The neuromuscular training group showed increased muscle activity of the lower extremities compared to the balance training group. Neuromuscular training increased balance ability better than the balance training group, showing a significant difference and better efficiency of neuromuscular training when compared to balance training. Conclusion: This research evaluated neuromuscular training as an intervention for badminton club members with chronic ankle instability and compared the differences in muscle activity of the lower extremities and balance ability; as a result of the effective frequency for improving performance, there was a significant difference in muscle activity of lower extremities and balance ability of the neuromuscular training group and the control group.

Effects of mental practice on the balance of healthy adults (심상 훈련이 정상성인의 균형에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, myoung-kwon;Cha, hyun-gyu
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.265-266
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to examine the effects of mental practice on normal persons' balance ability. Thirty subjects that participated in the experiment were randomly assigned to an experimental group of 15 subjects and a control group of 15 subjects. Both the experimental group and the control group underwent balance training conducted in a sitting position on a gym ball for 20 minutes per time, five times per week for four weeks and the experimental group additionally underwent mental practice for 10 minutes before balance training. After the intervention, balance measuring equipment (Good Balance, Metitur, Finland) was used to quantitatively measure balance ability. Significant differences in the post-training gains in variable of Medial-lateral, Index of balance function, Time were observed between the experimental group and the control group (p<0.05). Both Application of mental practice with balance training aimed at improving balance ability is considered to have positive effect.

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Correlation of the Berg Balance Scale and Smart Balance Master System for Chronic Hemiparetic Stroke (만성 편마비 뇌졸중 환자의 버그균형척도(Berg Balance Scale)와 Smart Balance Master System의 상관성)

  • Song, Chiang-Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.5741-5747
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to find correlation between the Berg Balance Scale which is most commonly used and the equilibrium scores from Smart Balance Master System which is used for the test of the balance ability for the patients with chronic hemiparetic stroke to predict their falling risk though examining the postural control. Twenty-two subjects who had first stroke participated in this study. Participants were measured the Berg Balance Scale and the Smart Balance Master System. The study found that there was a significant correlation between the Berg Balance Scale and the equilibrium scores from Smart Balance Master System. And there was no significant correlation at all "eye-closed and sway of surfaces" in the 6 conditions of Smart Balance Master System and there was a significant correlation with over median in the other 5 conditions. The study was uncovered that there was no meaningful correlation between the Berg Balance Scale and "eye-closed and sway of surfaces" because chronic hemiparetic stroke patients heavily relied on their vision to maintain their balance ability and the Berg Balance Scale did not properly exam it. Thus to predict their falling risk in clinical practice for the patients with chronic hemiparetic stroke, it would be more efficient ways for us to consider all the effects of sensory organs with more than one clinical evaluation method.

Effects of Dual Task Balance Training on Balance and Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patient (이중과제 균형 훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 균형과 일상생활동작에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Yeo-Jin;Son, Ho-Hee;Oh, Jung-Lim;Park, Rae-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of study was to investigate effects of dual task balance training on balance and activities of daily living(ADL) in Stroke patient. Methods : The purpose of study was to investigate effects of dual task balance training on balance and activities of daily living(ADL) in Stroke patient. Results : The results of this study were summarized as follows: There were significant improvement in balance and ADL following the training in experimental group. There were significant improvement in a part of balance following the training in control group, whereas there were no significant improvement in ADL following the training in control group. There were significant difference following training in both groups in balance and ADL. The level of statistical significance was <05. Conclusion : Based on the results of this study, dual task balance training have an effects on balance and ADL in stroke patients.

The study of correlations between clinical balance scales and balance performance monitor parameters in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (청소년기 특발성 척추측만증 환자의 임상적 균형 평가지수와 균형 수행 모니터 측정값의 상관성 연구)

  • Shin, Seung-Sub
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations between clinical balance scales and Balance Performance Monitor parameters in patient with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods : Twenty AIS subjects (age, $14.26{\pm}1.93yrs$; height, $160.56{\pm}7.98cm$; weight, $47.54{\pm}6.94kg$)were participated in this study. Postural sway(mean balance, sway angle, sway area, sway path, maximal sway velocity) were were evaluated by balance performance monitor. Measurements for clinical balance scales were Functional reach test (both side), the Lateral reach test (both side) and One leg standing test (both legs). Results : The results were as follows. There were positive strong correlation between major curve direction and left-right sway angle, sway path, maximal sway velocity. There were negative strong correlation between the functional reach and left-right sway angle, sway area, sway path, maximal sway velocity. And the lateral reach were also showed negative strong correlation parameters of balance performance monitor. One leg standing were negatively correlated with left-right sway angle, sway path, maximal sway velocity. Conclusion : The clinical balance scales will be useful tools for balance measurements, and basic tools for clinical setting for patient with AIS.

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The Effects of Subliminal Music with Balance Imagery Training on Balance and Concentration

  • Yoon, Jung-Gyu;Lee, Sang-Bin;Seo, Hwa-Mi;Baek, Eun-Kyung;Seol, Ha-Na;Yoo, Kyung-Tae
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of subliminal music with balance imagery training on balance and concentration. Methods: The participants were 45 seniors in an undergraduate school in Korea. The subliminal music with balance imagery training intervention was carried out for 20 minutes. Other interventions were also carried out for 20 minutes. 12 seniors(Group A) listened to subliminal music with balance imagery training, 12 seniors(Group B) listened to subliminal music, 11 seniors(Group C) received balance imagery training, and 10 seniors(Group D) had no intervention(Control group). The grid test is related to measured levels of concentration intensity. Romberg one legged standing test was carried out for 30 seconds. The collected data was analyzed by one-paired t test and one way ANOVA using the SPSS Windows 12 ver. program. Results: The major findings of this study were as follows: Concentration levels of Group A and C improved, and balance levels of Group C and D improved. There was a statistically significant decrease in concentration between Group A and B, Group A and C after intervention. Conclusion: These findings suggest that listening to subliminal music with balance imagery training may be useful in managing concentration in seniors. So it provides basic information for further concentration on improving education on music with balance imagery training.

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The Effect of the Korean Won Exchange Rates on the Korean Service Trade Balance (원화환율의 변화가 국내 서비스무역수지에 미치는 영향)

  • Son, Il tae
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.298-324
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of the Korean won exchange rates on the Korean service trade balance. Empirical investigation shows that the USD/KRW and JPY/KRW exchange rates have main effects on the Korean service trade balance. Service balance credit and debit(receipts and payments) are negatively related with the USD/KRW and positively related with the JPY/KRW exchange rate. The depreciation of the USD/KRW and JPY/KRW exchange rates leads to the improvement of the service trade balance. Transportation balance is affected by the USD/KRW, JPY/KRW, and CNY/KRW exchange rates, travel balance by the USD/KRW exchange rate, and other business sevice balance by the USD/KRW and JPY/KRW exchange rates.

The Correlations among the Dynamic Gait Index the Berg Balance Scale and Timed Up & Go Test in people with stroke (뇌졸중 환자에서 Dynamic Gait Index와 Berg Balance Scale 및 Timed Up & Go 검사간의 상관관계)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Hwang, Byoung-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship among the Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) scores, Timed Up & Go Test(TUG), and subject characteristics. The subjects were fifteen stroke with hemiplegia were chosen in the Konyang University Hospital. Dynamic balance was measured Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), and balance was measured using Berg Balance Scale(BBS). Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) was used to evaluate functional mobility. Data were analyzed using Spearman correlation. There was significant correlated among Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) and Timed Up & Go Test(TUG)(p<.01). The correlation among subject characteristics and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) score was significant result in r = -.527 from Dynamic Gait Index(DGI) and pathogenesis(p<.05). There were no significant statistical differences among the types of spasticity and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG). The comparison among the sex, type of hemiplegia, pain, pathogenesis and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) score was significant result in pathogenesis(p<.05). The results of this study showed that there was high correlations among the Dynamic Gait Index(DGI) and balance test of people with stroke.

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Evaluation of Standing Balance of the Elderly with Different Balance Abilities by using Kinect and Wii Balance Board

  • Yang, Seung Tae;Seo, Jung Woo;Kim, Dae Hyeok;Kang, Dong Won;Choi, Jin Seung;Tack, Gye Rae
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.391-396
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This study aimed to evaluate and identify variables for the standing balance of elderly subjects with different balancing abilities by using Kinect and Wii Balance Board. Method: The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) test was performed in 40 elderly subjects aged ${\geq}65years$ who can perform daily activities. The participants were divided into two groups, the healthy seniors (n = 20, BBS score ${\geq}52$) and the seniors with balancing problems (n = 20, BBS score < 52). Each group performed two standing tests (eyes open and eyes close) with two devices (Kinect and Wii Balance Board). The root mean square (RMS), mean distance (MDIST), range of distance (ROD), mean velocity, and 95% ellipse area were calculated from the measured data. Results: Among the calculated variables, RMS, MDIST, and ROD in the mediolateral direction showed significant differences between the two groups and a negative correlation with BBS scores. Conclusion: The results of the present study show that simple standing balance of the elderly can be measured with Kinect and Wii Balance Board, which are low-cost, easy to carry, and easy to use, by using the selected variables.