• Title, Summary, Keyword: Balance

Search Result 9,526, Processing Time 0.072 seconds

The Effect of Visual Biofeedback Exercise on the Recovery of Balance in Stroke Patients (시각적 바이오피드백 균형 훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 균형 회복에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jae-Yong;Kim, Dae-Kyung
    • PNF and Movement
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.201-208
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of visual biofeedback training on the recovery of balance function in stroke patients. Methods: A total of 30 patients with stroke were chosen as the subjects of this study. The subjects were randomly divided into either the visual biofeedback balance training group (experimental group; n=15) or the general balance training group (control group; n=15). The visual biofeedback balance training and general balance training were implemented for 30 minutes a day, three times a week, for a total of four weeks. The subjects' balance ability was measured before and after the interventions. Results: The shift length and surface area of the center of the body decreased in both the experimental group and the control group, with the difference being statistically significant. The shift length and surface area of the center of the body both decreased more in the experimental group than in the control group, and there was a statistically significant between-group difference. Conclusion: The experimental group showed a greater improvement in terms of the balance ability of patients with stroke than the control group. Therefore, we believe that visual biofeedback balance training can be effectively applied for the improvement of balance ability in patients with stroke.

The Effect of a Rollator on Plantar Pressure and Foot Balance during Gait in old-aged Adults (노인의 보행 시 Rollator 사용이 족저압 및 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Koo, Hyung-Mo;Kim, Min-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.22 no.5
    • /
    • pp.71-76
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: The present study was designed to investigate the effect of a Rollator on plantar pressure and foot balance during gait in older adults. Methods: Twenty consecutive subjects (8 men, 12 women; age: $69.9{\pm}8.9$) had the following measurements done: plantar pressure in 10 areas of the foot, foot balance including heel rotation, foot balance, forefoot balance, medial forefoot balance, and meta loading during gait with or without a Rollator. Results: Significant differences in plantar pressure were observed in the areas of toes 2-5 or etatarsal areas 1, 4, 5 during gait with and without a Rollator. There were no significant differences in other areas of the foot. Regarding foot balance during gait with or without a Rollator, there were statistically significant differences in heel rotation, forefoot balance, medial forefoot balance, and meta loading. Conclusion: For older adults, the use of a Rollator can decrease plantar pressure and increase foot balance in various foot areas.

Effect of Balance Performance in the Elderly by the Strengthening Exercise (근력강화운동이 노인의 균형수행력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim On-Ju;Lee Han-Suk;Kim Jong-Youl;Bae Sung-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.149-161
    • /
    • 1999
  • The purpose of study wan to compare the effect of balance performance in the elderly by the strengthening exercise. Thirty-one health elderly women aged 60 to 79 years participated in this study. Participants were divided into exercise(21) and control group(10). Exercise participants received strengthening exercise for 45 minutes in three times a week for 6 weeks while control subjects continued their normal activities, Exercise included resisted hip flexion, extension, abduction and adduction, knee flexion and extension, ankle dorsiflexion and plantrarflexion. All subjects were assessmented clinical test of sensory interaction and balance. one leg stance test, Berg balance test. Exercise and control subjects were teated before, midway through, and at the end of the trial. These collected data were analyzed by using oneway and repeated ANOVA, scheffe's test, 1-test and correlation. The results of this study were as fellows. 1. There were statistically significant difference in balance performance clinical teat of sensory interaction, and balance(p<.01), one leg stance test(p<.05), Berg balance test(p<.05) by the strengthening exercise. 2. There was correlation between static balance and dynamic balance(p<.01). 3. There was correlation between static balance and weight(p<.05), dynamic balance and height(p<.01), and weight(p<.01).

  • PDF

The Effects of Stabilization Exercise for Balance in Patients With Stroke (안정화 운동이 뇌졸중 환자의 균형 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Seung-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.29-38
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purposes of this study were to examine whether balance training through stabilization exercise had influence on the improvement of stroke patients' ability in balancing, and to understand whether the effects had the differences to traditional balance training, if it had effects. Subjects were divided into two groups, a stabilization exercise group(n=28) and a conventional balance exercise group (n=28), and a balance exercise program was conducted twice a day, 30 min for 1 time, 10 times a week for 4 weeks. After the program, the stabilization exercise showed significant improvement of balance ability in Bug Balance Scales (BBS), Functional Reach Test (FRT), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), comparing with the status of pre -training, as well as the conventional balance training (p<.05). Independent samples t-test was executed in order to verify the significancy in the effects between the two groups and the result showed significant improvement in their average value after training for BBS. However, there was no significant difference in TUG and FRT. As a result, it was examined that partially, there was significant difference only in BBS. According to the results as presented above, if stabilization exercise, which can apply diverse movements and postures, properly keeps pace with conventional balance exercise, stroke patients would obtain significant effects on the improvement of balance ability.

  • PDF

Effects of Weight Distribution and Balance with Foot Orthotics in Hemiplegic Patients (편마비 환자에서 발 교정구의 적용이 체중분포과 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Seung-Kyu;Kang, Yang-Hun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.241-246
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: We investigated the effect of postural stability and balance with foot orthotics in hemiplegic patients. Methods: The subjects enrolled in this study were 16 hemiplegic patients who were examined for balance ability, weight distribution, and limits of stability with or without foot orthotics insole. Balance was measured according to a stance position by BIORESCUE: static balance open eyes (SEO), static balance close eyes (SEC), dynamic balance open eyes (DEO), dynamic balance close eyes (DEC), right and left weight distribution (RLWD), anterior and posterior weight distribution (APWD) and limit of stability (LOS). The data were analyzed with SPSS window version 18.0 (IBM Co., Armonk, NY, USA). Results: The results were of significant changes to the SEO (p<0.05), RLWD (p<0.05), APWD (p<0.05), and LOS (p<0.05). The SEC, DEO and DEC were not found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: It was found that foot orthotics affected the balance for hemiplegic patients. Therefore, it is thought to help fall prevention to measure the balance ability.

A Study on The Influence of Virtual Program Accompanied by Cognitive Activities on The Balance of Elderly (인지활동을 병행한 가상현실 프로그램이 노인의 균형 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bora
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
    • /
    • v.1 no.4
    • /
    • pp.49-56
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose : This study aimed to understand the influence of the virtual reality program combined with cognitive activity on elderly people's balance ability. Method : We randomly divided 14 elderly people receiving daytime protection service from D daytime protection center for senior citizens located in Busan-si into a group(seven) with cognitive activity combined with virtual reality program, and the other group(seven) with only virtual reality program. In order to compare the balance ability before/after the therapeutic intervention, the Berg Balance Scale was carried out. The Mini-Mental State Examination-Korea(MMSE-K) was also conducted to compare their cognitive functions. Result : Both groups showed statistically significant differences in balance ability before/after the therapeutic intervention(p<.05) while there were no statistically significant differences in balance ability after the therapeutic intervention(p>.05). The cognitive functions before/after the therapeutic intervention were not statistically significantly different in both groups(p>.05). Conclusion : The findings showed that the application of virtual reality program combined with cognitive activity could improve elderly people's balance ability. It is considered that the application of virtual reality program can have positive influence on the improvement of elderly people's balance ability, as an intervention method for improving balance ability in the future.

Effects of Closed-Sling Exercise on Muscle Activity and Balance; Football Club Player with Chronic Ankle Instability

  • Hong, Seong bum
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1608-1613
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sling exercise on muscle activity and balance on football players with chronic ankle instability. Eight subjects performed Biodex and sling exercises for four weeks and compared the muscle activity and balance ability of the uninjured and injured feet. Stable and unstable foot % MVIC did not change significantly after treatment in all muscles. The total balance ability was not significantly different between the two groups, however, increased only in the unstable side. The anterior/posterior balance ability also represented no significant difference between the groups and was significantly improved only in the unstable side. The medial/lateral balance ability was not significantly different between the groups and was significantly improved only in the unstable side. This study suggests that sling exercise contributes to improving % MVIC, total balance ability, anterior/posterior balance ability, and medial/lateral balance ability of the unstable side.

The Relationship between Dynamic Balance Measures and Center of Pressure Displacement Time in Older Adults during an Obstacle Crossing

  • Park, Seol;Park, Ji-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-5
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study examined the relationship between the center of pressure (COP) displacement time during the stance phase and dynamic balance ability when older adults cross a 10 cm obstacle. Methods: Fifteen older adults were enrolled in this study (all ${\geq}65$ years of age). The F-scan was used to measure the COP displacement time when subjects cross a 10 cm obstacle, and the Dynamic gait index. Berg's balance scale and the Four square step test were used to measure dynamic balance ability. Results: The Dynamic gait index, Berg's balance scale and the Four square step test were correlated with each other. Dynamic balance ability was correlated with COP displacement time during the stance phase at an obstacle crossing in older adults. Conclusion: People with higher dynamic balance ability show a smaller COP displacement time during the stance phase at an obstacle crossing. Therefore, dynamic balance ability can be predicted by measuring the center of pressure displacement time.

The Cognition, Balance, and Quality of Life in the Elderly (노인의 인지기능과 균형능력 및 삶의 질)

  • Park, Mi-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.185-192
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the cognition, balance, quality of life and the correlation of these variables in the elderly. Methods: This study was a descriptive survey research. The samples were 86 and variables were measured by structured questionnaire and physical balance movements. The data were analyzed with %, t-test, ${\chi}^2$-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation by SPSS ver. 19.0 for windows. Results: The cognition score was 24.02 which means within normal limits. The balance score was 11.83 and the score of QOL was 82.67 which were similar to other research results. There were significant differences in the balance (p<.001) and the QOL (p=.004) by the cognition level. A significant correlation among the cognition, balance and the QOL was observed. Conclusion: The cognition was closely related with the balance and the QOL. The cognitive stimulus and the balance exercise could help the improvement of QOL in the elderly.

The Correlations among the Balance the Knee and Ankle Muscle Power (발목, 무릎 근력과 균형의 상관관계)

  • Jeong, Young-June
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.82-87
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose : This study was investigate The correlations between the Balance and the knee muscle power and the ankle muscle power. Methods : This studied selected 9cases of the healthy persons. Each measure of muscle power used Bio-dex pro-3. Balance measure was used balance-meter the ability to measure Ant-post, lateral, overall balance. Result : 1. Knee flexor and extensor causes ankles that plantar flexion strength and high correlation r= .745, r= .825 have, Ankle dorsi flexor strength and a bit of correlation r= .249, r= .221) have. 2. Ankle plantar flexor strength and overall balance and correlation was the r= .204, Ankle dorsi flexor strength and lat. balance and correlation was the r= .314. 3. Knee extensor strength and overall balance and correlation was the r=.212.

  • PDF