• Title, Summary, Keyword: Balance training

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Effects of Neuromuscular Training on Muscle Activity and Balance Ability in Badminton Club Members with Chronic Ankle Instability

  • Park, Sam-Heon
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.243-248
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of neuromuscular training performed on badminton club members' to improve muscle activity of the lower extremities and static and dynamic balance tests. Methods: The subjects were 20 badminton club members with chronic ankle instability who were randomly divided into a neuromuscular training group and a balance training group, each with 10 patients. Both exercises ware performed three days per week for 30 minutes a day over six weeks. Results: The neuromuscular training group showed increased muscle activity of the lower extremities compared to the balance training group. Neuromuscular training increased balance ability better than the balance training group, showing a significant difference and better efficiency of neuromuscular training when compared to balance training. Conclusion: This research evaluated neuromuscular training as an intervention for badminton club members with chronic ankle instability and compared the differences in muscle activity of the lower extremities and balance ability; as a result of the effective frequency for improving performance, there was a significant difference in muscle activity of lower extremities and balance ability of the neuromuscular training group and the control group.

Balance trainer training with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation improves spasticity and balance in persons with chronic stroke

  • Yang, Youjin;Lee, Jungeun;Choi, Wonjae;Joo, Younglan;Lee, Seungwon
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was determine the effect of Balance Trainer training with Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) on spasticity and balance in persons with chronic stroke. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: A total of 30 subjects with hemiparetic stroke were recruited and randomly divided into the Balance Trainer training with TENS group (n=15) and Balance Trainer training with placebo TENS group (n=15). The Balance Trainer training with TENS group practiced additional Balance Trainer training with TENS for 30 minutes a day, 5 days per a week during 4 weeks and the Balance Trainer training with placebo TENS group practiced additional Balance Trainer training with placebo TENS for the same period. Spasticity and balance were assessed by ability (static balance, dynamic balance) and were measured before and after the 4-week programs. Results: The result of spasticity and dynamic balance were improved significantly in both groups (p<0.05). The Balance Trainer training with TENS group showed significantly greater improvement in spasticity of the gastrocnemius & dynamic balance, compared to the Balance Trainer training with placebo TENS group (p<0.05). The Balance trainer training with TENS group showed a significant improvement in static balance, especially during the eye-closed condition (p<0.05). Conclusions: The Balance Trainer training with TENS was effective in improving spasticity and balance in subjects with chronic stroke. Based on these results, it is suggested that Balance Trainer training with TENS could clinically be used more actively in conjunction with conventional physical therapy.

Effects of Dual Task Training on Balance and Functional Performance in High School Soccer Players with Functional Ankle Instability

  • Kwak, Kwang-Il;Choi, Bum-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.254-258
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of dual task training on balance and functional performance in high school soccer players with functional ankle instability. Methods: Twenty high school soccer players with functional ankle instability were randomly assigned to a single task training group and a dual task training group. One participant who did not participate regularly in the training was excluded. The single task training group (n=9) received balance training on an unstable surface. The dual task training group (n=10) received balance training on an unstable surface and had to catch thrown balls during the balance training. Both groups were trained for 4 weeks, 3 days a week. The balance and functional performance of both groups was measured before and after training. Balance was measured using an anterior-posterior and medio-lateral balance. Functional performance was measured based on a figure-of-8 hop test, up-down hop test, and a single hop test. All data were analyzed by repeated two-way ANOVA tests. Results: A time by group interaction effect was not observed in the medio-lateral balance test, figure-of-8 hop test, or single hop test (p>0.05). A time by group interaction effect was observed in the anterior-posterior balance and up-down hop test (p<0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that dual task training improved balance and functional performance better than single task training for some items.

The Effect of Balance Training With Upper Extremity Exercise on the Improvement of Balance Performance After Stroke

  • Song, Ju-Min;Kim, Soo-Min;Kim, Jin-Sang
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of balance training with upper extremity exercise on the improvement of balance performance in people who have had a stroke. Eighteen candidates who have all experienced a stroke, were living in Dong-Gu, Ulsan and were participating in a community based rehabilitation program, have been included in this study. The program was conducted three times weekly, 1 hour per session, for 7 consecutive weeks. Subjects were tested with 7 m and 100 m Timed Gait Test (sec), Timed Get Up and Go Test (sec), Functional Reach Test (cm) and 5 items of Berg's Balance Test at pre-training and post-training. Total balance index and balance ratios were measured by K.A.T. 3000. The balance training program performed by sitting on a chair and gymnastic ball and standing on stable and unstable surfaces during upper extremity exercises such as Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) upper extremity pattern, picking a ball up from floor, throwing and catching it. After seven weekends of balance training, subjects showed a significant difference in balance test results. The exceptions were three items of Berg's Balance Test (p<.05). Balance index score and affected and unaffected side balance ratio had a larger improvement than pre-training (p<.05). The result of this study showed that intervention of this balance training program could improve the balance performance in people who have had a stroke.

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The Effects of Proprioceptor Training and Vestibular Organ Training on Balance Ability of Adults

  • Lee, Sang Bin;Moon, Ok Kon;Choi, Jung Hyun;An, Ho Jung;Shin, Hee Joon;Kim, Nyeon Jun;Park, Si Eun;Song, Young Hwa;Min, Kyung Ok
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.668-674
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to analysis of the effect of proprioceptor training and vestibular organ training for balance ability. The subjects was consist of two different subjects group, proprioceptor training group and vestibular organ training group. Proprioceptor training group consisted of 10 subjects and vestibular organ training group consisted of 10 subjects. Training was performed 3 times per week, 30 minutes per day, for 3 weeks. Balance ability analysis was performed using Romberg's one leg standing test and BT4 when opened eyes and closed eyes. The analysis results were as follows. There was no significant differences in balance after the training in both groups when they opened their eyes(p<.05). But there was significant differences in balance after the training in both groups when they closed their eyes(p<.05). And there was no significant difference in balance after the training between the proprioceptor training group and the vestibular organ training group when they closed their eyes(p<.05). Given the above results, proprioceptor training and vestibular organ training enhanced balance but there was no significant difference between the two methods.

The Development of Rhythmic Balance Training Equipment and its Effect on Performance for Elderly

  • Park, Da Won;Won, Cho Rong;Lee, Sung Ro;Park, Yang Sun
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.323-331
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The aims of this study were 1) to develop easy-to-use rhythmic balance training equipment for the elderly and 2) to investigate the effect of training with the equipment on balance and physical function. Method: Twenty-one elderly individuals (age: $75.4{\pm}3.34yrs$, height: $152.07{\pm}4.81cm$, weight: $58.35{\pm}8.34kg$) participated in this study. Each participant underwent balance and physical function testing before and after 12 weeks of training with the equipment. Y-balance (i.e. dynamic balance) and one leg static balance tests were used for balance testing, and timed up- and-down-stairs and five times sit-to-stand tests were used for physical function testing. A paired t test was used to determine whether there was a significant pre- and post-training difference. Results: The rhythmic balance training equipment provided a fun and motivating training program with age-friendly music, dance movements for lower extremity strength training, and touch screen controls with simple features. Post-training left foot dynamic balance was significantly greater (p<.05), and static balance with eyes open was significantly improved (p<.05) compared to pre-training. Completion of the timed up-and-down-stairs and the five times sit-to-stand tests was significantly shorter (p<.05) compared to pre-training. Conclusion: Training using the equipment developed in this study improved balance and physical function in elderly participants.

Balance Exercise Program Using Training Mats Improves the Postural Balance of Elderly Individuals: A Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Lee, Kyoung-Jin;Kim, Soon-Hyun;Song, Chang-Ho
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.223-228
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of balance training using a training mat on the postural balance of the elderly individuals. Methods: Thirty-five participants were selected from a falling prevention class and were randomly allocated to two groups; 17 in an exercise group (EG, $72.7{\pm}5.1$ years) and 18 in the control group ($74.9{\pm}4.0$ years). The EG underwent balance training using training mats for 60 minutes a day, 2 days a week, for 4 weeks. Postural balance parameter (timed up and go test, functional reach test, and one leg standing) were measured pre- and post- training. Results: The EG showed significant improvements in all variables that were analyzed. Conclusion: This study confirmed that balance training using a training mat effectively improves the postural balance in elderly people at risk for falling.

Effect of Action Observation Training Using Y-Balance on Balance Capability in Young Adults

  • Son, Sung Min;Kang, Kyung Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.65-69
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study examined the effects of action-observation training using the Y-Balance on the balance ability of young adults. Methods: Thirty-four healthy adults were randomized into an action-observation group (n=17) or a control group (n=17). All subjects performed the Y-Balance test before and after watching the video. The action observation group watched a video of someone performing a Y-Balance test, and the control group watched a video of scenery unrelated to the training. The subjects were measured through a Y-Balance test for both the length of the legs extended in three directions and the Y-balance composite score. Results: A significant difference in the Y-balance composite score was observed between the two groups. A part of the direction of the extended leg in the action observation group was increased significantly (posteromedial direction of the right leg, posterolateral direction of the right leg, posteromedial direction of left leg) compared to the control group. Conclusion: These results suggest that action observation training only could help improve balance.

The Effects of visuo-perceptual biofeedback training on dynamic postural balance in stroke patients (시지각적 되먹임 훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 동적자세 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Geon-Cheol;Yoon, Jung-Gyu
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2002
  • This study is aimed to compare the effect of visuo-perceptual biofeedback sitting balance training and conventional sitting balance training using Balance Master on stroke patients with that of program in order to analyze the effect it has on dynamic postural balance. The subjects are twenty-four stroke patients who are receiving physical therapy in Ilsan Paik Hospital and can maintain sitting posture by themselves. These patients were divided to control group and experimental group randomly. In order to compare to control and experimental group before and after the balance training, they were tested with Mann-Whitney U test and in order to compared the changes before and after the balance training, they were tested with Wilcoxon signed-ranks test. The results are as follows: we measured the ability of dynamic posture balance control with limit of stability(LOS) test and rhythmic weight shift test. There was an increasing improvement in the ability of dynamic posture balance control of the experimental group that had visuo-perceptual biofeedback sitting balance control training using the Balance Master(p<0.05, p<0.01). According to the results from above, compared to conventional sitting balance training programs, visuo-perceptual biofeedback sitting balance control training using the Balance Master is considered to be a more valuable therapy in balance control improvement and physical function improvement. It is considered that if the weak points are made up, the training with Balance Master will give help to stroke patients and to patients with balance control disabilities and will further more contribute to successful rehabilitation therapy.

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Effects of Dual Task Balance Training on Balance and Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patient (이중과제 균형 훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 균형과 일상생활동작에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Yeo-Jin;Son, Ho-Hee;Oh, Jung-Lim;Park, Rae-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of study was to investigate effects of dual task balance training on balance and activities of daily living(ADL) in Stroke patient. Methods : The purpose of study was to investigate effects of dual task balance training on balance and activities of daily living(ADL) in Stroke patient. Results : The results of this study were summarized as follows: There were significant improvement in balance and ADL following the training in experimental group. There were significant improvement in a part of balance following the training in control group, whereas there were no significant improvement in ADL following the training in control group. There were significant difference following training in both groups in balance and ADL. The level of statistical significance was <05. Conclusion : Based on the results of this study, dual task balance training have an effects on balance and ADL in stroke patients.