• Title, Summary, Keyword: Battery

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Design and development of less than 1Kw Lithium rechargeable battery pack

  • Kim, Sang-Bum;Lee, Sang-Hyun
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.104-108
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    • 2018
  • Lithium-ion batteries have been used in energy storage systems (ESS), electric vehicles (EVs), etc. due to their high safety, fast charging and long lifecycle. This paper aims to improve the convenience of users by changing the wired battery stack used in the battery pack, wirelessly using RFID, reducing the internal volume of the battery pack, reducing the size of the battery pack. In this paper, we propose a battery management system which can provide the flexibility of battery pack expansion and maintenance by using lithium ion battery, battery management system (BMS) and wireless communication for light weight of 1Kw small battery pack. Also, by flexibly arranging the cell layout inside the battery pack and designing to reduce the size of the outer shape of the battery pack.

Research Review of Sodium and Sodium Ion Battery (나트륨을 활용한 이차전지 연구동향)

  • Ryu, Cheol-Hwi;Kang, Seong-Gu;Kim, Jin-Bae;Hwang, Gab-Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.54-63
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    • 2015
  • The secondary battery using sodium is investigating as one of power storage system and power in electric vehicles. The secondary battery using sodium as a sodium battery and sodium ion battery had merits such as a abundant resources, high energy density and safety. Sodium battery (sodium molten salt battery) is operated at lower temperature ($100^{\circ}C$) compared to NAS and ZEBRA battery ($300{\sim}350^{\circ}C$). Sodium ion battery is investigating as one of the post lithium ion battery. In this paper, it is explained for the principle and recent research trends in sodium molten salt and sodium ion battery.

Improving the Efficiency for Hybrid Battery Combining Super Capacitor (슈퍼 커패시터를 결합한 하이브리드 전지의 효율 개선)

  • Jee, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Soo-Ho;Kim, Ju-Sun;Yoon, Young-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.410-414
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    • 2007
  • To prevent degradation of battery efficiency generated by serious current variation in rechargeable batteries, we researched a hybrid battery combining a super capacitor and a rechargeable battery. The hybrid battery shows high efficiency in a lifetime and a voltage drop. The hybrid battery was composed of a rechargeable battery, a current regulator and a super capacitor that can be used with supporting power. Before the experiment, the hybrid battery was simulated for current regulation and an electric current in a super capacitor by using the Pspice program. After that, we compared the efficiency of the hybrid battery with the efficiency of the normal battery. In this result, we demonstrated that the hybrid battery has a higher efficiency and a longer lifespan than the normal battery.

Improvement of Available Battery Capacity in Electric Vehicles

  • Liu, Yow-Chyi
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.497-506
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    • 2013
  • This paper proposes a new method to improve the available battery capacity in electric vehicles by connecting lead-acid batteries with lithium-ion battery in parallel to supply power. In addition, this method combines the discharge characteristics of batteries to improve their efficiency and lower their cost for electric vehicles. A lithium-ion battery set is used to connect with N sets of lead-acid batteries in parallel. The lead-acid battery supplies the initial power. When the lead-acid battery is discharged by the load current until its output voltage drops to the cut-off voltage, the power management unit controls the lead-acid battery and changes it to discharge continuously with a small current. This discharge can be achieved by connecting the lead-acid battery to a lithium-ion battery in parallel to supply the load power or to discharge its current to another lead-acid or lithium-ion battery. Experimental results demonstrates that the available capacity can be improved by up to 30% of the rated capacity of the lead-acid batteries.

A SOC Coefficient Factor Calibration Method to improve accuracy Of The Lithium Battery Equivalence Model (리튬 배터리 등가모델의 정확도 개선을 위한 SOC 계수 보정법)

  • Lee, Dae-Gun;Jung, Won-Jae;Jang, Jong-Eun;Park, Jun-Seok
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2017
  • This paper proposes a battery model coefficient correction method for improving the accuracy of existing lithium battery equivalent models. BMS(battery management system) has been researched and developed to minimize shortening of battery life by keeping SOC(state of charge) and state of charge of lithium battery used in various industrial fields such as EV. However, the cell balancing operation based on the battery cell voltage can not follow the SOC change due to the internal resistance and the capacitor. Various battery equivalent models have been studied for estimation of battery SOC according to the internal resistance of the battery and capacitors. However, it is difficult to apply the same to all the batteries, and it tis difficult to estimate the battery state in the transient state. The existing battery electrical equivalent model study simulates charging and discharging dynamic characteristics of one kind of battery with error rate of 5~10% and it is not suitable to apply to actual battery having different electric characteristics. Therefore, this paper proposes a battery model coefficient correction algorithm that is suitable for real battery operating environments with different models and capacities, and can simulate dynamic characteristics with an error rate of less than 5%. To verify proposed battery model coefficient calibration method, a lithium battery of 3.7V rated voltage, 280 mAh, 1600 mAh capacity used, and a two stage RC tank model was used as an electrical equivalent model of a lithium battery. The battery charge/discharge test and model verification were performed using four C-rate of 0.25C, 0.5C, 0.75C, and 1C. The proposed battery model coefficient correction algorithm was applied to two battery models, The error rate of the discharge characteristics and the transient state characteristics is 2.13% at the maximum.

Dynamic battery modeling for battery simulator (배터리 시뮬레이터를 위한 동적 배터리 모델링)

  • Bae, Kyeung-cheol;Choi, Seong-chon;Kim, Ji-hwan;Jung, Yong-chae;Won, Chung-yuen
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.465-466
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we propose a dynamic battery equivalent modeling of lithium-ion batteries that can be applied to the battery simulator. In order to apply battery model to battery simulator, the profile of battery model should be equal to that of actual battery. Therefore, the equivalent model was selected by considering the transient and steady-state characteristics of lithium-ion batteries. Also, to obtain transient-state behavior of the battery, the RC values of the battery are selected through the lithium-ion battery charge/discharge experiments. The validity of proposed battery model is verified from the experimental results.

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A Study on Battery Simulator Including Aging and Dynamic Impedance Model (노화 및 동특성 임피던스 모델을 포함한 배터리 시뮬레이터에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Hak;Kim, Soo-Bin;Oh, Sang-Keun;Song, Seung-Ho
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2020
  • This paper presents the implementation and control methods of a battery simulator. The proposed battery simulator can emulate the dynamic characteristics of any actual battery using the second RC ladder model of the equivalent circuit. Moreover, it can emulate the variation of impedance, which is the result of the change of battery characteristics due to the aging effect. The parameters of the battery simulator can be derived from the sequence of tests of the actual battery or only from the data supplied by the battery manufacturer. Proposed methods for the battery simulator are tested by extensive experiments. Test results show that the proposed battery simulator can emulate not only the dynamic characteristics but also the aging effects of the actual battery in real time.

Battery State Estimation Algorithm for High-Capacity Lithium Secondary Battery for EVs Considering Temperature Change Characteristics

  • Park, Jinho;Lee, Byoungkuk;Jung, Do-Yang;Kim, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.1927-1934
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we studied the state of charge (SOC) estimation algorithm of a high-capacity lithium secondary battery for electric vehicles (EVs) considering temperature characteristics. Nonlinear characteristics of high-capacity lithium secondary batteries are represented by differential equations in the mathematical form and expressed by the state space equation through battery modeling to extract the characteristic parameters of the lithium secondary battery. Charging and discharging equipment were used to perform characteristic tests for the extraction of parameters of lithium secondary batteries at various temperatures. An extended Kalman filter (EKF) algorithm, a state observer, was used to estimate the state of the battery. The battery capacity and internal resistance of the high-capacity lithium secondary battery were investigated through battery modeling. The proposed modeling was applied to the battery pack for EVs to estimate the state of the battery. We confirmed the feasibility of the proposed study by comparing the estimated SOC values and the SOC values from the experiment. The proposed method using the EKF is expected to be highly applicable in estimating the state of the high-capacity rechargeable lithium battery pack for electric vehicles.

Deep Of Discharge Meter

  • Rattanaphaiboon, Somphon;Sawaengsinkasikit, Winya;Tipsuwanporn, Vittaya;Roengruen, Prapas
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.809-812
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    • 2005
  • Battery is an energetic collector of solar cell system. Battery which is used in the system must have many qualities in the followings. The battery must be "Deep Cycle Battery" type. In addition, the battery is Cleary indicated the percentage of DOD. The indication of DOD is used for calculation other valve used in solar cell system. Currently, the percentage of DOD of battery is fixed by battery manufacture. If users would like to calculate is introduced % DOD, the users have to check the battery at least 12 months. This article is introduced battery deep of discharge meter by using theory of lead acid battery under deep cycle type and including the theory of DC. Current and internal resistance of battery. The data used for analyzing are collected according to the theories. The data will be calculated by monitor unit and controller systems.

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A 3kW Battery Charger with Battery Diagnosis Function Using Online Impedance Spectroscopy (온라인 임피던스 분광법을 이용한 배터리 진단 기능을 가진 3kW 충전기)

  • Doan, Van-Tuan;Choi, Woojin
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.68-69
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    • 2014
  • In the battery based applications such as electric vehicle and energy storage system, the performance of the system highly depends on the reliability of the battery. However, it is difficult to obtain the accurate information about the state-of-health (SOH) of battery during its operation. In this paper a 3kw battery charger with battery diagnosis function which can estimate the SOH of the battery by using online impedance spectroscopy technique is introduced. For the charger phase shift full bridge converter with synchronous rectification has been adopted to implement the charge and diagnosis functions. The impedance spectroscopy is performed after the charge to obtain the information about the internal impedance of the battery module, hence the SOH can be estimated online by observing the impedance variation of the battery over time. All the design procedure of the proposed charger is detailed and the feasibility of the system is verified by the experimental results.

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